The Bull Inn

The former Bull Inn was described like this when it was given a Grade 2 Listing in 1984.

Bull InnC18, altered. Plum-coloured brick to front, rendered plinth and left gable, colourwashed brick to right gable. Moulded brick eaves, old tile roof, brick stacks to gables and between left-hand bays. 2 storeys and attic, 3 bays. Paired C19 sash windows, those to ground floor with gauged brick heads. Hipped dormers with C19 paired wooden casements and moulded cornices. Double C20 doors in reeded frame with surround of minimal Doric columns and entablature. Single storey extension to left with similar paired sash.

It was sometimes known as the Red Bull (there was also a Black Bull). The Bull was rebuilt in late 1740s after burning down. It was then taken over by Henry Burley, baker & publican, who had an extensive bakery behind the inn capable of baking 12 bushels of bread, continuing a tradition of baking on the premises. His land on Western Lane was called Burley’s Piece, now commemorated as Burleys Road. He was probably a member of the Burley / Burleigh baking family of Buckingham.

1610: Schedule of lands and tenements
Nicholas Mitchell: The Bull and 20 acres of land
He probably inherited the property from his father Robert Mitchell, baker, d.1587

1664: Manor court, 19 April
Nicholas Mitchell mortgaged a messuage in his own occupation and 1 acre of meadow in Hollow Furrowe to one Thomas Willmott, on condition of paying £68 8s in the manner mentioned in the surrender.

1665: Inventory and administration of Nicholas Mitchell
Property inherited by his brother Robert Mitchell of St Gyles, Cripplegate, London, weaver.

1678: Manor court, 4 Oct
Thomas Willmott (heir of the first Thomas) transferred the mortgage to William Clarke

1685: Will of Robert Mitchell of London, painter and stainer
"I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Kinswoman and her daughter Elizabeth Arnold [sic] of ye parish of Ludgate in London and after their deceas to Samuell Wilson and William Beazley an Appothecarier & Vintner of London and to their Heires \to be equally divided betwixt them/ ye house and Land commonly known by the Signe of the Red Bull in ye Town of Winslow in ye County of Bucks Now in ye possession of William Warr w(hi)ch said William Warr I give & bequeath ye sum(m)e of Five pounds to be paid him by the Enjoyers of the said house & Land within ye yeare after my decease for him to continue there Tenant during his life."

1696: Manor court, 26 Oct 
Richard Lettman (son of Joan Lettman daughter of Ralph Mytchell son of Robert Mytchell the eldest) is the nearest heir of Robert Mitchell to a messuage and an acre of land.
William Clarke out of court on 20 May last surrendered the messuage in Winslowe previously called by the name of The Bull and 1 acre of land or meadow belonging to the premisses, now in the occupation of William Warr to Richard Lettman of Winslowe, Lab(ourer)
This would have superseded the provisions of Robert Mitchell's will, which apparently did not follow manorial procedure.

Map showing the property transaction1700, Manor court, 16 April 
Richard Letman surrendered a piece of land as it is now "staked out" at the Upper End of the yard belonging to Richard's now domicile in Winslowe, 79 feet long on the side which lies next to the stable belonging to the house of William Gyles sr known by the sign of the Crown [Corone], and 66 feet long on the other side, and 45 feet wide., with 2 bays of the structure now scituate on it. To the use of Samuel Norman and Martha his wife who were admitted tenants. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
As there is no provision for access, the piece of land must have been reached by the same passage from Horn Street which led to the Crown stables (or perhaps from the north-west corner of the Market Square). The "structure" was probably a malthouse. The map on the right shows the probable layout of the sale. Some of the land was added to The Crown, which also came into the Normans' ownership.

1699: 12 Nov: John son of Richard Worstly married Ann daughter of Richard Letman
1701: 27 Sep: Baptism of John, son of John and Ann Worstley

1708: Manor court, 21 April
Richard Lettman of Winslowe surrendered a messuage called The Bull now in the occupation of himself and Emer Firth, with all houses, outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, etc ... To the use of Richard for his life, then to John Worsley of Winslow carpenter his son-in-law and Ann his wife. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot by composition 10s 9d.

1711: 16 May: Burial of John Worsley

1711: Manor court, 17 Oct
Ann Worsley widow surrendered the reversion expectant on the death of Richard Letman her father of the messuages now in the occupation of Richard Letman and Ephram Firth in Great Horne Street with outhouses, barns, stables, yards, backyards. To her own use during her life, then to John Worsley her son, on condition that John pays his sister Jane Worsley the "Legacy" of £40 devised to her in the will of John Worsley his father deceased when it becomes due, and a further sum of £20 when Jane is 24 or within 6 months after John enjoys the premisses, whichever happens last. And that he pays to Ann Worsley his sister £40 when she is 21 or within 6 months after John enjoys the messuages, whichever happens last. And that immediately after John or his heirs enjoys the messuages, if Ann Worsley's sister Elizabeth Letman is alive, he pays her 2s weekly on Mondays. If he neglects or refuses any payment, the messuages will be to the use of Jane and Ann Worsley his sisters and Elizabeth Letman, to be divided in equal portions.

1719: 28 Oct: Burial of Richard Letman

1727: Manor court, mortgage
John Westley [sic] and Ann Westley widow surrendered a messuage situate in Winslow known by the sign of the Redd Bull with all outhouses, now in the occupation of John and Ann. To the use of Mary Turnham widow for the term of her life, then to John Robbinson, his heirs and assigns, in perpetuity, on conditon that if John Westley pays Mary an annuity of 40s in quarterly payments during the term of her life, and pays John Robbinson £40 within 6 months of Mary's decease, the surrender will be void.

1731: Manor court, mortgage
John Worsley and Katherine his wife and Ann Worsley widow and John Robinson out of court on 11 June last surrendered a messuage in Winslowe known by the name or sign of the Redd Bull, with outhouses, structures, barns, stables, etc., in the occupation of John Worsley and Ann Worsley. To the use of Benjamin Ingram of Winslowe Dealer, on condition that if they pay him £41 on 11 Dec next it will be to the use of Ann Worsley for her life, then to John Worsley and to no other purpose.

1741: Manor court, 14 May (British Library, Add.Ch.53988, f.4)
Ann Worsley (nee Letman) and John Worsley her son sold to Thomas Worrall "a Mesuage or Tenement in Great Horne Street in Winslowe aforesaid called the Red Bull now in the severall occupations of the said John Worsley Sarah Shaw Elleonar Pollard and late of Phillip Hatton", which had been mortgaged for £40 to Benjamin Ingram of Winslow, dealer, on 11 Jan 1730.

1742: Manor court
Thomas Worrall on 20 Nov last surrendered “... also all that mesuage or Tenement mesuages or Tenements scituate in Great Horne Street in Winslowe aforesaid called or known by the name or sign of the redd Bull then in the severall occupations of John Worsley Katherine Bates Sarah Shaw and Jane Emerton or their undertenants”  The Red Bull was lately purchased by Thomas from John Worsley and Ann his mother, subject to payment of £60 to Jane and Ann Worsley, sisters of John.  To the use of Thomas “untill a Marryage shortly hereafter intended to be had between the said Thomas Worrall and Jane Langley of Winslowe aforesaid widdowe shall be solempnized”.  Then to Thomas and Jane for their lives, and the heirs begotten of their bodies, or to Thomas’ heirs. 

Thomas Worrall died since the last court seised of the revertion of 2 messuages in Winslowe expectant upon the death of Jane Worrall his widow, one in his own occupation, the other called the Redd Bull then in the several occupations of John Worsley [blank]. Heriot by composition £4 4s. On 22 Jan last he surrendered them by Daniel Gyles the elder and William Hobbs to the use of his will.

1742: Will of Thomas Worrall, butcher
"I give and Devise unto the said Mary Seaton my Niece the Reversion (Expectant upon the Decease of the said Jane my Wife) of All that Messuage or Tenement Messuages or Tenements in Winslow aforesaid called the Red Bull with All the Appurten(an)ces thereto belonging"

1749: Transaction before Richard Lowndes, lord of the manor
Mary Seaton, now married to William Killpin of London, coachman, was admitted tenant to the Red Bull. They immediately surrendered it to John Harding, gentleman, and Jane his wife, who was previously Thomas Worrall's wife Jane. It was described as:
the messuage commonly called the Red Bull in the several tenures of John Worsley, Catherine Bates, Sarah Shaw and Jane Emerton and which was or were lately burnt down and [consumed by] Fire. And also all that Messuage or Tenement now lately Erected upon part of the said ground and which is now [ - - - ] and houses, outhouses, Edifices, Buildings, Barns, Stables, Orchards, Gardens, Yards, Backsides [ - - - ]

This shows that the present building dates from shortly before 1749, and the previous one which was burned down may have been rather bigger. It seems likely that it was John and Jane Harding rather than Mary Seaton who were responsible for the rebuilding, as Jane already had a life interest.

1750: Will of John Harding of Aylesbury, gentleman
He leaves his property in Winslow to his wife Jane.

1755 (proved 1761): Will of Jane Harding (nee Gyles)
She leaves her property in Winslow to her nephew William Aldridge

1760-1785: Alehouse recognizances
Bull: Henry Burley

1767: Manor Court
William Aldridge of Brook Street in the Parish of St Andrew Holborn Goldsmith paid off a mortgage to James Burnham, and mortgaged his property (including two messuages in the occupation of Henry Burley) to Charles Bowler the Younger of Winslow Cordwainer. The amount of the mortgage was increased in 1775. It was paid off in 1776.

1776: Manor Court
William Alldridge and Ann his wife surrendered 2 messuages in Great Horn Street in occupation of Henry Burley and James Allen. To the use of Henry Burley of Winslow baker who was admitted tenant.

1781-6: Land Tax
Henry Burley (owner); himself (occupier): 13s 8d

1784: Manor Court, 29 Oct
Henry Burley late of Winslow Baker held 2 messuages in Great Horn Street late in the occupation of himself and James Allen with Yard Barns Stables Outhouses Edifices Buildings; he died since the last court.  William Burley late of Winslow Baker is his eldest son and heir, and desires to be admitted tenant.

1785: Manor Court, 28-29 Oct
On 6 Nov 1784 William Burley of Winslow baker & Sarah his wife made a conditional surrender to George Burley of Sherrard Street, St James Westminster, gent. for £200 payable on 6 Nov 1785 of 2 messuages in Great Horn Street now or late in the occupation of himself and George Goodman, with yards, barns, stables, outhouses, edifices, buildings.

1790: Alehouse recognizances
Bull: Sarah Burley, widow

1792: Manor Court, 29 Oct
George Burley of Sherrard Street, St James Westminster gent. by Thomas Yeates of W gent. his attorney seeks admission to 2 messuages in Great Horn Street conditionally surrendered in 1784 when in the occupation of William Burley and George Goodman, due to the non-payment of £200 under the surrender of 1784.

1795:  Land Tax
George Burley; Henry Burley: 13s 8d

1795: Alehouse recognizances
Bull: Henry Burley

1798: Directory
Sarah Burley, victualler

1800-20: Alehouse recognizances
Bull: Thomas Bignell

1804: Special Court, 4 Jan
Surrender on 10 Dec 1803: George Burley of Lincolns Inn gentleman, customary tenant, & Mary his wife, and Henry Burley of Dean Street, St Ann Soho cabinet maker, eldest son and heir of Henry Burley of Winslow baker who died intestate
Admission: Thomas Bignell
2 messuages in Horn Street formerly in the occupation of William Burley & George Goodman, afterwards Mary Burley widow & Thomas Carter, one now in the occupation of Thomas Bignell or undertenants and known by the sign of the Bull Inn, the other adjoining in the occupation of William Cheney or undertenants.  George Burley was admitted tenant on 29 Oct 1792 on the conditional surrender of William Burley which had then become forfeited.  Rents 4d & 4d.  Fine 10s.

1805: Land Tax
Thomas Bignell; self: 13s 8d

1818, 13 April: Will of Thomas Bignell (proved 26 May 1823)

The cottage mentioned in the sale particulars below, now 6 Horn Street, was occupied by an ostler in 1851, presumably in connection with the Bull's stables. It is the white building on the right of the photograph. It was associated until the 1730s with 8-10 Horn Street next door. 6 Horn Street

1822, 14 Sep: Bucks Chronicle, sale notice

An Old-established Public House and Baking Business, at Winslow, Bucks, with immediate possession, by Samuel Dudley On Thursday the 19th day of September, 1822, at the Bull Public House at Winslow …all that old-established and well accustomed Public House, called or known by the name or sign of the Bull, situate in Great Horn Street, in Winslow aforesaid, comprising a good front parlour and sitting room, kitchen and scullery, with four convenient bed-rooms, three attics, and dry cottage. Attached is a large Bakehouse and oven capable of baking 12 bushels of bread, with flour lofts over the same, a brick-built stabling for sixteen horses, large wood barn, Pigsties, Cart Hovel, and necessary outbuildings, extensive yard, in which is a pump of excellent water, also a cottage adjoining the said premises, the whole forming together a complete Residence, and lately occupied by the proprietor, Mr Thomas Bignell deceased.

1822, 10 Oct: Northampton Mercury

GEORGE JONES
BEGS respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of WINSLOW and its Vicinity, that he has purchased the old-accustomed PUBLIC-HOUSE and BAKEHOUSE, known by the Sign of the BULL,  late in the Occupation of Mr THOMAS BIGNALL, deceased, where he intends to carry on with the above Business. He solicits Patronage of his Friends and the Public, assuring them of every Attention on his Part shall be paid to merit the same.
Winslow, Sept. 21st , 1822 

1823: Directory
Bull: George Jones, Great Horn Street
This was George Jones, lace-dealer from Buckingham, son of George and Elizabeth Jones of Blake House, Winslow.

1825, 12 Feb: Bucks Chronicle, sale notice

Capital Free Public House and Bakehouse, both in full trade, with possession at Lady Day next, to be sold or let for a term of seven years. All that old-established Public House called the Bull, Bakehouse, Brewhouse, large Yard, Stables and other suitable outbuildings adjoining, situate in Great Horn Street in the market town of Winslow, Bucks,  in the occupation of Mr Newman Jones who is removing to Somers Town.
And also a small cottage, situate near.
The Public House, Bakehouse and Premises have within the last twelve months been put into a complete state of Repair, and are well adapted for carrying on an extensive trade.
The present consumption of flour in the Baking Business is from 8 to 9 sacks weekly …

1828: Alehouse recognizances
Bull: Richard Baldwin

1830: Directory
Bull: Richard Baldwin, Great Horn Street
Richard Baldwin, baker, Great Horn Street

1832: Land Tax
George Jones (owner); William Wade (house occupier): The Bull, 13s 8d

1833: Register of Electors
Richard Baldwin: copyhold house, Great Horn Street, occ by himself

1835 (proved 1836): Will of George Jones
... And I give and devise unto the said George Cross and George Sirett their heirs and assigns All that my Messuage Tenement or Public House called or known by the name or sign of the Bull and the Cottage or Tenement thereto adjoining situate and being in Winslow aforesaid and now in the Occupation of Richard Baldwin and his undertenants with the rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging Upon trust to pay the rents and profits thereof unto my said two daughters by my first Wife in equal shares as Tenants in common during their respective lives for their separate use ...

1836, 6 Aug: Bucks Herald 

BULL INN, WINSLOW, BUCKS.
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY Dudley & Son, On Thursday, August 11, 1836 at 6 o’clock in the afternoon, subject to such conditions as will then be read.

ALL that Old Established and well-accustomed INN, known by the sign of the BULL, situate in Great-Horn Street, Winslow, in the centre of the Cow Fair, comprising a good front parlour and tap room, convenient bar, kitchen and washhouse, large dining room, 3 airy bedrooms and 3 good attics, with dry cellar, attached is a roomy bakehouse and oven newly built, capable of baking 12 bushels of bread, with good flour lofts over the same, excellent brick-built brewhouse detached, stabling for 12 horses, large wood barn, pigsties, cart shed, and necessary outbuildings, extensive yard with pump of good water.

Also a neat COTTAGE, adjoining the said premises, now let to a respectable tenant, the whole forming together a complete residence, and now in the occupation of Mrs Wade; which premises have been carried on as a public house and in the baking business for more than a century. The whole will be found on capital repair. The above premises are copyhold of inheritance, and are nearly equal in value to freehold. For a view apply on the premises; and for further particulars to Mr Geo. Siritt, druggist, Buckingham; Messrs Willis and Son solicitors; or the Auctioneers, Winslow.

All Persons being indebted to the Estate of the late Mr George Jones of Buckingham, are requested immediately to pay their accounts to Mr George Cross, Jun., Winslow; or Mr G. Siritt, Buckingham. Any accounts due from the said Geo. Jones, it is desired may be forwarded to the above parties, that they may be examined and discharged.

1840, 29 Feb: Bucks Herald

Bull Inn, Winslow, BUCKS.
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY Dudley & Son,

On THURSDAY, the 5th day of MARCH, 1840, at Three o’Clock of the Afternoon, at the BULL INN, WINSLOW, subject to such conditions as will then be produced, all that old-established and well-accustomed INN, known by the sign of the BULL, situate in GREAT HORN-STREET, IN WINSLOW IN THE CENTRE OF THE COW-FAIR, COMPRISING  a good front parlour and tap-room, convenient bar, kitchen and wash-house, large dining room, three airy bed rooms, and three good attics with dry cellarage; attached is a roomy bakehouse and oven, newly built, capable of baking twelve bushels of bread with good flour lofts over the same, excellent brick-built brewhouse attached, with stabling for twelve horses, large wood barn, pig sties, cart hovel, and necessary outbuildings, extensive yard with pump of good water.

Also, a NEAT COTTAGE, adjoining the said premises, now let to a respectable tenant, the whole forming together a complete residence, and now in the occupation of Mrs. Wade, all which premises have been carried on as an Inn, and in the baking business, for more than a century.  The whole will be found in excellent repair. The above premises are Copyhold of Inheritance, and are nearly equal in value to freehold. For a view apply on the premises, and for further particulars to Mr. George Sirett, Druggist, Buckingham;  Messrs. Willis and Son, Solicitors, or the Auctioneers, Winslow.

1841: Census
Horn Street

Hannah Wade 52 Innkeeper b. in county
John Allen 41 Mason do

1851: Census
Bull, Horn Street

Hannah Wade Head widow 63 Victualler b. Priors Marston, Warws
Alfred Burton Son-in-law married 30 Tailor journeyman b. Tisbury, Wilts
Mary Burton Daughter married 30   b. Winslow
Andrew Burton Lodger unm 27 Tailor journeyman b. Tisbury, Wilts
John Allen Lodger unm 51 Bricklayer b. Winslow
James Williams Lodger married 32 Professor of music b. Mile End
Elizabeth Williams Lodger married 36   b. Tunbridge Wells
Thomas Mayo Lodger married 37 Timber carrier b. Silverstone
Joseph Mayo Lodger unm 16 Timber carrier's son b. Silverstone
John Mayo Lodger   13 Timber carrier's son b. Silverstone

1853: Directory
Hannah Maria Wade, victualler, Bull, Horn Street

1861: Census
Bull, Horn Street

Saul Saull Head married 28 Innkeeper b. Gayton, Northants
Elizabeth Saull Wife married 26   b. Granborough
Saul Saull Son   3m   b. Winslow
Domneack Reedy Lodger widower 41 Travelling draper  
John Reedy Lodger unm 16 Travelling Draper b. Newcastle under Lyme
John McKenna Lodger married 75 Travelling draper  
John Bell Lodger married 43 Travelling draper  

1862, Sep
The Bull to let with brewhouse, details from George Cross, maltster

Saul Saull moved to The Swan (Kelly's Directory, 1864). He was described as "publichouse manager" in a list of bankrupts (Herts Advertiser, 28 Jan 1865), and as "publican, horse clipper, and singer, now public-house manager, &c., Winslow" in Perry's Bankrupt Gazette, 21 Jan 1865, but was still at The Swan in 1872. He later ran the Royal Oak.

1863, 26 Dec: Bucks Herald
            Mr George Cross deceased
All persons who have any claim or demand against the estate and effects of Mr George Cross late of Winslow Bucks, draper maltster and farmer deceased are requested forthwith to deliver particulars thereof, and of the security (if any) which they hold for the same, to Mr James Hughes of Woodlawn, Oxford, executor of the deceased, or at our offices in Winslow …

1864, 12 March: Bucks Herald
Two excellent public houses, "The Bull" and "The Crooked Billet" a large malting, neat cottage residence and garden, 2 cottages, a convenient stable and hovel, in the centre of the Market Town of Winslow …
            To  be sold by auction by Dudley & Son on Thursday April 7th 1864 at the Crooked Billet Inn Winslow, at three o'clock in the afternoon, by direction of the Trustees under the will of the late Mr. George Cross

1864: Directory
Willam Jannaway, Bull, Horn Street

1871: Census
Bull Inn
William Jones, 46, licensed victualler

1872: Return of Public Houses
Bull: William Jones
Owner: William Jones Winslow

1881: Census
Bull, Horn Street

William Jones Head married 56 Licensed Victualler b. Marsh Gibbon
Sarah Jones Wife married 50   b. Marsh Gibbon
Mary A. Rivett Servant unm 14 General servant b. Winslow

Bull Inn1890, 1 Mar (and many other issues): Bucks Herald
J.M. Bennett, bone-setter, of Northampton
Fractures, Dislocations, Sprains & c.
Winslow - First and third Wednesdays, at the Bull Inn, from One till Three

1891: Directory
William Jones, Bull P.H., Horn Street

1891: Census
Horn Street

William Jones Head married 66 Innkeeper b. Marsh Gibbon
Sarah Jones Wife married 60   b. Marsh Gibbon
Arthur Fullard Boarder unm 30 Groom b. Little Gringley, Notts
Emma Elizabeth Church Servant unm 28 Domestic servant b. Mursley
Lucy Brockless Servant unm 16 Domestic servant b. Winslow

1899: Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/2/7/1899/10
Auction sale particulars for Bull Public House and cottage adjoining near Market Square in Winslow (Mrs Sarah Jones, deceased)

1900: The Era, Sep
NANA, NANO and NANA Two ladies and one Gent, smartest aerial Trio in the World
Finish tonight five weeks comfortable engagements [...]
Sept. 6th: Oddfellows Fete, Winslow
For vacant dates: Bull Inn, Winslow.

1901: Census
Bull Inn

George Hancock Head 59 married Innkeeper b. Great Horwood
Emma Hancock Wife 49 married   b. Great Horwood
Ada Hancock Daughter 24 single Professional Gymnast, on own account b. Birmingham
Ann Eliza Hancock Daughter 22 single do b. Birmingham
George Hancock Son 19 single do b. Birmingham
Frank Hancock Son 15   Grocer's Assistant b. Birmingham
Frederick Hancock Son 13     b. Birmingham

1911: Census
Bull Inn

George Hancock Head 69 married Licence Victualer [sic] b. Great Horwood
Emma Hancock Wife 60 married 37 years, 7 children Assisting in the business b. Great Horwood
George Hancock junior Son 29 single Assisting in the business b. Birmingham

1918-19: Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/21/1/68
Valuation: Mrs George Hancock to Edward Bone

1920: Directory
Edward Bone, Bull P.H., Horn Street

1925, 13 Oct: D/WIG/2/13/60
Sale by Geo. Wigley & Sons on behalf of Messrs William Blencowe and Company Limited of licensed premises including The Bull and cottage on Great Horn Street in Winslow

1926
Freehold bought by Aylesbury Brewery Company for £1,741 (who also owned the nearby Crooked Billet by 1949).
The Bull Garage operated from the opening between The Bull and the west side of the Market Square.

1939: Buckingham Almanac
2 Horn Street: Bull Inn - W. Kell

1993
The Bull closed in 1993 and is now a private house (4 Horn Street), with some old buildings at the rear.

See also: