Court baron with view of frankpledge, 29 March 1714

Centre for Bucks Studies D/211/30

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English, marked with "..."). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

Manor of Winslowe with members. Court Baron with View of Frankpledge of Robert Lowndes esq., 29 March 13 Anne 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Essoins: none

Jurors for the lady Queen:
Simon Hogson, Grant Hewett, Thomas Deely jr
John Longbridge, Henry Stutsbury, John Wright
Henry Emerton, Anthony George, Joseph White
George Stevens, Robert Stevens sr, John Wyatt

Court Baron

Essoins: Thomas Gibbs, Mathew Hobbs, Robert Smith, William Elliott, Thomas Henley, Thomas Barton, Thomas Curtis, John Bence, John Bond sr with many others

Homage:
Thomas Foster, Philip Budd jr, William Eden, Benjamin Saunders
Thomas Worrall, Henry Curtis, John Hodgkins, William Smith
John Woodward, Benedict Holland jr, Robert Manwaring, Thomas Mountague
William Stevens of Tiled House, John Stevens, Hugh Thorpe & Mark Morris

Daniel Cooley and Sarah his wife, customary tenants, died since the last court seised of a messuage in the occupation of [blank]. Daniel Cooley is their son and next heir, of full age. Heriot by composition 20s. He was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[The messuage was in The Walk. The Cooleys were Baptists. Daniel jr died later in 1714 and the property was later in the hands of his brother[?] Zacharias.]

Peter Goldsworth jr died since the last court seised of 1 acre of land. John Goldsworth infant aged [blank] is his brother and next heir. Heriot [blank]. He was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[Peter and John were the sons of the lawyer Peter Goldsworth.]

William Gyles jr died since the last court seised of certain holdings. Sarah, Grace, Martha and Jane Gyles are his sisters and co-heirs. Heriot [blank]. They were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made. [see below]

Henry Tomms died since the last court seised of a cottage. Heriot [blank]. On 26 Oct last he surrendered by Robert Gibbs sr and Philip Budd sr the cottage in which he then lived. To the use of Ann Tomms then his wife (for her life), then to the use of Christiana Tomms spinster his daughter and her heirs in perpetuity. On condition that if Christiana within 12 months after Ann's decease does not pay to John Tomms (Henry's grandson) 40s and to Joseph Tomms Henry's son 20s, and to Thomas Tomms and Mary Tomms, Henry's children, 10s each, then the surrender is to the use of John Tomms, making the payments to Joseph, Thomas and Mary. Ann and Christiana sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[The cottage was on the west side of the High Street, north of Vicarage Road.]

Alice Guest widow on 11 Nov last surrendered 1 acre of land in the common fields of Winslowe:

To the use of Richard Bigg of Winslowe gent. Rent 2s [sic], fine 2s.

Stephen Bigg, grandson of Stephen Bigg deceased, sought admission to:

which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Stephen Bigg deceaseed. Seisin granted to Stephen Bigg infant. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[The original surrender was made in 1704. Stephen jr (son of Richard Bigg) now sought admission because his grandmother Mary had died. The first messuage was Brook Hall or somewhere adjacent. The second messuage was on the site of 12 Horn Street.]

John Seaton surrendered the reversion expectant on the death of Mary Seaton widow of a messuage in Winslowe now in the occupation of Richard Gibbs with houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens. He also surrendered the separate pieces of arable land, meadow and pasture in the common fields of Winslowe and Shipton containing 22 acres which he held for his life. To the following uses: to the use of James Dobson of London gent. and Arthur Crabb of Aylesbury gent., on condition that the surrender is to be void if John pays James such sums as are now or at next Lady Day will be due to James for the rent or arrears of rent of James' land or holdings in Steeple Claydon which John now holds from him. James and Arthur were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

Sarah, Grace, Martha and Jane, sisters and co-heirs of William Gyles jr deceased, sought admission to:

Rent [blank], fine 18s. Jane's fealty respited.
[Details of the land were given at the 1713 court. The messuage was on the site of The Bank. See further below.]

[f.1v] John Wyatt and Ann his wife sought admission to the separate pieces of land in the common fields of Shipton:

which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Mary Tomlins widow at the last court. To hold to John and Ann and the heirs of their bodies, or to John's heirs. Rent 9d, fine 6s.

John Henley and Richard Phipps, the two surviving trustees of 6½ acres of land in the common fields of Winslowe:

and also of:

surrendered all to the use of William Lowndes esq., Robert Lowndes jr gent. infant, Richard Bigg, Stephen Bigg infant, Thomas Blake, Thomas Foster, John Seaton butcher, John Henley, Robert Wyatt, John Wyatt, William Elliott and William West on these separate trusts:

The aforesaid [9 names] were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[See Poor relief and charities for more on this]

Sarah Gyles widow of William Gyles deceased, Elizabeth Gyles widow of William Gyles jr deceased, and Sarah, Grace and Martha, three sisters of William Gyles jr, surrendered 9 acres which came into the lord's hands on the death of William Gyles jr. to the use of Jane, fourth sister of William Gyles, and her heirs in perpetuity. Rent 2s 3d, fine 18s, fealty respited.
[Jane subsequently married Henry Langley of Leighton Buzzard, then Thomas Worrall of Winslow]

They also surrendered 3 undivided parts, to be divided into 4 parts, of their barn situated in Great Horne Street. To the use of Sarah Gyles widow and her heirs in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 3s 9d.

[f.2r] William Evans, son and heir of Robert Evans deceased, sought admission to a messuage and 1 acre of land in The Cowe Pasture of Shipton with common of pasture for one cow, which came into the lord's hands on the death of Robert presented at the court on 20 April 1713. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

Orders made at this Court

[English] Whereas by the Orders made at this Co(u)rt for the Reg(u)lation and Improvem(en)t of the Com(m)on Feilds of Winslow It is ordered (amongst other things) That all P(er)sons who Should offend contrary to the Ord(e)rs Should forfiet for every Offence Twelve pence for a Horse Six pence for a Cow & Two pence for ev(er)y Sheep or Lamb for ev(er)y time Offending Which penaltys have been found insufficient to deter Offender from trespassing It is therefore Ord(er)ed at this Co(u)rt that all P(er)sons who shall P(er)mitt or Suffer any Com(m)onable Cattle to Feed or depasture within the Com(m)on Feilds & p(re)cincts of Winslowe contrary to the said recited Ord(e)rs Shall for ev(er)y offence forfiet to the Lord of this Manner Five Shillings for ev(er)y Horse Mare or Gelding ij s vj d for ev(er)y Cow vj d for ev(er)y Sheep or Lambe for ev(er)y time taken Whereof Two thirds to the Feilds Men upon their p(re)sentm(en)t of the respective Offend(er).

Impri(mi)s It is Ordered at this Co(u)rt that John Stevens Brickmaker On vj days Notice hereof doe amend his field Gapp att Hallow [sic] Furrow on pain to forfiet x s to the Lord of the Manner.

Item It is Ordered that soe many of the Jury of this Homage as shall have Notice shall mett together att the House of Thomas Hazzard called the Royall Oake and Sett out the Lands of the Lord of the Manner in the Occupac(i)on of Simon Hogson att Hollow furrow next the Widd(ow) Glenister & att Astmead next the Land of John Seaton & att Cleydon Werg next the lands of Tho(mas) Blake & at Hauoxlow next the Lands of Samuell Norman on paine for every one of the said Homage who shall make Default to Forfeit & pay to the lord of this Mannor iij s iiij d

Item It is Ordered at this Court That Thomas Whiteeaves doe on Six days Notice of this Order amend the Fieldway at Lower Westorne between Lower Westorne plat & Astmead there having been lately made a ditch there in the Land of Tho(mas) Godwin which lands are in the occupation of the said Thomas Whiteeaves on pain to forfiet to the Lord of this Manner 4s.

2nd proclamation for the heirs of Joan Pitkin on her death presented 14 Oct 1713.
4th proclamation for William Holt on the death of Robert Holt his father presented 8 Oct 1712.
3rd proclamation for Richard and Thomas Barton on the surrender of Richard Barton presented 20 April 1713.
5th proclamation for John Simpson on the surrender of John Mountague presented 20 April 1712.
6th [=7th] proclamation for Charles Inwood.
6th proclamation for Edward Insley on the surrender of Daniel Hamms presented 17 Oct 1711.
6th proclamation for Richard Betham, John Denchfield and John Tatham on the surrender of John Stevens, presented 17 Oct 1711.
8th proclamation for Samuel Norman on the surrender of Augustine Seaton and wife, presented 18 Oct 1710.
3rd proclamation for Hannah Merwin spinster on the surrender of Richard Bigg and Robert Gibbs presented 20 April 1713 and of John Yeomans 1708

End of this court
Nicho: Merwin


View of frankpledge with court baron, 1 October 1714

Centre for Bucks Studies D/211/31

Manor of Winslow with members. Court of View of Frankpledge with Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 1 October 1 George 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Essoins: none.

Jurors for the lord king:
Mathew Hobbs, William Dancer, Richard Benbow
Robert Eden, Robert Gibbs jr, John Haines
John Shelton sr, Edward Turnham, Robert Elliott
Edmond Pitkin, George Blake, Robert Dorsett

Common fine: 16s 8d from the inhabitants of Winslowe, 8s 4d Shipton, 9s 4d Grandborough, 12s 4d Little Horwood, £1 6s 4d from certain inhabitants of Oveing and North Marston.

Officers chosen

Henry Stutsbury: constable of Winslow in place of Thomas Gibbs.
Thomas Worrall: tithingman of Winslow in place of Phillipp Bayley.
Thomas Henley: constable of Shipton in place of William Capp.
Henry Townsend: tithingman of Shipton in place of Thomas Harrup deceased.

Francis Mead present here in court and being required to serve on the enquiry for the Lord King at this court obstinately and perversely withdrew in contempt of court; amerced 12d.

George Thorpe being sworn to serve on the homage of the Court Baron held here in the Lord King's Court conducted himself badly and caused a disturbance to the court, and in open court publicly and contemptuously said "I don't care a figg for the Steward". Therefore the fine imposed on him was 5s.

Court Baron

Essoins: William Bence, John Chandler, John Bollard, John Longbridge, William Elliott, John Henley, William Illing, John Woodward, William Morecroft and John Wyatt, with many others.

Homage: Thomas Foster, Charles Bowler, Simon Hogson, Daniel Gyles
Thomas Watts, Thomas Miller, Henry Townsend, Thomas Curtis
Samuel Missenden, Thomas Pitkin, [blank], Newman Willeatt
John Holland sr, William Stevens Yeoman, John Stevens & George Thorpe

Default by tenants: Thomas Bett, Robert Eden, William Gibbs, Joseph Gyles, William Ashfield, Robert Evans, Robert Adams, Arthur Annis, John Bence, Simon Holt with many others. Their appearance was pardoned by the lord's grace.

Robert Gascoyne being in court and required to serve on the homage obstinately withdrew; amerced 12d.

John Chennells, John Seaton butcher, Thomas Smith jr, John Weston, John Clarke being summoned to serve on the homage committed default; each amerced 12d.

William Parradine died since the last court seised of a cottage. John Parradine is his brother and next heir. Heriot [blank]. John was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

John Townsend gent. died since the last court seised of certain messuages, lands and holdings. Mary Townsend infant is his daughter and heir. Heriot [blank]. Mary was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Deely died since the last court seised of a messuage in or near The Sheep's Street with yard, barns, outhouses, and 4 acres of arable land and "Ley Ground" in Hallow Furrowe Field, Grove Leys north. Heriot [blank]. On 11 Aug last he surrendered by John Henley and Thomas Henley all his copyhold holdings to the use of his will. He made his will in the presence of 3 credible witnesses: John Henley, Thomas Henley and Peter Goldsworth. Its tenor follows: [click here for will]
[f.1v] John, Joseph, Mathew, Anthony and Danel [=Daniel] Deely [Thomas' sons] sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Daniel Cooley died since the last court seised of a messuage now in the occupation of Joseph Gurney, Hannah Smallbones widow and Zachariah Cooley. Nehemiah Cooley is his brother and nearest heir, of full age. Heriot: a "Fether bed" worth 20s. Nehemiah sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This was in The Walk, probably no.3. Daniel inherited from his parents at the previous court.]

Sarah Gyles spinster and Grace Gyles spinster (sisters and coheirs of William Gyles jr who was son and heir of William Gyles deceased) on 9 Sep last (by direction of Sarah Gyles widow, relict and executrix of William Gyles the father) surrendered a messuage or cottage or messuages or cottages late in the tenure of Robert Newman and Samuel Greeves and now John Longbridge and Ann Wyatt widow or one of them, situate near the Markett place in Winslow with houses, outhouses, yards, backyards. To the use of Henry Langley of Winslowe gent., on condition that if John Longbridge pays him £150 with interest (from 6 May 1710) on 17 Nov next, the surrender is to be void. Henry sought admission. Rent [blank, fine [blank].
[This was in Church Walk behind 17 Market Square; the Gyleses were apparently mortgagees.]

[f.2r] By the consent of Ann Worsely, relict and executrix of John Worsley deceased, came John Bollar [sic] and Frances his wife and surrendered a messuage near The Church yard of Winslow now in the occupation of John Bollard, with yard, garden, backyard. To the use of Thomas Allin of Buckingham Maulster, on condition that if John Bollard and Frances his wife pay Thomas £15 7s 6d on 2 April next at Thomas' now dwelling in Buckingham, the surrender is to be void. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[Frances Ballard was sister of John Worsley, who died in 1711 and was the mortgagee; Thomas Allin or Allen was her brother-in-law.]

Joseph Bigg and Robert Eden surrendered 1 acre of arable and grassland in New Mill Field in the furlong called Long Mead Leys, Thomas Blake east, Mr Townsend west. To the use of Philip Budd jr of Winslow Lacebuyer. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Martha Deely widow and relict of Thomas Deely deceased, John, Joseph, Mathew, Antony and Daniel the 5 sons of Thomas surrendered a messuage in or near The Sheep Street with barns, yards, orchards, backyards. to the use of William Lowndes of Westminster esq. who sought admission by Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent [blank], fine 5s, fealty respited.
[additional slip sewn in below] William Lowndes esq. by Peter Lowndes his attorney surrendered the messuage to the use of his will. [signed] Nicho: Merwin.
[William Lowndes demolished the house to improve the view from Winslow Hall]

Samuel Wilston and Daniel Gyles surrendered a domicile in Winslow with orchard adjoining in which Samuel Wilston and Thomas Goodger now live. To the use of John Stevens and Jane his wife, who sought admission. Rent 2s, fine 5s, heriot by composition 2s 4d.
[This refers to Tinkers End Cottage]

Orders made at this court [English; errors in the original not corrected]

Impri(mi)s it is Ordered That the Tylth or Wheat field of Winslowe shall be yearly heyned from all Cattle upon the 10th day of November yearly And the Bean field of Winslowe aforesaid shall be yearly heyned from all Cattle upon the 25th day of March Yearly And that the fallow field there shall be yearly heyned from all great Cattle at the same time.

Item it is Ordered That no p(er)son or p(er)sons whatsoever having righ of Com(m)on within Com(m)on Fields of Winslowe aforesaid shall keep or depasture or cause to be kept depastured more Cattle in the said Com(m)on Fields then is hereafter expressed (That is to say) For Every Tenn Acres One Horse for every Five Acres One Cowe and For every Acre One Sheep or instead of One Sheep Two Lambs (That is to say) One horse or Two Cowes and Tenn Sheep upon Tenn Acres and after that p(ro)portion for More or Less Lands as is hereinafter menc(i)oned

Item it is Ordered That Noe p(er)son or p(er)sons whatsoever shall keep & depasture or cause to be kept & depastured any horse or Cowe in any of the Com(m)on or highwayes belonging to Winslowe unless Such p(er)son or p(er)sons shall have Com(m)on of pasture for the same Cattle according to the Rules and Orders herein menc(i)oned And whosoever Shall depasture his or their Cowe or Cowes in the said highwayes before the Com(m)on heard is made to be Ledd or Staked

Item it is Ordered That Noe p(er)son or p(er)sons shall Stake or depasture or cause to be kept or depastured any horse or Cowe (Except with the Com(m)on heard within the said Com(m)on Fields [)] upon any other man's ground than his own till the field where such horse or Cowe shall be so staked kept or pastured shall be Clean Ridd

[f.2v] Item it is Ordered That Noe p(er)son or p(er)sons shall keep or depasture or cause to be kept or depastured any horse or Cowe within the Com(m)on Fields in or upon any Close or ground that hath been Mowed in that year unless he shall have Com(m)on & pasture for the same According to the Rules & Orders made at this Court and now in force. And that no p(er)son shall (after the Com(m)on heard of Winslowe shall be made yearly) depasture any Cowe or Cowes upon such Mowed Ground in that year sep(ar)ate and apart from the Com(m)on heard unless they be upon his own ground Which said Com(m)on heard shall be made yearly on the First day of August and shall be kept in any part of either of the thre fields of Winslowe where there is room Provided also that the said Com(m)on heard shall not be p(er)mitted to Depasture upon any p(er)son's ground (that hath been Grazed or fedd and noe part thereof Mowed in that year) lying in the Wheat or Bean Field Yearly until the Corne or Grasse growing or being (in such year) upon the two Furlongs near adjoyning thereunto shall be clean ridd and Carryed away But that every p(er)son who shall have any Close or Closes or other parcells of pasture ground in such Wheat or Bean Field yearly which he can drive Cattle unto and depasture them therein without prejudice to or trespassing others It shall and may be Lawfull for Such p(er)sons to Use and Enjoy such Sum(m)er fed Lands with Horses Cowes or Sheep untill after the 11th day of August yearly noe p(er)son shall depasture any more Cattle in any the Com(m)onable Fields aforesaid then he hath Com(m)on of pasture for according to the Rules & Orders made at this Court Provided further that if any p(er)son hath any Mowed Ground and will non use the Horse or Cowe Com(m)on of or belonging thereunto in that year by himself or any other p(er)son after Harvest be at Home out of the Field Such ground shall lye in and thereof shall give notice to the said Overseers before he shall Stake or depasture his Horse on such Mowed Ground Such p(er)sons may Stake or depasture his Horse there anything before conteyned to the Contrary \notwithstanding/

Item It is Ordered That noe p(er)son or p(er)sons shall p(er)mitt or suffer his or their Colt or Colts above four Weeks old to be untyed within the Wheat or Bean feild aforesaid till Harvest be at home ... upon paine to forfeit One Shillings [sic] ... for Every default. [repeated from 1700]

Item it is Ordered at this Court That noe p(er)son whatsoever who shall not have Com(m)on of pasture by reason of the tenure of his Land within the Com(m)on Fields of Winslowe shall or may take or hire Com(m)on of pasture within the said Com(m)on Fields for more than One horse Yearly And whosoever shall depasture more than One Horse who shall not Occupy tenn Acres of Land in the said Com(m)on Fields Shall forfeit for every Offence Five Shillings Provided neverthelesse That any p(er)son who doth or shall occupy any number of acres of Land in the said Com(m)on Fields (may take the Com(m)on Fields) may take the Com(m)on of pasture for soe maney Acres as will be Sufficient to make up the Number of Acres he shall Occupy Tenn Acres or soe maney Acres he shall have Occasion for Subject to these Orders.

Item it is Ordered at this Court That if any p(er)son or p(er)sons who shall not have Com(m)on of Pasture for Cattle within the said Com(m)on Fields according to the custome used within this Mannor and shall take Com(m)on of Pasture for any Horse or Horses to be depastured in the said Com(m)on Fields (other than to the Plough or Draught) and Shall sell his or their dung or soyle to any p(er)son or p(er)sons who Shall carry the same out of the said Com(m)on Fields of Winslowe Such p(er)son taking Such Com(m)on shall not be p(er)mitted to depasture any horse in the said Com(m)on Fields for the Lease[?] of One Year from the time of selling such Dung or Soyle any Order or by Law made at any Court held for this Mannor anywise notwithstanding.

Item It is ordered that whosoever hath Com(m)on of Pasture According to the rules and Orders hereby sett down for more horses or Cowes than he hath Occasion to depasture thereon or for any Number of Acres more <or> less such p(er)son or p(er)sons shall have liberty to Lett th same to any p(er)son or p(er)sons within the said Man(n)or Subject to the Rules and Orders hereby Sett Down giving Notice thereof in writeing under his or their hands to the Overseers of these Orders by the Space of Tenn dayes at least to whom he doth intend to Lett the same Com(m)on of Pasture And every p(er)son letting any Com(m)on without giveing such Notice shall forfeit for every Horse 10s for every Cow 3s for every Sheep 1s. And it is further Ordered that such p(er)son or p(er)sons who shall hire or take the Com(m)on of Pasture ... shall likewise give Notice to the said Overseers by the space of Seven days before he or they shall depasture such Cattle ... Provided that noe such p(er)son or p(er)sons who shall take such Com(m)on of Pasture for Horses shall continue the same in the said Comon fields after the Last day of Novem(ber) yearly. [altered from 1685, when the Overseers arranged the letting]

Item it is Ordered That any p(er)son or p(er)sons haveing Com(m)on of Pasture for Sheep and haveing noe sheep to depasture thereon may from the 25th day of March to the 25th day of July Yearly and no longer in the stead of Twelve Sheep depasture one Horse Or my in the Stead of Tenn Sheep depasture One Cowe in the Fallow Fields Yearly according to the Rules herein menc(i)oned and that any p(er)son or p(er)sons haveing Com(m)on of Pasture for Horses or Cowes and haveing noe Such Cattle to depasture thereon may may from the First day of August Yearly to the Second of November and noe longer may in the Stead of One Horse depasture tenn Sheep and in the Stead of One Cowe depasture Five Sheep according to the Rules aforesaid

Item it is Ordered That whereas sev(er)all p(er)sons haveing right of Com(m)on within the Com(m)on Fields of Winslow aforesaid Colour their fraudulent Practices in surchargeing the Com(m)on and doe Chase & Prechase their Cattle upon the said Com(m)on Fields Doe (contrary to the Custome of the said Mannor sometimes when they have Stocked their Com(m)ons with Horses) take of the same and restocke such Com(m)ons with Cowes and sometimes when they have Stocked their Com(m)ons with Cowes take of the same and restock them with Horses And other p(er)sons Doe Chase and Rechase with Horses putting into the said Feilds in the Day One Horse and in the night another And use other fraudulent Practices whereby they depasture doubly what they ought It is therefore Ordered at this Court That no p(er)son whatsoever in any Year after he hath stocked his Com(m)ons with Horses or Cowes shall in that Year Alter or Change the Nature of his Cattle unless the same or any part thereof shall happen to dye or the Owner shall by sale thereof or demise of such Com(m)on or otherwise dispose of the same Cattle or Com(m)on and give six dayes Notice thereof to the Overseers of these Orders on pain for every one that shall make default or Lett such Com(m)on to forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Mannor Five Shillings for every default One Moiety whereof for the Overseers of these orders and the Other Moiety thereof to the Heyward by Consent of the Lord of the Mannor.

[f.3r] Item it is Ordered That any p(er)son or p(er)sons shall or my Feed or depasture or cause to be fedd or depastured in the Wheat Fields Yearly in Tenn days that Such Fields Shall be clean ridd Yearly and not Sooner Unless on Sum(m)er fed ground in that Year and in the Bean Field the 18th day of October and not Sooner Unless on Sum(m)er fed ground in that Year And upon the 25th day of March Yearly Two Lambs shall be accounted for and be Com(m)oned as one Sheep unto the 10th day of August Yearly at which time every Lamb Shall be accounted for and have Com(m)on of Pasture as a Sheep And at Such time as the Sheep Shall be depastured in the Wheat Field Yearly Horses & Cowes may Inter Com(m)on in the Said Fields Yearly and not Sooner.

Item it is Ordered That Whereas Sev(er)all p(er)sons haveing right of Common for Sheep within the Com(m)onable Fields of Winslow afores(ai)d have contrary to the Custome of the said Mannor Fraudulently demised Such Com(m)on for some few Weeks or Months which hath been prejudiciall to the Com(m)oners honestly Using Such Com(m)on It is therefore Ordered att this Court that noe p(er)son upon any pretence whatsoever Shall att any time Demise his Sheep Com(m)on to any p(er)son whatsoever for Less time than Six Months Unless from Lam(m)as to Nov(ember) as aforesaid.

Item it is Ordered That noe p(er)son whatsoever shall contrary to Law demise his Com(m)on of Pasture for Horses Cows or Sheep unto any other p(er)son not an Inh(ab)itant of the Parish of Winslowe aforesaid

Item it is Ordered at this Court That noe p(er)son or p(er)sons shall keep or Depasture or cause to be kept or Depastured in the S(ai)d Com(m)on Fields from the Second Day of November Yearly to the 25th Day of March Yearly more than sixteen Sheep for 20 Acres of Land and Soe proportionably for every greater or Lesser Quantity

Item it is Ordered That any p(er)son or p(er)sons who Shall p(er)mitt or Suffer his or their Horses Cowes Sheep or Lambs to be Depastured or in any Wise Offend contrary to the Rules &Orders before menc(i)oned or any of them shall forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor for Every Offence The severall sums hereinafter menc(i)oned (that is to say) five shillings for every Horse Two Shillings & Sixpence for every Cowe and Sixpence for every Sheep or Lamb for every time Offending and where any Cattle shall be taken trespassing the Cattle shall be Impounded and such Sum(m)es of Money as aforesaid Shall be paid att the Pound Gate unto the Overseers of these Orders.

Item Whereas many p(er)sons of late years Doe make a practice of Rakeing Hame to sell whereby many Poor Persons who would have Liberty to have the same are deprived thereof It is therefore Ordered at this Court That noe P(er)son shall Rake any Hame or Stuble that grew in the Com(m)on Feilds & P(ar)ish of Winslowe ... and sell the same And that Noe P(er)son shall Rake any Hame or Stuble upon any P(er)sons Land within the said parish without the Consent of the Owner thereof on pain to forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor 6d for every default One Moiety whereof to be for the Mole catcher and the other Moiety for the Heyward. [repeated verbatim, with additions and a lower penalty, from 1710]

Item it is Ordered at this Court That Every P(er)son who is the Occupier of any Lands in the Com(m)on fields of Winslowe shall on Eight days Notice to them to be given Open the Furrowes at the End of their plowed Lands so as to Lete the watter out from the said Lands that they doe not p(re)judice the Occupyer of the Land thereto adjoining on pain for every One that shall make default to forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Mannor for every Neglect 4d. [repeated from 1710]

Item it is Ordered at this Court That Noe P(er)son shall Lett or Take any Horse Comon after the Nine & Twentieth day of September Yearly which hath been laid in that year on pain to forfeit for every Offence 5s.

Item Whereas Severall Avaritious P(er)sons within this homage haveing Lands in the Comon Fields of Winslow regarding their own proffitts only without regard to the Com(m)on Good of their Neighbours haveing Land there Have of late years made hedges and Ditches through all their Lands lying dispersedly in the said Com(m)on fields leaveing noe Roome for themselves to draw Dung upon their own Lands or to draw of Corne or Hay from thence without trespassing their Neighbours whereby many honest Neighbours are Greatly p(re)judiced It is therefore Ordered That noe P(er)son what soever haveing or Occupying Lands in the said fields Doe at any time hereafter make or cause to be made any such Hedges and Ditches on pain to forfeit two Shillings to the Lord of this Mannor whereof by Consent of the Lord of the said Mannor One Moiety thereof shall be paid to the Fields Men of Winslow aforesaid for the time being And it is further Ordered that every P(er)son who hath already made or shall hereafter make any such Hedge and Ditch Doe on One Months Notice thereof (to be Given to them in writeing by such of the Homage as live within the parish of Winslowe who serve on this Jury for the Court Baron or shall hereafter Serve on the Jury att any other Court Baron) cause the same to be thrown down soe that such P(er)son or P(er)sons may draw off their Corne from their own Lands into the Com(m)on or Field wayes without trespassing upon their Neighbours and Com(m)oners Cattle may enter may enter [sic] thereupon on pain to forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor for every default Two Shillings.

Item it is Ordered That noe P(er)son shall P(er)mitt or Suffer their Hoggs or Piggs to goe or depasture in any of the said Com(m)on Fields till such fields shall be clean ridd nor P(er)mitt or Suffer his or their Hoggs and Piggs after they shall be or shall be esteemed to be Two Months old to be kept or depastured in any of the said Fields Unless rung in such manner as shall prevent them from Digging upon pain to forfiet to the Lord of this Mannor for every time Offending for every hogg iiijd for every Pigg ijd.

Item it is Ordered at this Court That the Oversees of these Orders shall forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Man(or) (for every Offender that they shall knowingly and willingly omitt to P(re)sent) such sum(m)e & Sum(m)es of Money as such Offenders respectively ought to pay for breach of these Orders.

Item it is Ordered & agreed by Consent of the Lord of this Mannor That the said Overseers shall & receive (for their labour and trouble about the prem(is)es) One third part in thre parts to be devided of the penalties and forfeitures herein menc(i)oned And that the Heyward of Winslowe for the time being shall have One other third part in three parts to be devided as aforesaid and as often as the sev(er)all forfeitures penalties and p(re)sentments ag(ain)st the respective Offenders shall be p(re)sented Levied and [ - - - ]

Item it is ordered that Roger West Simon Hogson William Gibbs and Thomas Blake shall be Overseers of these orders.

Item it is further ordered as well by [ - - - as by the] Overseers that a Memorial shall be made by the same Overs[eers] of the names or Numbers of Acres of all P(er)sons wh[o - - - pers]ons who shall give Notice of such Na[ - - - ]all take the same Com(m)on of [ - - - ] Cattle without [ - - - ]

[f.3v] [ - - - ] Orders shall Lett [ - - - ] Booke shall be kept [ - - - ] the Com(m)on Fields of Winslow [ - - - ]t the Fieldmen or Overseers of these Orders [ - - - ] in a file to be kept for that Purpose which File [ - - - ] produced att every severall Court Baron to be held [ - - - ] every Fieldsman shall make default to forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Mannor 3s 4d for every default

Item It is ordered that William Green and Phillip Green shall be Herdsmen and Heyward for on year and till another is chosen in his roome.

Item It is ordered That [blank] shall Continue Scavenger of Winslowe for one year ensuing and till another be chosen in his Stead.

Item it is Ordered That noe P(er)son or P(er)sons shall from henceforth permitt or suffer his or their stall stallage or stallgere to be or remain in the Markett place of Winslow aforesaid save upon Markett days there upon pain for every One that shall make default to forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Mannor three shillings and sixpence for every default One third thereof shall be for the Use of the Surve(y)ors of the Highwayes for the time being for the repair of the Markett place and streets within the Towne of Winslowe aforesaid And on other third part thereof for the use of the said Scavenger by Consent of the Lord of the Mannor.

Item is is Ordered \at this Court/ That no P(er)son or P(er)sons shall lay any Dunghill in the Markett place or in any of the Com(m)on Streets within the Towne of Winslow and Continue and suffer the same to remain there by the space of Fourteen dayes (excep(t) such Mud & Dung as shall be taken out of Pillowes Ditch) upon pain to forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor iijs vjd One third whereof shall be for the Use of the said Scavenger and One \other/ third part thereof for the use of the Surveyors of the highways for the time being for the repair of the Markett place & Streets within the Towne of Winslowe aforesaid by the Consent of the Lord of the Mannor

Item it is Ordered \at this Court/ that noe P(er)son or P(er)sons shall Digg or take any Clay or Gravell out of the Com(m)on highwayes within the parish of Winslow afores(ai)d for his own private Use (unless he shall fill the pitts or places where such Clay shall be soe dugg or taken away within the space of six days) upon pain to forfeit for every default iijs vjd the Moiety whereof shall be for the Surveyors as aforesaid by Consent of the Lord of the Mannor.

Item it is Ordered at this Court that noe P(er)son whatsoever shall bash or Break any other p(er)sons hedge to beat of the Hawes for Hoggs and Piggs and that if any Drover or p(er)son who make it his business to by hoggs or any other P(er)son shall keepe[?] a greater number of hoggs in the Com(m)on fields of Winslow than he has Occasion to keep for his own use shall forfeit for every Hogg 4d & 2d for every Pigg for every time Offending One third of wh(i)ch said penalties shall be for the Fields men & One third for the Heyward for the time being.

Item Whereas divers P(er)sons have for their own proper gain only placed Dunghills in the Common streets withen the Towne of Winslowe being the Queen’s high way there whereby very many nauseous and unholsome Smells are often brought and continued in the same Com(m)on Streets to the great and Common Nusance and damage of his Maj(es)ties Leidge people inhabiting within the precinct of this Leet as other his Maj(es)ties Leidge people passing through the same streets But alsoe doe shoul up Dirt in the said Common streets whereby is occasioned damage to the said Inh(abi)tants and the Common high wayes there It is therefore Ordered That noe P(er)son whatsoever shall Lay any Dunghill nor Shoule up any Dirt in any of the Common Streets of Winslowe aforesaid to the Annoyance of the high wayes upon pain to forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor Six pence for every load of Dung or Dirt that shall be soe laid Shoulded up or carryed away out of the said Streets Provided That it shall be Lawfull for the Scavenger to clean the Streets in the said Towne of Winslowe and lay the Dirt on heaps soe that he Cause the same to be carryed away within three Weeks at the most.

Item it is Ordered by the Consent of the Lord of this Mannor That his Third part of all the penalties for breach of these Orders sh(oul)d be laid out by ye Fiel(d)s men for ye time being in makeing & repairing waterings & amending the Field of Winslow aforesaid.

And Lastly it is Ordered That all former Orders made at this Court relating to the said Common fields of Winslowe be and the same are hereby Vacated and made void.

[Latin] 2nd proclamation for James Dobson gent. and Arthur Crabb on the surrender of John Seaton presented 29 March 1714.
3rd proclamation for the heirs of Joan Pitkin on her death presented 14 Oct 1713.
2nd proclamation for John Goldsworth on the death of Peter Goldsworth infant his brother presented 29 March 1714.
4th proclamation for Hannah Merwin spinster on the surrender of Yeomans presented April 1708 and Gibbs and others presented 20 April 1713.
5th proclamation for William Holt on the surrender of Robert Holt presented 3 Oct 1712.
7th proclamation for Edward Insley on the surrender of Daniel Hamms presented 17 Oct 1711.
8th proclamation for Charles Inwood.
4th proclamation for the heirs of William Gyles presented 20 April 1713
6th proclamation for John Simpson on the surrender of John Mountague presented 21 April 1712
9th proclamation for Samuel Norman on the surrender of Augustine Seaton and wife, presented 18 Oct 1710.

End of this court
Nicho: Merwin, steward


Court baron, 18 October 1714

[f.4r] Manor of Winslow with members. Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 18 October 1 George 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Homage: John Henley, Thomas Henley, Thomas Foster, John Bollard
Phillip Budd, Stephen Bigg, Henry Stutsbury, William Shelton jr
William Shelton sr, Thomas Watts, Robert Dorsett, John Shelton

Thomas Miller Currier [sic] and Priscilla his wife surrendered:

To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster esq. and his assigns, who sought admission through Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent 2s 6d, fine 18s.

William Lowndes surrendered to the use of his will.

Richard Letman and Ann Worsley widow surrendered 1 acre of grassland in Old Mill feild in Lower Hallow furrow furlong, the land late Joseph Glenister's south. To the use of Samuel Norman of Winslow and Martha his wife for their lives, then to Samuel's heirs. Samuel and Martha sought admission. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

[f.4v] William Lowndes surrendered [the land listed above] to the use of his will.

End of this court

Copyright 23 April, 2017