Minutes of the Board of Guardians of Winslow Union

Centre for Bucks Studies G6/1/1

The Board of Guardians was set up under the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. Its first job was to set up a workhouse to serve the whole union. In the meantime the existing Winslow workhouse behind The Bell was used, but it was decided that it would be too expensive to enlarge it. George Gilbert Scott was chosen to design the new workhouse. See also:

[p.1] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Union at Winslow Bucks held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Thursday 11th June 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         )
William Selby Lowndes Esq.                    )              Magistrates
The Revd William Wodley                        )

and the following elected Guardians

Charles Willis, Joseph Neal for Winslow cum Shipton
William Duncombe          Dunton
John Fountaine              Drayton Parslow
Thomas Jones                Great Horwood with Singleborough
Thomas Bayliss              Hogston
Philip Dauncey Esq.        Little Horwood
Thomas Coling               Mursley with Salden
Daniel Baseley               Swanbourne
Edward Ridge                Nash
Graham Hanmer            Tattenho
John King                       Whaddon
John Woollhead             Grandborough
John Parrott                   East Claydon

Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle was elected Chairman and Philip Dauncey Esq Vice Chairman of the Board.

David Thomas Willis of Winslow Solicitor was appointed Clerk to the Board and the amount of his Salary deferred to a future meeting.

Resolved that the appointment of a Treasurer shall be deferred and that the Poor Law Commissioners be consulted whether a Guardian may be appointed to that Office. [see letter sent to the Commissioners]

A letter from Herbert John Chubb Master of the Winslow [p.2] Workhouse requesting to be continued Governor of the Workhouse was read and also a recommendatory letter on his behalf from the Minister Churchwardens Overseers and principal inhabitants of the parish of Winslow.

Resolved that the Relieving Officer be appointed for the whole Union and that Advertisements for a person to fill that situation be inserted once in each of the County Newspapers and in the Times Morning Herald and Globe London Newspapers that Security will be required from such Officer and that it be recommended to allow him a Salary of about £100 per year.

That an Advertisement be inserted in each of the two County Newspapers for contracts to supply the whole Union with good second Bread till Michaelmas next at per loaf of four pounds and that security be required from the Contractor.

That one Medical Officer be appointed for the whole Union that the mode of remuneration be an average of the number of cases similar to the Plan adopted at Amersham and that the Clerk to apply to the Clerk to the Board of Guardians at Amersham for the Contract entered into by them or a copy of it.

That it would be desirable if practicable to alter the Winslow Workhouse instead of building a new one and that Mr Kempthorne be requested to attend the Board at the next Meeting if he conveniently can and if not at the succeeding one to advise the Board and submit to them a Plan for rendering the present Workhouse applicable for the purpose intended.

That the first Weekly Meeting of the Board be held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday week 22nd June at ten o’clock and that the weekly Meetings for the future be held on every succeeding Monday at the same time and place during the present year.

That if at any of the Meetings neither the Chairman nor Deputy Chairman be present within a quarter of an hour after the time of the Meeting the Guardians present shall elect a Chairman and proceed to business immediately.

That a Committee be appointed to confer with the Architect whenever he attends pursuant to the application to be made to him [p.3] and that such Committee to consist of
The Chairman                 Mr Walker
The Deputy Chairman    Mr Neal
Mr Lowndes                   Mr Woollhead
Mr Wodley

That no Resolution passed by the Board be altered or rescinded except at a Special Meeting.

That a Book be provided by the Clerk to enter the minutes of the Meetings  of the Board

Thos F Fremantle [signature]  - Chairman


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Union at Winslow Bucks held at the Workhouse in Winslow on the 22nd June 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Freemantle Bart         Chairman            
Philip Dauncey Esq.
William Selby Lowndes Esq.                        
Revd William Wodley                     

Charles Willis                  Daniel Baseley
Joseph Neal                    Graham Hanmer
William Duncombe          John King
John Fountaine              William Emerson
Thomas Jones                John Woolhead
Thomas Bayliss              John Parrott                      
Thomas Coling  

the Minutes of the previous Meeting were read by the Clerk. Mr Kempthorne attended and gave his opinion that a Workhouse would be required to accommodate not less than 200 persons being an average 2½ per cent of the population of the Union – that a great outlay nearly equal to the [p.4] expence of erecting a new Workhouse would be required to make the present Workhouse at Winslow sufficient for the Union nor does he consider that by any alteration the House could be rendered perfectly efficient as a Workhouse for the able bodied paupers.

Resolved that it would be more desirable to erect a new Workhouse than to alter the present one.

That a Committee be appointed to make enquiries for a convenient site for the new Workhouse to confer with Proprietors of Land considered eligible and report the result at the next Meeting – that such Committee consist of

The Chairman                  Mr Neal
The Vice Chairman          Mr Jones
Mr Willis

That about two acres of land appears to be the most desirable quantity to be sought for the above purpose.

That it is considered that the new Workhouse should be capable of accommodating not less than 250 persons.

That it be referred to the Committee above appointed to consider of the best plan for the intended Workhouse and that such Committee make their report at the next Meeting.

That Mr Kempthorne and Mr Scott be requested to make a plan and estimate for building a new Workhouse for the accommodation of 250 persons with the means of separation into sex Classes and to state the terms on which each of them is willing to undertake the duty of Architect for the building in the event of his plan being approved.

That the plan be delivered to the Clerk for consideration of the Committee not later than on Friday next and that the Architects be requested to attend the Board at their next Meeting.

That Mr John King of Winslow land Surveyor be appointed Treasurer of the Union, that he be required to find two [p.5] sureties in £1800 each and that it be recommended to allow him a Salary of £20 a year.

That the Clerk report to the Poor Law Commissioners that no Guardian has been appointed for the parish of North Marston.

That it be referred to a Committee to inspect the testimonials of each of the Candidates for Relieving Officer and select those whom they think most eligible and make a report to the next Meeting - that the Committee consist

The Chairman                  Mr Neal
The Vice Chairman          Mr King
Mr Willis                          Mr Coling
Mr Jones
  
That the Advertisement for Contracts for Bread be repeated in the County Newspapers on Saturday requiring tenders to be sent in previous to the Meeting on Monday week.

That the Clerk be requested to draw up an Abstract of a contract with a Medical Officer applicable to this Union on the principle of the Amersham plan.

That Mr John Willeat Cowley of Buckingham Solicitor be appointed Auditor to the Board and that the amount of his Salary be deferred to a future meeting.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] 
Chairman


[p.6] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on the 29th June 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         Chairman            
Philip Dauncey Esq.
The Revd William Wodley                             

Charles Willis                Thomas Coling  
Joseph Neal                  Graham Hanmer
William Duncombe        John King
John Fountaine             William Emerson
Thomas Jones               John Parrott
Thomas Bayliss                                 
               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.
Resolved that an agreement be entered into with Mr Richard Staniford for the purchase of about 2 acres and a half of his Close for the erection of the Workhouse subject to the approbation of the Board and the Poor Law Commissioners and that Mr Willis Mr King and Mr Jones or any two of them be a Committee for that purpose.

That the plan proposed by Mr Scott for the erection of the Workhouse and outbuildings be adopted subject to such alterations as may be suggested by the Board.

That an offer be made to Mr Scott to appoint him Architect for the erection of the Workhouse and to allow him a Commission of 3½ per cent on the amount to be expended such Commission to include travelling expences and every other charge.
John Franklin Hayes of Middleton Cheney was elected Relieving Officer of the Union and it was agreed that it shall be recommended to allow him a Salary of about £100 a year and that he should be required to find two Sureties in a sufficient amount.

[p.7] A letter from Mr Scott having been read declining to accede to the offer made to him as above mentioned but consenting to accept a Commission of 3½ per cent with the addition of £10 for the share of this Union of his travelling expences it was agreed that he should be employed as Architect on the terms proposed in his letter.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] 
Chairman


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 6th July 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         Chairman            
Philip Dauncey Esq            Vice Chairman
John Hale Esq
The Revd William Wodley                             

Charles Willis                      Graham Hanmer
Joseph Neal                       John King
William Duncombe             William Emerson
John Fountaine                 Robert Curtis
Thomas Jones                   John Woollhead
Thomas Bayliss                  John Parrott
Daniel Baseley
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

The Committee appointed at the last Meeting to enter into an Agreement with Mr Richard Staniford reported that they had agreed with him for purchase of as much of his close as may be required for the erection of the workhouse and outbuildings and to form the requisite yards at the rate of sixty five pounds per acre the Board paying for the Barn and timber at a valuation and defraying the expences of the necessary Surrender and Conveyance. Resolved that the [p.8] Agreement so made be confirmed subject to the approval of the Poor Law Commissioners.

It was agreed subject to the approval of the Poor Law Commissioners that Mr John Cowley of Winslow Surgeon should be the Medical Officer for the parishes of Winslow, Grandborough, North Marston, Hogshaw, East Claydon, Little Horwood, Nash, Whaddon, Hogston and Dunton and Mr John Saint Thomas Wynter of Winslow Surgeon shall be the Medical Officer for the parishes of Great Horwood, Shenley Brook End, Tattenho Drayton Parslow Stewkley Mursley and Swanbourne from and after the thirteenth day of July instant to the 25th day of March next inclusive subject to the contract being continued or dissolved in the manner as adopted in the Amersham Union. The terms of remuneration being the same as in the Amersham Union with a restriction that the amount of remuneration shall not in any parish exceed the average of the amount paid for \medical and/  surgical attendance exclusive of Midwifery in the last three years and if in any parish the amount of remuneration shall fall short of three fourths of such average amount the same shall be made up to that sum.

The tender for supplying the Union with good second Bread till Michaelmas next having been read it was agreed that the offer of Mr Joseph Watkins of Hardwick to supply such Bread at four pence per loaf of four pounds (being the lowest tender) being accepted on his finding two sufficient sureties in one hundred pounds for the performance of the contract, the Contractor to be paid monthly.

Resolved that the Clerk do apply to the Commissioner to know whether it would be allowed to heat the new workhouse by means of warm water, and what kind of Bedsteads would be recommended.

That it would be advisable to adopt Mr Scott’s suggestion as to using posts in the new Workhouse unless he should be of [p.9] opinion that cast iron pillars would be more advisable on the score of economy and strength and the Clerk write to Mr Scott and ask his opinion on the subject.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature]  Phil Dauncey [signature]
Chairman                                             Vice Chairman
till ½ past 11 o’clock


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 13th July 1835
Present
Philip Dauncey Esq            Vice Chairman
John Hale Esq

Charles Willis                   John King            
Joseph Neal                     John Woollhead
William Duncombe          John Parrott
Thomas Bayliss                 
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

The Guardians present signed their consent to the purchase of a piece or parcel of land containing by estimation three acres (more or less) being parcel of a Close of pasture ground called Brick Kiln piece situate in the parish of Winslow adjoining Turnpike Road leading to Buckingham and being the property of Richard Stainford  and copyhold of inheritance held of the Manor of Winslow with Members for a sum not exceeding £250 to build a Workhouse thereon at a cost not exceeding £5000 and that the sums to be expended should be borrowed and charged on the poor rate of the parishes of the Union.

The Relieving Officer was order to make out a List of all the paupers receiving relief from the poor rates of the several parishes in the Union.

Phil Dauncey [signature]


[p.10] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the 20th day of July 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq           
John Hale Esq
Charles Willis                      Daniel Baseley
Joseph Neal                       John King            
William Duncombe              Robert Curtis                    
Thomas Bayliss                  John Parrott
Thomas Coling
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

Resolved that the Clerk be directed to write to Mr Scott in reply to his letter to inform him that the Board is of opinion that provision should be made in the Workhouse for infectious cases in the manner suggested by Mr Scott by adding a story to the centre part of the Building and that the lower story be warmed by a hot water apparatus.

The order of the Poor Law Commissioners prescribing the mode of relief after 11th July having been read it appears that this Board is unable to comply with such Order in consequence of the Commissioners not having furnished the Board with the average expenditure of the different parishes in the Union in poor rates during the last three years, and the Commissioners not having issued an order in sanctioning the Board in entering into a contract for Bread and taking Security from the Contractor and Relieving Officer, and the Clerk is therefore directed to write to the Commissioners with a copy of this resolution and to request their early attention to the subject.
 
Thos F. Fremantle [signature] 
Chairman


[p.11] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 27th day of July 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq           

Charles Willis                      John Woollhead
John King                             John Parrott
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

Ordered that the Churchwardens and Overseers of the different parishes in the Union do on the sixth day of August next pay to the Treasurer one fortieth part of their several average annual expenditure as calculated by the Poor Law Commissioners and the requisite authorities issued to the parish Officers issued for that purpose.
Ordered that the Relieving Officer give security for the due performance of his office with two sureties in the penalty of £500

The Relieving Officer having submitted to the Board his plan for relieving the poor in the different parishes of the Union it was resolved that he be directed to commence paying next week and to make the necessary arrangement with the Baker for that purpose.

Contract with Joseph Watkins for supplying the Union good second bread till 29th September and contracts with Messrs John Cowley and John Saint Thomas Wynter as the medical Officers of the Union were signed.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] 
Chairman


Minutes of 3, 10 & 17 August not transcribed; they include lists of paupers from some of the parishes.

[p.22] At an adjourned meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Thursday the 20th day of August 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart         Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq           

Charles Willis                      Thomas Coling
Joseph Neal                       Daniel Baseley
William Duncombe             John King            
John Fountaine                 William Emerson
Thomas Jones                   Robert Curtis
John Dover
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

Ordered that the weekly pay to the undermentioned paupers shall for the present be as follows - [other parishes not transcribed; the list is apparently for people who continued to receive outdoor relief]

[p.24] Winslow

Sarah King 63  Single 1 –
Sarah Gent 60 Widow 1 - 6
Hannah Seaton 69  Widow 1 - 6
Thos. Hogston 83    
Wife
82   3 – 0
Charlotte Lucket  60 Widow application for relief - allowed to come into Workhouse
Elizabeth Westley  48 Widow 1 –
Mary Lee 76 bedridden 2 – 6
Mary Smith 59 Widow 1 – 6
Mary Griffin  84 Son allows her 2/ a week 1 –
Jane Sharp  66 Widow 1 - 6
Elizabeth Bowden  76 Widow 2 –
Mary Whitehall    64 Widow 1 – 6
Deverells’ Children  13 & 12 mother married again 2 – (read more)
(Mrs Gibbs to be allowed 5/- for a Doctor when confined)
French’s children 12, 9 & 5 years orphans  4 – 6 (read more)
Sophia Lines 24 Idiot 2 –
Ann Hopkins 63 Widow 1 – 6
Ann Spooner      78 Widow 2 –
Ann Bellow 30 Cripple 1 – 6
Read's Children 11, 8 & 6 mother married again  2 – (read more)
Jane Walker 51 Widow 1 –
Sarah Edwin 9 Father dead 1 – 6 (read more)
William Judge 5½    1 – (read more)
Cornelius Cross 7 illegitimate 1 – (read more)
William Jones  3 illegitimate Richd Sharp  the father pays 1s/6d a week   1 - 6 (read more)
Elizabeth Walker Wife of James Walker 2 Children
illegitimate - twins - 7 months old
3 loaves per week (read more)
Mary Oakley 66 Single 1 – 6
[p.25] Winslow Continued
Thomas Lomath The Board agree to allow 15s/ a quarter for 2 years to his Brother Henry Lomath to keep him and learn him the trade of a Shoemaker. (read more)
Fanny Teagle  60 Widow  living in Bletchley to be seen by Hayes
Alice Hawkins    Single - weak arm no allowance
Hannah Tomes 66 Widow 2 –
Elizabeth Bryant 72 Widow 1 – 6
Charles Price 12 Friendless 1 –
Hannah Pennell 77 Widow 2 – 6
Ann Ward 73 Widow 1 –
Margaret Whichello 45 Widow 2 Children 8 & 5 years 3 –
Mary Budd 60 Single 1 –
Thomas Hazzard 77   2 –
Joseph Walker   blind – to have Dinner every day at the Workhouse
Ann Walker 66 application for Nurse - Ill - referred to Hayes
Eliza Holt 3 illegitimate 1 – 6 (read more)
Mrs. Royce 70   Wants to leave Workhouse to be determined
Eleanor Warner   66 ----------- Do -----------------  on Monday
Elizabeth Wheeler 47 Widow - keeps her bed 1 – 6
Mrs Dodson 69 Wants to leave Workhouse to be determined on Monday
Lomath’s Children    1 – 6 (read more)
Eliza Hitchcock 8 illegitimate no allowance
Maria Wheeler Father dead Mother Ill 1 – 6 (read more)
Sarah Shillingford    illegitimate 1 – 6

Ordered that the paupers of the parishes of Mursley, Swanbourne and Little Horwood attend at the next Meeting to have the amount of their allowance settled.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] 
Chairman

Notes on the paupers


[p.31] At an adjourned meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Wednesday the 26th day of August 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart            Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq    
Charles Willis                 Robert Curtis
Joseph Neal                   John Dover
William Duncombe          John Woolllhead
Samuel Hopkins              John Parrott
                                               
The Minutes of the last Meeting were read by the Clerk.

Ordered that the weekly pay to the undermentioned Paupers shall be as follows [other parishes omitted]

[p.32] Winslow

Henry Hitchcock 5   illegitimate          father dead mother ill (read more) 1 / -
Joseph Saving 70   1 – 6
Joseph Smith wants a nurse for his Wife in a midwifery case – allow nurse 1s/- a week for 3 weeks
John Worsley’s Wife   Do  Do

[p.37] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 31st day of August 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart            Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq          Vice Chairman
John Hale Esq
Revd. Williiam Wodley
Charles Willis                Thomas Jones
Joseph Neal                  Thomas Bayliss
William Duncombe        Samuel Hopkins               
John Fountaine             Daniel Baseley
John King                      John Dover
                                               
The Minutes of the last weekly meeting and of the adjourned meeting held on Wednesday the 26st instant were read by the Clerk.

The following tenders having been delivered for the erection of the new Workhouse
                                                                                                £
Mr. William Line Bricklayer - Bedford Square        )             
 “  R. Rowe Carpenter – Holborn                           )              4450
“  John Bickers Plumber – Long Acre                        )

Messrs. Willmore & Son & Mr. John Mold Buckingham           5500
Mr. C. Warren Sampson                                                        5595

It was resolved that the tender from Mr. Line and others is the lowest an application be made to them to furnish names and residences of their proposed sureties for [p.38] performing the Contract references as to character and responsibility and the prices at which they have estimated the work conformably to the Schedule at the end of Mr. Scott’s Specification.

That the Workhouse at Winslow be appropriated to the general purposes of the Union from this day, subject to the approval of the Poor Law Commissioners, and that the question of compensation to the parish of Winslow for the use of the Workhouse be deferred till some final arrangement is made to the Workhouse department and that an Inventory of the furniture in the Workhouse be taken at the time.

That the Clerk be instructed to ascertain the prices at which twenty bedsteads could be purchased as also beds and bedding . . .

[p.39] Winslow

Robert Varney  )
Cornelius Yates )              to be removed from the Workhouse to be kept by their parents
Eliza Evans       )   


[p.40] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 7th day of September 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart            Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq         
John Hale Esq
Revd. Williiam Wodley
Charles Willis                     William Emerson
Joseph Neal                       John Dover
Thomas Coling                   John Woolllhead
Samuel Hopkins                 John Parrott
John King
                                               
The Minutes of the last meeting were read by the Clerk.

Ordered that the pay to the undermentioned paupers shall for the present be as follows [other parishes omitted]

[p.43] Winslow

Mary Williamson nearly 90           Widow                  2s /6 a week &
                                                                1s / a week for a woman to look after her.

Ordered ... That an Inventory be taken of the goods and effects in the Workhouse belonging to the parish of Winslow by Mr Samuel Dudley of Winslow and that the same be valued by him to the Union at the expence of the Union and that Mr Dudley be employed in like manner to value the same goods and effects \when not required by the Union/ in order that the difference in value may be allowed by the Union to the parish.

Order (No 7) given on the Treasurer in favor of John Franklin Hayes for the sum of forty pounds.

A Letter from Mr. Line & Co declining to execute the erection of the Workhouse at the sum offered by them in their tender but proposing to do it at £4800 having been read which was subsequently reduced at the present meeting by their Surveyor Mr. Wells to £4750 it was resolved that Messrs. Willmore & Mold, Mr. C. Warren and Messrs. Shouler & Warren be informed that an alteration had been made by Messrs. Line & Co in their tender and that the Board therefore thought it right to give them an opportunity of reconsidering their tenders, and if they should feel disposed to make any alteration in them they will be [p.44] allowed to do so in writing addressed to the Clerk prior to the next meeting.

Resolved that the Contractor be required to enter into a joint and separate Bond with two sureties for the performance of his contract in the sum of two thousand five hundred pounds.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature]  Chairman


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 14th day of September 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart            Chairman
John Hale Esq
The Revd. Williiam Wodley
Charles Willis                      Daniel Baseley  
William Duncombe          John King
Thomas Bayliss                  John Dover
Samuel Hopkins                                John Parrott
                               
The Minutes of the last meeting were read by the Clerk.

Ordered that the pay to the undermentioned paupers shall for the present be as follows [other parishes omitted]

[p.46] Winslow

Richard Sharp                    76                           8d & a loaf or to come into the House

Resolved that the references and securities tendered by Messrs. Wells & Line do not appear to be satisfactory and that the \Guardians/ would not be justified in entering into any contract for the erection of the workhouse with these Gentlemen.
                                                               
Resolved that the amended tender of Messrs. Willmore & Mold is the lowest now submitted to the Board.

Resolved that the tender of Willmore & Mold be accepted at £4990 deducting the sum estimated for removing the top soil of the site of the Building – the work stipulated in the original specification to be done in 12 weeks to be finished in 7 months and the whole in 9 months from  1st October; and the clause authorising suspension of the works in case of frost to be erased from the specification.

That Mr. King be requested to decide what compensation is to be allowed to the Tenant of Mr. Staniford’s land for the draining and manuring the land and getting it ready for seeds – as between incoming and outgoing Tenant.

That the tender of Messrs. Capp & Tofield of Stewkley for the supply of coffins and shrouds to the Union in the terms stated in the Advertisement be accepted, and that they be directed to send the coffins and shrouds at the periods and to the places ordered by the Relieving Officer [p.47] and that a contract be entered into with Messrs. Capp & Tofield for the regular supply of the articles according to the terms of the Advertisement.

That Advertisements for the supply of Bread from Michaelmas to Lady Day be inserted in the 2 County Newspapers.

 Order (No 8) given on the Treasurer in favor of John Franklin Hayes for the sum of fifty pounds.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature]  Chairman


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 21st day of September 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart            Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq         
John Hale Esq
Charles Willis                  Samuel Hopkins
Joseph Neal                    John King
William Duncombe          John Dover
Thomas Jones                John Woollhead                              
                               
The Minutes of the last meeting were read by the Clerk. [some sections omitted]

[p.49] Contract signed with Messrs. Capp & Tofield for the supply of Coffins and shrouds till 25th March next agreeably to their tender delivered at the last meeting.

Contract signed with Messrs. Willmore & Mold for the erection of the Workhouse and performance of the other works described in Mr. Scott’s specification for the sum of £4990.

Agreed to employ Richard Watkins to superintend the Laborers at the Mill and at work on the land and to allow him 16s/ a week.

[p.50] Ordered that the Clerk do write to Messrs. John Fountain and James Taylor Overseers of Drayton Parslow and inform them that unless the amount ordered to be paid by them to the Treasurer be paid before the next weekly meeting an Information will be lodged against them for the recovery of the penalties incurred under the 95th Section of the poor Law amendment Act.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] Chairman


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 28th day of September 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          Chairman
Revd. William Wodley
Charles Willis                  John King            
Joseph Neal                    John Parrott
William Duncombe          John Dover
                               
Ordered that the pay to the undermentioned paupers shall for the present be as follows [other parishes omitted]

[p.51] Winslow

Daniel Walker’s Wife dead - Allow Coffin & Shroud
William Warr - Wife - to come into the Workhouse
Philip Walker Wife 3 children - for this week 6 loaves
Benjamin Walker 16 -  to apply in person

[p.52] Tenders opened for supplying the Union with good second bread from this day till 25th March next at per loaf of four pounds weight and that of Messrs. Robert Corbett & Richard Baldwin offering to supply it at 3d¾ found to be the lowest and accepted.

Mr. Cowley having been consulted as to the position of the Workhouse and the ground having been personally visited by the Board. Resolved that it is expedient to alter the position of the House so that it may front the South instead of the East provided that in the opinion of Mr. Scott the expenditure already incurred in sinking the Well does not present an insurmountable objection to the alteration.

That a new fence be put down on the boundary of the ground on which the Workhouse is to be built, on the South side next to Mr. Neal’s field consisting of a quick set hedge and ditch protected by posts and 4 rails as far as the garden extends and of posts and rails along the line of the proposed buildings.

[p.53] That Messrs. Willmore & Mold the Contractors be requested to inform he Board at their next meeting at what price they will undertake to perform the work.

That the tender of Messrs. Corbett & Baldwin to supply the Workhouse with second flour at 26s/ per week till 25th March next be accepted.


At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the fifth day of October 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esquire
Charles Willis                     Thomas Coling
Joseph Neal                       Daniel Baseley
John Fountaine                 John Dover
Thomas Baylis                   John Woollhead

[p.54] Contract signed with Robert Corbett and Richard Baldwin for supplying best second flour for the use of the workhouse and good second bread for the use of the Union till 23rd March last \next/ agreeably to their tender accepted at the last meeting. ...

[p.55] Resolved that the following proposed list of the Officers of the Union with scale of salaries be submitted to the Poor Law Commissioners

David Thomas Willis Gentn. – Clerk - the first year £80 & for the future £70 a year.
John William Cowley Gentn. – Auditor - the first year £25 & for the future £20 a year.
John Franklin Hayes - relieving Officer £100 a year.
John King Treasurer £20 a year.
Hubert John Chubb & wife. Master & mistress of the workhouse - 12s/ a week.

And that the Commissioners be requested to signify their approval of such Officers and their salaries as soon as possible in order that they may be paid up to Michaelmas & the accounts of the Union balanced up to that time.

That the Commissioners also be requested to determine the amount of rent to be allowed by the Union to the parish officers of Winslow for the use of the workhouse.

[p.56] Mr. Willis the Clerk was directed to purchase a sufficient quantity of books required by the Poor Law Commissioners to be kept by him the relieving officer and the master of the workhouse.

Resolved that the auditor be instructed to take the necessary steps in order to carry into effect the rules of Poor Law Commissioners as to auditing the accounts of the parishes within the Union for the quarter ending at Michaelmas last.

That Mr. Dauncey Mr. Willis and Mr. Dover be appointed a committee to carry into effect the resolution of the board at their last meeting as to fencing off the site of the workhouse from Mr. Neal’s field with as little delay as possible.

That Mr. John King be instructed to value on behalf of the guardians the barn and timber on the land bought for the workhouse and to measure the ground intended to be taken by the Union.

That the Clerk write to Mr. Seymour and state that the new bedstead sent as a sample is approved by the board & request him send 9 more of the same kind.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] Chairman


[p.57] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 12th day of October 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq
John Hale Esq
Revd. William Wodley
Charles Willis                  Thomas Coling
Joseph Neal                    John King
William Duncombe          John Dover
John Fountaine              John Woollhead
Thomas Bayliss              John Parrott ...

[p.58] Complaints having been preferred that many of the Loaves supplied by Messrs. Corbett & Baldwin the Contractors for the use of the Poor of the Union in the last week were greatly deficient in weight and that many supplied in the previous week were of inferior quality ordered that the Clerk do immediately commence an action against the Contractors and their sureties for the Board entered into by them for performance of the Contract.

The following Bills having been examined and found correct checks were given for payment thereof vizt.

No 15     Messrs. Dudley & Son Appraisers bill             £2 -  3s  - d
 “  16      Sampson Kempthorne Esq Architect bill                10 -  2
 “  17      Henry Wigley Stationer bill                                     7 - 13
 “ 18       David Thomas Willis bill for Law Business      22 – 17 - 8

[p.59] The account of the Clerks bill of disbursements on account of the Union were as follows
                                                                                                       £       
For Advertisements                                                                        7 – 8 -
  “    Messengers                                                                            -     6 - 6
  “    a Minute Book                                                                        -     10 - 6
  “   postage & carriage                                                                  1 - 2   -
To Mr. Neal for expences incurred in making enquiries
for work for laborers                                                                           18 - 4
                                                                                                     10 – 5 – 4

These bills were examined and found correct and a cheque (No 19) was given for the amount.

The establishment charges account up to 19th ultimo to be debited with all the above sums and credited with the payment.

Ordered that an Inventory be taken of the provisions in the Workhouse on 26th September last and that they be valued in order that the value be repaid to the parish of Winslow by the Union.

Thos F. Fremantle [signature] Chairman


[p.60] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the 19th day of October 1835
Present
Philip Dauncey Esq          Vice Chairman
John Hale Esq
Joseph Neal                    William Emerson
William Duncombe          Robert Curtis
Thomas Jones                John Dover
Thomas Coling               John Woollhead
Samuel Hopkins             John Parrott
The minutes of the last meeting were read by the Clerk.

The following orders were made as to the paupers receiving out door relief [other parishes omitted]

[p.62] Winslow
Richard Alderman           ordered work & to receive 2s/ & 3 loaves [this appears to mean work at the Workhouse]
Daniel Walker                ordered work & to receive 2s/ & 3 loaves
Jane Woodward             sight bad              allowed 8d & a loaf
John Higgins                  50           ordered work & to receive 2s/ & 3 loaves
Matthew Alderman        60           Wife      ordered work & to receive 2s/ & 3 loaves
Thomas Pickett              53           Wife 2 Children ordered work & to receive 2s/ & 6 loaves
Thomas Benbow            36           Wife 1 Child        ordered work & to receive 2s/6d & 3 loaves

[p.63] It appearing that the parish Officers of the Winslow Union had found provisions for the Workhouse since the time that it was made applicable to the general purposes of the Union amounting in value to £15 – 0s – 9d a check (No 27) was signed for the payment of that amount to the officers of that parish.

The number of paupers maintained in the House up to 29th ultimo was 31 and the cost of maintenance clothing fuel & as above was £15 – 0s – 9d. Of these paupers the numbers belonging to the several parishes are set opposite their names in the first column below; according to this number the above amount was assessed upon the several parishes and ordered to be carried to the credit of the Appropriation account against them as in the second column below.

It also appeared that the out relief given to the paupers [p.64] of the several parishes during the eight weeks ending the 29th ultimo amounted to the sum set opposite to the names of these parishes in the third column.

The shares of the different parishes of the establishment charges up to the 29th ultimo were assessed at the sums set opposite the names of these parishes in the 4th column.

And it appeared that the contributions of several parishes in the Union fell short of the expenses incurred for in maintenance of out relief on their behalf and their share of the establishment charges by the following sums set opposite the names of these parishes in the fifth column.

  Number of paupers
In maintenance
Out relief
Establishment charges
Deficiency
   
£
s
d
£
s
d
£
s
d
£
s
d
Winslow cum Shipton
27
13
19
3
31
13
2
10
16
7
2
11
-
Dunton  
4
5
9
-
17
1
-
17
10
Drayton Parslow  
 
30
19
4
8
15
11
 
Great Horwood with Singleborough
2
10
2
39
-
-
8
6
11
6
6
1
Hogston  
12
18
6
1
18
-
5
7
6
Little Horwood  
41
10
3
7
12
8
11
2
11
Mursley with Salden
21
18
6
8
1
4
Stewkley  
67
3
2
19
19
6
 
Swanbourne  
 
44
11
8
11
1
9
-
9
5
Nash  
 
15
0
8
3
4
6
2
4
2
Tattenho  
 
1
14
8
-
2
5
1
4
5
Whaddon  
 
17
4
4
5
1
8
 
Shenley Brook End  
 
11
12
-
2
1
2
3
8
2
Hogshaw cum Fulbrook  
 
6
5
6
-
16
3
3
0
9
North Marston
1
 
8
8
58
1
1
14
16
10
 
Grandborough
1
 
2
8
31
11
6
6
12
7
5
6
9
East Claydon  
 
35
9
-
4
2
11
18
18
11
 
31
15
0
9
470
18
5
114
8
5
60
17
11

[p.70] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the 2nd day of November 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          }              Each  Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq                                   }              some part of
John Hale Esq                                          }              the day
The Revd. William Wodley

Charles Willis                   John Parrott
Joseph Neal                     John Dover
Thomas Coling                 John Fountain
William Duncombe          Thomas Jones  
Thomas Bayliss                Samuel Hopkins

The following orders were made as to the out poor. [other parishes omitted]

[p.72] Winslow
George Jones 12 - (ordered into House)
Matthew Mark French 19 - (ordered into House)
John Elliott Wife 2 Children – to be employed at Winslow & receive 3s/2d & 4 loaves
Matthew Varney Wife 2 Children –            D(itt)o              & receive 3s/2d & 4 loaves
Richard Alderman 65 Wife -                         D(itt)o               (as before)
Jane Sharp - Widow – Allowance to be discontinued

Ordered that a Committee be formed for inspecting the new Buildings, any three to be a quorum, and that such Committee be composed of The Chairman                  Mr. Coling
The Vice Chairman          Mr. Duncombe
Mr. Hale                           Mr. Bayliss
Mr. Willis                          Mr. Parrott
Mr. Neal                           Mr. Hopkins
Mr. Dove
With power to add to their numbers. [routine business omitted]


[p.74] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse on Monday the 9th day of November 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq                                         
John Hale Esq                                                   
The Revd. John Robert Piggott
Joseph Neal                    John Dover
William Duncombe          John Woollhead
John Fountain                 John Parrott
John King            

The following orders were made as to the out poor. [other parishes omitted]

[p.75] Winslow
Thomas Smith 30 Wife 3 Children - to be employed at Winslow & receive 3s/2d & 6 loaves
Matthew Alderman Wife -                           D(itt)o         2s/ & 3 loaves               
Richard Alderman Wife -                             D(itt)o         2s/ & 3 loaves     

[routine business omitted]


[p.77] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the 16th day of November 1835
Present
Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart.          Chairman
Philip Dauncey Esq 
Charles Willis                  John King
William Duncombe          William Emerson
Thomas Bayliss              John Dover
Thomas Coling               John Parrott
Daniel Baseley  

The following orders were made as to the out poor. [other parishes omitted]

Winslow                
Philip Walker Wife 3 Children – to come to work at Winslow and receive 3s/ & 6 loaves
Thomas Pigott 53 Wife                   D(itt)o                                                 2s/6 & 3 loaves     


[p.79] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the 23rd day of November 1835
Present
Philip Dauncey Esq }       each Chairman part                        
William Duncombe }       of the day 
Charles Willis                      John Dover
Joseph Neal                       John Woollhead
John King                           John Parrott
Thomas Jones

The following persons were ordered employment at Winslow. [other parishes omitted]

Winslow
Thomas Higgins Wife 4 Children – 3s/ & 6 loaves (to be allowed 3 loaves immediately)
Richard Prentice 48 Wife - 2s/ & 3 loaves
Philip Budd 25 Wife 2 Children - 3s/6d & 3 loaves
John Willmer 26 Wife & Child - 2s/6d & 3 loaves

Subsequent meetings omitted


[p.151] At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held at the Workhouse in Winslow on Monday the fourth day of April 1836.

Present
John Hale Esquire                          William James
Philip Dauncey Esquire                  John Brise
Charles Willis                                 Graham Hanmer             
Joseph Neal                                   William Boughton
William Duncombe                         William Butcher Hughes
William Viccars                               John Dover
Thomas Baylis                               William Dancer
Sam Blick                                       Thomas Cripps

Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Bart. was elected Chairman and John Hale esquire Vice Chairman of the Board for the ensuing year.

Mr Hale having taken the Chair.

[routine business omitted]

It being represented to the board that the small pox has appeared in the parish of North Marston and that there is an apprehension of it extending to other parishes of the Union it was ordered that the medical officers be instructed to vaccinate such of the paupers belonging to the parishes [p.152] under their care respectively as may wish to avail themselves of it and that the officers be allowed after the rate of one shilling for each person vaccinated such allowance to be charged by the Union to the separate accounts of the different parishes and to be considered totally independent of the present medical contracts.

The Clerk having read a communication from the Poor Law Commissioners on the subject of a letter addressed to them by Mr Joseph Neal respecting certain charges made in the parish accounts of the Overseers of Winslow he was directed to inform the Commissioners the result of the investigation of the accounts by the Magistrates and explain the circumstances of Mr Chubb’s appointment as Assistant Overseer.

The relieving officer was authorised to advance by way of a loan the sum of six pounds towards defraying the expence of Edward Johnson removing with his wife and six children to Manchester and a similar sum  towards defraying the expence of Thomas Curtis removing with his wife and seven children to Manchester, the amounts to be carried to the debit of the parish of Little Horwood in the out relief charges account.

The relieving officer was also authorised to advance by way of a loan the sum of three pounds towards the expence of Thomas Collier removing with his wife and four children to Manchester, to be carried to the debit of the parish of Swanbourne in the out relief charges account.

The relieving officer was also authorised to pay the expence of John Smith with his wife and six children, John Westly with his wife and four children, Thomas Higgins with his wife and four children and Richard [p.153] Harris with his wife and four children removing to Manchester and to advance Smith two pounds and Westly, Higgins and Harris one pound ten shillings each. Such expences and sums to be considered as loans to the respective parties and the amounts to be carried to the debit of the parish of Winslow in the out relief charges account.

Copyright 5 December, 2020