The Old Crown Inn

This building is now 11 Market Square, known as Old Crown House. It is Grade II listed, with this description from 1984:

Former Old Crown
The former Old Crown in the 1960s

Late C16, altered and re-fronted late C18. Interior shows timber frame. Front has colourwashed render to ground floor, roughcast above with smooth render quoins. Tiled roof with ornamental bands of grey and shaped tiles. Central gable has original carved bargeboards. Small brick chimney to left. 2 storeys and attic, 2 bays. Ground floor has paired barred sash windows and wooden entablature on Doric pilasters. First floor has tripartite sashes, one 4-pane sash in attic gable. Interior: house is 2 rooms deep with double-sided chimney stack to centre. Ground floor fireplace in front room has moulded stone jambs with slender shafts, and timber lintel with moulded Tudor arch. C17 panelling with carved foliage frieze in same room. First floor front room has fireplace with moulded stone Tudor arch and C18 panelling above. Frame of original window to rear of room. Spiral staircase. Attic landing has C17 splat balusters. Ground floor has wooden Doric column to front left. At one time a public house.

Conjectural plan of the original CrownThe property which is now Old Crown House only forms about 60% of the original building. During the 17th century the northern part (on the right in the photo above and the plan on the left) was separated to form what later became the Punch House. Combining the plan of that building before it was completely rebuilt c.1860 with the Old Crown House in its present form shows clearly how a medieval hall house with separate kitchen (indicated by the thick black lines) was altered first by the installation of a central chimney (the black block in the centre), probably in the mid/late 16th century. A staircase would have been added too. The fireplaces on both the ground floor and first floor have moulded stone surrounds, a very unusual feature in Winslow perhaps due to the owners being the wealthy Edmunds family. The original hall was probably divided into smaller rooms at the same time. Then the property was divided into two, which may be when the 17th-century panelling on the north wall of the Old Crown was installed. The future Punch House is the part with the dark shading. Wattle and daub, some of which is preserved inside the building, was gradually replaced by brick. The 1708 inventory (see below) shows that the ground floor of the Old Crown then consisted only of kitchen and hall. At some point, a passage which gave access for horses from the Market Square to the yard and stable at the rear was enclosed at ground floor level (it was already partly covered by a first floor room, shown by shading on the plan). There are references from 1768 onwards to "the Gate now erected joining to the yard from the Common Street", which means the gate shown at the top of the plan, providing access from Horn Street past the backs of the adjacent buildings; the creation of this entrance (which may have been much earlier) would have made the passage from the Market Square redundant.

There may be confusion in some documents with the adjacent Rose & Crown.

1520: Manor court rolls
John Boston surrendered all claim to a messuage called the Crowne and a messuage next to Richard Edmonds, for benefit of Bernard Pitkyn & his wife.

1556: Survey of the manor of Winslow
Richard Edmund holds by copy of the court roll, as it is said, one cottage called the Crowne lately in the tenure of the heir(s?) of John Woorship, situate in the vill and fields of Winslowe aforesaid, paying in respect thereof 17d at the feasts aforesaid. Fine [blank].

1610:  Schedule of lands and tenements 
William Edmondes gent
One Messuage & lx acres of land; one tenement called the Crowne; one parcell of waste

1638, 12 Sep: Winslow Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D175/2, translated from Latin)
William Gyles and Anne his wife surrendered a cottage situate in Winslow called the Crowne Corner now in the occupation of Daniel Seare.   To the use of George Kirbey.  Annual rent: 18d.  Fine: 5s.

1690, 19 June: Winslow Manor Court
William Gyles sr and Benjamin Griffin and Ann his wife [William's daughter] surrendered a messuage in Winslowe, William Firth's messuage north, John Robinson's south, with 2 stables and liberty of entering etc. in and from the yard belonging to William Gyles' messuage called The Crowne to and from the Pump [antlia] now standing in the yard. To the use of Joseph Gyles of Winslowe Hatter and Mary his wife, they being at a quarter of the expense for the repair of the pump. Rent 6d, fine 10s.

1700, 16 April: Winslow Manor Court
"the stable belonging to the house of William Gyles sr known by the sign of the Crown" was on the east side of a piece of land which Richard Letman of The Bull sold to Samuel Norman.

Cornice of the Crown stableSome of this land became the garden of The Crown, as described in the 1768 transaction below. The present stable, a two-storey brick building with a cornice (photo right), appears to date from the 18th century.

1702, 22 April: Winslow Manor Court
William Gyles sr on 28 March surrendered the messuage in the occupation of Charles King sr called the Crown to Samuel Norman, in trust to pay an annuity to William's wife Mary and daughter Mary, then to Samuel in perpetuity.

1708: Will and inventory of Charles King, innholder
It mentions hall, kitchen, cellar, great chamber, little chamber and three garrets. There were 13 beds.

1719, 26 June: Sun Insurance, 11936/9/326/14430-1 William Norman of Winslow
For his house being the dwelling house only of William Goodman called the Crown Inn Winslow aforesaid.
William Norman as before for his two houses and malthouse and outhouses adjoining to the above Inn in the tenure of Samuel Norman and John Godwin

1741, 31 Aug: Northampton Mercury
            To let: Crown Inn in the Market Place in Winslow.
Enquire Mrs Martha Norman at Winslow or Mr William Norman at Henley upon Thames

1743, 13 Jan:. Will of Martha Norman of Winslow proved at the PCC.

Alehouse recognizances
1753-6: Old Crown: Joanna Bailey: on 16 Jan 1757 she married Joseph Dudley
1760-5: Old Crown: Joseph Dudley

1765, 29 Oct:  John Hall, a bricklayer, was at the Crown.

1767: will of Thomas Hughes (proved 1769)
He leaves to his wife Mary: All that my Messuage & Tenement Situate in Winslow aforesaid wherein I now dwell commonly called or known by the Name of the Old Crown Together with all Outhouses Yards Backsides Priviledges and Appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any wise Appertaining

1768, 25-6 Oct: Winslow Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1, p.27)
Admission of Mary Hughes, widow of Thomas Hughes late of Winslow victualler
All that Messuage or Tenement heretofore in the occupation of Joseph Dudley called or known by the Name or Sign of the Old Crown situate in or near the Market Place in Winslow Together with all the Stables and Buildings heretofore in the possession of the said Joseph Dudley which now do or heretofore did belong to the said Old Crown  Together also with one Slipe or piece of Ground adjoining to the back part of the said Stable containing by estimation thirty feet in length and nine feet at the further end adjoining or next to the Straw Barn and the hither end adjoining to the said Stable sixteen feet with free liberty of Ingress Egress and Regress to and from the said Slipe or piece of Ground at all times with wheel barrows and burthens through the Gate now erected joining to the said yard from the Common Street unto the back part of the said Crown and Stables thereto belonging

1774, 17 June: Winslow Manor Court (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1 pp.177-8)
Surrender: John Blake of Winslow, yeoman & Mary his wife
All that Messuage heretofore in the occupation of Joseph Dudley and now of the said John Blake [described as in 1768]. To the use of John Blake and Mary his wife for their lives, then to the use of the heirs and assigns of John Blake forever.  Rent 4d, fine 5s.

Crown inn signAlehouse recognizances
1768-71: Old Crown: Widow Hughes (she married John Blake, farmer, 3 Oct 1772)
1776: Old Crown: John Blake
1780-5: Crown: Richard Lomath

The inn sign has survived (right), presumably the last one in use before the building became a private house.

1775: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/1, pp.236-7)
John Blake of Winslow yeoman and Mary his wife on 26 Jan 1775 mortgaged the Old Crown with stables, slipe and liberty of ingress (described as in 1786) to Hector Patten Burnham of Aylesbury, gentleman, for £50 with interest payable on 26 July next.

1778: Court Baron
John Blake of Winslow Yeoman and Mary his wife on 6 June 1778 mortgaged the Messuage late in the occupation of John Blake now of Richard Lomath called the Old Crown (described as in 1786) to Samuel Clegg of Middle Claydon Dairyman for £100 with interest payable on 6 Dec.

Land Tax 
1781: John Blake (owner), Richard Lomath (occupier): 7s 7d
1786: John Blake (owner), Richard Lomath (occupier): 8s 2½d

1786, 30-31 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/117)
Surrender:  John Blake of Winslow, yeoman, after the death of Mary his wife
Admission:  Thomas Bowler the younger of Winslow, wheelwright
All that Messuage or Tenement theretofore in the occupation of the said Joseph Dudley now [1774] in the occupation of the said John Blake [and in 1786 in the occupation of Richard Lomath] called or known by the sign of the Old Crown situate in or near the Market Place in Winslow aforesaid together with all the stables and outbuildings then in the tenure or occupation of the said John Blake which then or theretofore did belong to the said Old Crown together also with one slipe or piece of Ground adjoining to the back part of the said stable containing by estimation thirty feet in length and nine feet at the further end adjoining or next to the Straw Barn and the hither end adjoining to the said stable sixteen feet with free liberty of Ingress Egress and Regress to and from the said Slipe or Piece of Ground at all times with wheelbarrows and burthens through the gate now erected joining to the said yard from the common street into the back part of the said Crown and the stable thereto belonging

1786, 11 Nov: Sun Insurance, 11936/341/524346

Thomas Bowler of Winslow, wheelwright £
On a house only in the tenure of Richard Lomath, victualler 140
Stables and brewhouse only adjoining separate 60
All brick and tiled situate in Winslow aforesaid 200
  ___
  400

Alehouse recognizances
1790-1805: Crown: Thomas Harris

1795 & 1805: Land Tax
Thomas Bowler (owner), Thomas Harris (occupier): 8s 2½d

1806, 26 April: Northampton Mercury
To  be  S O L D  by  A U C T I O N ,
by  JOSEPH DUDLEY,
At the Old-Crown, in Winslow, in the County of Bucks,  on Thursday the 8th Day of May, 1806, between the Hours of Three and Six o’Clock in the Afternoon, in two Lots, subject to such Conditions as will be there and then produced.
Lot 1 COMPRISES a COPYHOLD MESSUAGE or TENEMENT, with a large Yard, Garden, Barn, Wheelwright’s Shop, and other convenient Out-Offices, situate in Great-Horn-Street in WINSLOW aforesaid, now in the Tenure or Occupation of William Bonner. - The Out-Offices are particularly convenient, and the Whole in good Repair, with an excellent Pump of Water.
Lot 2 comprises a COPYHOLD MESSUAGE, or old established and well-accustomed PUBLIC-HOUSE, desirably situated in the MARKET-SQUARE, in WINSLOW aforesaid, called or known by the Name or Sign of the OLD-CROWN, now in full Trade, with convenient Brewhouse, Stable, Cellarage, and other Out-Offices, now in the Tenure or Occupation of Thomas Harris, under a Lease of six Years, three of which are unexpired at Michaelmas next.
N.B. These Premises are well worth the Attention of Brewers, or other Persons in the Public Line.
→ For further Particulars, and to treat for the same by Private Contract, apply to Mr. BURNHAM, Attorney, or the AUCTIONEER, both of Winslow aforesaid; and for a View of the Premises, to the TENANTS.

1806, 27 & 29 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/3/278)
Admission of Thomas Bowler of Winslow, maltster, son of Thomas Bowler of Winslow, maltster, deceased
All that Messuage or Tenement heretofore in the occupation of Joseph Dudley, afterwards of John Blake, now of Thomas Harris, called or known by the name or sign of the Old Crown … said Thomas Bowler admitted 30 & 31 October 1786 on the surrender of John Blake

1807, 26 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011)
William Bowler admitted as tenant on the surrender of Thomas Bowler and Hannah his wife.

1807, 19 Dec: two alleged horse-thieves stayed overnight at The Crown.

Alehouse recognizances
1810: Old Crown: Thomas Aldridge
1815: Old Crown: Robert Bignell
1820: Old Crown: Robert Sinfield

1817, 26 April: Northampton Mercury
Household Furniture, Brewing Utensils, and Effects
To be SOLD  by  AUCTION,
By SAMUEL DUDLEY,
On Monday the 5th Day of May, 1817, on the Premises of Mr. WM. TURNHAM, at the CROWN Public House, WINSLOW, Bucks.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, as four-post and stump Bedsteads, feather and flock Beds, Sheets, Blankets, and Quilts; mahogany and oak folding, dressing, and tea Tables, Windsor and chamber Chairs, Chests of Drawers, Cupboards, pier and swing Glasses, Clock and Case, oak Bureau, stove Grates, kitchen Range, Fenders and fire Irons, four plated Quarts, a Quantity of Glass, quart and pint Mugs, earthen and pewter Measures; kitchen Requisites in Copper, Brass, and Tin; a Pocket of Hops, and Part of Ditto; 80-gallon Copper and Grate, and smaller Ditto, large mash Tub, Coolers, and Underback, with several iron-bound Tubs, Spouts, Sieves, &c. five beer Pipes, two one-hogshead Casks, and smaller Ditto, beer Stands, and numerous other Effects. - The sale will commence precisely at Eleven o’Clock.

1822, 28 June: Tripartite indenture (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011)
William Bowler of Winslow, malster, contracted with Richard Gutteridge of St Albans, auctioneer, to sell the Old Crown for £372 10s, but no surrender was made. Gutteridge then contracted with Robert Sinfield of Winslow, victualler, to sell it to him for £400.

1822, 28 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/4/282)
Surrender:  William Bowler of Winslow, malster, and Ann his wife
Admission:  Robert Sinfield of Winslow, victualler
£400
All that Messuage or Tenement situate standing and being in the Market Square of Winslow aforesaid called or known by the name or sign of the Old Crown formerly in the occupation of Joseph Dudley, since of Richard Lomath, afterwards of Thomas Harris, now of the said Robert Sinfield … William Bowler admitted 26 October 1807 on the surrender of Thomas Bowler and Hannah his wife

1823: Directory
Crown: Robert Sinfield, Market Place

1825, 31 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/4/397)
Admission of Sarah Sinfield widow of Robert Sinfield late of Winslow, victualler, deceased, to the Old Crown … in the occupation of William Robinson

Alehouse recognizances
1828: Old Crown: William Robinson

1830: Directory 
Crown: William Robinson, Market Square

1832: Land Tax 
Mrs Sinfield (owner); Richard Sharp jnr (occupier): House (Old Crown), 8s 2½d

1841: Census: Market Square (see full return)
Richard Sharp, victuller

1844: Directory 
Crown: Richard Sharp, Market Square

1851: Census
Market Square

Richard Sharp Head married 50 Inn keeper b. Winslow
Elizabeth Sharp Wife married 57 Inn keeper's wife b. Brill

1853: Directory 
Sharp, Richard, victualler - "Old Crown",  Market Square

1861: Census
Market Square, Old Crown

Thomas* Lorkin Head married 40 Butcher & victualler b. Braintree
Emma Lorkin Wife married 27 Butcher's wife b. Braintree
Edward Lorkin Son   10 Scholar b. Winslow
Clara Lorkin Daughter   8 Scholar b. Winslow
Arthur Lorkin Son   6 Scholar b. Winslow
Charles Lorkin Son   5 Scholar b. Winslow
William Lorkin Son   9m   b. Winslow
Rosa Saving Servant unm 17 General servant b. Winslow

*The enumerator wrote the name as John. Thomas, Emma and Edward were lodgers at the house on the other side of the Rose & Crown in 1851.

1864: Directory 
William Sharp, Old Crown, Market Square

1864: Auction of Old Crown Inn Market Square in the occupation of Mr Alfred Hopcraft and his undertenant Mr William Sharp

1864, 31 Oct: Court Baron (Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/6/713)
Surrender:  William Sinfield of Great Brickhill, labourer
Admission:  John Carr of Mursley, maltster
Consideration £310
All that Messuage or Tenement situate standing and being in the Market Place of Winslow called or known by the name or sign of the Old Crown sometime since in the occupation of Robert Sinfield afterwards of William Robinson late of Sarah Sinfield and now of Alfred Hopcraft his undertenants and assigns together with the Stables and buildings thereto belonging with one slip or piece of ground adjoining to the back of the said Stable containing by estimation thirty feet in length and in breadth nine feet at the further end adjoining or next the Straw Barn and at the hither end adjoining to the said Stable sixteen feet with full liberty of Ingress Egress and Regress to and from the said slip or piece of ground at all times with wheelbarrows and burthens through the gate formerly erected adjoining the said yard from the common street into the back part of the said Crown and stables thereto belonging to which premises the said William Sinfield was admitted 31 October 1864 as nephew and heir of Robert Sinfield deceased

The surrender was made out of court through David Thomas Willis, deputy steward, on 6 July 1864 (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011).

1871: Census
Market Square, Crown

William King Head married 31 Licensed victualler b. Nash
Ellen King Wife married 27 Licensed victualler's wife b. Swanbourne
George King Son   8 Scholar b. Nash
Albert King Son   6 Scholar b. Little Horwood
Jane King Daughter   4 Scholar b. Little Horwood
William King Son   1   b. Little Horwood
George Anstee Brother-in-law unm 21 Shoemaker b. Swanbourne
Elizabeth Anstee Sister-in-law   11   b. Swanbourne

1872: Return of public houses
Old Crown: Thomas Hoskyns (occupier); Wroughton & Threlfall, Aylesbury (owners)

1872: 28 Oct (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011)
Admission of John Carr of Mursley, maltster, son and heir of John Carr, who died intestate, as tenant of the Old Crown, now in the occupation of Messrs Wroughton & Threefall [sic] or their undertenants.

1873: 27 Oct (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011)
Surrender of the Old Crown by John Carr of Mursley, miller and maltster, Sarah his wife, and Mary Carr, widow, of St Albans.
To Edward Norris Wroughton, William Musgrave Wroughton and Charles Threlfall.
£340 paid to John Carr, 10s to Mary Carr.
Now in the occupation of [blank] Hoskyns.
William Musgrave Wroughton surrendered his share to the other two on 27 May 1876.
Half was granted to Louis Edward Walker on 13 July 1894.

1875: 30 June (Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/1): valuation by George Wigley
Valuation of fixtures &c from Mr Daniel Guttridge to Mess(r)s Wroughton & Threlfall
Old Crown Inn Winslow Bucks

Signed: G.D.E. Wigley. Total £11 15s.
Share of Licences 5-15-6 17 Wks[?]: £2 1s 9d.
Total: £13 16s 9d. Signed: GDW

1877: Directory 
Charles Keys jnr, Old Crown, Market Square

1881: Census
Market Square, Old Crown

John Ray Head married 46 Licensed victualler b. Leckhamstead
Martha Ray Wife married 43 Licensed victualler's wife b. Newton Longville
Hannah Ray Daughter unm 15 No occupation b. Stoney Stratford
Annie E.M. Ray Daughter   11 Scholar b. Buckingham
William J.C. Ray Son   7 Scholar b. Brackley
Thomas H. Ray Son   6 Scholar b. Brackley
Hugh J. Ray Son   4 Scholar b. Brackley
Cecil J. Ray Son   2   b. Buckingham
Kate M. Ray Daughter   1   b. Winslow

1891: Census
Market Square

John Ray Head married 55 Innkeeper & waiter b. Leckhampstead
Martha Ray Wife married 53   b. Newton Longville
William John Charles Ray Son single 17 Solicitor's clerk b. Brackley
Thomas Henry Ray Son   15 Pony boy b. Brackley
Hugh John Ray Son   14 In solicitor's office b. Brackley
Cecil James Ray Son   12 Scholar b. Buckingham
Kate Martha Ray Daughter   11   b. Winslow

1891: Directory 
Ray, John,  Old Crown P.H., Market Square

1895: 27 Sep (Centre for Bucks Studies AR 27/2011)
Surrender of the Old Crown, now in the occupation of John Ray, by Charles Threlfall and Louis Edward Walker and their wives.
To Thomas Walker of Winslow, builder, for £200.
Thomas Walker was admitted tenant at the manor court on 10 Feb 1896.

Perseverance House1895: Bucks Herald, 2 Nov (probably written by Arthur Clear)
The oldest house, in all probability, in the town of Winslow is just undergoing a welcome metamorphosis from a public house to a private one. The “Old Crown" was its name, and I imagine the prefix “old” was not  bestowed upon it to distinguish it from another Crown but, so to speak, grew upon it with its age. The probability is that it was built in Tudor times, it was originally a large private residence, and stood by itself with a gabled front to the churchyard, as well as the present one to the Market-square.  At what time, it became an inn there is nothing to show, but it was undoubtedly the principal one in the town – the coaching inn, the one where the great broad-wheeled wagons used to put up on their way to town. Among other things it possessed the assembly room of those days, where the strolling players and minstrels used to act their “brief parts”. The house is, of course, much smaller now than it formerly was.

1900: 4 June
Wedding of Mr John Elley of Baden Villa, St. James'-road, Watford, only surviving son of the late Mr. Charles Elley, of Winslow, and Alice, fourth daughter of Mr. Thomas Walker, of Market-square, Winslow. ... Mr. John Dickins, of Grandborough was the best man. ... The bride was attired in cream silk trimed with heliotrope and Buckinghamshire lace, with tulle veil and spray of orange blossoms.

The wedding party (Walker photos and information courtesy of Wendy Taylor):

The wedding party at Perseverance House

Standing at front right: Alfred Joseph Clear (b.1856). Sitting beside him in black skirt: his wife Elizabeth (nee Elley, b.1856). To the left, in white: their daughter Rebecca Clear (b.1888).
The bride and groom are in the centre: John Elley (b.1877) and Alice Walker (b.1878).
In front of them: the bride's parents Thomas Walker (b.1847) and his wife Mary Ann (nee Shillingford, b.1846).
Sitting beside George Walker: Annie Elley (b.1878).
Sitting beside Mary Ann Walker: one of the bride's sisters.

The photo probably includes Alice's siblings Mary (Polly) Walker who married Ernest Kemp; Sarah, William & Annie Walker; Esther Walker who married William Cripps; Arthur Walker who married Clara Hancock; Thomas Walker who married Edith Dunnings; & Amos Walker.

1901: Census
Market Square

Thomas Walker Head married 54 Builder (retired) b. Winslow
Mary Walker Wife married 54   b. Quainton
Sarah Walker Daughter single 33   b. Winslow
Annie Walker Daughter single 28 Dressmaker (on own account) b. Winslow
Arthur Walker Son single 20 Bricklayer (worker) b. Winslow
Mary Walker Daughter single 18 Dressmaker (on own account) b. Winslow
Thomas Walker Son single 16 Carpenter (apprentice) b. Winslow
Amos Walker Son single 14   b. Winslow

1907: Bucks Herald, 5 Jan (perhaps written by Alfred Clear)
There is no doubt that, could they be traced, the old inns of our land would form one of the most complete links possible between the present and the past. There is an old inn at St. Albans, known as "Ye Olde Round House," which claims to be the oldest inhabited house in England, but whether the claim would hold good if properly tested is a little doubtful, to say the least. But, on the other hand, there must be many an old inn left whose name at any rate carries us back to the time of Chaucer, if the fabric has been changed, and even the latter is not all gone. For instance, until quite recently there stood in Winslow Market-place the Old Crown (now occupied as a private house), whose interior gave distinct evidence of being erected about the same time as Winslow Church Tower, and which, therefore, may have witnessed the first market held in Winslow early in the 13th century.

Thomas Walker1910: Valuation 
Walker, Thos (owner & occupier): House, 11 Market Square (photo on right)

1911: Census
Market Square (9 rooms)

Thomas Walker Head married 64 Retired builder b. Winslow
Mary Ann Walker Wife married 64 (9 children living, 1 dead) b. Quainton
Sarah Walker Daughter single 43   b. Winslow
Amos Walker Son single 24 Bricklayers labourer b. Winslow

The house became known as Perseverance House around this time; it reverted to Old Crown House in the 1970s.

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/79 (Dec 1922 - May 1923): Valuation of Perseverance House, Market Sq., probate of Thomas Walker.
D/WIG/2/1/84 (Feb - July 1923): Valuation of furniture at Perseverance House, probate of Mrs M.A. Walker

Copyright 25 May, 2017