View of frankpledge and court baron, 27 April 1694

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/28/1

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

[f.1] View of frankpledge and court baron of Nicholas Goodwin gent., 27 April 6 William & Mary, by James Hayes esq., deputy steward.

Essoins: Residents: Thomas George, Thomas Foster, Thomas Wainwright and many others.

Tenants: Robert Spooner, Richard Seaton, Arthur Smith, James Woodward, John Bence, John Rutland, Nathaniel Kemp & Thomas Hogg

Jurors: Thomas Blake gent., Christopher Coates, William Giles, Peter Lowndes, John Amborough, John Greene, Joseph Glenister, John Stutsbury
Benjamin Scott, Robert Elliatt, Thomas Henley, William Illing, Thomas Ward, Richard Barton, Thomas Adams, Thomas Curtis
Thomas Barton, William Stevens of Tildehouse, Benedict Holland at Pound, Thomas Mountague, Thomas Rutland, Benedict Holland at Elme, Thomas Rice, Robert Manwaring

Default: Residents: Joseph Dandridge 2d, Richard Ginger 2d, Charles King sr 4d, Charles King jr 6d, Edward Smith 2d, Francis Robinson 2d, Thomas Paxton 2d, Daniel Kurby 2d, Benjamin Dudley 4d, Robert Grainger 2d, Joseph Ayres 2d, Joseph Collins 2d, Benjamin Sanders 2d, William Miller 4d, Robert White 6d, Edward Footman 2d

Tenants: George Blake 2d, Edward Reddall 2d, William Spooner 2d, Ralph Bates 2d, Joseph Dandridge 3d, Joseph Meakes 2d, John Chenill 4d, Thomas Brickhill 2d, Joseph Glenister of Shipton 2d, Edward Markham 2d, Richard Falkner 2d, Hugh Williatt 4d, John Cooper 6d, Thomas Willis 2d, John Varney 2d, John Williatt 2d, Robert Grainge gent. 6d, Edward Hopkins 2d, George Stevens 2d, Henry Stevens of Cleydon 2d, Robert Stevens sr of Marston 2d

Constables of Winslow: Thomas Foster and Thomas Bett in place of Simon Hogson and Charles King jr

Constable of Shipton: Richard Phipps in place of William Wyatt

A fine of 5s was imposed on John Paradine, tithingman of Shipton, because he did not appear or return the name of the residents within his tithing.

A fine of 2s was imposed on William Miller, field-warden [custos agrorum] for Winslow and Robert Mitchell, field-warden of Shipton, because they did not appear.

An order was made concerning a complaint of encroachment between William Lowndes gent. and William Gyles sr.

William Willmott died seised of a messuage and 4½ acres of land. Thomas Willmott is his brother and next heir. He did not come. First proclamation made. [Thomas was a tailor in London. The property was acquired by William Lowndes in 1698.]

George Blake and Mary his wife sought admission to a messuage called Sheepcott house and 20 acres of arable and uncultivated land and meadow, on the surrender of George Knight and Elizabeth his wife presented at the penultimate court on 11 Oct last. To hold to themselves and George's heirs. Rent 4s 9d. Fine 39s.

John Hogson sought admission to all the lands and holdings which came into the lord's hands on the death of John Hogson his father. Rent [blank]. Fine 80s. Fealty respited. [John Hogson jr was aged 11 at the time]

Robert Mitchell surrendered 2 ridges of arable land in Old Mill Field, in a furlong called Stone, estimated at 1 acre, the land of William Edmunds south. To the use of William Kurby and Jane his wife. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Nicholas Pleastead and Lucy his wife surrendered half a messuage in Nicholas' occupation. To the use of themselves and their heirs in perpetuity. Rent [blank]. Fine 5s.

John Sear and Dorcas his wife surrendered the reversion, after the death of Mary Doggett wife of Ralph Doggett of Laighton, of a messuage between the messuage of William Gyles jr and the messuage in the occupation of Jane Gibbs widow in the Markett place of Winslowe, now in the occupation of Richard Ginger, with all outhouses, buildings and frontages. To the use of William Gyles jr and Sarah his wife. Rent 7½d, fine 5s. [This was on the site of The Bank]

Robert Mitchell surrendered 8 ridges of uncultivated land in Demeram Field commonly called the Picks containing 1 acre, the land of George Blake south. To the use of Thomas Robbinson. Rent [blank], fine 2s.

Robert Mitchell surrendered 4 ridges of arable land containing 2 acres in Oldmill Field extending into Hollow Furrow, the land of William Lowndes gent. east. To the use of Robert Gibbs of Winslowe, yeoman. Rent [blank], fine 4s.

Robert Mitchell surrendered a piece of uncultivated land or meadow in Demeram Field containing 2½ acres, adjoining the 12 acres of Mr Willmott south, the land of Thomas Hogg west. To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., through Richard Phipps his attorney. Rent [blank], fine 5s. Fealty respited. [William Lowndes paid £75 for this according to his own records]

William Hunt surrendered a cottage in Winslow where he now lives. To the use of himself and Mary his wife for their lives, then of Mary Hunt spinster, his daughter. On condition that she pays her sister Rebecca Hunt spinster £40 within 6 months of the decease of William and Mary. If she fails in payment, to the use of Mary and Rebecca jointly. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Robert Scott and Ann his wife, Benjamin Scott and Elizabeth his wife and William Gyles jr surrendered a close of uncultivated land or pasture containing 5 acres called Coldrum Close, the land of Robert Wyatt south, the land of Mr Merwin north. To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., through Richard Phipps his attorney. Rent [blank], fine 10s. Fealty respited. [William Lowndes paid £110]

Edward Horwood and Amy his wife surrendered half a messuage in Winslow, lately in the occupation of Robert Udden son of Thomas Udden and Abraham Day, with all orchards, gardens, yards, etc. To the use of Richard Bigg. Rent [blank], fine pardoned. William Udden brought a procedure of common recovery against Edward and Amy. Joseph Glenister and Thomas Henley were summoned to warrant. Title was restored to Edward and Amy, who then surrendered the premises to the use of Nicholas Pleastead and Lucy his wife. Rent [blank], fine 5s. [This entry is repeated in D175/28/2]

Court baron of Nicholas Goodwin, gent., 9 July 1694

[f.2] By Nicholas Merwin, gent.

No essoins, no complaints

Homage: Christopher Coates, William Bigg, Stephen Bigg jr, Robert Scott
Charles Bowler, John Hearne, Philip Budd, John Amborough
Francis Dorsett, Joseph Glenister, John Stutsbury, Robert Wyatt

Richard Wooton and Avis his wife surrendered:

To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., through Richard Phipps his attorney. Rent [blank], fine 10s. Fealty respited. [William Lowndes paid £160. Hannah Brandford was buried on 15 March 1696/7.]

The previous sale of this property is recorded in a deed (Centre for Bucks Studies, BAS 376/22 no.39, 25 April 1677):

Robert Stevens surrendered a messuage in Winslow now in the possession of Richard Wotten and Hannah Brandford, with orchard, courtyards and backyard, and 9 selions containing 3 acres adjoining the orchard, and 1 acre of Robert’s meadow in Demeram.  To the following uses: concerning the part of the messuage in which Hannah Brandford now lives, to Hannah’s use for her life as long as she is unmarried.  After her death or marriage, to the use of the said Richard Wotten and his heirs in perpetuity. Concerning the rest of the messuage and the land, to the use of Richard Wotten and his heirs in perpetuity.  Hannah and Richard sought to be admitted.  Rent 1s, fine 8s.

View of frankpledge and court baron, 26 October 1694

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/29

[f.1] View of frankpledge and court baron of Nicholas Goodwin gent., 26 Oct 6 William & Mary, by Nicholas Merwin esq., deputy steward.

Essoins: Residents: Thomas Wainewright, Charles King sr, Charles King jr and many others

Tenants: William Eding, George Blake, Charles Bowler, George Illing, George Stevens and John Bence and many others

Jurors: Thomas Blake gent., William Gyles sr, Peter Lowndes, Joseph Glenister, William Bigg, John Hearne, Joseph Harding, John Stutsbury
William Bence, William French, Robert Elliott, Robert Stevens, Henry Townesend, John Greene, Thomas Bett, Robert Evans
Thomas Ward, William Illing, Thomas Rutland, Robert Stevens [sic], John Thorpe, Robert Pitkin, John Stevens at New House, John Rutland

Default: Residents: Joseph Dandridge 2d, Richard Ginger 2d, Edward Smith 3d, Richard Punn 2d, Thomas Smallbone 2d, Nicholas Miller 2d, Richard Pitkin 2d, Thomas Paxton 3d, William Green 3d, Daniel Kurby 2d, Robert Grainger 2d, Joseph Ayres 3d, Joseph Collins 2d, Thomas Taylor 2d, Benjamin Sanders 4d

Tenants: Robert Spooner 4d, William Spooner 2d, John Seaton jr 2d, Robert Scott 2d, William Britten 2d, Thomas Kurby 4d, Thomas Robbinson 4d, John Godwin 4d, William Haselwood 4d, William Hunt 4d, Joseph Dandridge 4d, John Chennill 4d, Mr Smallbones 4d, Thomas Brickhill 4d, [blank] King widow 3d, William Wyatt sr 4d, Joseph Glenister of Shipton 4d, Mr Bayley 2d, Thomas Adams 2d, Arthur Smith 4d, James Woodward 4d, Edward Markham 3d, Thomas Woodward 2d, Richard Falkner 2d, Henry Curtis 6d, Hugh Williatt 4d, John Cooper 6d, Robert Norman 4d, Joseph Cox 4d, John Varney 2d, John Williatt 2d, Thomas Curtis 2d, Richard Barten 2d, Thomas Barton 2d, Robert Grainge gent. 6d, Edward Hopkins 2d, John Wyatt 2d, Mary Wyatt 2d, William Morecroft 2d, Benedict Holland 2d, Ralph Stevens sr of Marston 2d, John Haynes 2d

Constable of Shipton: Richard Phipps jr in place of Richard Phipps sr deceased

Assessor of Winslow: John Harrison in place of Nicholas Miller

Field-warden [custos agr'] of Winslow: John Tomms

John Parradine, a tithingman of Shipton, was fined 2s 6d for not returning the names of his tithing.

Complaints about encroachment include:

Orders to be observed for 3 years by the inhabitants of Winslowe for the better regulation of the common pasture [in English, summarised]:

  1. The Wheat Field of Winslow shall be hained [fenced in to keep out livestock] yearly on 1 Nov.
  2. Pasture in the common fields is limited to 1 horse for a holding of 12 acres, 1 cow for a holding of 10 acres, 1 sheep or 2 lambs for a holding of 1 acre.
  3. No horse is to be staked [tied to a stake for grazing] on any person's ground without their consent.
  4. No-one shall turn loose or stake a horse unless they occupy 12 acres of land in Winslow, but anyone with "grasse ground" in the common fields can let it after mowing.
  5. Anyone with more common of pasture than he needs, or an odd number above 10 or 12 acres shall give notice to the overseers before 24 June, and they can let it as 8d / acre for horse common or 4d for cow common.
  6. No-one shall keep or depasture any cow on the common or highways of Winslow unless they have common of pasture. Whoever depastures cows in the highways before the common herd, or causes them to be staked there, shall forfeit 12d per cow. But cows may be driven along the highways to be watered.
  7. No-one is to keep or depasture cows upon mowed ground in the common fields "until the Com(m)on Herd shalbe made and have depastured in that year". The common herd is to be made on 25 July yearly, or within 40 days before or after at the overseers' discretion.
  8. No-one shall allow hoggs or piggs on the common fields "till such Field shalbe cleane", or forfeit 4d / hogg or 2d / pigg to the Overseers, of which half goes to the Heyward.
  9. No hogg or pigg over 2 months old is to be kept on the fields unringed.
  10. Anyone without sheep but with common of pasture for them can depasture 1 horse for 12 sheep or 1 cow for 10 sheep "in the Follow Fields".
  11. No sheep shall be put in the Wheat Fields "untill such Field shalbe clean ridd and the Corne and Graine carryed away by the space of seven dayes." Nor in the Beane Fields until St Luke's Day. From 23 April, 2 lambs count as 1 sheep, until Michaelmas.
  12. Forfeits for breaking the regulations: 12d / horse, 6d / cow, 2d / sheep or lamb. Trespassing cattle are to be impounded. Forfeits are to be paid to the Overseers at the Pound gate, half going to the Heyward.
  13. William Gyles th'elder, Thomas Blake and Simon Hogston shalbe Overseers of these Orders.

[blank] Hodgekins widow has died since the last court, seised of a messuage. John Hodgekins is her son and heir, of full age, and was admitted tenant. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

[f.2] Richard Phipps sr has died, seised of a messuage and 98 acres of land in Shipton and Winslow. Richard Phipps jr is his son and heir, of full age, and was admitted tenant. Rent 23s, fine £9 16s, heriot 70s.

Thomas Godwin has died, seised of a messuage in Winslow, Francis Dorsett's west, and 2 acres of land in Winslow fields. On 25 May last he surrendered them through Richard Phipps and Henry Hughes. To Mary Godwin his wife, in perpetuity, on condition that if she refuses to pay his debts and legacies they are to the use of his children William Godwin, Elizabeth Butcher, Susanna Godwin, Mary Godwin, Anne Godwin and Martha Godwin. Mary was admitted tenant. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot [blank].

John Seaton late of Winslowe Carryer deceased on 12 Aug 1693 made his will. Recites the will. Mary Seaton his wife and John Seaton his eldest son were admitted tenants to a messuage, 6 acres in Furnandage Furlong and 2 acres in Old Mill Field, according to John's surrender presented at the penultimate court. Rent [blank], fine [illegible].
Mary Seaton and Hugh Seaton were admitted tenants to two closes containing 8 acres in Old Mill Field abutting Horwoodway. Rent and fine [blank]. Mary did fealty, Hugh's respited.
Mary, John and Robert Seaton were admitted tenants to 8 acres which John Seaton deceased acquired from William Hancock:

Granted to Mary during the minority of John, then to John for Mary's life, then to Robert. Rent and fine [blank]. Mary did fealty, John's and Robert's respited.

Benjamin Leach sr and Frances his wife, Benjamin Leach jr and William Gyles jr surrendered a close of pasture called Rose Close containing 2 acres in Winslow with all trees, hedges, ditches, etc., the land of William Lowndes gent. east and west. To the use of William Lowndes of Princes Court, Westminster, gent., who was admitted tenant through William Gyles his attorney. Rent 6d, fine 4s. Fealty respited. [William Lowndes paid £180]

Thomas Robinson and Ann his wife surrendered 3 acres 1 rood in the common fields of Winslow [some of the land seems to be in Shipton]:

To the use of John Robinson of Winslow Taylor. Rent 9d 3 halfpence, fine 6s 6d.

John Robbinson and Mary his wife surrendered a rood of land adjoining Thomas Robbinson's Homestall, as now divided with stakes, with all trees. To the use of Thomas Robbinson. Rent 3 halfpence, fine 6d.

[f.3] John Kenniston surrendered a messuage situate in the Markett place of Winslowe adjoining the messuage of John Greene called the little Angell, with all fronts, easements and appurtenances except a place in the parish church of Winslow. To the use of Charles King <jr> of Winslow Taylor. Rent 4d, Fine 5s. [Probably part of the "encroachment" in the Market Square, now nos.12-16.]

John Henley sr and John Deverell son of George Deverell surrendered a cottage lately erected in Shipton with all barns, stables, outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and backyards, and all the separate pieces of arable and uncultivated land, meadow and pasture:

To the use of John Henley jr and Katharine Henley spinster (daughter of Thomas Henley of Swanborne yeoman) his intended wife, for their lives and John's heirs. If the marriage is not held before 26 April next, to the use of John Henley jr and his heirs. Rent [blank], fine 13s.

Joseph Glenister and Jane his wife and Christopher Coates and Alice his wife surrendered a messuage now in Christopher's occupation, with all houses, outhouses, etc. (except the great Roome over the Entry), with the entry belonging to the messuage and used and enjoyed with it, the messuage of Nicholas Merwin gent. north. And a Plott of ground between the barn or outhouse in the occupation of John Hearne and the stable adjoining the tenement in the occupation of John Greene, the said barn east. All the premises were previously surrendered by Christopher and Alice to Jane Nash, now wife of Joseph Glenister. To the use of Nicholas Merwin of Winslow, gent., on condition that if Christopher and Alice pay him £55 on 27 Oct 1697 with interest in twice-yearly payments, the surrender will be void.

Charles King jr and Katherine his wife surrendered a messuage situate in the Markett Place of Winslowe adjoining John Greene's messuage, with all fronts, lights, easements, profits and appurtenances. To the use of Samuel Norman of Winslow, on condition that if Charles and Katherine pay him £3 on 1 Nov 1695, £3 on 1 Nov 1696 and £63 on 1 Nov 1697, the surrender will be void. Rent 4d, fine 5s.

Benajamin Scott and Elizabeth his wife surrendered 3 acres of arable land in the common fields of Winslow:

To the use of Stephen Bigg sr of Winslowe Blacksmith, on condition that if Benjamin and Elizabeth pay him £20 and 5% interest on 27 Oct 1697, the surrender will be void. Rent 9d, fine 6s.

A second proclamation was made for Thomas Willmott.

Copyright 24 May, 2016