Court baron, 26 January 1669/70

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/14

Originals in Latin apart from words shown in "...". Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough. The documents were sewn together in the wrong order, hence the numbering of the folios.

[f.3r] Manor of Winslow with members. Court Baron of the most noble George, Duke, Marquis and Earl of Buckingham, Earl of Coventry, Viscount Villiers, Baron Whaddon of Whaddon, master of horse of the most serene lord king, Knight of the Garter, Privy Councillor, lord of the manor, 26 Jan 21 Charles II 1669 before Thomas Bradgate esq., steward.

Homage: John Hogston, Richard Seaton, William Spooner, Andrew Stutsbury
Francis Glenister, Richard Phipps, Robert Eliott
John Henley jr, Benedict Holland, John Bowden
William Elinge, Thomas Waters, Joseph Cox

William Moody and Ann his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow now in the tenure of Thomas Rodgers with buildings, orchards and gardens. To the use of William Giles. Rent 3d, fine 5s, heriot 2s.

John Finch surrendered a messuage or [=with?] malthouse [tenementum granificium] and 1 acre of land in Winslow now in his own tenure. To the use of William Rochford, clerk, on condition that the surrender will be void if John pays him £20 on 6 May next. Rent 4d, fine 5s, heriot nothing because he has other lands.
[John Finch mortgaged the property again in 1672, when the description suggests that it was what became 8 High Street]

John Snow surrendered 24 acres in Shipton and all his other customary lands within the manor (4 acres formerly surrendered to one Thomas Smalbones only excepted) to the use of Abigail Busebey widow, on condition that the surrender will be void if John pays her £115: £6 on 27 Jan 1670/1 and 1671/2, and £106 on 27 Jan 1672/3. Rent 6s, fine £2 8s.

[f.3v] Thomas Bett and Elizabeth his wife surrendered all that part of a messuage or cottage in Winslow now in his own tenure containing 2 "bayes of buildings" with "the leantoo and yard" [aedificio et penetral'] containing 22 feet from the side of the messuage to the street, the house of Thomas Markham north. To the use of Thomas Wells. Rent 2d, fine 5s, heriot nothing.
[Thomas Bett was a blacksmith but it isn't yet known where he lived.]

Benjamin Leach on his deathbed on 20 Oct 1669 surrendered by John Watts and Mathew Bishop all his part of a messuage or cottage in Winslow now in the occupation of Richard Purchase, with a small close or "hoggeyard" adjoining, and liberty to and from the pump for water, and two "bayes of buildinge" [mensuris] next to the house in which Mathew Bishop now lives, and 3 acres of land scattered in the three fields of Winslow:

To the use of Mary Leach his daughter. Rent 11d, fine 6s, heriot: best animal.

Nicholas Spooner surrendered a messuage or cottage in Winslow next to the house of Richard Daniell. To the use of Robert Spooner. Rent 2d, fine 5s, heriot 2s.

[f.4r] Thomas Godwyn and Mary his wife surrendered 1 acre of arable land in Hackslowe furlonge, Silvester Claver south. To the use of Henry Wyatt sr. Rent 3d, fine 2s, heriot nothing.
Henry Wyatt and Cicely his wife surrendered 1 acre of arable land in Stonefurlonge, shooting [spectan'] to a certain stream called Granborow brooke, John Hogston west. To the use of Thomas Godwyn. Rent 3d, fine 2s, heriot nothing.

Benjamin Leach who held part of a messuage and a parcel of land lately acquired from Wendover Lounds and 20 acres scattered in the fields of Winslow died since the last court. Benjamin Leach jr is his son and nearest heir. Rent 5s 7d, fine £2, heriot £2 10s.

[signed] Tho: Bradgate seneschall


View of frankpledge with court baron, 7 Oct 1670

[f.1r] Manor of Winslow with members. Court Baron of the most noble George, Duke, Marquis and Earl of Buckingham, Earl of Coventry, Viscount Villiers, Baron Whaddon of Whaddon, master of horse of the most serene lord king, Knight of the Garter, Privy Councillor, lord of the manor, 7 Oct 22 Charles II 1670 before John Smith gent., deputy of Thomas Bradgate esq., steward.

Essoins as set out in the rolls of names of suitors [not preserved].

The homage: John Hogson, William Spooner, Andrew Stutbury, John Goddin, John Norman
Francis Dossett, Thomas Smalebones, William Townsend sr, Charles Bowler sr, Richard Fipps
Benet Holland at Elme, Benet Holland at Pound, Nicholas Wyatt, John Holland, Thomas Mountague
Thomas Ward, John Paradine, John Hawkins, Richard Barton

John Stevens pastured a colt [pullus equinus] in the fields against the penalties set out; therefore he forfeited to the lord of the manor 3s.

William Edmunds overburdened the common and "hath broken upp" the stubble of the fields of Little Horwood against the penalties set out; therefore he forfeited to the lord of the manor 10s.

[blank] Mitchell for the same; amerced 3s.

John Seaton kept his cattle [servavit boves suas] in the fields of Winslow against the penalties set out; therefore he forfeited to the lord of the manor 3s.

Robert Pollard for the same; amerced 3s.

Thomas Oakley for the same; amerced 3s.

William Hodgskins 5s, William Burrell 5s, Robert Wells 5s, Thomas Godwin 10s, William Fyrth 10s, Thomas Mayne 10s
Richard Reddinge 5s, John Glenister 5s, Edward Hogston 5s, William Hunt 5s, John Firth 5s, John Forrest 10s, Thomas Daniell 5s, Thomas Hakins 5s
Thomas Crosse 10s, John Pitkin 5s, Robert Hobcraft 5s overburdened the common of Winslow with horses; therefore amerced.

Default by tenants (amerced 4d each): Joseph Ridgeway, Richard Aston, Richard Rogers, Richard Daniell, John Underwood, Benet Glenister, Thomas Halfepenny
Christopher Cotes, Aron Westley, John Finch, Thomas Marchall, Henry Wyatt, William Fyrth, John Robinson, Joseph Miller, John
Bavin, John Shelton sr, Edward Redall, William Claydon, Richard Uddinge, John Shelton jr, Richard Benbow, John Plomer, Ann Pim
Francis Glenister, William Ellott, Thomas Ellott, Robert Heale, Thomas Hogg, William Kinge, John Ellott, William Glenister, Robert
Ellott, Robert Steevens, John Steevens, [blank] Hollaway, Robert Bowden, Widow Rutland, Henry Steevens, Widow Steevens, Thomas
Grace, John Hopkins, John Capp, Edward Hopkins, John Haley, Widow Reade, Ann Menward, John Barrett, John Grange
William Curtis, William Jeffs, Widow Stiles, Elizabeth Stiles, John Wood, John Cooy, John Henly[?], Widow Evans, William
Halle & Thomas Showler

Robert Lowndes and Elizabeth his wife surrendered to Edward Palmer of London Winecooper all right and title in all that messuage in Winslow commonly called the Angell Inn, and all workshops, stables, houses, buildings and "sheepe penns".

Andrew Stutsbury surrendered a close of pasture in Winslowe in Old Mill Feild once called Mill Close and now called Bell Close containing 3 acres. To the use of Mathew Deverell of Stone House in Swanbourne, on condition that the surrender will be void if Andrew pays him 24s on 8 April and 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and 8 April 1673 and £40 24s on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 9d, fine 6s, heriot nothing.
[Bell Close changed slightly at Enclosure, and the name later applied to the land which is now the Recreation Ground, but it seems that here it refers to the land where 110-186 High Street now stand. This entry indicates that this was the original site of the windmill.]

Thomas Godwyn surrendered two closes of pasture in Old Mill Feild, one extending on Horwood brooke north, William Spooner east, containing 6 acres. To the use of Edward Palmer of London Winecooper, on condition that the surrender will be void if Thomas pays him 30s on 8 April and 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and 8 April 1673 and £51 10s on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 1s 6d, fine 12s, heriot nothing.

Thomas Tune and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a parcel of land called Bradford peece in Winslowe containing 8 acres next to the land called Berrey land north. To the use of William Rochford. Rent 2s, fine 16s, heriot nothing.

Thomas Grant alias Miller and Susan his wife surrendered a close of pasture called Albans close and a piece of meadow called Blackthorne platt in Demoram Feild in Winslowe containing 5 acres. To the use of Anthony Godwin, on condition that the surrender will be void if Thomas and Susan pay him 42s on 8 April and 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and 8 April 1673 and £72 2s on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 1s 3d, fine 10s, heriot nothing.

Robert Burt formerly surrendered 2 acres in Blackgrave Feild in Shipton, and half of 3 acres in Redfeild and half of 3 acres in Licefeild and common of pasture for 5 cows. To the use of Amy Barnes wife of John Barnes for her life, after her decease to William Burt and his heirs. In the surrender it was provided that if Robert Burt paid Amy 5s the surrender would be void.
[f.1v] It was found by the homage that the 5s was not paid, and that Amy has died. William Burt sought admission. Rent 1s 3d, fine 10s, heriot 7s 6d.
[William Burt sold the land to Edmund Sharrock in 1675]

Robert Benboe who held a tenement and 1 rood of land in Winslowe before this court died seised thereof. Richard Benboe his son and nearest heir sought admission. Rent 1d, fine 5s, heriot 2s 6d.

Thomas Godwyn surrendered separate parcels of land in Winslow [described in English]:

To the use of Thomas Smith, on condition that the surrender will be void if Thomas pays him 48s on 8 April and 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and 8 April 1673 and £82 on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 2s 3d, fine 18s, heriot nothing.

Edward Fellow surrendered a half-acre of meadow in Demoram, the land of John Townsend north. To the use of Edmund Paxton. Rent 1½d, fine 1s, heriot 2s 6d.

[f.2r] Stephen Younge surrendered all lands in Winslow and Shipton containing 39 acres, except 1 acre in Breechfurlonge, William Spooner east. To the use of Edward Palmer. Rent 9s 6d, fine £3 16s, heriot nothing.

John Norman and Dorothy his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow now in their own occupation. To the use of Francis Glenister, on condition that the surrender will be void if John pays him £6 on 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and £106 on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 1s 6d, fine 5s, heriot nothing.
[This seems to refer to 10 High Street, later (if not already) the King's Head]

Thomas Tune and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow now in the occupation of Thomas Godwin. To the use of Thomas Godwin. Rent 2d, fine 5s, heriot 25s.

William Anstee on his deathbed on 9 April 1670 surrendered by Robert Elliott and Richard Phipps 1½ acres of land in Blackgrove feild in Shipton, William Townsend west. To the use of Benjamin Anstee. Rent 4½d, fine 3s, heriot 10s.

[f.2v] Edward Palmer gent surrendered a messuage called The Angell Inn and 80 acres of land in Winslow. To the use of Stephen Younge. Rent 20s, fine £8, heriot nothing. Procedure of common recovery: Henry Wyatt complained against Stephen on a plea of land. Edward called to warrant Robert Lownds, who called Robert Gibbs. The minister of the court [blank] Kem[?] delivered seisin. All surrendered to Edward Palmer.

Wendrer [sic] Lownds and John Parnham surrendered a parcel of land in Winslow, Wendover's close east, containing 1 rood. To the use of John Amborow and Elizabeth his wife. Rent 1d, fine 6d, heriot nothing.
[This surrender and the one below to Henry Hughes were repeated in 1672 after a procedure of common recovery, so a question must have arisen about the validity of Wendover's surrender. In 1672 this land also contained Hanging Style House, i.e. Lawn House, which can thus be given an exact date.]

Wendover Lownds surrendered separate parcels of land in Winslow [described in English]:

containing 23 acres. To the use of Richard Reeve, on condition that the surrender will be void if Wendover pays him £3 on 8 April and 8 Oct 1671 and 1672 and 8 April 1673 and £103 on 8 Oct 1673. Rent 5s 9d, fine 46s, heriot nothing.

Wendover Lownds and John Parnham surrendered a parcel of land now in the occupation of Thomas Benbow in Winsow containing in width from the tenement of Henry Hughes 30 feet, and in length 38 feet. To the use of Henry Hughes. Rent 1d, fine 6d, heriot nothing.


The court rolls for 1671 are missing; see 1672.

Copyright 26 August, 2016