View of frankpledge and court baron, 29 April 1696

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/31

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

[f.1] Winslowe with members. View of frankpledge with court baron of Nicholas Goodwin gent., 29 April 8 William III, by James Hayes esq., deputy steward.

Essoins: Residents: Charles King sr, Thomas Foster, Joseph Eyres and John Wyatt with many others.

Tenants: William Eden, Richard Seaton, Thomas Henley, James Woodward, Thomas Oakley, John Wyatt and John Mountague with many others.

No complainants.

Jurors: Thomas Blake gent., Daniel Gyles, William French, Peter Lowndes, Joseph Gyles, Joseph Harding, Christopher Stutsbury, William Townesend
Henry Townesend, John Henley, Thomas Ward, Richard Barton, Thomas Adams, Joseph Cox, George Illing, John Williatt
John Hodgkins, Robert Stevens, Thomas Mountague, John Stephens of New house, William Stephens of Tyld house, Robert Manwareing, William Stephens & William Gyles

Default: Residents: Benjamin Dudley 3d, Oliver Mayne 2d, Squier Emerton 2d.

Tenants: Robert Seaton 2d, William Edmonds 2d, John Plomer 2d, John Chitton 2d, William Shelton sr 2d, Thomas Kirby 3d, John Godwin 3d, William Hunt 2d, Ralph Doggett 3d, John Greene 2d, Joseph Meakes 3d, John Chennell 3d, Thomas Smith 3d, Mr Smallbones 2d, Thomas Brickell 2d, Richard North 3d, William Bayly gent. 2d, John Coye 2d, Edward Markham 2d, Thomas Woodward 2d, Richard Faulkner 2d, John Cooper gent. 4d, Thomas Willis 2d, Robert Norman 2d, William Beven 2d, Edward Hopkins 2d, Benedict Worrall 2d, George Stephens 2d, Henry Stephens of Cleydon 2d, Benedict Holland att pound 2d, John Bence 2d, Thomas Rutland 3d, John Rutland 3d, Benedict Holland at Elme 3d, William Thorpe of Hogston 2d, John Holland 2d, Robert Hughes 2d, Ralph Stephens jr of Marston 2d, John Thorpe 2d, William Morecroft 2d, Hugh Thorpe 3d, Ralph Stephens sr of Marston 2d & John Stephens of Hogshaw 2d.

Constables of Winslowe: Joseph Dandrige and Stephen Bigg jr in place of Joseph Gyles and Christopher Stutsbury

Constable of Shipton: William Townsend in place of John Henley

[Orders for Granborough, in English]

William Wyatt sr has died seised of 2 messuages and 40 acres of copyhold land. Mary Deverell, Ann Wyatt and Katherine Wyatt are his daughters and nearest heirs. On 2 Nov last William surrendered through Philip Budd and Robert Wyatt all his messuage now in his own occupation and 1 acre of sweard ground adjoining the backyard, the land of Edward Tomlyn south, and all his arable and grass land or meadow in the common fields of Winslowe, by estimation 15½ acres, except for 5 acres:

To his daughter Ann Wyatt, who was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

He also surrendered all his messuage in Shipton as it is now fenced, now in the occupation of Mark Morris, [blank] Holloway widow north. And all his arable land, ley ground and lands with commons in the Cow Pasture (except 1 acre of grassland lying on the backyard of the messuage where he now lives) in the common fields of Winslowe, by estimation 17½ acres. And 5 acres in the common fields of Winslowe [as above]. To Katherine Wyatt, who was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Miller has died seised of a messuage and various copyhold lands. Thomas Miller is his son and nearest heir. On 16 April last he surrendered through John Shelton and Christopher Stutsbury all his messuage in Shipton with all barns, yards, stables, closes etc. And all his lands in the fields of Winslowe and Shipton, by estimation 12 acres. So that the messuage with lands should be to the use of Martha his daughter for 6 years, then to the use of Jane Miller his daughter for 6 years, then to the use of Thomas Miller his son for his life, and the heirs of Thomas' body, in default of which to the use of Francis Miller his son, and his heirs in perpetuity. Martha Miller was called and did not come. 1st proclamation made.
[Jane's admission for 6 years is recorded in 1703]

Elizabeth Holloway widow has died seised of a messuage and 42½ acres of copyhold arable land, pasture and meadow at Shipton. William Holloway gent. is her son and nearest heir, of full age, and was admitted tenant. Rent 7s 5d, fine 85s. Heriot [blank].
[William was probably the rector of Great Horwood 1702-19. He sold his property to William Lowndes in 1703.]

Benjamin Leach deceased, before he died, on 2 Nov last, surrendered through Nicholas Merwin gent. and Robert Spooner all his piece of land called the Back Yard in Winslow, the yard and ground of William Gyles sr south and east, the yard of Joseph Harding west, with all barns, stables, outhouses, Hovells, etc. To the use of Samuel Norman of Winslow grocer. Frances Leach, widow, surrendered all her interest and title of dower to Samuel Norman. Rent [blank], fine 5s. Samuel Norman then had his wife Martha made joint tenant. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[Samuel Norman later had a barn on this site, immediately north of the Baptist meeting house.]

Benjamin Leach on 2 March last surrendered through Thomas Ward and Joseph Glenister all his messuage in Winslowe with outhouses etc. in which he now lived, the messuage in which [blank] Joanes widow then lived on the north-east side, the common street on the other sides. To the use of Frances Leach widow, his most beloved wife, and her heirs in perpetuity. On condition that she pays to William Shelton of Winslowe cordwainer, according to a surrender made to him, 40s on 20 April and 20 Oct 1696 and 1697, and the full sum of £82 on 20 April 1698. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot [blank]. Frances was admitted tenant.

Robert Eden jr surrendered the cottage in Winslowe where he now lives, the tenement of Nicholas Pleastead south. To himself and his wife Ann for their lives, then Robert's heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

John Glenister and Elizabeth his wife surrendered ½ acre of arable land in Blackgrove Feild, in Upper Newleane Furlong, the land of George Elliott east, John Henley west. To John Henley jr of Shipton and Katherine his wife for their lives, then John's rightful heirs. Rent [blank], fine 1s.

Henry Townsend surrendered:

To Thomas Kenwrick of Leighton Buzzard, apothecary, who was admitted tenant. Rent [blank], fine 10s.

William Eden and Elizabeth his wife and John Chandler and Martha his wife surrendered all their messuage in Winslowe as it is now set out, now in the occupation of William Bull, Thomas Crosse's east. To Benjamin Scott and Elizabeth his wife and Benjamin's rightful heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot [blank]
[Elizabeth and John must have inherited this from their father Thomas Chandler (d.1680)]


Court baron, 2 Oct 1696

[f.2] Court baron of Nicholas Goodwin gent., on 2 Oct 8 William III 1696, by Nicholas Merwin, gent., deputy steward

Essoins: none
Complainants: none

Homage: Christopher Coates, Philip Budd, Robert Wyatt, John Seaton jr
Daniel Seaton, John Hearne, Stephen Bigg jr, Thomas Wright
Thomas Bett, Henry Hughes, Joseph Glenister & William Spooner

Benjamin Scott surrendered all his messuage and all reversion expectant on the death of Ann Scott, widow, of the close of meadow or pasture containing 3 acres in Course Furlong Feild, the Common Highway south, with all houses, buildings, trees, woods, etc. To William Corbett of Adstock, yeoman. On condition that if Benjamin pays him the full sum of £34 11s 7d on 2 March next, the surrender will be void. William was present and sought admission as tenant. Rent [blank], fine 6s, heriot [blank].


View of frankpledge and court baron, 26 Oct 1696

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/32

[f.1] Manor of Winslowe with members. View of frankpledge with court baron of Nicholas Goodwin gent., 26 Oct 8 William III 1696, by Nicholas Merwin gent., deputy steward.

Essoins: George Blake, William Kurby and John Shelton with many other tenants

Complainants: William Stevens against John Hogston, incroachment by John on William's land on the boundary of Winslowe and Grandborough
[Also 2 incroachment cases from Granborough]

Jurors: Thomas Blake gent., Christopher Coates, John Greene, William Bigg, Joseph Glenister, William Bence, William Townesend, George Elliott, David East
Richard Seaton sr, John Holland, John Wyatt, John Stephens of Newhouse, John Rutland, Thomas Rutland, Thomas Ward, William Illing
John Hodgekins, Thomas Oakely, Henry Curtice, Thomas Bett, John Robinson, Robert Stevens, John Hearne & Peter Lowndes

Default: Tenants: John Seaton Carryer 2d, Robert Eden 1d, John Seaton sr 4d, John Seaton jr 2d, William Hunt 2d, Thomas Wright 2d, Zachary Hams 2d, William Gyles jr 2d, William Gyles sr 2d, Samuel Norman 2d, William Short 2d, William Holloway gent. 2d, William Bayly gent. 2d, Thomas Adams 2d, Arthur Smith 3d, John Coye 2d, Hugh Williatt 3d, Thomas Willis 3d, Robert Norman 3d, Joseph Cox 6d, Richard Barton 6d, Thomas Barton 6d, Robert Grainge sr gent. 1s & Robert Grainge jr gent. 1s

William Glenister was elected tithingman of Shipton in place of John Paradine.

Thomas Deeley has died since the last court, seised of a messuage and 5 acres of copyhold land, whence heriot arises. Ann Deeley spinster is his sister and nearest heir. She was called and did not come. First proclamation made.

Joan Shelton (wife of John Shelton) has died since the last court, seised of 8 acres of copyhold land in Winslowe and Shipton. John Shelton infant is her son and nearest heir. Heriot: a land of beans value [blank] s. John the infant was called and did not come. First proclamation made.
Joan out of court on 4 June last surrendered through William Townesend and Robert Spooner all her land in the common fields of Winslowe and Shipton and arable land, grass and ground in the common pasture for cows with right of common containing 7½ acres. To the use of John Shelton her husband until John Shelton her son is 21, then to John her son in perpetuity, on condition that he pays to his brothers Thomas, William and Joseph Shelton and his sister Zilpah Shelton the sum of £10 each when they reach the age of 21. Otherwise the premisses in Shipton should be equally divided between Thomas, William, Joseph and Zilpah.

Elizabeth Norman Spinster has died since the last court, seised of ½ acre of copyhold land. Heriot: a selion of beans worth [blank] s. William Norman is her brother and nearest heir, who sought admission as tenant. Rent 1½d, fine 1s, heriot: a land of beans worth [blank] s.

Richard Bendboe has died since the last court, seised of a messuage in his own occupation, John Hogston east. Richard Bendboe infant is his son and nearest heir. Heriot [blank].
Richard Bendboe out of court on 7 May last surrendered the messuage through George Elliott and William Elliott, to the use of Thomas Prentice of Addington. On condition that if Richard pays him £6 with 5% interest before the next court, the surrender will be void. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot [blank]. Thomas was admitted tenant.

[f.1 verso]

Nicholas Mytchell jr son of Nicholas Mytchell sr at a court held on 19 April 1664 surrendered a messuage in his own occupation and 1 acre of meadow in Hollow Furrowe to one Thomas Willmott, on condition of paying £68 8s in the manner mentioned in the surrender. After the deaths of Nicholas Mytchell jr and Thomas Willmott, Thomas' relative [consanguineus] and heir, one Thomas Willmott at a court held on 4 Oct 1678 surrendered the premisses to one William Clarke, on condition that if Robert Mytchell now deceased, grandson and heir of Robert Mytchell then deceased (who was son of Nicholas Mytchell sr who was son of Robert Mytchell the eldest) pays to William Clarke the sum of £53 and such further sums as William should spend for 9 years, the premisses should be to the use of Robert Mytchell junior, as appears in the copy of court roll. This Robert Mytchell the grandson died seised of the equity of redemption of the premisses. Richard Lettman son of Joan Lettman daughter of Ralph Mytchell son of Robert Mytchell the eldest is the nearest heir.

William Clarke out of court on 20 May last surrendered through William Cherry esq. chief steward the messuage in Winslowe previously called by the name of The Bull and 1 acre of land or meadow belonging to the premisses, now in the occupation of William Warr (which premisses were previously surrendered to William Clarke at the court on 4 Oct 1678, on condition of the payment of money recited in the surrender). To Richard Lettman of Winslowe, Lab(ourer), who was admitted tenant. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

[Nicholas Mitchell jr died in 1665, leaving a brother Robert, a weaver in London. Robert Mitchell of London, painter and stainer, whose will was proved in 1695, is the Robert jr mentioned here. Robert jr left "ye house and Land commonly known by the Signe of the Red Bull in ye Town of Winslow" to various people other than Richard Lettman, but apparently he had not surrendered his copyhold property to the use of his will, so the provision of the will would not have stood.]

William Spooner sr and William Spooner jr of Winslowe and Elizabeth wife of William jr surrendered in open court all those separate pieces or parcels of arable land, uncultivated land, meadow and pasture containing 10 acres:

All the premisses in the common fields of Winslowe, except for 2 ridges and part of a hade at the Nether End of the close of Thomas Blake. To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., who was admitted tenant through Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent 2s 6d, fine 20s, fealty respited.
[William Lowndes paid the Spooners £200.]

Mary Godwin widow surrendered 2 acres of arable land, pasture and uncultivated land in the common fields of Winslowe:

To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., who was admitted tenant through Peter Lowndes his attorney. Rent 6d, fine 4s, fealty respited.
[This entry is also preserved as a separate deed: Centre for Bucks Studies, BAS 376/22 no.100]

Peter Goldsworth gent., attorney of Roger Vaughan and Margery alias Magdeline his wife, sought that they should be admitted tenants of a messuage in Little Horwood.

[f.2] Richard Seaton sr and Elizabeth his wife and Richard Seaton jr and Ann his wife surrendered the messuage where Richard sr now lives, and 6½ acres of arable land and meadow in the common fields of Winslowe:

To the use of William Lowndes of Westminster, gent., on condition that if Robert sr and Elizabeth pay him the full sum of £157 10s on 27 Oct 1697, the premisses will be to the use of Richard sr and Elizabeth for their lives, then to the right heirs of Richard sr in perpetuity. Rent and fine [blank], fealty respited.
[Presumably the mortgage was repaid as William Lowndes does not seem to have acquired the property permanently]

[f.2v] William French jr and Ann his wife surrendered a cottage in Winslowe in William's occupation, William Lowndes gent.'s east, John Glenister's west, with all houses and backyards. To the use of John Wyatt of Winslowe, yeoman, who was admitted tenant. Rent 3d, fine 5s. William gave 5s for heriot by composition.
[William Lowndes later paid £47 for this along with 1 acre of land]

Mary Godwin widow surrendered a messuage in Winslowe now in the occupation of Thomas Smalbones, Francis Dorsett's messuage west, with all outhouses, barns, etc., with furnace / oven / kiln [cum Fornace]. To the use of William Gyles jr of Winslowe, woollen draper [Lanarii] and Sarah his wife, who were admitted tenants. Rent 1d, fine 5s.
[Thomas Godwin's inventory of 1694 mentions "At Tho. Smalbones House A furnace"]

Robert Seaton of Gaucott and Mary his wife surrendered a half-rood of land in Greate Horne Streete in Winslowe, Richard Seaton sr's north, John Seaton jr's west, with all fenses and frontages. To the use of John Seaton jr of Winslowe Carryer, who was admitted tenant. Rent ½d, fine 3d. They also surrendered a half-rood of land in Greate Horne Streete, the land of Richard Seaton sr east, John Seaton west. To the use of Mary Seaton of Winslowe widow for her life, then John Seaton her son and his heirs in perpetuity. Mary and John were admitted tenants. Rent ¼d, fine 3d.

William Shelton and Mary his wife surrendered a cottage in Winslowe and all other lands, tenaments and hereditaments which were formerly John Darnell deceased's (1 bay of the structure lately in the occupation of Susan Small widow only excepted). To the use of William and Mary for their lives, then Mary's rightful heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

[f.3] Benjamin Scott and Elizabeth his wife surrendered 3 acres of arable land and meadow in the common fields of Winslowe:

To the use of Stephen Bigg sr of Winslowe who was admitted tenant. Rent 9d, fine 6s.

Stephen Bigg surrendered all the messuage now in the occupation of Daniel Seaton and Benjamin Bigg, with all yards, orchards, gardens and structures, and the Gateway lying between the house in the occupation of Richard Bendboe and the part of the messuage now in the occupation of Benjamin Bigg. With liberty to use the well in the yard of Thomas Brickwell, now in the possession of Richard Bendboe. With the Sheepe Penns and all other appurtenances. The premisses are scituate in Sheepe Street, the Bell Inn on the west side. Reserving to Thomas Brickwell the privilege to go through the Gateway with carts, horses and flocks, Hostry horses and sheep excepted. To the use of Benjamin Bigg of Winslowe Carpenter and Ann his wife, who were admitted tenants. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

William Norman and Sarah his wife and Dorothy Norman widow surrendered a land in Old Mill Feild in a furlong called Wescott Moore, the land of John Townesend north, Thomas Bett south. To the use of Thomas Bett of Winslowe Blacksmith, who was admitted tenant. Rent 1½d, fine 1s.

Francis Coy paid 1s to Joseph Glenister, overseer of the poor of Winslowe, for the use of the poor, for swearing a profane oath here in court.

Second proclamations were made for Martha Miller, Ann Wyatt and Katherine Wyatt.