Paradine family

The Paradine family inhabited the area around Winslow from about 1550 to about 1700.


The first records of the family originated in nearby village of Swanbourne where Henry Palladie (b. abt. 1550) is recorded as having several children baptized.  Church records in the village document the surname as Palladie / Palladine suggesting a possible connection to the Pallady family of Irthlingborough in Northamptonshire which had risen to prominence a century earlier.

The most famous member of this line was Richard Pallady, twice member of Parliament (Peterborough: 1547 and Heytesbury: 1559), and servant of Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset who was Lord Protector to the King from 1547-1549.  The Duke, along with Pallady and several others spent several months in the Tower of London when Seymour ran afoul of young Edward VI’s Privy Council.  Pallady was a King’s Scholar at Eton, graduate of King’s College in Cambridge, and was credited with overseeing the building of Somerset Place.    


Henry Palladie baptized several children in the village of Swanbourne.  One son, Thomas (bapt. 1579) married in Padbury.  His children would move north to Silverstone and then settle in Steeple Claydon for many generations.

Henry Palladie’s son William (b. abt. 1575) was likely the oldest and does not appear in the baptismal records (suggesting a possible birth in Northamptonshire).  We know that William, was a blacksmith by trade and settled in Little Horwood after marrying Annis Deely in 1600.  William served as tithingman of Little Horwood from 1639 to 1640.  He died in May of 1649, leaving money to his children and grandchildren, and his estate to his youngest son John Palladie.

Will of William Palladie of Little Horwood, blacksmith, 1649 (proved 1650), Herts RO 92AW10

In the name of God Amen, I William Palladie of Little Harwood in the County of Bucks blacksmyth, being of perfect memory though sick in body do constitute ordaine & make this my last will and testament in writeing in manner & Forme following  First I bequeath my soule into the hands of Almighty God my Creatour trusting assuredly in the meritts of Jesus Christ my blessed redeemer to have free remission & pardon of all my sinnes & my body to be buried at the discretion of my Executor hereafter named & for all the worldy goods which it hath pleased God to bestow uppon me I doe give devise & bequeath the same in such sorte as hereafter is expressed.

Item I do give & bequeath unto my eldest sonne William Palladie the summe of Thirteene pounds six shillings & eight pence of good & lawfull English money to be payd unto him by my Executor hereafter named within three moneths next after my decease.  

Item I doe give and bequeath unto my Grand child Anna Palladie the daughter of my sonne Thomas Palladie deceased That five pownds of good & lawfull English money which was bequeathed unto her by the last will & Testament of my sayd sonne Thomas Palladie her deceased Father to be payd unto her by my Executor hereafter named when she shall accomplish the age of Twenty & one years & in Case she shall depart this life before she shall accomplish the sayd age of Twenty & one yeares Then my will & meaning is that the sayd Five pounds {be} bequeathed as aforesayd shalbe equally distributed between the children of William Palladie my sonne or to the longest liver of them.

All the rest of my  goods & Chattells whatsoever unbequeathed my debts being payed my legasies performed & my Funerall expences discharged I doe give devise & bequeath the same unto my beloved sonne John Palladie whom I do constitute ordaine & make the full & sole Executour of this my last will & Testament.

In witnesse hereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seale the twelfth day of May In the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred fourty and nine.

the marke of William Palladie [in fact signed “Willyam”]

Sealed published & delivered in the presence of
[signed] John Harris Cl(erk)
John Illinge
Emannuell Ward

[Probate 1650]


William had three sons, William the Younger (b. 1600), Thomas (b. 1608), and John (b. 1611 - see will).  Both Thomas and William inherited their trade from their father.  William became a blacksmith in the town of Winslow and Thomas worked with their father in Little Horwood.  It appears that John managed their father’s lands for a time.

Thomas died at the age of 27 (Dec. 1635) leaving behind a pregnant widow Agnes / Ann, who would eventually give birth to a child named Anna.  In his will, Thomas is referred to as Thomas Palladine.  His daughter Anna was baptized as Anna Paradyne in Winslow in June of 1636. Anna may have been a spinster as it does not appear she was married as of 1672 Hearth Tax.

Will of Thomas Palladine of Little Horwood, blacksmith, 1635 (proved 1636), Herts RO 78AW17

In the name of God Amen.

I Thomas Palladine of Harwood Parva in the countie of Bucks Blacksmith beinge sick in bodie but in perfect [deletion] memorie thank be given unto almightie God doe make and ordaine my last will and testament in manner and forme followeinge.

First I bequeathe my soulle into almightie God my Creator and to Jesus Christ my Saviour and Redeemer by whose merritts onely I hope to be saved and my bodie to the earth.

Item I give unto my wyffe Ann Palladyne three pownds of woolle three quarters of a yard of newe clothe beinge wollen a bowlster.

Item I give unto my father William Palladine one cottage in Great Brickell with the appertenancs dueringe his naturall lyffe and after his decease unto my brother William Palladyne and to his heires

Item yf my said wyffe Ann be with childe and safelye delivered that the sayd childe doe live to the age of sixteene yeeres then I doe enioyne my executor to paye unto the sayd childe five powndes of currante Englishe money.  The rest of my goodes unbequeathed I give unto my father William Palladine whome I doe make my executor of this my last will & testament. In wittnesse whereof I have heereunto sett my hand and sealle this 5th day of December Anno D(omi)ni 1635 and in the ealeaventhe yeere of the kings ma(jes)ties Reigne that nowe is of England Scotland Fraunce & Ireland. [signed] Thomas Palladine

Wittnesse heereunto
John Rawlins &
Frauncis Tomkins his mark

[Probate 15 April 1636 at St Stephen's (St Albans) before the venerable John Starr M.A., surrogate of Dr Thomas Goade, official of the reverend Archbishop of Canterbury by reason of the visitation now pending in the diocese of London, to William Palladyne, executor named in the will, in the presence of Nicholas Rolfe, notary public.]


Instances of this family using the surname Paradine originate mostly during a period in the 1630s-1660s.  It is unclear whether there is any familial connection to the gentleman family Paradyn / Paradine inhabiting the town of Bedford around the same time.  They were a wealthy family of clothing merchants, some of whom were Mayors of Bedford in the 16th and 17th centuries.  In addition, several Paradines of Bedford became prominent merchants and citizens of London, Colchester, and later Tralee, Ireland.  It is more likely that the local prestige of the Bedford family influenced the shift of the Winslow Paladys to Paradine.


Data so far from a YDNA study of the Paradine family reveals that the Paradines of Winslow were Haplogroup G-M406 (suggesting a paternal descent from Neolithic Mediterranean First Farmers), while the Paradines of Bedford (via a descendant of the Tralee branch) are R-M269, a common Iron Age pedigree from the English Isles.


John Paradine, the youngest of William Palladie’s three children was a Yeoman of Little Horwood.  He married Alice Eldin in 1643.  Together they had one daughter, Mary Paradine.  Upon the death of his father, William Palladie in 1650, John was named as his executor.  In 1657, John “Palladine” bought about acres of land from John and Elizabeth Ilinge.  He also served as a juror in the manor court in 1665, 1666, and 1672.  In addition, he is recorded as being one of the homage (jury at the view of frankpledge) for Little Horwood in 1670 and 1672.  As a landowner, he is listed in 1671 in court records owing suit to the manor of Winslow.  His 1676 will allowed for a small stipend to be paid to his brother William in Winslow. John’s daughter Mary had predeceased him and her husband, Richard Barton was named executor of his father-in-law’s estate.   A majority of John’s assets were left to his son-in-law and grandchildren Alice and Richard Barton.   Alice, his wife, retained his house, and was awarded 5 pounds a year and a choice of a cow.

Richard Barton, grandson of John Paradine may have been the ancestor of a Richard Barton who began operating the George & Horseshoe Alehouse (then referred to as the New George, and now presently referred to in Winslow as The George).

Will of John Paradine of Little Horwood, yeoman, 1676 (proved 1679), Herts RO 9AR171

In the name of God Amen I John Paradine of Little Harwood in the County of Bucks Yeoman being in good health and perfect memory blessed bee God doe constitute ordain and make this my last will and Testament in writing in manner and Forme following Imprimis I doe give and bequeath my Soule into the hands of Allmighty God my Creator trusting in Jesus Christ my blessed Redeemer to have Free pardon and remission of all my Sinns and my body to bee buried in the Church or Churchyard of Little Harwood aforesaid at the discretion of my Executor hereafter named and for all the wordly goods which it hath pleased God to bestow upon mee I do give devise and bequeath the same in such sort as hereafter is expressed  Imprimis I give and bequeath unto my well beloved wife five pounds yearely during her naturall life halfe to bee paid at the end of the halfe yeare after my death and soe successfully every halfe yeare and a Cow which shee shall choose after my decease  Item all the moveable goods within the House vizt all the brass and pewter tables and frames beddsteads and bedding and a pigg or a hogg in case there bee ever a one (excepting one Coffer which I give to my Grandchild Richard Barton) wherein my writtings lye and these I bequeath to my wife uppon Condicon that shee lay no claime to any thirds of my Lands in being neither to any Corne Bushells fanns nor any Implements belonging to husbandary that shall be within the dwelling house Item I give unto my Brother William Paradine twenty shillings yearely during his n(atu)ral life to bee paid quarterly by an equall proportion and all my wearing Clothes at my decease.  Item I give to my Grandchild Richard Barton all my Free hold land so soone as hee comes to the age of twenty and one upon Condicon hee shall pay his sister Alice Barto<n> twenty pounds at the end of two whole yeares after his entering upon the land aforemenconed  All the rest of my goods unbequeathed my debts being paid my Legacies performed and my Funeral expences discharged [some text missing?] I doe constitute ordaine and make my Sonne in Law Richard Barton full and sole Executor of this my last will and Testament uppon condicon hee shall pay unto my Grandchild Alice Barton the sume of tenn pounds when shee shall come to the age of twenty and one. In wittness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the sixteenth day of October in the yeare of our Lord according to the Computacon of the Church of England one thousand six hundred seaventy and six.

John Paradine his marke sealed and delivered in the presence of Tho: Footman Cl(erk) Thomas Waide Thomas Curtis.

[Probate at St Albans 4 April 1679 before John Rechford clerk and surrogate, on the oath of Richard Barton the executor]


Map showing location of DuggbuttsWilliam Paradine the younger, the eldest son of William Palladie was a blacksmith in Winslow.  He leased 2 selions of land containing about an acre in total, referred to as Dugg Butts in Hollow Furrow Furlong.  He married Joanne Dancer in 1627 and the family lived in half a cottage within the town of Winslow.  The couple had 6 children most notably William Paradine III (b. 1629), and Robert Paradine (b. 1649).  William was a signee of the 1642 Protestation Return which expressed his loyalty to the Church of England and King Charles I.  After Joanne’s death in 1652, William was remarried to an Elizabeth (?) who died in 1663. A 1663 property transfer regarding their cottage mentions Elizabeth’s death. He was amerced for default in 1669.  Surviving documents show that William received a waiver from the Winslow Hearth Tax in the years 1670 to 1672.  The signees of this certificate attested to not renting a property valued greater than 20 shillings, having less than ten pounds worth of possessions, lands, houses, goods, or livestock, and having less than two chimneys or stoves in his home.

Right: Possible location of Duggbutts, shown on the post-Enclosure map


Robert Paradine, the youngest son of William the younger, moved south to the village of Cublington.  Many Paradines in England, the United States, Canada, and Australia trace their lineage through his descendants.


William Paradine III hardly makes an imprint on history.  He died in 1675 and records suggest he was survived by his widow, a woman named Suzanna.  It is likely one of his sons was named Thomas, a Granborough man amerced for default at Winslow manor in 1685.  No other mention of Thomas can be found, suggesting he may have died at a young age.  William III’s estate then must have flowed to his second son John Paradine (b. abt. 1670). 


John Paradine married Joan Boyer in 1690.  In 1696, following an attempt to assassinate William III, Parliament passed "An Act for the Better Security of His Majesties’ Royal Person and Government".  John Paradine signed this declaration of loyalty by making his X.  This suggests he was unable to read or write.  However, he was the tithingman in Shipton for several years in the 1690s.  The manor court rolls of Winslow show he was fined for failing to appear at court in 1694, and for failing to appear as tithingman in 1698According to a 1698 land transaction between James Britton and William Lowndes, John Paradine’s home in Shipton contained three arable acres in Shipton and two acres of cowpasture. 

John and Joan had several children of note.  The oldest William was born in Winslow in 1692 and was named his father’s heir when John died in 1705.  John’s widow Joan married Richard Teagle of Shipton in 1706. 

The “infant” William, a minor, was amerced for tax default in 1710 and 1711.  In 1714, William died and custody of the family’s cottage fell back into the Lord’s hands.  In 1716, William’s brother and heir, John Paradine (b. 1697) sought to regain custody of the cottage (which they rented).  It is thought that this property would also have been utilized by John’s mother Joan, step-father Richard Teagle, and younger brothers Edward Paradine (b. 1699) and Robert Paradine (b. 1701).

In 1717, Joan apprenticed two of her sons John Paradine, the younger and Edward Paradine as Carmen in London.  In 1722, she sent also her youngest Robert Paradine to London to apprentice as a Carman.

Because John was the lessee of his mother’s home, he is named as a tenant in both the 1726 and 1729 Winslow Court Rolls even though he was in London.  Their mother Joan died in 1754, the widow of both John Paradine and Richard Teagle.  Her eldest son John was her heir.  He returned to Winslow in May of 1754 to handle her affairs and sold her house.


Once they left Winslow, the Paradines did not return, instead they farmed the lands to the south of Aylesbury while some found lives in London.  There is more to the Paradine story prior to Winslow and after Winslow.  For further reading, click here.

Written by Todd Paradine.  For questions, comments, concerns, I can be reached at the following e-mail address:

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Copyright 1 May, 2019