The Rose & Crown

This building is now 7-9 Market Square. It is Grade II listed, with this description from 1984:

Wigleys and Rose & Crown
The former Rose & Crown is the building on the right

House and 2 shops with living accommodation above. C17, re-fronted late C18. Brick, whitewashed to No.9, dentilled eaves. Old tile roof, slate coped gable to left, brick stack to right. 2 storey and attic, 3 bays. Right-hand bays have C20 shopfronts, left-hand bay has wide C19 sash window with canted cornice above. First floor has 4 sash windows alternating with blind panels. Sash to No.7 has no glazing bars, panel to right painted. Remaining sashes barred. Attic dormer to centre of range has C20 casements. No. 7 has semi-glazed door to right in reeded surround with blank board above. 3 gabled bays to rear have timber framing.

Description in Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Buckinghamshire (1913): House, now three tenements, 120 yards S. of the church at the S.W. corner of the Market Place, is of two storeys, built of timber and brick probably late in the 16th century. The roof is tiled. On the N. front, which is plastered, the upper storey projects at the W. end and has a row of old mullioned windows, restored. The W. end is gabled, and has original brick filling set in herring-bone pattern. At the back are modern additions. The central chimney stack has four shafts, built of 16th-century brick. Interior:— On the ground floor some of the ceilings show rough beams, and there are large fireplaces, now partly blocked.

Aerial view of rear of Rose and Crown

The aerial views above show the front (left) and, very blurred, the rear (right): the Market Square (east) facade are three parallel ranges with gable ends, presumably part of the 16th-century layout.

The early history of the Rose & Crown seems to be closely entwined with The Old Crown next door. Some later references to the Crown mean the Rose & Crown. The documents below up to 1691 are likely to refer to the future Rose & Crown, but it isn't certain. It may not have been established as an inn until the 1740s.

1642:  Manor Court: William Wyot and Eleanor his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow near the Church Stile called the Rose and 9 acres of land in Winslow to Henry Wyot, son of William.

1662/3: Hearth Tax: Henry Wyatt's house assessed for 5 hearths.

1663: Manor Court: Henry Wyat surrendered a messuage in Winslow commonly called The Rose, with buildings, yards, gardens. To the use of John Wilward, on condition that the surrender will be void if Henry pays him £106 on 30 Oct 1664. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

1670: Inventory of Henry Wyatt mentions parlour, little parlour, kitchen, great chamber, little chamber over the parlour, room over the shop, chamber over the hall, chamber over the entry, cellar, shop, buttery.

1672: Manor Court: Henry Wyatt (son of Henry above) mortgaged his messuage in Winslow called The Rose with all buildings, structures, courtyards, gardens, to Joan Kirby and Elizabeth Hughes for £106.

1683: Manor Court: Henry Wyatt surrendered "a messuage in the Cow Markett" to Anthony Deely, probably his wife's brother.

1691 Manor Court: Anthony Deeley on 17 Dec last surrendered a messuage in Winslow in which William East then lived with all barns, stables, yards, pig-sties, etc., now in the occupation of William East, and for "the Eaves Droppings" as much ground on the outer side of the backyards which stands in the palings of Thomas Wright and directly 18 inches in length from the pig-sties [translation uncertain]. To the use of Thomas Bett.

1749: Will of William Goodman of the Rose & Crown proved at St Albans. He leaves it to his wife Mary. She married Stephen Gibbs in 1750.

1749: Manor Court
William Goodman of Winslow Victualler died since the last court seized of a messuage in the Market Place in Winslow in the occupation of Mary Goodman. Heriott by composition [blank]. Sarah Goodman is his \Grand/daughter and next heir. [This was superseded when it was found that William had made a will.]

1752: Manor Court
Stephen and Mary Gibbs entail the Rose & Crown to their joint heirs, or the heirs of the one who lives longer.

Alehouse recognizances
1753-60: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs
1765: Rose & Crown: Thomas Newman
1768: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs

1768, 25-6 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/36)
Admission:  George Henley of Swanbourne, yeoman
Recites mortgage for £100, 3 Sep 1764, between (1) Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, yeoman (2) George Henley of Swanbourne, yeoman.
Mortgage not paid. George Henley admitted to all that Messuage or Tenement in Winslow in the said County of Bucks called the Crown with the appurtenances.

Alehouse recognizances
1771: Rose & Crown: Richard Cox
1776: Rose & Crown: Pamela Cox

1775, 7 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1 pp.241-2)
At court baron on 25-26 Oct 1768 it was found that on 3 Sep 1764 Stephen Gibbs then of Winslow yeoman and Mary his wife surrendered the messuage called the Crown to George Henley of Swanbourne yeoman. To be void on payment of £100 on 3 March next.  The sum was unpaid, and George Henley’s estate became absolute, and he was admitted at the 1768 court.  Stephen Gibbs has now paid him £100 and interest.  George Henley surrenders to Stephen Gibbs.  Rent 6d, fine 5s.

1777, 25 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/305)
Surrender:  Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, dealer
Admission:  Ann Read of Bottle Claydon, widow
Mortgage for £100
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of Pamela Cox widow.

1780, June: To let with brewing utensils, details from Stephen Gibbs, dealer. 

Alehouse recognizances
1780: Rose & Crown: Stephen Gibbs

1781, 25 Jan: Sun Insurance, 11936/289/438690

Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, victualler £
On his now dwelling house only the Rose and Crown situate as aforesaid brick plaister and tiled 160
Household goods therein 100
Utensils and stock 100
Stable only separate brick and tiled 40

1781, 28 April: Sun Insurance, 11936/291/442748
Stephen Gibbs of Winslow, victualler
On his house only in Winslow aforesaid the Rose and Crown in the tenure of Thomas Warner victualler  brick plaister and tiled: £200

1781, 24 March: Oxford Journal
TO be LETT, and Entered on immediately,
at Lady - Day or Midsummer next) — That well-accustomed House the ROSE and CROWN Winslow, in the County of Bucks, now in full Trade. For Particulars enquire at the said Inn; or of Mr. Wall, the Greyhound Inn, at Thame, in Oxfordshire.
N.B. It is expected the coming-on Tenant will take the Stock, Brewing Utensils, &c. at a fair Appraisement.

1781, 26 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1/439)
Conditional surrender for £100 payable on 3 Nov next: Stephen Gibbs of Grandborough Dealer on 3 May 1781
To John Cross of Steeple Claydon Yeoman
All that messuage commonly called or known by the Name or Sign of the Rose and Crown now in the Occupation of Thomas Warner with Houses Outhouses Edifices Buildings Barns Stables Yards Backsides etc.

1784, 29 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/38)
Surrender:  Stephen Gibbs of Granborough dealer
Admission:  John Gibbs of Winslow maltster
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Philips

1785, 28-9 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/81)
Surrender:  John Gibbs of Winslow, maltster, & Hannah his wife
Admission:  John Cross of Steeple Claydon, yeoman
            Mortgage for £100           
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown and now in the tenure or occupation of the said John Gibbs

Alehouse recognizances
1785: Rose & Crown: John Gibbs

1789: Royal & Sun Alliance insurance policy for John Gibbs, Rose & Crown, victualler & maltster

Alehouse recognizances
1790-94: Rose & Crown: Robert Jeanes

1790, 27 March: Northampton Mercury
To be LETT, and Entered on immediately, or at Midsummer or Michaelmas next.
An Old-accustomed PUBLIC-HOUSE, Sign, ROSE-AND-CROWN, with all desirable Conveniencies thereunto belonging, near the Market-Place, in WINSLOW, in the County of Bucks. - Utensils and Stock to be had at a fair Appraisement.
The above House is now in the Occupation of the Proprietor.

1792: Royal & Sun Alliance insurance policy (LMA 11936/379/586316) for John and Mary Gibbs, maltsters and milliners, includes:
House separate in Winslow aforesaid in tenure of [blank] Jones Vict(ualle)r brick & tiled, not exceeding one hundred and forty Pounds  
Stable separate near Brick & tiled, not exceeding sixty Pounds 

1795: Land Tax
John Gibbs, maltster (owner); self & Thomas Mayne (occupiers): 13s 4½d

1798, 29-30 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/5)
John Gibbs of Winslow maltster whilst he lived held 2 messuages since laid into one messuage and malthouse in Cow Street, and a messuage called the Rose and Crown, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Phillips now of Robert Mayne.  He died since the last court having on 2 Nov 1795 surrendered to the use of his will.  By his will dated 7 Oct 1789 he devised them to his wife Hannah Gibbs who desires to be admitted tenant.  Rent [blank], fine 15s.

Alehouse recognizances
1797-1801: Rose & Crown: Robert Mayne
1802-05: Rose & Crown: Penelope Mayne

1805: Land Tax
Widow Gibbs dec'd (owner); James Morris & P Mayne (occupiers): 13s 4½d

1806: Court Baron, 27 & 29 October (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/269)
Admission of James Morris on the death of Hannah Gibbs (see Hannah's will)
Penelope Gibbs, daughter of Hannah and John, married Robert Mayne at Winslow on 5 April 1790. He died in 1802. She later (before 1811) married James Hall. She died in 1838 aged 67.

1808: Union society established at the Rose & Crown (N. Saving, Glimpses of Past Days, 20; Centre for Bucks Studies Q/RSf/80).

1810: Land Tax
Widow Gibbs dec'd (owner); James Hall (occupier): 13s 4½d

1812, 26 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/442)
Admission of Ann Morecraft, Elizabeth Gibbs and Penelope wife of James Hall, daughters of Hannah Gibbs deceased            
All that Messuage or Tenement situate and being in Winslow aforesaid commonly called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown with the appurtenances thereunto belonging formerly in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Philips afterwards of Robert Mayne and now of James Hobbs, to which premises amongst others the said Hannah Gibbs was admitted tenant at a General Court Baron holden for this manor 29 & 30 Oct 1798 as devisee of John Gibbs her late husband deceased.
Ann Morecraft, Elizabeth Gibbs and Penelope Hall then surrender and James Hall is admitted for £200 paid to Ann and Elizabeth.

Alehouse recognizances
1809-23: Rose & Crown: James Hall
1823-28: Rose & Crown: Penelope Hall widow

1823: Directory
Rose & Crown: James Hall (and Maltster), Market Square

1823: Administration of James Hall, victualler

1823, 25 Oct: Court Baron
Admission of Penelope, widow of James Hall (property also included the Red Lion at Granborough)

1825, 31 Oct: Court Baron (from deeds of 3 Market Square)
Admission:  James Hall of Winslow an infant, only son and heir of James Hall of Winslow victualler, by Penelope Hall his mother

1829, 12 Dec: Northampton Mercury
At Winslow, on view of the body of Wm. Wilding, labourer, several years employed in the service of Mrs. Penelope Hall, maltster of that place.  The deceased, the day previous to his death, appeared in rather a desponding state of mind, although not observed particularly by persons who knew him;  about one o’clock he drew himself a pint of ale in the bar of his mistress, who also keeps a public-house in the town;  after drinking the same he walked into the Malthouse, and shortly afterwards was found by the landlady’s son suspended across an ash pole in the malthouse, and life extinct.  After a minute deliberation the Jurors recorded a verdict of “Insanity”.

1830: Directory
Rose & Crown: Penelope Hall, Market Square

1830, 11 Dec
Conveyed to her son James Gibbs Hall. Initially he was also a maltster, but in 1838 was a bankrupt printer in London.

1831 manor court
Conditional surrender by James Gibbs Hall of Winslow malster & Alice his wife to David Thomas Willis gent on 11 Dec 1830 for £350. 
Messuage in the Market Square formerly in occupation of Thomas Allen, afterwards Richard Sharpe, now John Mayne, and the Rose and Crown formerly in occupation of Robert Mayne, since James Hall, late Penelope Hall, now John Mayne.

1831, 12 Nov: Northampton Mercury

To Maltsters and Others,

A Substantial PUBLIC-HOUSE and MALTING, with extensive cellarage, and every requisite convenience. The Public-House is situate in the Market-square, Winslow, and is known by the sign of the Rose & Crown.   The Malting is contiguous.
Apply (if by letter, post paid) to Mr. J. G. HALL, the Proprietor.
N.B. The above affords an excellent opportunity for investment, is in full trade, and commands an extensive and improving connexion.- The Proprietor will guarantee two other public-houses to the occupant.

1834: Part of James Gibbs Hall's property: Red Lion, Granborough - James Butcher; Rose & Crown, Winslow - Alexander Hinton. It was described as having a brewhouse and also a malting, occupant George Maydon.

1838: manor court
Surrender: James Gibbs Hall late of Winslow maltster and now of Bedford Street Commercial Road Middx printer & Alice his wife on 28 June 1838
Consideration: £430 due from Hall to David Thomas Willis, partly secured by conditional surrender by Hall & Alice his wife and Penelope Hall of Winslow widow since deceased of 11 Dec 1830 + £10 paid by Willis to Hall
Admission: David Thomas Willis
Messuage in the Market Square formerly in the occupation of Thomas Allen, afterwards Richard Sharp, since John Mayne, now Thomas Viccars. And a messuage called the Rose and Crown formerly in the occupation of Robert Mayne afterwards James Hall & Penelope Hall respectively, since John Mayne, now Thomas Viccars.

1839: Robson's Directory
Payne, John    Rose & Crown

1840: Caroline Pearce received a bad half-crown from William Smith; see Royal Oak

1841: Census
Market Square
It seems that the Rose & Crown may have been divided into two at this point, with the head of the Maffey family being absent on census night. Thomas Talbett lived between the Maffeys and The Crown. Embedded in the doorway of no.7 are two wooden pillars thought to come from the Market House which was demolished in 1840 (you can see one of them painted black in the photo below). This would be consistent with a new entrance being created in 1840/1.

Mary Maffey   20 doorway of 7 Market Square
Richard Maffey   under 1
Sarah Maffey   20
Elizabeth  Rick[?] Servant 35
Thomas Talbett[?] Butcher 30
Only Sarah Maffey born in county

1842: Directory
Rose & Crown: Charles Maffey, Market Square

1843: Bucks Advertiser and Aylesbury News, 23 Sep
Known as the “Rose and Crown,” IN WINSLOW, BUCKS,
On the Premises, - Subject to such conditions as will be then produced,
ALL that old-established and well-accustomed Inn and Premises known as “The Rose and Crown,” situate in the centre of the Market-Town of Winslow, and now in full trade.  The House contains 3 good sleeping-rooms and attics, with a large club-room, tap-room, bar, 2 parlors, kitchen and scullery, with a very convenient brewhouse and extensive dry cellarage; stabling for 10 horses, with lofts over, and other conveniences; the whole substantially built and in good repair.  The brewing plant is in excellent condition, and may be taken at a valuation.
  A club of “The Ancient Order of Foresters” has been recently established at the above Inn, which is rapidly increasing, and will eventually add much to the custom of the house.
  The premises are Copyhold of the Manor of Winslow, subject to a small quit-rent and heriot, nearly equal in value to freehold.
  The above will be found worthy the attention of any person desirous of entering in the Public business, the premises having been licensed as an inn for the last hundred years; or they offer a good speculation to a brewer or maltster, as the consumption of ale is considerable.
  The whole is in the occupation of Mr. Chaarles Maffey.  Early possession may be had.
  For a view apply to the tenant; and for further particulars to Messrs. Willis and Son, solicitors, or to Messrs. Dudley and Son, auctioneers and land agents, Winslow.

1843: Bucks Advertiser and Aylesbury News, 7 Oct
On the Premises in the Occupation of Mr. Charles Maffey, at the Rose and Crown Inn, WINSLOW, BUCKS, (Who is leaving the same,)
THE HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE comprises tent and other bedsteads, feather and flock beds, blankets and quilts, mahogany bureau and bookcase, dressing-tables, pier and swing glasses, oak folding and round tables, Windsor and flag chairs, liquor measures, pewter quarts and pints, quantity of glass, blue and white ware, knives, forks, japan tea-tray and waiters, two tin boilers, iron tea-boiler, oil painting, pictures in gilt frames, bagatelle board, two Dutch clocks, soda-water stand, tobacco-box, meat-saw, chopper, steelyards, meat-tray, scales, weights, salting-lead and cover, hand-barrow, working-tools, liquor jars, quantity of glass bottles, corner cupboards, and other effects.
  The BREWING PLANT, ALE CASKS, &c., consist of one 5-hogshead ironbound ale cask, three 4-hogshead ditto, one 3-hogshead ditto, one 2-hogshead ditto, 100-gallon cask, 80-gallon ditto, hogshead ditto, wine casks, capital 3-quarter mash tub, wort tub, underback, quantity of spouting brewing utensils, 100 gallons of prime ale, pair of buckets and yoke, &c., &c.
The sale will commence at eleven o’clock.
  Catalogues may be had at the inns in the neighbourhood; and of Messrs. Dudley and Son, auctioneers and land agents, Winslow.

1844: Bucks Gazette, 25 May: Winslow Petty Sessions, 23 May
This was an information, laid by T. Lomath, the constable of Winslow, against Mr. Simpson Mowday, of the Rose and Crown Inn, Winslow. Mr. Jones, solicitor, of Aylesbury, appeared for the defendant.

Frederick Varney, the informer’s witness, stated that on Sunday, the 5th instant, between 11 and 12 o’clock in the forenoon, he and a person named Charles Goodman went into the Rose and Crown and drank several half-pints of beer, and that they left the house a short time before the people came out of church, and that Mr. Mowday served them with the beer.

Cross examined by Mr. Jones – [Varney said] once lived at Salisbury;  recollected something about a watch he borrowed, but he was tried for stealing it, and the Wiltshire jury were of opinion that instead of his borrowing the watch he stole it, and for which they found him guilty, and he was sentenced to two years imprisonment, with hard labour;  he had also heard something about a clasp knife and other things, which he took, but intended to return them – for this offence he was tried before a Northamptonshire jury, who were of opinion that he stole the articles, and he was for this offence sentenced to one month’s imprisonment to hard labour; on Monday, the 6th instant, the constable of Winslow locked him up in the cage, and kept him there all night but he did not know what for, as he was not drunk, but quite capable of taking care of himself;  the constable did not take him before a magistrate; had heard he was suspected of stealing a pewter pot, belonging to a Mr. Sears, but would swear that he did not steal it;  the clock he went by was Mr. Mowday’s, and he was positive it was after 11 by it when he entered the house, and that it was after 12 when he and Goodman left.

George Goodman, the informant’s other witness, after much prevarication, said he could not swear whether it was 11 o’clock when he and the last witness entered Mowday’s house, but thought they left it before that hour, as the people had not gone into church; was certain Mowday’s clock did not go on the day in question, but stood at 5 o’clock.

Mr. Jones then addressed the bench for defendant strongly commenting upon the questionable character of the evidence produced in support of the information. The Bench, after a short consultation, dismissed the case.

1845: Bucks Herald, 1 March
The licence of the Rose and Crown public house was transferred from Trooley to Mitchell.

1847: Directory
Toms, Roseman - Rose & Crown

1850: Bucks Herald, 5 Oct
Roseman Toms, of the Rose and Crown, Winslow, and Emma, his wife, were charged with wilfully introducing the disease of small-pox in Winslow. The Magistrates reprimanded them for the very careless manner in which they had acted while they had the disease. The case, not being fully made out, was dismissed, but the Bench refused a license for the house while Toms was tenant.

1851: Census
Market Square

Roseman Toms Head married 57 Letter carrier b. Thornborough
Emma Toms Wife married 33 Letter carrier's wife b. Winslow
Arthur Toms Son   14 Errand boy b. Winslow
Barbary Toms Daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
Mildred Toms Daughter   9 Scholar b. Winslow
Elizabeth Toms Daughter   5 Scholar b. Winslow
Clare Toms Daughter   2   b. Winslow
Thomas Harttle Lodger unm 30 Saddle & harness maker b. Croydon

1852: Bucks Hearld, 3 Jan
MARRIED - Dec. 29, at Winslow church, Mr. Wm Grace, of the Rose and Crown Inn, to Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. George Yewlett, of the Black Horse, Winslow.

1853: Directory
Grace, William, victualler, Rose & Crown, Market Place

1861: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 41 Victualler b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 36 Victualler's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter   8 Scholar b. Winslow
Sarah Grace Daughter   6 Scholar b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son   4 Scholar b. Winslow

1864: Directory
Grace, William, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1871: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 51 Inn keeper b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 45 Inn keeper's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter unm 18 No occupation b. Winslow
Sarah Grace Daughter unm 16 Dressmaker (apprentice) b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son unm 14 No occupation b. Winslow

1872: Return of public houses
Rose & Crown: William Grace (occupier); David T. Willis, Winslow (owner)

1877:  Directory
Grace, William, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1877: Will of D.T. Willis (proved 1885)
He leaves to trustees "my Copyhold messuage or tenement called “The Rose and Crown” in the occupation of William Grace my Copyhold messuage or tenement adjoining thereto occupied by George Meadows", to sell at their discretion. It was put up of sale on 20 July 1885.

1881: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

William Grace Head married 67 [sic] Innkeeper b. Winslow
Elizabeth Grace Wife married 65 [sic] Innkeeper's wife b. Winslow
Mildred Grace Daughter unm 28 Innkeeper's assistant b. Winslow
Joseph Grace Son unm 24 Carpenter journeyman b. Winslow

1885: Rose & Crown and the King's Head, both owned by T.P. Willis, for sale

1886: Buckingham Advertiser, 2 Oct

A CAPITAL 2-quarter BREWING PLANT, including Mash Tabs, Working Vats, Underback, Beer Coolers, &c.,
Spring Balance Weighing Machine, by “Day and Millward,”
Taproom Tables, Settles, Forms, Windsor Chairs,
A 4-motion BEER ENGINE, with Piping and Fittings,
30 Best Metal and Pewter Measures,
A quantity of Ale Glasses, and a few lots of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE and Effects,
On TUESDAY, October 12th, 1886, on the premises, at the Rose and Crown Inn, Winslow, by direction of Mr. William Grace, who is declining business.
The whole may be viewed the morning of Sale.
The Sale will commence at one o’clock.

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/17 (Mar-Nov 1887): valuation (Willis to John Thompson)

1888: Buckingham Advertiser, 15 Feb
Rose and Crown Brewery, WINSLOW.
JOHN THOMPSON is now prepared to supply Home-brewed ALES of fine quality, brewed from Malt and Hops only, in Casks.
PRICE LIST- Per Gal., 10d, 1s, 1s 10d.

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/20 (Nov 1888-June 1889): valuation (Thompson to Shillingford)

1889: Winslow Petty Sessions, 24 April
Holdover granted to Geo. Ash [previously of the King's Head]

1891: Directory
Ash, George, Rose & Crown P.H., Market Square

1891: Census
Market Square

George Ash Head married 29 Publican b. Little Horwood
Ellen Louisa Pyne[?] Ash Wife married 30   b. Thame

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/25 (Mar-Dec 1892): valuation (Ash to Hartwell) [Hatwell?]

1893: Winslow Petty Sessions, 11 Jan
Temporary holdover granted to William Hatwell

1893: Buckingham Advertiser, 22 April
  SMOKING CONCERT.- At the Rose and Crown, on Monday evening, April 10th, a very successful and enjoyable evening was spent in the way of a smoking concert, under the chairmanship of Mr. Charles Osborn, with Mr. Joseph Grace in the vice-chair. and with a good company and efficient music, some good sound and common-sense songs were sung, of which it would be difficult to particularise, and with the “Healths of the Chairman and Vice-Chairman, the Host, &c.,” a most enjoyable evening was wound up by the singing of God save the Queen and “Good-night all.”

1895: Buckingham Advertiser, 12 Jan
Holdovers were granted of the "King's Head," Winslow, to Jabez Price, and of the "Rose and Crown," to Helen Hatwell.

1895: Bucks Herald, 26 Jan
TO LET, THE ROSE AND CROWN INN, WINSLOW; fully licensed house; good home; fair trade.  Immediate possession. Ingoing easy.
  Apply, HANLEY & CO., City Brewery, Oxford.

1895: Kelly's Directory
Halwell Benjamin, Rose & Crown P.H. Market square

1896: Buckingham Advertiser, 13th June,
Before G. R. Greaves, M. S. Lowndes, T. Biggs, Esqs., and Hon. Cecil Fremantle.
  FIGHTING AT WINSLOW.- Jos. Saving was charged with disorderly behaviour at Winslow, on May 16th.  He pleaded not guilty.- Sergt. Trevener said about 8.45 p.m., on Saturday, 16th May, he was on duty in Winslow Market Square, and was sent for to the back of the Rose and Crown, which was a public thoroughfare.  Witness went there and saw defendant and a man named Jas. Sawberry, fighting in the yard.  They had got their jackets off and their sleeves rolled up, and both their faces and hands were covered with blood.  Witness stopped them, and they had half a pailful of water each and washed the blood off, and then went away.  The other man belonged to Stoke Hammond, and had absconded.  A crowd of people had assembled at the bottom of the yard ...

1898: Sold to Hall's Brewery (see below)

1900, 22 Sep: Bucks Herald
Death of William Grace, many years landlord of the Rose and Crown, on 15 Sep.

1901: Census
Market Square, Rose & Crown

Thomas Bull Head married 61 Licensed victualler (on own account) b. Calverton
Sarah Bull Wife married 59   b. Bicester

1903: Directory
Bull, Thomas, Rose & Crown, Market Square

1909, 5 March: Luton Times & Advertiser
At the Winslow adjourned licensing sessions the magistrates decided to refer four licenses for compensation, viz., Wrestlers, Mursley; Plough, Winslow; Rose and Crown, Winslow; and Chandos Arms, Winslow.

1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald, Notice of claims for compensation at premises where the licence was not renewed on 14 May under the Licensing Act, 1904
Premises: "The Rose and Crown", Winslow
Licence: Alehouse
Licensee: George Vokins
Registered Owners: Hall's Oxford Brewery, Ltd., Oxford

View of the Rose and Crown1909, 22 May: Bucks Herald
The cases of the Rose and Crown, Winslow, an alehouse belonging to the Aylesbury Brewery Company [sic], and in the tenancy of George Vokins, and of the Plough, Winslow, and the Wrestlers, Mursley, belonging to the same company, were the first taken.
   Mr. Ryland Adkins appeared for the Renewal Authority, and said the Rose and Crown was situated in the Market-square, Winslow. There were seven other houses within a distance of about 250 yards, whilst the George Hotel, which was only 24 yards away, was a much larger and convenient house. The Crooked Billet, which belonged to the same owners and the same Brewery Company, was only 55 yards away, and had better accommodation and better stabling than the Rose and Crown. That was a case of two houses belonging to the same Brewery Company, one of which was superior to the other.
   Supt. Lait, of Fenny Stratford, said he knew the Rose and Crown, and it was correct to say there were seven licensed houses within 250 yards of it. Two others were only 48 yards away, and compared with the George Hotel and the Bell Hotel, the Rose and Crwon was not doing so much business, and could, in fact, be removed without causing any inconvenience.
The Chairman — What is the population?
Mr. Ryland Adkins — At the last census it was 1,763, and there are 13 fully-licensed houses, 3 beerhouses, and a grocer's licence, which gives one licence per 100 of the population.
   In answer to the Chairman, Supt. Lait said in the case of the Plough there would be no public inconvenience caused if the licence was taken away.
   The Chairman, after consultation, said both the Rose and Crown and the Plough would be referred for compensation.

The photo on the right is probably from after the Rose & Crown closed, as no sign is visible.

1910: Valuation
Rose & Crown, Market Square
Halls Oxford Brewery (owners); George Vokins (occupier)

1911: Census
Market Square (7 rooms) (this is the next entry after the former Crown, and probably represents only the present no.9)

Charles Robert Cook Head married 19 years 42 Grocers assistant b. Yoxford, Suffolk
Mary Ellen Cook Wife married 43 (10 children living) b. Pakenham, Suffolk
Eva Emma Cook Daughter   14 Confectioners assistant b. Beyton, Suffolk
Robert Charles Cook Son   14 Carpenters apprentice b. Beyton, Suffolk
Dorothy Cook Daughter   13 School b. Beyton, Suffolk
George Edgar Cook Son   11 School b. Berkhamsted
Kathleen Cook Daughter   10 School b. Berkhamsted
Victoria May Cook Daughter   8 School b. Berkhamsted
Lotty Agnes Cook Daughter   4   b. Berkhamsted

1914: Assessment (TNA, IR58/2348 no.287)
Description         “Rose & Crown”
Gross Value: Buildings                   £18 - 10                 Rateable Value: Buildings             £15
Occupier C.R. Cook
Owner                Hall’s Oxford Brewery Ltd.
Interest of Owner                            Copyhold Winslow
Occupier’s tenancy, Term             Quarterly
Actual Rent                       £14 – 0 – 0
Outgoings, Land Tax -  11/7
Who pays (a) Rates and Taxes (b) Insurance       (a)          T              (b)          TL           
Who is liable for repairs                                                 TL     
Fixed Charges, Easements, Common Rights & Restrictions           
Fixed charge 1s/6d
Former Sales      Dates                    Jan 12 1898 Acquired with other property
[red] Reports     PV Served 30/6/15          Copy to Dleck
Particulars, description and note made on inspection     
Valuation –
Brick & Tiled Public House now used as dwelling house  (inside has not been converted)
4 bedrooms & 2 attics, 3 rooms, scullery & pantry
Brick & Tiled 2 stalls & loose box & loft over
Brick & Slate W.C.       
               4 poles
Valuation – Market Value of Fee Simple in possession of whole property in its present condition    L9965                     £802
Deduct Market Value of Site under similar circumstances, but if divested of structures, timber, fruit trees, and other things growing on the land
19 – 2 = £17                      1050 sq feet                                                                                                       £ 17
Difference Balance, being portion of market value attributable to structures, timber &c £785
GROSS VALUE                                                                                                                                                   £802
Less value attributable to Structures, timber &c. (as before)                                                         £785
FULL SITE VALUE                                                                                                                                              £  19
Gross Value (as before)                                                                                                                                £802
Less deductions for restrictions  £2
                TOTAL VALUE                                                                                                                                    £800

Separate assessment (TNA, IR58/2350 no.411)
Situation                                  Market Square    
Description                               House
Gross Value: Buildings    £10         Rateable Value: Buildings             £8
Occupier                                   Miss Hancock
Owner                                      Halls Oxford Brewery C. Robinson Sec.
Interest of Owner                     Copyhold of Manor of Winslow
Occupier’s tenancy, Term          Quarterly
Actual Rent             £10 - 12
Outgoings -  Land Tax, £ Incl in Rose & Crown
Who pays (a) Rates and Taxes (b) Insurance         (a)   T     (b)  L
Who is liable for repairs                 L                    
Former Sales  Dates                         Jan 1st 1898
Consideration                                    not specifically stated
Site Value Deductions Claimed    Yes
[stamp] SEP 30 1914
Particulars, description and note made on inspection
Brick & Tile House
2 up & 2 down & cellar & W.C.              
No garden
Rent 15/4 per month                                                    1 pole 13 yards
Valuation – Market Value of Fee Simple in possession of whole property in its present condition                           £86
Deduct Market Value of Site under similar circumstances, but if divested of structures, timber, fruit trees, and other things growing on the land                    10’ front  380 sq. feet       £6
Difference Balance, being portion of market value attributable to structures, timber &c.           £80
Divided as follows:-
Buildings and Structures                £80
Market Value of Fee Simple in its present condition (as before)                                                     £86
GROSS VALUE                                                                                                                                                    £86
Less value attributable to Structures, timber &c. (as before)                                                           £80
FULL SITE VALUE                                                                                                                                              £  6
Gross Value (as before)                                                                                                                                  £86
Less deductions in respect of –
Fixed Charges including –
Fee Farm Rent, rent seek, quit rent, chief rents, rent of Assize  £1
If Copyhold, Estimated Cost of Enfranchisement                                 £5
Restrictions                                                                                                                                                 £   6
TOTAL VALUE                                                                                                                                        £80 
Less value attributable to Structures, timber &c. (as before)           £80
Expense of clearing site                                                                                                                                 £80
ASSESSABLE SITE VALUE                                                                                                                                  £nil

1921: Census
Market Square

5 rooms
George Henry Allan Head married 61 Foreman, horse dealing & general farm work (employed at Roddimore by gentleman horse dealer) b. Roxburghshire
Pauline Allan Wife married 43 Home duties b. Knighton, Radnorshire
Barbara Allan Daughter   11 School b. Cheltenham
2 rooms
Harry Odell Separate household married 33y 6m Fishmonger's manager & salesman (H. Stubbs, Grimsby House, Winslow) b. Winslow
Kate Elizabeth Odell Wife married 27y 5m \Home duties/ b. Wootton, Oxon
Edward Harry Odell Son   under 1m   b. Winslow
3 rooms
Richard William Clark French Head married 31y 5m Motor mechanic (fitter) (Neals Garage, Bell Hotel) b. Winslow
Lizzie Regina French Wife married 34y 3m \Home duties/ b. Long Marston, Gloucs
William Percy French Son   2y 6m   b. Newton Ferrers, Devon
Agnes Emeline Kerr Visitor / cousin widow 33y 11m \Home duties/ b. Cudworth, Yorks
Robert Kerr Son father dead 9y 11m School b. Monk Bretton, Yorks
John Kerr Son father dead 5y 9m School b. Monk Bretton, Yorks
William Kerr Son father dead 9 wks   b. Winslow

1928: fire on Walter Holt's premises at the rear. Read more.

Copyright 6 April, 2024