6-10 Horn Street

Description of 8-10 Horn Street in Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Buckinghamshire (1913): Cottage, now a bakehouse and shop, 100 yards S. of the church, is of two storeys and an attic, built probably early in the 17th century. The walls are timber-framed, with filling partly of plaster and partly of brick. The roofs are of thatch and corrugated iron. The S. front is covered with plaster, and has dormer windows; the E. end is gabled, the W. end has a half-hipped gable and, on the first floor, an old window of three lights. At the back are modern additions. The central chimney stack is of old thin bricks. Interior:— On the ground floor there are chamfered ceiling-beams and four large fireplaces, all partly blocked except one which now forms a recess.

6-10 Horn Street colour postcardRight: 6-10 Horn Street in the 1950s

Description of 8-10 Horn Street in 1984 Grade 2 listing: Bakery and house. Early C17 part of 3 bays to right, extended one bay to left late C17. Timber frame with curved braces, brick infill, colourwashed to left gable, and rendered plinth. Thatch roof, half-hipped to left, chimney stack of thin brick between right-hand bays, another stack to rear between left-hand bays. 2 storeys and attic. Barred wooden casements. Ground floor outer bays have early C20 square bay windows. 3-light casements to first floor and centre bays, those to ground floor centre with moulded wooden cornices. First floor right-hand window in thatch, 3-light leaded dormer window in second bay. 4-panel door to centre in moulded surround with cornice. 2 other doors with moulded cornices between right hand bays. Late C19 brick service block to rear.

Description of 6 Horn Street in 1984 Grade 2 listing: Cottage. C17, renovated 1982. Timber frame with brick infill, rendered to road. Tiled roof, C20 bargeboards, brick chimney to rear. 2 storeys and attic, one bay gabled to street. Paired wooden casements, one to ground floor left, 2 to first floor, one to attic. C20 semi-glazed door to right.

In the 1680s, the Tomlyn family occupied 8-10 Horn Street, and this must be when the building took its present form with the added bay (noted above). Edward Tomlyn was a carrier and small-scale farmer, and his son Thomas farmed on a bigger scale. The house was extended, presumably in the 1670s, to accommodate them both. There was land behind it probably going right back to the Churchyard.

1682 On 3 Nov 1681 Thomas Tomlyn and Elizabeth his wife surrendered … a bay of building next to the door of Edward Tomlyn's messuage and a stable adjoining the Mill house of Thomas Spooner and the messuage in which Edward Tomlyn now or late lived … apart from such of the premisses as Edward Tomlyn, Thomas' father, holds for his life. To the use of Sarah Patridge [sic] of London Spinster. On condition that it will be void if Thomas and Elizabeth pay her £3 12s on 4 May next and £123 12s on 4 Nov 1682.

1684: Edward Tomlyn’s house (see his inventory) had: hall house, chamber over, buttery, wash house, lower chamber, orchard, barns.

A separate house was built for Edward Tomlyn's daughter Mary: this is now 6 Horn Street.

1684 Sarah Partridge spinster [the mortgagee of 8-10] by John Nonne gent. her attorney and Thomas Tomlyn surrendered a small parcel of land or "Garden Plott shooteing" from the house and garden of Mary Tomlyn to the fence of John Hewett, "taking in the boxtree and leaving out the Sickamore". To the use of the said Mary Tomlyn who sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 1s.

6-10 Horn StreetRight: 6-10 Horn Street photographed in the early 1880s.

1686: Inventory of Hester Tomlyn shows the contents of part of 8-10 Horn Street

Mary Tomlyn married Francis Shaw in 1686 and he died in 1687. His inventory (1687) and hers (1712) show that their house, 6 Horn Street, consisted of hall, chamber, garret and buttery. After Mary's death her daughter Sarah Shaw (who inherited in 1712) continued to live there, but by 1741 the house was being treated as part of The Bull (q.v. for its later history) and its garden was turned into The Bull's outbuildings.

Thomas Tomlyn died intestate soon after his parents, and his widow sold the still mortgaged 8-10 Horn Street to William Short, who sub-let it as three houses.

1687: Manor court. On 10 Nov 1686, Sarah Patridge of London Spinster [mortgagee] and Elizabeth Tomlyn of Winslow widow surrendered a messuage with barns, stables, orchards, gardens in which Thomas Tomlins deceased lately lived, now in the possession of John Stevens in Great Horne Street. To the use of William Short of Winslow and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies, or William's heirs.

1703: Manor court. William Short sr died since the last court … He surrendered on 14 March a messuage (late the estate of Thomas Tomlin) now in the separate occupations of John Stevens, Richard Topping and [blank] Firth widow. To the use of Pownall Short his son, on trust that from the profits of the premisses he will find for William's son Joseph Short convenient food, drink etc. during Joseph's life. If Pownall and his heirs do not wish to provide this or do not perform the trust honestly and justly in the judgment of Mr Thomas Blake, Thomas Short of Great Horwood and William Firth or the majority of them, then (the surrender is to be) on trust that Pownall and his heirs pay them for Joseph's use £4 p.a.

1713: Manor court. Pownall Short and Mary his wife, customary tenants, on 5 Jan last surrendered by the steward a messuage in Winslowe, late the estate of Thomas Tomlins, now in the several occupations of Pownall Short, Joseph Norman and John Stevens, containing 3 bays [contignaciones] in the "Front" and 2 towards the rear, the house of Sarah Shaw east, the house of Richard Bigg in the occupation of Nicholas Spooner west. With all yards and backyards, excepting liberty of ingress etc. in and through the gate [Januam] to and from the barn and stable and parcel of land late in the occupation of William Short and Elizabeth Herbert widow now belonging to the messuage; which liberties were lately surrendered by Pownall and Mary to Mr Richard Bigg. To the use of Thomas Miller of Winslowe Currier and Priscilla his wife for their lives, then to Thomas' heirs, on trust that {if} Thomas and Priscilla from the profits of the premisses "find, provide and allow" for Joseph Short, a son of William Short late of Winslowe Baker deceased, suitable food, drink, washing, lodging and apparel during his life. If they do not find for Joseph as above, or if they do not honestly and justly perform the trust in the opinion of Thomas Short of Great Horwood Baker and William Firth of Winslowe Brazier, then on this trust: that Thomas and Priscilla will pay to Thomas Short and William Firth £4 p.a. for the use of Joseph Short.

The building then passed from Thomas and Priscilla Miller to William Dradge of Buckingham, who was probably another mortgagee.

1722: Manor court.  William Dradge jr sought admission to a messuage or messuages in Winslowe late the estate of Thomas Tomlin, now or late in the separate occupations of Mary Grainge widow, John Norman and John Stevens, containing 3 bays "in the front" and 2 bays "backwards", the house of Sarah Shaw spinster east, the house of Mr Richard Bigg late in the occupation of Nicholas Spooner west, with all yards, gardens and backyards (except the liberty of Mr Richard Bigg on the surrender of Pownall Short), which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Thomas Miller and Priscilla his wife presented at the court on 11 April 1721. Rent 4d, fine 5s.
.
1742: Manor court. William Drudge died since the last court seised of 3 messuages in Great Horn Street. Heriot by composition 6d...
Mary wife of Richard Carter Clarke requesteth to be admitted to 3 messuages situated together in Great Horn Street which came into the lord's hands on the death of William Drudge her late father. Rent [blank], fine 15s, herriot by composition 6d.
Richard and Mary then surrendered the 3 messuages: two in the occupation of William Rawbone and Richard Oliver, the other standing empty, with all Barns, Stables, Outhouses, Buildings, Yards, Backsides, etc. To the use of Richard and Mary, their heires and assignes forever. Rent [blank], fine 15s.

At some point after this, probably in 1749, the two halves of 8-10 Horn Street passed into separate ownerships (they weren't necessarily divided as they are now). Part seems to have become a bakery by the 1760s.

On 30 Oct 1749 John Barton late of Winslow Staymaker and Mary his wife were admitted to messuage in Great Horne Street [sic] theretofore in the occupation of William Rawbone Clerk and then or late of Richard Willis, adjoining the messuage then of William Blake, with houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, backsides etc.  To hold to them and John’s heirs forever.  John died some time since having published his will dated 7 Oct 1768 and thereby gave to his wife Mary her heirs and assigns the messuage wherein he then dwelt in Great Horn Street. Mary Barton on 10 Nov 1780 surrendered to use of her will.  She published her will dated 18 Jan 1771 and bequeathed to her son Richard Barton her messuage wherein she then dwelt subject to payment of £10 to her son James Barton.  Richard desires to be admitted.  Rent [blank], fine [blank]

8 Horn Street

1774: Manor court, 30 Sept & 1 Oct  (CBS, D 82/1/179)
Robert Evans of Winslow yeoman who held by rent of 4½d 2 messuages in Great Horn Street died since last court having surrendered them to use of his will. Recites will of Robert Evans 2 May 1767 leaving to his wife Mary for her life "... also all that my messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Great Horn Street aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of Richard Burley [The Bull belonged to Henry Burley] with all the outhouses buildings barns stables yards gardens orchards backsides profits and appurtenances."

1787: Manor Court, 29 & 30 Oct (D 82/2/147)
Admission of Elizabeth Bowler wife of Charles Bowler, daughter & devisee of Robert Evans of Winslow yeoman to "All that messuage or tenement in Great Horn Street in the tenure or occupation of Richard Burley".

1804: Manor Court, 29 & 31 Oct (D 82/3/199)
Surrender: Charles Bowler of Aylesbury currier & Elizabeth his wife
Admission: John Blake the younger an infant, only son and heir of John Blake deceased
All that messuage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid late in the tenure or occupation of Richard Burley and now of John Blake. Charles Bowler & Elizabeth surrendered but John Blake (sr) of Winslow baker died before he was admitted.

1819: Manor Court, 25 Oct (D 82/4/171)
Surrender: John Blake of Winslow baker
Admission: Robert Corbett of Winslow baker
All that messuage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid formerly in the tenure or occupation of Richard Burley since of John Blake late of Elizabeth Blake widow and now of Matthew Deeley

10 Horn Street

1761, 7 April.  Will of Thomas Blake of Winslow, gentleman refers to his son Robert Blake as a baker.

1764, 20 Dec. Marriage of Robert Blake of Winslow baker widower to Ann Clements of Adstock widow.

1781: Land Tax
Blake, Robert (owner); Thomas Bignall (occupier): 4s 1d

1785, 11 July: Sun Insurance 11936/330/507023

Thomas Bignall of Winslow baker
On his household goods in his now dwelling house situate as aforesaid
60
Utensils and stock therein
60
Wearing apparel
25
Utensils and stock viz in his barn and stable Adjoining separate
10
In Coxes barn only separate
10
House only separate in the tenure of widow Burrell
30
Hovel only separate
5
 
£200

1785, 16 Dec: Sun Insurance 11936/333/512918

Thomas Bignell of Winslow baker
On his household goods in his now dwelling house
situate as aforesaid  brick and tiled
80
Utensils and stock therein
100
Wearing apparel
30
 
£210

1786 Fire insurance: House valued at £80 in William Selby's fire insurance

1786 & 1795: Land Tax
Blake, John baker (owner); Himself (occupier): 4s 5d

1798: Universal Directory
Blake, John  baker

1804, 2 Feb: Will of John Blake of Winslow baker:
To his wife Sarah, "all that Messuage or Tenement situate standing and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow in the said County of Bucks (now in my own occupation) and from and immediately after her Decease then I do hereby give and devise the same Premises to the said George Jones . that he do with all convenient speed sell and dispose of the same ...."  Also mentions daughters Susannah Blake and Martha Blake, son John Blake, trustee George Jones of Winslow lace buyer, executrix wife Sarah.

1805, Land Tax.
Blake, Robt. (owner); Widow Blake (occupier): 4s 5d

1807: death of Sarah Blake, widow

1807, 28 Oct: Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/309)
Admission of Thomas Blake of Adstock yeoman eldest son and heir of Robert Blake of Winslow farmer deceased

1809, 30 Oct: Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/361)
Surrender:  Thomas Blake of Adstock yeoman & Ellen his wife
Admission:  Robert Corbett of Winslow
All that Messuage or Tenement (formerly two tenements) situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid heretofore in the occupation of Robert Blake deceased afterwards of Thomas Bicknell and since and now of Robert Corbett to which premises the said Thomas Blake was admitted tenant at a General Court Baron 28 October 1807 as the eldest son and heir of Robert Blake deceased.

1819: Court Baron
Surrender:  John Blake of Marsh Gibbon baker and Sally his wife
Admission:  Robert Corbett of Winslow baker

8-10 Horn Street

Chowles & Son bakers 1930s
Chowles & Son bakery in the 1930s; part of no.6 visible on the right

The Corbetts brought the separate parts of the building back into the same ownership.

1823: Pigots Directory
Corbett, Joseph, baker, Horn Street

1831: Register of Electors
Robert Corbett, Copyhold House & Premises Great Horn Street in his own occupation.

1831: Pigots Directory
Bakers:  Corbett, Robert, Great Horn Street

1832: Land Tax
Corbett, Robt. (owner); Robt. Corbett (occupier): House etc. 4s 7¾ + 4s 5d + 2s 2d

1841: Census
Horn Street

Robert Corbett 55 Baker b. in county
William do 25   do
John do 20   do
Elizabeth do 26   do
Emma Blackwell 15 Female servant not b. in county

1851: Census
Horn Street

Robert Corbett head widower 66 Baker b. Adstock
Fanny Corbett daughter-in-law widow 30 Baker's housekeeper b. Quainton
Elizabeth Corbett granddaughter   6 Scholar b. Calverton
Ann Barton niece unm 34 Assistant in bakehouse b. Adstock
Hannah Willmore servant unm 17 House servant b. Winslow

1854, 9 Dec: Gravestone
Death of Robert Corbett aged 68

1855, 8 May
Will of Robert Corbett, Winslow, baker, proved at PCC

1855: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/6 p388)
Admission of David Thomas Willis and William Neal devisees of Robert Corbett deceased.

1855, 29 Oct: Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/6/407)
Surrender: David Thomas Willis of Winslow, gent. & William Neal, innholder, devisees in trust ofRobert Corbett
Admission: Elijah Watson French

All that Messuage or Tenement (formerly in two tenements) situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid heretofore in the occupation of Robert Blake afterwards of Thomas Bicknell late of Robert Corbett and now of Elijah Watson French

Also all that Messuage or Tenement in Great Horn Street heretofore in the occupation of William Rawbone clerk afterwards of Richard Willis and Joseph Hunt since of Elizabeth Blake and afterwards laid to and occupied by the said Robert Corbett with the said Messuage or Tenement firstly hereinbefore described and now occupied therewith by the said Elijah Watson French

Also those two Messuages or Tenements situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid some time since in the occupation of Widow French and John Bailey now of Margaret Whichello widow and the said Elijah Watson French with a small piece of garden ground lying behind the same

Also all that Messuage or Tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winsiow aforesaid formerly in the occupation of Richard Bailey since of John Blake afterwards of Elizabeth Blake late of Matthew Deeley now of Henry Faulkner

Also those two undivided moieties or half parts of and in all that Messuage or Tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid near the Pound there formerly the estate of Nicholas Plaisted heretofore in the occupation of John Blake and afterwards of George Carpenter subsequently converted into a barn and part since converted into a Cottage late in the occupation of Oliver Mayne and the said Robert Corbett late of Joseph Turner Rawlins and the said Elijah Watson French with the yard and all other .

And Also all that building formerly a barn or shop afterwards a Cottage or Tenement in the occupation of Thomas Seaton and now used as a wash house and in the occupation of the said Elijah Watson French near to and formerly held with a Messuage or Tenement now or heretofore called the Penthouse situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid and now in the occupation of John Smith

To which premises the said David Thomas Willis and William Neal were admitted 4 April 1855

1861: Census
Horn Street

Elizabeth French Head widow 41 Baker b. Winslow
Edwin French Son unm 16 Assistant Baker b. Towcester
Sarah French Daughter   13 Scholar b. Winslow
Jane French Daughter   11 Scholar b. Winslow
Frederick French Son   9 Scholar b. Winslow
Flora French Daughter   7 Scholar b. Winslow
Rosa French Daughter   5 Scholar b. Winslow
Robert French Son   3 Scholar b. Winslow
Emma Reaven Servant unm 18 House servant b. Launton
James Harris Servant   21 Journeyman Baker b. Chackmore

1866: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/7 p59)
Surrender: Wiliis & Neal
Admission: John[?] Turnham

1871: Census
Horn Street

John Turnham Head married 50 Master Baker b. Winslow
Elizabeth Turnham Wife married 47   b. Bierton
Mary Turnham Daughter unm 22   b. Winslow
William Turnham Son unm 20   b. Winslow
Elizabeth Turnham Mother-in-law widow 75 No occupation b. Aylesbury

1881: Census
Horn Street

John Turnham Head married 60 Master Baker, emp. 1 man & 1 boy b. Winslow
Elizabeth Turnham Wife married 57   b. Broughton
Next door, i.e. 8 Horn Street
William Turnham Head married 30 Baker's Journeyman b. Winslow
Mary Turnham Wife married 32   b. Winslow
Ellen Turnham Daughter   8 Scholar b. Winslow
John H. Turnham Son   5 Scholar b. Winslow
William Turnham Son   3 Scholar b. Winslow

1891: Census
Horn Street

John Turnham Head married 70 Baker & Mealman b. Winslow
Elizabeth Turnham Wife married 67   b. Broughton
Annie Mayne Granddaughter single 19 Assists in domestic work b. Winslow
George Mayne Grandson single 16 Baker's Assistant b. Winslow
Agnes Ellen Mayne Granddaughter   9 Scholar b. Winslow

1894, 28 April: Bucks Herald
We … record with regret the death of Mr. John Turnham, baker and mealman, of Winslow, which occurred somewhat suddenly on Saturday morning. Mr Turnham was one of the few remaining of the old-type of tradesmen - born and bred in Winslow, respected by all who knew him as upright and straightforward, and withal distinguished by an unusual kindliness of nature - a man who wished everyone well, and would lend a helping hand to anyone if it lay in his power to do so.

1899: Directory
Turnham, John, baker, Horn Street

1910: Valuation 278
Turnham, William: self House & Shop Horn Street

1911: Directory
Turnham, William, confectioner, Market Place; baker, Horn Street

1911: Census
Horn Street (8 rooms in house)

William Turnham Head married 60 Baker & Confectioner b. Winslow
Elizabeth Turnham Wife married 61 married 39 years; 3 children living, 2 dead b. Broughton

1920: Directory
Turnham, William, confectioner, Market Square & baker, Horn Street

1939: Directory
Chowles, William George, baker, confectioner and flour merchant, 8 Horn Street
Chowles, William George junior, watch maker, 12 Horn Street

c.1952: Occupied by Cyril Beckett. The photo below (provided by Michael Leonard) was taken in 1953.

10 Horn Street and the Crooked Billet

1985: Becomes two private houses.

Copyright 23 April, 2017