The Plough Inn (26 Horn Street)

The Plough Inn

Description from the building's Grade 2 listing in 1952:
House. C17, altered. Whitewashed render over timber frame. Thatched roof to left hand bays, tiled roof to right, brick stacks to left gable and rear of right-hand bay.2 storeys and attic, 3 bays, right hand bay gabled to street. Ground floor has canted bay windows with barred sashes to centre of left-hand section and right-hand bay. Paired barred C19 wooden casements to first floor of each bay and in attic gable to right. C20 door with flanking single casements between right-hand bays.

1682: 26 April         Mortgage  (Centre for Bucks Studies D 175/17)
Surrender;  Silvester Cleaver and Anne his wife
Admission:  John Duncombe of East Claydon
includes: Messuage or Tenement in the Beast Market called the Plough in the occupation of John Bowyer and Ursula his wife
This may not be the building which later had the sign of the Plough (Wigley, Window on Winslow p.56 suggests it was The Bull but that cannot be correct). The Bowyers were receiving poor relief so it cannot have been very prosperous. In 1685 Silvester Claver transferred the property to trustees to sell it and transferred the mortgage to John Yeomans. In 1687, the mortgage of a messuage in the Beast Markett in the occupation of Thomas Miller and Thomas Ridgeway was transferred to Edmund and Susanna Sharrock.

1753-76    Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: Richard Scott

1777: 3 Sep
Will of Richard Scott Winslow victualler proved at PCC
He leaves to his wife Elizabeth for her life The Plough and an adjoining messuage occupied by Philip Budd. Reversion to his son Robert Scott

1777: 1 April          Sun Insurance 11936/256/382097
Elizabeth Scott of Winslow, victualler & grocer

 
£
On her now dwelling house & brewhouse under one roof situate as aforesaid, thatched 
70
Household goods therein
8
Utensils and stock therein   
8
Barn and leantoos adjoining and separate from the above thatched
10
Utensils and stock therein
4
 
----
 
100

1780: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: Elizabeth Scott, widow

1784: Manor court, 29 Oct
Richard Scott late of Winslow Victualler held 2 messuages in Great Horn Street: one in his own occupation called the Plow, the other adjoining now or late in the occupation of Philip Budd.  He died some time since, having made his will dated 12 Dec 1776.  He devised the messuages to his wife Elizabeth Scott during her life, then to his son Robert Scott, charging the messuages with the payment of £13 each to his 3 daughters Elizabeth, Sarah and Hannah.  Elizabeth Scott the elder died since the last court.  Robert Scott desires to be admitted tenant.

1785: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: Robert Scott

1788: 20-21 Oct      Manor Court (CBS D/82/2 p.177) 
Surrender: Robert Scott of Winslow, cordwainer
All those two Messuages or Tenements situate in Winslow aforesaid one of which said Messuages was late in  the occupation of Richard Scott and now of said Robert Scott commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Plough and the other said Messuage or Tenement adjoining to the last mentioned Messuage or Tenement was late in the occupation of Phillip Budd and now of George Webb…. Robert Scott admitted tenant 29 Oct 1784.

1790: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: William Wilmer

1795-1805: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: Robert Scott

1798: Posse Comitatus
Robert Scott: Cordwainer

1799: Manor court, 28-29 Oct
Robert Scott of Winslow and Elizabeth his wife on 18 Jan 1798 surrendered a messuage in Great Horn Street late in the occupation of Richard Scott, then of Robert Scott, called the Plow.  To the use of George Meacher of Ivinghoe common brewer who now by James Burham sr his attorney desires to be admitted tenant. Rent 4d, fine 5s.

1810-15: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: John Arnott

1819: Northampton Mercury, 1 May
To be SOLD by PRIVATE CONTRACT,
ALL that old-established brick-built PUBLIC HOUSE, called or known by the Name or Sign of the PLOUGH, situate in WINSLOW in the County of Buckingham, now in the Occupation of Mr. John Arnott, as yearly Tenant.
Possession may be had at Michaelmas next.
For a View of the Premises, apply thereon; and for further Particulars, to Mr. DUDLEY, Auctioneer, Winslow.

1820: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: John Arnott, then Francis Darville

1821: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: Thomas Daniel

1823: Northampton Mercury, 29 Nov
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE and Effects To be SOLD by AUCTION, By SAMUEL DUDLEY
On Wednesday the 3d December, 1823, on the Premises of Mr. JAMES KING, at the PLOUGH PUBLIC HOUSE, WINSLOW, Bucks, who is leaving the same;
COMPRISING four-post, bureau, and stump Bedsteads, feather and flock Beds, Counterpanes, Sheets, Blankets, and Coverlids, mahogany hair-seat Chairs, chamber and flag Ditto, mahogany folding and other Tables, Cupboards and Chests, pewter Quarts, Pints, and Half-pints, beer and liquor Measures, plated Tankard and Pint, various Glass, in Goblets; wine and beer Glasses, Quantity of earthen Quarts, Pints, and Pitchers, japanned tea Board and Waiters, ironing Board and Trestles, Jack and Weights, Fenders and fire Irons, Pair of large copper Scales and Weights, shop Counter, Nests of Drawers and Shelves, kitchen Requisites, in Copper, Brass, and Tin; four-gallon painted liquor Cask, small Casks, and wood Bottles, stone Jars, Quantity of glass Bottles, dough Trough, meat Safe, wood Scales and iron Weights, water Tub, Buckets, and various other Articles.
The Sale will commence at Eleven o'Clock.

1824: Directory
Plough, Great Horn Street: Thomas Daniel, publican

1827: Northampton Mercury, 31 March
To BREWERS, MALTSTERS, and OTHERS.
Capital FREE PUBLIC HOUSE, WINSLOW, Bucks.
To be SOLD by AUCTION, By Mr. Nicholls,
At the Bell Inn, Winslow, on Thursday, April 5th, 1827, at One o'Clock, in one Lot;
THAT old-established PUBLIC HOUSE and PREMISES, called the Plough, most desirably situate for Business, in the Market Town of WINSLOW in the County of Buckingham; comprising seven sleeping Rooms, Parlour, tap Room, small Grocer's Shop, Kitchen, Wash-house, Cellar, Stable, large Shed and Yard, now in the Occupation of Mr. Thomas Clefford, a yearly Tenant.
The Premises are Copyhold, held of the Manor of Winslow, and subject to the Customs of the said Manor.
The Premises may be viewed any Time prior to the Sale; and Particulars may be had at the principal Inns in the Neigbourhood, Place of Sale, and of Mr. NICHOLLS, Auctioneer and Appraiser, St. Albans.

Plough with scaffolding
The Plough's timber-framed structure was exposed during building work in 2007

1828: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: William Potter

1830: Pigot's Directory
Plough, John Gawdrey, Gt. Horn St

1831: Alehouse Recognizances
Plough: John Gawdrey

1832:  Land Tax
House / Plough: Mr Brown (owner), John Keys (occupier) 2s 5d

1836: 2 April, Bucks Herald
Sale of a “thatched cottage in Great Horn Street, near the Plough public house, in the occupation of George Westley”.

1837: 21 Oct, Bucks Herald
Sale of a “thatched cottage in Great Horn Street near the Plough public house, in the occupation of Elizabeth Westley”.

1837: 28 Oct, Bucks Herald
Michaelmas Assize Sessions October 1837, Aylesbury

Joseph Loveridge was charged with having stolen a ring, the property of Eleanor Goodman, of Winslow. The prosecutrix deposed that on the 22nd of August last, the prisoner came to her house to sweep a chimney. On her missing a ring she mentioned her loss to the prisoner, who said he would look among the soot for it. The following day she saw the ring on the finger of a woman at the Plough, Winslow, who she said had received it of Joseph Loveridge.

Thomas Lomath, constable. – Took the prisoner into custody, when he said that he had sold the ring to a man at the Plough; on going there to make inquiry regarding the stolen property, a woman took the ring off her hand and gave it to him.

John M’Goone, in his examination, stated that he went into the Plough and purchased the ring of the prisoner for twopence; a young woman had it, but the prisoner demanded it of her, and she gave it up to him. Witness afterwards gave the ring to his wife; he would not swear to the ring.

Prisoner, in his defence, said that he received the ring from a young man. VERDICT : NOT GUILTY.

1841: Census
Horn Street

Roseman Tombs 45 Vittuler [sic] b. in county
Emma do 25   do
Mary[?] do 8   do
Arthur do 4   do
Barbery [sic] do 2   do
Mildread [sic] do under 1   do

1842: Directory
Plough: Roseman Toms

The Toms family moved to the Rose & Crown before 1847.

1844: 28 October   Manor Court: CBS D/82/5/483
Admission of John Brown of Tring, Herts., brewer
Frank John Moore of Northchurch, Herts., Esq.
(Trustees of James Field of Chesham Bottom, yeoman deceased)            
All that Messuage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow in the County of Bucks within the said Manor with the appurtenances formerly in the occupation of Richard Scott, afterwards of Robert Scott then of William Potter, late of John Gawdrey and now of [blank] commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Plough. And also all that other Messuage or Tenement adjoining thereto situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid within the said Manor  with the appurtenances formerly in the occupation of Nicholas Higgins afterwards of Phillip Budd since of Mary Webb widow then of the said William Potter late of the said John Gawdrey and now of  [blank] to which said Premises the said James Field was admitted tenant at a General Court Baron 26th October 1829 on the surrender of Richard Kentish and Ann his wife. [also to the Punch House]

This plan was drawn up in 1843 after the death of James Field. Horn Street is to the left. Access to the rear was on the opposite side from now.
Plan of the Plough

1848: Directory
Plough: Thomas Ablethorp; also general dealer

1851: Census
Horn Street, Plough

Thomas Ablethorp Head married 44 Publican b. Swanbourne
Ann do Wife married 30 Publican's wife b. Winslow
William Turner Lodger married 28 Ag. Lab. b. Crafton, Bucks
Ann do Lodger married 25 Ag. Lab.'s wife b. Winslow
Anna Bailey Servant unm 22 Servant b. Buckingham

Thomas Ablethorp was the town crier living in Horn Street in 1861.

1860: 7 Jan, Bucks Herald
Sale advert
THE PUNCH-HOUSE, in the Market Square, let to Mr Thomas Lorkin, and the PLOUGH Public-House, with out-offices attached, at the western entrance to the town, let to Mr. William Roads. The property is Copyhold of the Manor of Winslow, subject to trifling fines and quit rents. Early possession may be had if required.

1861: Census
Horn Street, The Plough

William Roads Head married 37 Publican b. East Claydon
Elizabeth do Wife married 37 Publican's wife b. Hockliffe, Beds
Elizabeth Roads Niece & visitor   12 Scholar b. Winslow
William do Nephew & visitor   5 do b. Wellingborough
Alfred do do   2 do b. Whitchurch, Salop
John H. Fry Lodger married 41 Blacksmith b. Camerton, Som.
Mary Fry Lodger's wife married 41 Blacksmith's wife do
George do Lodger's son unm 16   do
May A. do Lodger's dau   5m   b. Prince's Risborough
John Rayner Lodger unm 59 Labourer b. Taunton, Yorks
John Cook do unm 40 do b. Winchester
Charles Maynard do unm 37 do do
Charles Pain do unm 30 do b. Bath
Joe Clark do unm 28 do b. Saffron Walden
William Goodchild do unm 26 do b. Bradford on Avon

William Roads was listed as an agricultural labourer living in Sheep Street in 1871.

1863: Jan, Bucks Herald
The licence of the Plough public house was transferred to John Keys.

1864: Directory
Plough: John Keys

1869: Post Office Directory
Jackman, Henry, Plough, Horn Street

1871: Census
Horn Street, Plough Inn

Oswald Wilson Head married 23 Plasterer unemployed b. Whitchurch
Maria do Wife married 21   b. Loughton, Bucks
George Wilson Son   1   b. Winslow

In 1881 Maria was living with her parents Thomas and Mary Adkins in Cowley's Walk.

1872: Return of Public Houses
Plough: Owner: Wroughton & Threlfall, Aylesbury (owner), James Cripps (occupier)

1877: Post Office Directory
Plough: Thomas Cripps

1881: Census
Horn Street, Plough Inn

Thomas Cripps Head married 36 Bricklayer & Publican b. Waddesdon
Elizabeth A. do Wife married 30   do
Lilly do Daughter   9 Scholar do
William do Son   7 do b. Winslow
Clara do Daughter   5 do do
Alfred do Son   2 do do
Henry do Son   11m   do
William Rolfe Visitor   15 No occupation b. Waddeson
James Walker Boarder unm 28 Gen. lab. b. Winslow
Philip Evans Boarder married 49 do b. Waddesdon

1891: Census
Horn Street, Plough Inn

Thomas Cripps Head married 45 Bricklayer & Publican b. Waddesdon
Annie do Wife married 41   do
Lily do Daughter single 19 Dressmaker do
William do Son single 17 Bricklayer b. Winslow
Clara do Daughter   15 Dressmaker do
Alfred do Son   13 Scholar do
Henry do Son   11 do do
Emily do Daughter   9 do do
Charlie do Son   7 do do
Kate do Daughter   6 do do
Fred do Son   4 do do
Jane do Daughter   1   do
James Walker Lodger single 38 Groom (domestic) do

1901: Census
Horn Street, Plough Inn

Thomas Cripps Head married 55 Publican, builder & contractor b. Waddesdon
Elizabeth Ann do Wife married 50   do
Harry do Son single 19 Builders clerk b. Winslow
Emily do Daughter single 18   do
Charles do Son single 17 Carpenter & joiner do
Kate do Daughter   15 Drapers assistant do
Fred do Son   13   do
Jane do Daughter   11   do

1903: death of Thomas Cripps, aged 59.
The rest of the familymoved to the High Street.

1904, 27 Aug: Bucks Herald
LICENSING. The Plough Inn, Winslow, was transferred to Robert Claxton.

1907: Kelly's Directory
Hillyer, Jonas, Plough P.H., Horn street

The Plough was one of the pubs closed in Edwardian times  to reduce the total number of such houses. Suitable instruments had been created by the Licensing Act, 1904. Local decisions were made in Bucks after evidence from Winslow Licensing Committee had been presented and discussed. The licensee of the Plough must have feared that his pub would be axed. He and the pub’s owners (ABC) encouraged the public to protest.

1908, 14 March: Bucks Herald
PUBLIC NOTICE.
GOVERNMENT LICENSING BILL, 1908.
The public are requested to SIGN THE PETITIONS protesting against The Government Licensing Bill, 1908, which will be found on all Licensed Premises in the District.
Copies of the Petitions can be obtained of …
THE AYLESBURY BREWERY CO., Ltd., Aylesbury.
MR J. HILLYER, The Plough, Winslow.

1908, 29 Aug: Bucks Herald
EJECTMENT. Mr. J. Hillyer, of the Plough Inn, Winslow, applied for an ejectment order against H. Sambrook. A medical certificate was put in that Mr. Hillyer was ill and not able to attend, and Mr. Stanley Midgley proved the service of the notices. Defendant wrote stating that he hoped to be out in a week, and the Bench made an order for ejectment in 21 days.

1909, 5 March: Luton Times & Advertiser
At the Winslow adjourned licensing sessions the magistrates decided to refer four licenses for compensation, viz., Wrestlers, Mursley; Plough, Winslow; Rose and Crown, Winslow; and Chandos Arms, Winslow.

1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald, Notice of claims for compensation at premises where the licence was not renewed on 14 May under the Licensing Act, 1904
Premises: "The Plough", Winslow
Licence: Alehouse
Licensee: William Allen
Registered Owners: Aylesbury Brewery Co., Ltd., Aylesbury

1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald
HOUSES AT WINSLOW
The cases of the Rose and Crown, Winslow, an alehouse belonging to the Aylesbury Brewery Company [sic], and in the tenancy of George Vokins, and of the Plough, Winslow, and the Wrestlers, Mursley, belonging to the same company, were the first taken.
   Mr. Ryland Adkins appeared for the Renewal Authority, and said the Rose and Crown was situated in the Market-square, Winslow. There were seven other houses within a distance of about 250 yards, whilst the George Hotel, which was only 24 yards away, was a much larger and convenient house. The Crooked Billet, which belonged to the same owners and the same Brewery Company, was only 55 yards away, and had better accommodation and better stabling than the Rose and Crown. That was a case of two houses belonging to the same Brewery Company, one of which was superior to the other.
   Supt. Lait, of Fenny Stratford, said he knew the Rose and Crown, and it was correct to say there were seven licensed houses within 250 yards of it. Two others were only 48 yards away, and compared with the George Hotel and the Bell Hotel, the Rose and Crwon was not doing so much business, and could, in fact, be removed without causing any inconvenience.
The Chairman — What is the population?
Mr. Ryland Adkins — At the last census it was 1,763, and there are 13 fully-licensed houses, 3 beerhouses, and a grocer's licence, which gives one licence per 100 of the population.
   In answer to the Chairman, Supt. Lait said in the case of the Plough there would be no public inconvenience caused if the licence was taken away.
   The Chairman, after consultation, said both the Rose and Crown and the Plough would be referred for compensation.

1909, 24 July: Bucks Herald, compensation cases
THE PLOUGH, WINSLOW. This was another house belonging to the Aylesbury Brewery Company, and Mr. Higgens stated that the amount agreed upon was £324:15, which was made up of rent, brewer's profits, and depreciation, the value of the premises unlicensed, with £40 for the tenant.

Plough Cottage
This photo seems to have been taken soon after The Plough closed in 1909. The cart belongs to Frederick Brazier.

1911: Census
Horn Street, Plough Cottage, 7 rooms

Edward Walter Green Head married 17 years 43 Stud groom, domestic b. Somerston, Oxon
Matilda Green Wife married, 1 child 43   b. Eltisley, Cambs
Elsie Emily Green Daughter   9   b. Bicester

1920-24:  Kelly's Directory
Edward Walter Green, stud groom to Leonard Strode Cobham Esq. [of Western Lodge], Plough Cottage, Horn Street

2013: Plough Cottage advertised for sale for £650,000.

The photo below, provided by Michael Leonard, was taken in 1953.

Plough Cottage and Lace Cottage

 

 

Copyright 21 September, 2016