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Book cover with portrait of William Lowndes NEW BOOK: HOW ONE MAN TRANSFORMED A TOWN:
WINSLOW 1640–1770 AND WILLIAM LOWNDES


Why does Winslow Hall dwarf the rest of the town?  Why is there a vast open space in front of it?  Why has Winslow got so many houses with a mixture of architectural styles from different centuries?  Why are all the farmhouses hidden away in the fields?

This book tries to answer those questions, starting with Winslow in the 1640s when it was a town of small-scale farmers and craftsmen and had two visits from Oliver Cromwell.  William Lowndes went off to London in 1667 and soon made enough money to start buying up land in Winslow and knocking down houses.  He turned the town into a place where one family owned most of the land, and built a mansion in a style Winslow people had never seen.  Meanwhile the Baptists became very influential for a time and built their own meeting house.  Lowndes family money helped to create a town full of doctors and lawyers who modernised their houses, and the market and turnpike road provided business for inns and shops.  The open fields were enclosed and farmers moved out into newly built farmhouses.

The book’s 386 pages also include ten detailed studies of Winslow families and 28 photos and maps.  It is available from the Bucks Archaeological Society (https://bas1.org.uk/) for £11 + £3.50 p&p.  If you’re in Winslow you can get it for £11 direct from David Noy (16 McLernon Way, tel.711683, d.noy@btinternet.com).

The Bucks Family History Society has published a transcription of the Winslow parish registers 1560-1901 on CD-ROM: click here to order
A transcription of the Winslow Congregational registers, with lists of members and abstracts of some minutes, is now available from the Eureka Partnership.

Winslow books for sale:

  • David Noy, Winslow in 1556: The Survey of the Manor (Bucks Archaeological Society, 2013): £5
  • David Noy, Winslow Manor Court Books 1327-1377 and 1423-1460 (2 vols, Bucks Record Society, 2011): £50
  • Alan Wigley, A Window on Winslow (Winslow, 1981): £5 - this contains many historical photos of Winslow

Please contact d.noy@btinternet.com for more information.

Additions to website

20 Jan 2022 Will of Francis Dodsworth of Whaddon, gentleman, 1657/8 (proved 1665): mortgagee of property in Winslow
Road Names page updated
16 Jan Church clock: a poem written in 1918 when the clock had stopped working
Allotments: another poem written in 1918 about the Parish Council's inability to supply enough allotments
Will of Henry Sharp, surgeon's assistant, 1880 (proved 1897) and obituary: the oldest member of the church choir
13 Jan Will of Joseph Colgrove of Winslow, butcher, 1894 (proved 1898), and obituary: he lived at 75 High Street
11 Jan Will of John Elley, retired baker, 1894 (proved 1899), and obituary
9 Jan Will of Leonard Pigott of Beachampton, gentleman, 1619
6-7 Jan Winslow Cycling Club: AGM 1898
A sheep-dealer was fined for allowing his lambs to block Horn Street because the Market Square was full
Rev W.F. Armstrong had 20 different church organisations running in 1898
Winslow RDC election 1898: one Conservative and one Liberal were returned
Will of William Ingram, groom and gardener, 1888 (proved 1894): lived at 32 High Street
Will of Thomas Keys, tailor and formerly innkeeper, 1892 (proved 1896): former landlord of The Stag
Poem by Silvanus Jones on the public meeting about Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, 1887
New page: The Bathing Place (opened 1898)
5 Jan Loffler Family: Will of Ferdinand and administration of Harriet, who both died in 1897
The Winslow Club and the Aylesbury Club, 1810: Winslow's version of the famous Lunar Society
27 Market Square: added Censuses 1891-1911
Winslow United F.C.: AGM and results, 1898, and table for the first Buckingham & District League season
Park Road: controversy about whether Winslow RDC should install a sewer, 1898
Congregational Church: Winslow's first eisteddfod, and a debate about old age pensions ten years before they were introduced
Tuckey Farm: sold to H.S. Leon of Bletchley Park in 1898
Churchyard: installation of a wrought iron fence
Workhouse: agreement to take 50 inmates from Willesden
Lace: exhibition at Seven Gables, new house of Hon. Rose Hubbard
4 Jan Nag's Head: Annual dinner for the Fire Brigade, the Postmen, and the Bellringers, 1898
The George: Annual ball for the Quadrille Class
Baptist Tabernacle: re-opened after renovation
Vestry, 1898: The vicar had to defend himself from complaints about "Romish practices"
The Bell: Constitutional Association dinner and Flower Show concert
2 Jan New page: Rent book of Robert Lowndes (1716-21 with later notes): this records the income which Robert was receiving from his Winslow tenants, with some later notes recording payments made to his son Richard
Will of Edward Lane Sear, coachbuilder, 1891 (proved 1895): the end of a long-established business in the High Street
15 Dec 2021 Market Square: Paving carried out by voluntary subscription, 1897
Footpaths: County Council enquiry into responsibility for Market Square and Churchyard footpaths
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, 1897: including a house-by-house description of the decorations
9-10 Dec Civil War: payment made to Henry Sandys of Little Horwood in 1649 for quartering of troops
Cricket Club meeting, 1897: they were unable to find a ground after being turned out of their old home (now the Arboretum)
The Old Post Office became a tea room where you could buy Whaddon Chase Hunt Sauce
Winslow United FC: 1897 AGM and results
Baptist Tabernacle: Total Abstinence Society
Technical Education Committee: members and finances in 1897
Workhouse: possible solutions for the shortage of inmates were turning it into a biscuit factory and bringing in paupers from Fulham
John Morgan: information about a former Winslow draper from a review of a book which he had published
7 Dec King's Head: annual dinner for postmen, bellringers and fire brigade, 1897
Congregational Church: appointment of a new pastor, and Band of Hope activities
Workhouse: more like a convalescent home in 1897, according to a newspaper report
Relocation of 1897
6 Dec Letters to Richard Lowndes from his sister Sarah: new letters added from 1759-60
30 Nov William Lowndes' expenses at Enclosure, 1766-67: these bills show that the enclosure process cost him nearly £800, and he also bought up some small pieces of property
Parish Council 1896: reports added from the local press about discussions over the Market Square and Winslow becoming an Urban District
Cattle Market: committee appointed to look into improving the Market Square
University Extension Lectures: evolution was the topic for 1896
Allotment holders' first annual supper, 1896
29 Nov Disappearance of the Relieving Officer, 1896
Winslow United F.C.: 1896 AGM and results
Keach's Meeting House: celebration in 1896 of the 236th anniversary of Benjamin Keach's pastorate
Marriage of George A. Midgley, 1896
Tinkers End: water supply problems
Congregational Church: various events in 1896
Liberal meeting in the Centenary Hall
Biggin: additional information published by Arthur Clear
Subsidy, 7 October 1594 (16 names from Winslow, 6 from Little Horwood)
The Cock: It now appears that it wasn't on the site of the Bell Garage but slightly further along Sheep Street where the pedestrian gate into Home Close is now
25 Nov Parish Council: additional report of Feb 1896 meeting (about the Parochial Committee)
Winslow RDC: report on Winslow highways, 1896
The George: annual dinner of the Winslow Constutitional Association, i.e. the Conservatives
Choirboys' strike: like all Victorian employers, the church reacted by sacking the ringleaders, not addressing the grievances
Church: departure of Rev. P.H. Eliot, 1896
24 Nov Redfield: death of H.R. Lambton, 1896
Church Houses: death of Charles Wilford the postmaster, 1896
Celebration at The Plough of building "Mr Illing's new stables"
Rose & Crown: a fight in 1896 ended up in the magistrates' court
Sale of 12 cottages belonging to the estate of Richard Willmore (1896)
Vestry, 1895: church and charity finances
Winslow RDC: inquiry into the disposal of refuse in Winslow, 1895 (with vivid descriptions of conditions)
Board of Guardians: minutes for Nov-Dec 1838
22 Nov Board of Guardians: minutes for June 1838
18 Nov Board of Guardians: minutes for March 1838
31 Oct Congregational Church: celebration of John Elley's 80th birthday, 1895
The Bank: departure of Mr Freegard the manager
Workhouse: letter from the master Cyrus Evans outlining the current position and protesting against possible closure
General election, 1895: a high poll in Winslow but little recorded activity
22 Oct Bucks County Council election, 1895: another narrow Conservative win
Baptist Tabernacle: meeting of the Women's Liberal Association (all but one of the speakers were men)
Charities: letter to the Buckingham Advertiser complaining about their administration
21 Oct Railway: building the Iron Bridge and planned upgrading of Winslow Road Station (1895)
Buckingham Road: opening of the Town Mill powered by "paraffin-gas" at no.34; photo also added
Market Square: negotiations about Winslow RDC taking over the rights of the lord of the manor
Additions from 1895 to Grace's School, Football, Freemasons, Oddfellows, The George, Avenue Road, George D. Day
19 Oct Charities: Some temporary job creation to help the unemployed in 1895
Cricket club AGM 1895: they no longer got their ground (where the Arboretum is now) rent-free
Old Crown: reported as derelict and uninhabitable (after which it closed as a pub)
Additions from 1895 to Congregational Church, Workhouse, Gymnasium, Grace's School,Rose & Crown
14 Oct Rev. John Rawbone's reply to a printed list of questions sent by the Bishop of London, 1766
1 Oct Wills of Dinah and Sarah Delafield of Bradwell, spinsters, 1775: buried at Keach's Meeting House
19-20 Sep New page: The Stag Inn (166 High Street)
Rifle Volunteer Corps: report of the foundation of the Winslow sub-division in 1860
Western House: valuation of contents in 1899 with a full list of rooms and horses
Church inventory, 1552
16-17 Sep Golden Lion: valuation of fixtures in 1898 when it was acquired by Phipps & Co.
World War One: image of postcard sent in 1905 by Amos Walker, one of the casualties
Station Road: information about the Creamery and photo of one of its churn labels
13 Sep Will of Dame Mary Busby of Addington, 1712 (proved 1714/15)
Sir John Busby's memoranda book, 1676: JP and business activities concerning Winslow
9 Sep Will of Elizabeth Dunkley, widow, 1893 (proved 1895)
Will of Herbert Alfred Hurlstone, ironmonger, 1894
4 Sep Will of Joan Tomlyn, widow, 1592 (proved 1593)
Will of John Hogson, 1598
Will of Thomas Stonhill, yeoman, 1631
Will of George Elliott of Shipton, 1631
Will of James King, surveyor, 1877 (proved 1894): two bankruptcies didn't stop him being vice-chairman of the Board of Guardians
31 Aug The first Parish Council election and the Buckingham Advertiser's thoughts on the Liberals' disappointment
Additions from 1894 to The Boot, 15 Market Square and 27 Market Square
30 Aug Will of Robert Busby of Addington, 1648/9 (proved 1655): his will shows some effects of the Civil Wars
Will of Elizabeth Busby of Addington, spinster, 1661
Redfield: Winslow v Redfield cricket match, 1894 (Redfield won)
Workhouse: retirement of Mr Minter the Master for 44 years, and discussion about closure
Politics in 1894 including the formation of a Women's Liberal Association
Avenue Road: sale of three newly-built cottages
Clear family: adverts mentioning A.J. Clear's Library
Bell Hotel: Social Club, a very exclusive group in 1894
Vestry, 1894: arguments over the sexton's pay and the use of the harmonium
Volunteer Corps, founded 1860
29 Aug Sewage question: the Board of Guardians was threatened with legal action for allowing sewage to enter a watercourse
Gymnasium: athletics display and concert, 1894
Congregational Church: Tennis club and Nonconformist cricket club
Church: anecdote about the first harmonium
Station Inn: you could see a dentist on Saturday evenings, thanks to the train from Buckingham
Red Hall Farm: sale of growing crops, 1894
Winslow High School: Mr Warne handed over to Mr F.R. Kitto from Carlisle
Technical education: public meeting (1894); Mr Neal thought the money would be better spent in reducing the taxation on land
Bankruptcy of Harry Ingram, 1894
27 Aug Obituary for John Corkett (1894) with a lament for the effects of the parcel post on the trade of shops
Winslow Hall: sale of contents (1894) on the departure of Mr Chinnery
George King: sale of contents of 2A High Street after his death
Oddfellows: 133 members in 1894
Shipton: demolition of "a fine old cottage"
The Bell: the magistrates upheld a local custom of letting a hedge-cutter keep a "fagot" of wood each day
24 Aug Mr Twining (4 High Street): you could go to him in 1849 to see a dentist or to buy port
21 Aug Baptists: accounts of Benjamin Keach and the foundation of the Baptist Tabernacle
19 Aug Will of Sir John Busby of Addington, 1684 (proved 1700/1)
17 Aug World War One: photo of Harry Foskett added
13 Aug Will of George Dunkley, insurance agent, 1867 (proved 1893): lived at 14 Church Street
Will of John Gordon, traveller, 1893: he had the first Roman Catholic funeral in Winslow for over 300 years
Will of Charles Keys, farmer and beer retailer, 1882 (proved 1892): landlord of The Stag
List of shops with Christmas decorations, 1891: in effect a directory of the town
10 Aug Vestry, 1893: the main issue was drainage, and a scheme for new sewers was drawn up, but by the end of the year nothing had been done
High School: prize day in 1893
8 Aug Oddfellows' fete, 1893
Workhouse: a proposal to send 50 paupers from Chelsea to Winslow
More about the theatrical career of Sylvanus Dauncey (W.J. Jones)
Will of Dr Thomas Busby of Addington, 1712/13 (proved 1725)
7 Aug Railway: meeting to protest against increased charges, 1893
Election for the Board of Guardians: unsuccessful attempt to oust James East the Liberal
Baptist Tabernacle: the Centenary Hall was the venue for a protest meeting about the Irish Home Rule Bill
5 Aug Fire insurance 1792 for John & William Goodman (covering pubs in nearby villages)
Market Square: trouble with the well in 1893
Activities in 1893 at The Bell, The George, Reading Room,
4 Aug 27 Market Square: sale in 1893 after death of Grant King the owner
Winslow Town F.C.: 1893 AGM, 9-a-side competition, and results
Silver wedding celebrations for T.P. and Sarah Willis
Activities in 1893 at the Rose & Crown, Nag's Head, Brook Hall and by the Technical Education Committee
2 Aug Fire insurance 1791-92 for 5 Vicarage Road, Arundel House, Redfield, various properties of Robert Gibbs, The Bank, Greyhound, Rose & Crown, property of William Blake, Blake House, The Bull
30 July Winslow Parochial Schools: In 1890 the Charity Commissioners imposed new regulations which put the schools firmly under Anglican control
21 July Fire insurance 1789 for 5 Horn Street and the Old George.
19 July Vestry 1892: arguments about highways, lighting and the fire brigade
5 Horn Street: Winslow's first recorded lawn tennis tournament
The Bank: celebration of the opening and detailed description
Bucks County Council election, 1892: a Liberal split and a Conservative win
General election, 1892: better news for the Liberals
18 July Lectures: you could study Shakespeare, chemistry, drawing and agriculture at evening classes in 1892
Oddfellows' Fete including a procession around the town
Girls' Friendly Society: service in the church and garden party at Redfield
Proposed new railway: Winslow wanted the Grand Central Railway (now part of the HS2 route) to go via Verney Junction
Provident Society: death of the secretary James Spooner (1892)
Workhouse: treatment of vagrants in 1892
17 July Football: 1892 AGM and results
Opening of the Gymnasium (later the Public Hall)
Congregational church, 1892: cricket v the Baptists, football v Royal Latin School
27 High Street: Mrs Jones in trouble for not having a licence to keep a servant
Jones family: death of Silvanus' youngest son Davy, a professional musician
Death of Harriet, widow of T.B. Saving
16 July Brook Hall: fire insurance policy in 1787, showing how the new owner James Burnham had gentrified it
The Bank: William Turner's insurance policy, 1788, showing the nature of the property before it was "Georgianised"
Redfield: insurance of Dudslow Farm by Thomas Read, 1788
Winslow Hall: advert for a footman, 1892
Western House: an extra storey added for Mr & Mrs Greaves
13 July Inventory of Thomas Fyge, 1705: a wealthy London apothecary descended from a Winslow family
5 July Jones family: William Jones became secretary to Beerbohm Tree in 1891 and wrote another play under the name Silvanus Dauncey
His friend George D. Day also put on a new one-act play
1891 Vestry: arguments about who was responsible for pavements and the Market Square
Technical education: a vote by every household showed that the most popular subject was agriculture and allotments. Drawing and agriculture classes were also available at the High School.
Reading Room: activities of the Parish Club in 1891
Workhouse: proposal to send paupers from Edmonton to Winslow
The Swan: proposed alterations
Cattle market: boys were working at the market instead of going to school in 1891
1 July Board of Guardians: minutes Dec 1837
University Extension Lectures (started 1890) and an essay written for the course on European statesmen
Winslow Town F.C.: foundation in 1891 and results of their first matches
1891 North Bucks by-election: another Liberal win
Copyright 20 January, 2022