Court baron with view of frankpledge, 29 March 1714

Centre for Bucks Studies D/211/30

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English, marked with "..."). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

Manor of Winslowe with members. Court Baron with View of Frankpledge of Robert Lowndes esq., 29 March 13 Anne 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Essoins: none

Jurors for the lady Queen:
Simon Hogson, Grant Hewett, Thomas Deely jr
John Longbridge, Henry Stutsbury, John Wright
Henry Emerton, Anthony George, Joseph White
George Stevens, Robert Stevens sr, John Wyatt

Court Baron

Essoins: Thomas Gibbs, Mathew Hobbs, Robert Smith, William Elliott, Thomas Henley, Thomas Barton, Thomas Curtis, John Bence, John Bond sr with many others

Homage:
Thomas Foster, Philip Budd jr, William Eden, Benjamin Saunders
Thomas Worrall, Henry Curtis, John Hodgkins, William Smith
John Woodward, Benedict Holland jr, Robert Manwaring, Thomas Mountague
William Stevens of Tiled House, John Stevens, Hugh Thorpe & Mark Morris

Daniel Cooley and Sarah his wife, customary tenants, died since the last court seised of a messuage in the occupation of [blank]. Daniel Cooley is their son and next heir, of full age. Heriot by composition 20s. He was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[The messuage was in The Walk. The Cooleys were Baptists. Daniel jr died later in 1714 and the property was later in the hands of his brother[?] Zacharias.]

Peter Goldsworth jr died since the last court seised of 1 acre of land. John Goldsworth infant aged [blank] is his brother and next heir. Heriot [blank]. He was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[Peter and John were the sons of the lawyer Peter Goldsworth.]

William Gyles jr died since the last court seised of certain holdings. Sarah, Grace, Martha and Jane Gyles are his sisters and co-heirs. Heriot [blank]. They were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made. [see below]

Henry Tomms died since the last court seised of a cottage. Heriot [blank]. On 26 Oct last he surrendered by Robert Gibbs sr and Philip Budd sr the cottage in which he then lived. To the use of Ann Tomms then his wife (for her life), then to the use of Christiana Tomms spinster his daughter and her heirs in perpetuity. On condition that if Christiana within 12 months after Ann's decease does not pay to John Tomms (Henry's grandson) 40s and to Joseph Tomms Henry's son 20s, and to Thomas Tomms and Mary Tomms, Henry's children, 10s each, then the surrender is to the use of John Tomms, making the payments to Joseph, Thomas and Mary. Ann and Christiana sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[The cottage was on the west side of the High Street, north of Vicarage Road.]

Alice Guest widow on 11 Nov last surrendered 1 acre of land in the common fields of Winslowe:

To the use of Richard Bigg of Winslowe gent. Rent 2s [sic], fine 2s.

Stephen Bigg, grandson of Stephen Bigg deceased, sought admission to:

which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Stephen Bigg deceaseed. Seisin granted to Stephen Bigg infant. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[The original surrender was made in 1704. Stephen jr (son of Richard Bigg) now sought admission because his grandmother Mary had died. The first messuage was Brook Hall or somewhere adjacent. The second messuage was on the site of 12 Horn Street.]

John Seaton surrendered the reversion expectant on the death of Mary Seaton widow of a messuage in Winslowe now in the occupation of Richard Gibbs with houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens. He also surrendered the separate pieces of arable land, meadow and pasture in the common fields of Winslowe and Shipton containing 22 acres which he held for his life. To the following uses: to the use of James Dobson of London gent. and Arthur Crabb of Aylesbury gent., on condition that the surrender is to be void if John pays James such sums as are now or at next Lady Day will be due to James for the rent or arrears of rent of James' land or holdings in Steeple Claydon which John now holds from him. James and Arthur were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

Sarah, Grace, Martha and Jane, sisters and co-heirs of William Gyles jr deceased, sought admission to:

Rent [blank], fine 18s. Jane's fealty respited.
[Details of the land were given at the 1713 court. The messuage was on the site of The Bank. See further below.]

[f.1v] John Wyatt and Ann his wife sought admission to the separate pieces of land in the common fields of Shipton:

which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Mary Tomlins widow at the last court. To hold to John and Ann and the heirs of their bodies, or to John's heirs. Rent 9d, fine 6s.

John Henley and Richard Phipps, the two surviving trustees of 6½ acres of land in the common fields of Winslowe:

and also of:

surrendered all to the use of William Lowndes esq., Robert Lowndes jr gent. infant, Richard Bigg, Stephen Bigg infant, Thomas Blake, Thomas Foster, John Seaton butcher, John Henley, Robert Wyatt, John Wyatt, William Elliott and William West on these separate trusts:

The aforesaid [9 names] were called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[See Poor relief and charities for more on this]

Sarah Gyles widow of William Gyles deceased, Elizabeth Gyles widow of William Gyles jr deceased, and Sarah, Grace and Martha, three sisters of William Gyles jr, surrendered 9 acres which came into the lord's hands on the death of William Gyles jr. to the use of Jane, fourth sister of William Gyles, and her heirs in perpetuity. Rent 2s 3d, fine 18s, fealty respited.
[Jane subsequently married Henry Langley of Leighton Buzzard, then Thomas Worrall of Winslow]

They also surrendered 3 undivided parts, to be divided into 4 parts, of their barn situated in Great Horne Street. To the use of Sarah Gyles widow and her heirs in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 3s 9d.

[f.2r] William Evans, son and heir of Robert Evans deceased, sought admission to a messuage and 1 acre of land in The Cowe Pasture of Shipton with common of pasture for one cow, which came into the lord's hands on the death of Robert presented at the court on 20 April 1713. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

Orders made at this Court

[English] Whereas by the Orders made at this Co(u)rt for the Reg(u)lation and Improvem(en)t of the Com(m)on Feilds of Winslow It is ordered (amongst other things) That all P(er)sons who Should offend contrary to the Ord(e)rs Should forfiet for every Offence Twelve pence for a Horse Six pence for a Cow & Two pence for ev(er)y Sheep or Lamb for ev(er)y time Offending Which penaltys have been found insufficient to deter Offender from trespassing It is therefore Ord(er)ed at this Co(u)rt that all P(er)sons who shall P(er)mitt or Suffer any Com(m)onable Cattle to Feed or depasture within the Com(m)on Feilds & p(re)cincts of Winslowe contrary to the said recited Ord(e)rs Shall for ev(er)y offence forfiet to the Lord of this Manner Five Shillings for ev(er)y Horse Mare or Gelding ij s vj d for ev(er)y Cow vj d for ev(er)y Sheep or Lambe for ev(er)y time taken Whereof Two thirds to the Feilds Men upon their p(re)sentm(en)t of the respective Offend(er).

Impri(mi)s It is Ordered at this Co(u)rt that John Stevens Brickmaker On vj days Notice hereof doe amend his field Gapp att Hallow [sic] Furrow on pain to forfiet x s to the Lord of the Manner.

Item It is Ordered that soe many of the Jury of this Homage as shall have Notice shall mett together att the House of Thomas Hazzard called the Royall Oake and Sett out the Lands of the Lord of the Manner in the Occupac(i)on of Simon Hogson att Hollow furrow next the Widd(ow) Glenister & att Astmead next the Land of John Seaton & att Cleydon Werg next the lands of Tho(mas) Blake & at Hauoxlow next the Lands of Samuell Norman on paine for every one of the said Homage who shall make Default to Forfeit & pay to the lord of this Mannor iij s iiij d

Item It is Ordered at this Court That Thomas Whiteeaves doe on Six days Notice of this Order amend the Fieldway at Lower Westorne between Lower Westorne plat & Astmead there having been lately made a ditch there in the Land of Tho(mas) Godwin which lands are in the occupation of the said Thomas Whiteeaves on pain to forfiet to the Lord of this Manner 4s.

2nd proclamation for the heirs of Joan Pitkin on her death presented 14 Oct 1713.
4th proclamation for William Holt on the death of Robert Holt his father presented 8 Oct 1712.
3rd proclamation for Richard and Thomas Barton on the surrender of Richard Barton presented 20 April 1713.
5th proclamation for John Simpson on the surrender of John Mountague presented 20 April 1712.
6th [=7th] proclamation for Charles Inwood.
6th proclamation for Edward Insley on the surrender of Daniel Hamms presented 17 Oct 1711.
6th proclamation for Richard Betham, John Denchfield and John Tatham on the surrender of John Stevens, presented 17 Oct 1711.
8th proclamation for Samuel Norman on the surrender of Augustine Seaton and wife, presented 18 Oct 1710.
3rd proclamation for Hannah Merwin spinster on the surrender of Richard Bigg and Robert Gibbs presented 20 April 1713 and of John Yeomans 1708

End of this court
Nicho: Merwin


View of frankpledge with court baron, 1 October 1714

Centre for Bucks Studies D/211/31

Manor of Winslow with members. Court of View of Frankpledge with Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 1 October 1 George 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Essoins: none.

Jurors for the lord king:
Mathew Hobbs, William Dancer, Richard Benbow
Robert Eden, Robert Gibbs jr, John Haines
John Shelton sr, Edward Turnham, Robert Elliott
Edmond Pitkin, George Blake, Robert Dorsett

Common fine: 16s 8d from the inhabitants of Winslowe, 8s 4d Shipton, 9s 4d Grandborough, 12s 4d Little Horwood, £1 6s 4d from certain inhabitants of Oveing and North Marston.

Officers chosen

Henry Stutsbury: constable of Winslow in place of Thomas Gibbs.
Thomas Worrall: tithingman of Winslow in place of Phillipp Bayley.
Thomas Henley: constable of Shipton in place of William Capp.
Henry Townsend: tithingman of Shipton in place of Thomas Harrup deceased.

Francis Mead present here in court and being required to serve on the enquiry for the Lord King at this court obstinately and perversely withdrew in contempt of court; amerced 12d.

George Thorpe being sworn to serve on the homage of the Court Baron held here in the Lord King's Court conducted himself badly and caused a disturbance to the court, and in open court publicly and contemptuously said "I don't care a figg for the Steward". Therefore the fine imposed on him was 5s.

Court Baron

Essoins: William Bence, John Chandler, John Bollard, John Longbridge, William Elliott, John Henley, William Illing, John Woodward, William Morecroft and John Wyatt, with many others.

Homage: Thomas Foster, Charles Bowler, Simon Hogson, Daniel Gyles
Thomas Watts, Thomas Miller, Henry Townsend, Thomas Curtis
Samuel Missenden, Thomas Pitkin, [blank], Newman Willeatt
John Holland sr, William Stevens Yeoman, John Stevens & George Thorpe

Default by tenants: Thomas Bett, Robert Eden, William Gibbs, Joseph Gyles, William Ashfield, Robert Evans, Robert Adams, Arthur Annis, John Bence, Simon Holt with many others. Their appearance was pardoned by the lord's grace.

Robert Gascoyne being in court and required to serve on the homage obstinately withdrew; amerced 12d.

John Chennells, John Seaton butcher, Thomas Smith jr, John Weston, John Clarke being summoned to serve on the homage committed default; each amerced 12d.

William Parradine died since the last court seised of a cottage. John Parradine is his brother and next heir. Heriot [blank]. John was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

John Townsend gent. died since the last court seised of certain messuages, lands and holdings. Mary Townsend infant is his daughter and heir. Heriot [blank]. Mary was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Deely died since the last court seised of a messuage in or near The Sheep's Street with yard, barns, outhouses, and 4 acres of arable land and "Ley Ground" in Hallow Furrowe Field, Grove Leys north. Heriot [blank]. On 11 Aug last he surrendered by John Henley and Thomas Henley all his copyhold holdings to the use of his will. He made his will in the presence of 3 credible witnesses: John Henley, Thomas Henley and Peter Goldsworth. Its tenor follows: [text of will to follow]
[f.1v] John, Joseph, Mathew, Anthony and Danel [=Daniel] Deely [Thomas' sons] sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Daniel Cooley died since the last court seised of a messuage now in the occupation of Joseph Gurney, Hannah Smallbones widow and Zachariah Cooley. Nehemiah Cooley is his brother and nearest heir, of full age. Heriot: a "Fether bed" worth 20s. Nehemiah sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This was in The Walk, probably no.3. Daniel inherited from his parents at the previous court.]

Sarah Gyles spinster and Grace Gyles spinster (sisters and coheirs of William Gyles jr who was son and heir of William Gyles deceased) on 9 Sep last (by direction of Sarah Gyles widow, relict and executrix of William Gyles the father) surrendered a messuage or cottage or messuages or cottages late in the tenure of Robert Newman and Samuel Greeves and now John Longbridge and Ann Wyatt widow or one of them, situate near the Markett place in Winslow with houses, outhouses, yards, backyards. To the use of Henry Langley of Winslowe gent., on condition that if John Longbridge pays him £150 with interest (from 6 May 1710) on 17 Nov next, the surrender is to be void. Henry sought admission. Rent [blank, fine [blank].
[This was in Church Walk behind 17 Market Square; the Gyleses were apparently mortgagees.]

[f.2r] By the consent of Ann Worsely, relict and executrix of John Worsley deceased, came John Bollar [sic] and Frances his wife and surrendered a messuage near The Church yard of Winslow now in the occupation of John Bollard, with yard, garden, backyard. To the use of Thomas Allin of Buckingham Maulster, on condition that if John Bollard and Frances his wife pay Thomas £15 7s 6d on 2 April next at Thomas' now dwelling in Buckingham, the surrender is to be void. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[Frances Ballard was sister of John Worsley, who died in 1711 and was the mortgagee; Thomas Allin or Allen was her brother-in-law.]

Joseph Bigg and Robert Eden surrendered 1 acre of arable and grassland in New Mill Field in the furlong called Long Mead Leys, Thomas Blake east, Mr Townsend west. To the use of Philip Budd jr of Winslow Lacebuyer. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Martha Deely widow and relict of Thomas Deely deceased, John, Joseph, Mathew, Antony and Daniel the 5 sons of Thomas surrendered a messuage in or near The Sheep Street with barns, yards, orchards, backyards. to the use of William Lowndes of Westminster esq. who sought admission by Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent [blank], fine 5s, fealty respited.
[additional slip sewn in below] William Lowndes esq. by Peter Lowndes his attorney surrendered the messuage to the use of his will. [signed] Nicho: Merwin.
[William Lowndes demolished the house to improve the view from Winslow Hall]

Samuel Wilston and Daniel Gyles surrendered a domicile in Winslow with orchard adjoining in which Samuel Wilston and Thomas Goodger now live. To the use of John Stevens and Jane his wife, who sought admission. Rent 2s, fine 5s, heriot by composition 2s 4d.
[This refers to Tinkers End Cottage]

Orders made at this court [English]

[f.2v-3v] more to follow

Item It is Ordered That noe p(er)son or p(er)sons shall p(er)mitt or suffer his or their Colt or Colts above four Weeks old to be untyed within the Wheat or Bean feild aforesaid till Harvest be at home ... upon paine to forfeit One Shillings [sic] ... for Every default. [repeated from 1700]

more to follow

Item It is ordered that whosoever hath Com(m)on of Pasture According to the rules and Orders hereby sett down for more horses or Cowes thn he hath Occasion to depasture thereon or for any Number of Acres more <or> less such p(er)son or p(er)sons shall have liberty to Lett th same to any p(er)son or p(er)sons within the said Man(n)or Subject to the Rules and Orders hereby Sett Down giving Notice thereof in writeing under his or their hands to the Overseers of these Orders by the Space of Tenn dayes at least to whom he doth intend to Lett the same Com(m)on of Pasture And every p(er)son letting any Com(m)on without giveing such Notice shall forfeit for every Horse 10s for every Cow 3s for every Sheep 1s. And it is further Ordered that such p(er)son or p(er)sons who shall hire or take the Com(m)on of Pasture ... shall likewise give Notice to the said Overseers by the space of Seven days before he or they shall depasture such Cattle ... Provided that noe such p(er)son or p(er)sons who shall take such Com(m)on of Pasture for Horses shall continue the same in the said Comon fields after the Last day of Novem(ber) yearly. [altered from 1685, when the Overseers arranged the letting]

more to follow

Item Whereas many p(er)sons of late years Doe make a practice of Rakeing Hame to sell whereby many Poor Persons who would have Liberty to have the same are deprived thereof It is therefore Ordered at this Court That noe P(er)son shall Rake any Hame or Stuble that grew in the Com(m)on Feilds & P(ar)ish of Winslowe ... and sell the same And that Noe P(er)son shall Rake any Hame or Stuble upon any P(er)sons Land within the said parish without the Consent of the Owner thereof on pain to forfeit to the Lord of this Mannor 6d for every default One Moiety whereof to be for the Mole catcher and the other Moiety for the Heyward. [repeated verbatim, with additions and a lower penalty, from 1710]

more to follow

Item it is Ordered at this Court That Every P(er)son who is the Occupier of any Lands in the Com(m)on fields of Winslowe shall on Eight days Notice to them to be given Open the Furrowes at the End of their plowed Lands so as to Lete the watter out from the said Lands that they doe not p(re)judice the Occupyer of the Land thereto adjoining on pain for every One that shall make default to forfeit and pay to the Lord of this Mannor for every Neglect 4d. [repeated from 1710]

It is ordered that William Green and Phillip Green shall be Herdsmen and Heyward for on year and till another is chosen in his roome.

It is ordered That [blank] shall Continue Scavenger of Winslowe for one year ensuing and till another be chosen in his Stead.

[Latin] 2nd proclamation for James Dobson gent. and Arthur Crabb on the surrender of John Seaton presented 29 March 1714.
3rd proclamation for the heirs of Joan Pitkin on her death presented 14 Oct 1713.
2nd proclamation for John Goldsworth on the death of Peter Goldsworth infant his brother presented 29 March 1714.
4th proclamation for Hannah Merwin spinster on the surrender of Yeomans presented April 1708 and Gibbs and others presented 20 April 1713.
5th proclamation for William Holt on the surrender of Robert Holt presented 3 Oct 1712.
7th proclamation for Edward Insley on the surrender of Daniel Hamms presented 17 Oct 1711.
8th proclamation for Charles Inwood.
4th proclamation for the heirs of William Gyles presented 20 April 1713
6th proclamation for John Simpson on the surrender of John Mountague presented 21 April 1712
9th proclamation for Samuel Norman on the surrender of Augustine Seaton and wife, presented 18 Oct 1710.

End of this court
Nicho: Merwin, steward


Court baron, 18 October 1714

[f.4r] Manor of Winslow with members. Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 18 October 1 George 1714 by Nicholas Merwin, gent, steward.

Homage: John Henley, Thomas Henley, Thomas Foster, John Bollard
Phillip Budd, Stephen Bigg, Henry Stutsbury, William Shelton jr
William Shelton sr, Thomas Watts, Robert Dorsett, John Shelton

Thomas Miller Currier [sic] and Priscilla his wife surrendered:

To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster esq. and his assigns, who sought admission through Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent 2s 6d, fine 18s.

William Lowndes surrendered to the use of his will.

Richard Letman and Ann Worsley widow surrendered 1 acre of grassland in Old Mill feild in Lower Hallow furrow furlong, the land late Joseph Glenister's south. To the use of Samuel Norman of Winslow and Martha his wife for their lives, then to Samuel's heirs. Samuel and Martha sought admission. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

[f.4v] William Lowndes surrendered [the land listed above] to the use of his will.

End of this court

Copyright 17 March, 2017