The Rose & Crown

This building is now 7-9 Market Square. It is Grade II listed, with this description from 1984:

Wigleys and Rose & Crown
The former Rose & Crown is the building on the right

House and 2 shops with living accommodation above. C17, re-fronted late C18. Brick, whitewashed to No.9, dentilled eaves. Old tile roof, slate coped gable to left, brick stack to right. 2 storey and attic, 3 bays. Right-hand bays have C20 shopfronts, left-hand bay has wide C19 sash window with canted cornice above. First floor has 4 sash windows alternating with blind panels. Sash to No.7 has no glazing bars, panel to right painted. Remaining sashes barred. Attic dormer to centre of range has C20 casements. No. 7 has semi-glazed door to right in reeded surround with blank board above. 3 gabled bays to rear have timber framing.

Description in Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Buckinghamshire (1913): House, now three tenements, 120 yards S. of the church at the S.W. corner of the Market Place, is of two storeys, built of timber and brick probably late in the 16th century. The roof is tiled. On the N. front, which is plastered, the upper storey projects at the W. end and has a row of old mullioned windows, restored. The W. end is gabled, and has original brick filling set in herring-bone pattern. At the back are modern additions. The central chimney stack has four shafts, built of 16th-century brick. Interior:— On the ground floor some of the ceilings show rough beams, and there are large fireplaces, now partly blocked.

The early history of the Rose & Crown seems to be closely entwined with The Old Crown next door. Some later references to the Crown mean the Rose & Crown. The documents below up to 1691 are likely to refer to the future Rose & Crown, but it isn't certain.

1643:  Manor Court: William Wyot and Eleanor his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow near the Church Stile called the Rose and 9 acres of land in Winslow to Henry Wyot, son of William (Centre for Bucks Studies, D175/2).

1663: Manor Court: Henry Wyat surrendered a messuage in Winslow commonly called The Rose, with buildings, yards, gardens. To the use of John Wilward, on condition that the surrender will be void if Henry pays him £106 on 30 Oct 1664. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

1672: Manor Court: Henry Wyatt (son of Henry above) mortgaged his messuage in Winslow called The Rose with all buildings, structures, courtyards, gardens, to Joan Kirby and Elizabeth Hughes for £106.

1683: Manor Court: Henry Wyatt surrendered "a messuage in the Cow Markett" to Anthony Deely, probably his wife's brother.

1691 Manor Court: Anthony Deeley on 17 Dec last surrendered a messuage in Winslow in which William East then lived with all barns, stables, yards, pig-sties, etc., now in the occupation of William East, and for "the Eaves Droppings" as much ground on the outer side of the backyards which stands in the palings of Thomas Wright and directly 18 inches in length from the pig-sties [translation uncertain]. To the use of Thomas Bett.

1749: Will of William Goodman of the Rose & Crown proved at St Albans. He leaves it to his wife Mary. She married Stephen Gibbs in 1750.

1752: Manor Court
Stephen and Mary Gibbs entail the Rose & Crown to their joint heirs, or the heirs of the one who lives longer.

Alehouse recognizances
1753-60: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs
1765: Rose & Crown: Thomas Newman
1768: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs

1768, 25-6 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/36)
Admission:  George Henley of Swanbourne, yeoman
Recites mortgage for £100, 3 Sep 1764, between (1) Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, yeoman (2) George Henley of Swanbourne, yeoman.
Mortgage not paid. George Henley admitted to all that Messuage or Tenement in Winslow in the said County of Bucks called the Crown with the appurtenances.

Alehouse recognizances
1771: Rose & Crown: Richard Cox
1776: Rose & Crown: Pamela Cox

1775, 7 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1 pp.241-2)
At court baron on 25-26 Oct 1768 it was found that on 3 Sep 1764 Stephen Gibbs then of Winslow yeoman and Mary his wife surrendered the messuage called the Crown to George Henley of Swanbourne yeoman. To be void on payment of £100 on 3 March next.  The sum was unpaid, and George Henley’s estate became absolute, and he was admitted at the 1768 court.  Stephen Gibbs has now paid him £100 and interest.  George Henley surrenders to Stephen Gibbs.  Rent 6d, fine 5s.

1777, 25 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/305)
Surrender:  Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, dealer
Admission:  Ann Read of Bottle Claydon, widow
Mortgage for £100
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of Pamela Cox widow.

1780, June: To let with brewing utensils, details from Stephen Gibbs, dealer. 

Alehouse recognizances
1780: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs

1781, 25 Jan: Sun Insurance, 11936/289/438690

Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, victualler £
On his now dwelling house only the Rose and Crown situate as aforesaid brick plaister and tiled 160
Household goods therein 100
Utensils and stock 100
Stable only separate brick and tiled 40
  ___
  400

1781, 28 April: Sun Insurance, 11936/291/442748
Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, victualler
On his house only in Winslow aforesaid the Rose and Crown in the tenure of Thomas Warner victualler  brick plaister and tiled: £200

1781, 24 March: Oxford Journal
TO be LETT, and Entered on immediately,
at Lady - Day or Midsummer next) — That well-accustomed House the ROSE and CROWN Winslow, in the County of Bucks, now in full Trade. For Particulars enquire at the said Inn; or of Mr. Wall, the Greyhound Inn, at Thame, in Oxfordshire.
N.B. It is expected the coming-on Tenant will take the Stock, Brewing Utensils, &c. at a fair Appraisement.

1781, 26 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/439)
Conditional surrender for £100 payable on 3 Nov next: Stephen Gibbs of Grandborough Dealer on 3 May 1781
To John Cross of Steeple Claydon Yeoman
All that messuage commonly called or known by the Name or Sign of the Rose and Crown now in the Occupation of Thomas Warner with Houses Outhouses Edifices Buildings Barns Stables Yards Backsides etc.

1784, 29 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/38)
Surrender:  Stephen Gibbs of Granborough dealer
Admission:  John Gibbs of Winslow maltster
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Philips

1785, 28-9 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/81)
Surrender:  John Gibbs of Winslow, maltster, & Hannah his wife
Admission:  John Cross of Steeple Claydon, yeoman
            Mortgage for £100           
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of the said John Gibbs

Alehouse recognizances
1785: Rose & Crown: John Gibbs
1790: Rose & Crown: Robert Jeanes

1790, 27 March: Northampton Mercury
To be LETT, and Entered on immediately, or at Midsummer or Michaelmas next.
An Old-accustomed PUBLIC-HOUSE, Sign, ROSE-AND-CROWN, with all desirable Conveniencies thereunto belonging, near the Market-Place, in WINSLOW, in the County of Bucks. - Utensils and Stock to be had at a fair Appraisement.
The above House is now in the Occupation of the Proprietor.

1795: Land Tax
John Gibbs, maltster (owner); self & Thomas Mayne (occupiers): 13s 4½d

1798, 29-30 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/5)
John Gibbs of Winslow maltster whilst he lived held 2 messuages since laid into one messuage and malthouse in Cow Street, and a messuage called the Rose and Crown, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Phillips now of Robert Mayne.  He died since the last court having on 2 Nov 1795 surrendered to the use of his will.  By his will dated 7 Oct 1789 he devised them to his wife Hannah Gibbs who desires to be admitted tenant.  Rent [blank], fine 15s.

Alehouse recognizances
1800: Rose & Crown: Robert Mayne
1805: Rose & Crown: Penelope Mayne

1805: Land Tax
Widow Gibbs dec'd (owner); James Morris & P Mayne (occupiers): 13s 4½d

1806: Court Baron, 27 & 29 October (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/269)
Admission of James Morris on the death of Hannah Gibbs (see Hannah's will)
Penelope Gibbs, daughter of Hannah and John, married Robert Mayne at Winslow on 5 April 1790. He died in 1802. She later (before 1811) married James Hall. She died in 1838 aged 67.

1808: Union society established at the Rose & Crown (N. Saving, Glimpses of Past Days, 20; Centre for Bucks Studies Q/RSf/80).

1810: Land Tax
Widow Gibbs dec'd (owner); James Hall (occupier): 13s 4½d

1812, 26 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/442)
Admission of Ann Morecraft, Elizabeth Gibbs and Penelope wife of James Hall, daughters of Hannah Gibbs deceased            
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown with the appurtenances thereunto belonging formerly in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Philips afterwards of Robert Mayne and now of James [Hall?], to which premises amongst others the said Hannah Gibbs was admitted tenant at a General Court Baron holden for this manor 29 & 30 Oct 1798 as devisee of John Gibbs her late husband deceased.
Ann Morecraft, Elizabeth Gibbs and Penelope Hall then surrender and James Hall is admitted

Alehouse recognizances
1810-20: Rose & Crown: James Hall
1828: Rose & Crown: Penelope Hall

1823: Directory
Rose & Crown: James Hall (and Maltster), Market Square

1823: Administration of James Hall, victualler

1823, 25 Oct: Court Baron
Admission of Penelope, widow of James Hall (property also included the Red Lion at Granborough)

1825, 31 Oct: Court Baron (from deeds of 3 Market Square)
Admission:  James Hall of Winslow an infant, only son and heir of James Hall of Winslow victualler, by Penelope Hall his mother

1829, 12 Dec: Northampton Mercury
At Winslow, on view of the body of Wm. Wilding, labourer, several years employed in the service of Mrs. Penelope Hall, maltster of that place.  The deceased, the day previous to his death, appeared in rather a desponding state of mind, although not observed particularly by persons who knew him;  about one o’clock he drew himself a pint of ale in the bar of his mistress, who also keeps a public-house in the town;  after drinking the same he walked into the Malthouse, and shortly afterwards was found by the landlady’s son suspended across an ash pole in the malthouse, and life extinct.  After a minute deliberation the Jurors recorded a verdict of “Insanity”.

1830: Directory
Rose & Crown: Penelope Hall, Market Square

1830, 11 Dec
Conveyed to her son James Gibbs Hall. Initially he was also a maltster, but in 1838 was a bankrupt printer in London.

1831, 12 Nov: Northampton Mercury

To Maltsters and Others,
To be LET, WITH IMMEDIATE POSSESSION,

A Substantial PUBLIC-HOUSE and MALTING, with extensive cellarage, and every requisite convenience. The Public-House is situate in the Market-square, Winslow, and is known by the sign of the Rose & Crown.   The Malting is contiguous.
Apply (if by letter, post paid) to Mr. J. G. HALL, the Proprietor.
N.B. The above affords an excellent opportunity for investment, is in full trade, and commands an extensive and improving connexion.- The Proprietor will guarantee two other public-houses to the occupant.

1834: Part of James Gibbs Hall's property: Red Lion, Granborough - James Butcher; Rose & Crown, Winslow - Alexander Hinton. It was described as having a brewhouse and also a malting, occupant George Maydon.

1840: Caroline Pearce received a bad half-crown from William Smith; see Royal Oak

1841: Census
Market Square
It seems that the Rose & Crown may have been divided into two at this point, with the head of the Maffey family being absent on census night. Thomas Talbett lived between the Maffeys and The Crown. Embedded in the doorway of no.7 are two wooden pillars thought to come from the Market House which was demolished in 1840 (you can see one of them painted black in the photo below). This would be consistent with a new entrance being created in 1840/1.

Mary Maffey   20 doorway of 7 Market Square
Richard Maffey   under 1
Sarah Maffey   20
Elizabeth  Rick[?] Servant 35
       
Thomas Talbett[?] Butcher 30
Only Sarah Maffey born in county

1842: Directory
Rose & Crown: Charles Maffey, Market Square

1843, 28 Sep: Sale
Licensed for 100 years and having a convenient brewhouse. The brewing plant in excellent condition to be taken on valuation. Tenant Charles Maffey.

1847: Directory
Toms, Roseman - Rose & Crown

1850: Bucks Herald, 5 Oct
Roseman Toms, of the Rose and Crown, Winslow, and Emma, his wife, were charged with wilfully introducing the disease of small-pox in Winslow. The Magistrates reprimanded them for the very careless manner in which they had acted while they had the disease. The case, not being fully made out, was dismissed, but the Bench refused a license for the house while Toms was tenant.

1851: Census
Market Square

Roseman Toms Head married 57 Letter carrier b. Thornborough
Emma Toms Wife married 33 Letter carrier's wife b. Winslow
Arthur Toms Son   14 Errand boy b. Winslow
Barbary Toms Daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
Mildred Toms Daughter   9 Scholar b. Winslow
Elizabeth Toms Daughter   5 Scholar b. Winslow
Clare Toms Daughter   2   b. Winslow
Thomas Harttle Lodger unm 30 Saddle & harness maker b. Croydon

1852: Bucks Hearld, 3 Jan
MARRIED - Dec. 29, at Winslow church, Mr. Wm Grace, of the Rose and Crown Inn, to Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. George Yewlett, of the Black Horse, Winslow.

1853: Directory
Grace, William, victualler, Rose & Crown, Market Place

1861: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 41 Victualler b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 36 Victualler's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter   8 Scholar b. Winslow
Sarah Grace Daughter   6 Scholar b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son   4 Scholar b. Winslow

1864: Directory
Grace, William, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1871: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 51 Inn keeper b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 45 Inn keeper's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter unm 18 No occupation b. Winslow
Sarah Grace Daughter unm 16 Dressmaker (apprentice) b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son unm 14 No occupation b. Winslow

1872: Return of public houses
Rose & Crown: William Grace (occupier); David T. Willis, Winslow (owner)

1877:  Directory
Grace, William, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1881: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 67 [sic] Innkeeper b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 65 [sic] Innkeeper's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter unm 28 Innkeeper's assistant b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son unm 24 Carpenter journeyman b. Winslow

1884: John Thompson

1885: Rose & Crown and the King's Head, both owned by T.P. Willis, for sale

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/17 (Mar-Nov 1887): valuation (Willis to Thompson)

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/20 (Nov 1888-June 1889): valuation (Thompson to Shillingford)

1891: Directory
Ash, George, Rose & Crown P.H., Market Square

1891: Census
Market Square

George Ash Head married 29 Publican b. Little Horwood
Ellen Louisa Pyne[?] Ash Wife married 30   b. Thame

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/25 (Mar-Dec 1892): valuation (Ash to Hartwell)

1900, 22 Sep: Bucks Herald
Death of William Grace, many years landlord of the Rose and Crown, on 15 Sep.

1901: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

Thomas Bull Head married 61 Licensed victualler (on own account) b. Calverton
Sarah Bull Wife married 59   b. Bicester

1903: Directory
Bull, Thomas, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1909, 5 March: Luton Times & Advertiser
At the Winslow adjourned licensing sessions the magistrates decided to refer four licenses for compensation, viz., Wrestlers, Mursley; Plough, Winslow; Rose and Crown, Winslow; and Chandos Arms, Winslow.

1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald, Notice of claims for compensation at premises where the licence was not renewed on 14 May under the Licensing Act, 1904
Premises: "The Rose and Crown", Winslow
Licence: Alehouse
Licensee: George Vokins
Registered Owners: Hall's Oxford Brewery, Ltd., Oxford

1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald
HOUSES AT WINSLOW
The cases of the Rose and Crown, Winslow, an alehouse belonging to the Aylesbury Brewery Company [sic], and in the tenancy of George Vokins, and of the Plough, Winslow, and the Wrestlers, Mursley, belonging to the same company, were the first taken.
   Mr. Ryland Adkins appeared for the Renewal Authority, and said the Rose and Crown was situated in the Market-square, Winslow. There were seven other houses within a distance of about 250 yards, whilst the George Hotel, which was only 24 yards away, was a much larger and convenient house. The Crooked Billet, which belonged to the same owners and the same Brewery Company, was only 55 yards away, and had better accommodation and better stabling than the Rose and Crown. That was a case of two houses belonging to the same Brewery Company, one of which was superior to the other.
   Supt. Lait, of Fenny Stratford, said he knew the Rose and Crown, and it was correct to say there were seven licensed houses within 250 yards of it. Two others were only 48 yards away, and compared with the George Hotel and the Bell Hotel, the Rose and Crwon was not doing so much business, and could, in fact, be removed without causing any inconvenience.
The Chairman — What is the population?
Mr. Ryland Adkins — At the last census it was 1,763, and there are 13 fully-licensed houses, 3 beerhouses, and a grocer's licence, which gives one licence per 100 of the population.
   In answer to the Chairman, Supt. Lait said in the case of the Plough there would be no public inconvenience caused if the licence was taken away.
   The Chairman, after consultation, said both the Rose and Crown and the Plough would be referred for compensation.

1910: Valuation
Rose & Crown, Market Square
Halls Oxford Brewery (owners); George Vokins (occupier)

1911: Census
Market Square (7 rooms) (this is the next entry after the former Crown, and probably represents only the present no.9)

Charles Robert Cook Head married 19 years 42 Grocers assistant b. Yoxford, Suffolk
Mary Ellen Cook Wife married 43 (10 children living) b. Pakenham, Suffolk
Eva Emma Cook Daughter   14 Confectioners assistant b. Beyton, Suffolk
Robert Charles Cook Son   14 Carpenters apprentice b. Beyton, Suffolk
Dorothy Cook Daughter   13 School b. Beyton, Suffolk
George Edgar Cook Son   11 School b. Berkhamsted
Kathleen Cook Daughter   10 School b. Berkhamsted
Victoria May Cook Daughter   8 School b. Berkhamsted
Lotty Agnes Cook Daughter   4   b. Berkhamsted

 

Copyright 25 September, 2017