View of frankpledge and court baron, 22 October 1731

Herts RO D/EB 664/M1

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough. This document is not the official court roll but a draft version kept among the papers of the Duncombe family.

[p.1] Manor of Winslowe with members. Court of View of Frankpledge with Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq., held there on 22 October 5 George II 1731 by John Markham gent, steward there.

Jurors: John Cox, John Henly Shade Lane, John Coles, William Windmill
Thomas Hazard, Benedict Holland at Park, George Stevens, James Morrice
William Marlowe, Andrew Shelton, Henry Emerton & Francis Spooner

Common fine: Winslow 16s 4d, Shipton 8s 4d, Granborough 11s 4d, Little Horwood 12s 4d, Oveing & North Marston 26s 8d.

Officers elected:
Constables of Winslow: William Smith and William Marlow in place of Michael Goodman and Richard Shelton
Constable of Shipton: Henry Line in place of John Henley jr
Hayward [custos agrorum] of Winslowe: William Walker in place of James Fowler
Tithingmen of the same: John Harris and James Morris in place of Joseph Ayres and William Bence

Court Baron

Essoins: Thomas Blake, Richard Gibbs, John Elliott, Benedict Holland at Elm, William Stevens Butcher, Thomas Curtice jr and Samuel Missenden with many others

Jurors: Daniel Gyles, Thomas Whiteaves, Robert Gibbs, Benjamin Sanders, Henry Stuchbury, William West
Thomas Ives, John King, William Elliott, William Perkins sr, Thomas Rutland sr, William Stevens Tyled House
John Stevens Newhouse, George Thorpe, Robert Hill, Thomas Curtice sr and George Illing

John Mountague died since the last court seised of 1¾ acres of land in Grandborough. Thomas Mountague is his brother and nearest heir. Due to the lord as heriot: a butt of wheat worth 12s. Thomas was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Bull died since the last court seised of a messuage in Winslowe.
[p.2] Due to the lord as heriot: a tree worth [blank]. Before he died, on 19 April last, Thomas surrendered the messuage now in the occupation of William Bull his father and Joseph Bull his brother. To the use of the person or persons appointed in his last will and testament. The jurors did not know whether Thomas made his will. 1st proclamation made for his heirs.

William Townesend died since the last court seised of 5 acres of land in the fields of Shipton. John Townesend infant is his son and nearest heir. Due to the lord as heriot: a land of wheat worth 18s. John was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Robert Gibbs sr and Sarah his wife out of court on 4 Feb last surrendered a barn containing 5 bays and a "wheathouse" standing in the Old Mill Feild of Winslowe at The Tenters, and the piece of land on which it stands 16 perches 4 feet long and 3 perches wide, lying next to the king's highway leading to Little Horwood, lately the estate of Thomas Betts.
[p.3] To the use of Benjamin Ingrame of Winslowe Dealer, on condition that it will be void if they pay him £30 15s on 4 Aug next. Benjamin was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Daniel Gyles sr out of court on 6 Feb last surrendered a messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of himself and Samuel Foster, with all outhouses, malthouses, cisterns, yards, backyards etc. And a close of pasture called Stone Close containing 3 acres in Old Mill Feild in Stone Furlong, and 12 butts of arable land in the same furlong extending on the close also containing 3 acres. To the use of Daniel sr until the marriage between his son Daniel Gyles jr and Mary Monk of Beirton is solemnised. Then the messuage is to be to the use of Daniel sr and Mary his wife for their lives, then to Daniel jr for his wife, then to Mary Monk his intended wife for her life, then to Daniel jr's heirs by Mary, or in default to Daniel jr's heirs. Concerning the land, to the use of Daniel sr for his life, then to Daniel jr for his life, then to Mary Monk his intended wife for her life, then to Daniel jr's heirs by Mary, or in default to Daniel jr's heirs. Daniel sr and Mary his wife and Daniel jr and Mary his wife sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 12s.

[p.4] William Gibbs of Winslowe Yeoman (one son of Robert Gibbs sr lately deceased) and Ann his wife out of court on 5 March last surrendered a parcel of arable land and meadow in the parish of Winslowe next to the Cleydon Brooke containing 3 acres, the highway leading from Winslowe to East Cleydon south and the land of William Hobbs and Ann his wife north. To the use of Richard Abell esq. of East Cleydon, who was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Mountague, a customary tenant, and Ann his wife out of court on 16 March last surrendered a selion of grassland in Mill Feild in Grandborough beside Wheathill extending to Tomalins Close; and a ridge of arable land at Portway in Adams Leyes Feild, the land of George Thorpe west, containing together 1 acre, and common of pasture for 1 cow and 5 sheep. To the use of Henry Mountague of Grandborough Blacksmith, who was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Thomas Rutland jr and Jane his wife out of court on 18 March last surrendered 2 ridges, 1 butt, 2 ridges, 1 butt [details given] and common of pasture for 1 cow in the common fields of Grandborough. To the use of Elinor Mountague of Grandborough widow, on condition that it will be void if Thomas and Jane pay her £20 and interest on 18 Sep next. Elinor was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

[p.5] Thomas Grassingham of Leighton Buzzard gent. out of court on 27 April last surrendered an undivided half of all the various lands which should descend to Jane Langley widow mentioned in the will of William Gyles her late father or Sarah Gyles her late mother, which should descend between Grace Aldridge her sister and Jane Langley. To the use of Jane Langley, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine [blank]
[Thomas must have been the mortgagee or purchaser of Grace's half of the land; more land held jointly by Grace and Jane is mentioned below]

Ann Mayne widow and John Mayne her son, customary tenants, and John's wife Dorothy out of court on 27 May last surrendered a messuage in the Great Horne Street of Winslowe in the occupation of Ann and John, their subtenants or assigns, known by the name of the Well House, with barns, outhouses, backyards, etc., "except out of the premisses One Bay of the said Mesuage or Tenement containing One Roome below staires & One Roome above staires and One Bay of Barning now in the occupation of the said Ann Mayne for & during the naturall life of the said Ann Mayne only with liberty of Ingresse Egresse & Regresse to & from the same Excepted Premisses". To the use of John Bull of Shipton Husbandman, on condition that it will be void if Ann and John pay him £20 10s on 27 Nov next. John was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.
[Oliver and Ann Mayne bought this from Richard Bigg in 1722]

[p.6] John Worsley and Katherine his wife and Ann Worsley widow and John Robinson out of court on 11 June last surrendered a messuage in Winslowe known by the name or sign of the Redd Bull, with outhouses, structures, barns, stables, etc., in the occupation of John Worsley and Ann Worsley. To the use of Benjamin Ingram of Winslowe Dealer, on condition that if they pay him £41 on 11 Dec next it will be to the use of Ann Worsley for her life, then to John Worsley and to no other purpose. Benjamin was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.

Richard Bigg gent. out of court on 5 Oct last surrendered 6 lands containing 3 acres lying together in the Old Mill Feild in a furlong called Short Costo, the land of Thomas Blake north; and 1 acre containing 2 selions lying in Dugg Butts in Hollow Furrow Furlong, the land of Thomas Blake east. To the use of Richard's wife Elizabeth, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 8s.

[p.7] Richard Bigg gent. and Elizabeth his wife out of court on 5 Oct last surrendered all the various pieces of arable land, meadow and pasture in the common fields of Winslowe which Richard formerly acquired from Thomas Miller and Priscilla his wife:

And 2½ acres of land in the common fields of Winslowe formerly acquired by Richard from Ann Bigg widow

And 1 acre of land in the common fields of Winslowe which Richard formerly acquired from Alice Guesse:

And an acre of land being 2 ridges in Demorum Feild in Clarks Furlong, the land of Mrs Townesend east, which Richard formerly acquired from Pownall Short and Mary his wife. To the use of Robert Whitehall of Padbury gent., on condition that
[p.8] it will be void if they pay him £210 on 5 Oct 1732. Robert was called and did not come; 1st proclamation made.
[Richard and Elizabeth had mortgaged all this land except the last 2 acres in 1722]

William Mountague of Grandborough Shoomaker out of court on 21 Oct last surrendered a messuage in Grandborough in his own occupation. To the use of William Bayly of Bottle Claydon Labourer, on condition that it will be void if William Mountague pays him £15 with interest on 21 April next.

William Smith sought to be admitted to a messuage in Winslowe which came into the lord's hands on the death of Robert Smith his father presented at the court on 13 April 1730. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

John Deverell, son and heir of John Deverell deceased, sought to be admitted to a messuage and 54 acres of land in Winslow and Shipton which came into the lord's hands on his father's death presented at the last court. Rent [blank], fine £5 8s, heriot 1 gelding [spado] worth £4.
[According to the inventory of John sr, the heriot should actually have been a waggon worth £4 - the writer's Latin wasn't very good and he may have chosen the wrong word. 11 acres are listed in the 1725 court. John sr may have lived at Biggin.]

[p.9] [Deleted entry concerning the death of Dinah Key - it appears to say that John Chandler was her brother and inherited the mortgage in the next entry]

John Chandler and Thomas Urlwin and Ann his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslowe now in Thomas' occupation, with all outhouses, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backyards etc. And another messuage in Winslowe now in the occupation of Elizabeth Rice Spinster. To the use of Thomas Bayley of Middle Claydon, on condition that if Thomas and Ann Urlwin pay him £45 with interest on 23 April next, the surrender will be to the use of Thomas and Ann for their lives, then to Thomas' heirs. Thomas Bayley sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 10s.

Mathew Hobbs surrendered a cottage in Winslowe in the occupation of Mathew King, formerly the estate of Michael Tims. To the use of Robert Tims sr of Mursley Labourer, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This was probably in Hobhouchin Lane, now Tennis Lane]

[p.10] John Burrall of Winslowe Butcher sought to be admitted to all the various pieces of arable land, meadow and pasture in the common fields of Winslowe containing 16½ acres, lately the estate of Robert Wyatt deceased. They came into the lord's hands on the surrender of Isaac Judge and Elizabeth his wife and Mary Berkley spinster presented at the last court.
[p.11] Seisin was granted to him. Rent [blank], fine 33s.

Thomas Aldridge and Grace his wife and Jane Langley widow (Grace and Jane are the daughters of William Gyles late of Winslowe Woollendraper deceased) surrendered:

To the use of the said Jane Langley, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 7s 6d.
Jane Langley widow and Thomas Aldridge and Grace his wife [as above] surrendered:

To the use of Thomas Aldridge and Grace his wife for their lives, then to Grace's heirs. Thomas and Grace sought to be admitted.
[p.12] Rent [blank], fine 13s.
[The Bell Closes are now the Recreation Ground. The Aldridges owned the land in Winslow until 1744]

15th proclamation made for Joseph Holloway
11th proclamation for William Heady
10th proclamation for Henry Willmore
8th proclamation for the heirs of Peter Lowndes
8th proclamation for the heirs of Joseph Gurney
8th proclamation for Thomas Aldridge
8th proclamation for John Watts
5th proclamation for Francis Woodcock
5th proclamation for John Bull
4th proclamation for John Bull on the surrender of Henry Toms and wife
3rd proclamation for John Toms
3rd proclamation for William Markham
3rd proclamation for John Penson on the surrender of Nicholas Merwin gent.
3rd proclamation for John Penson on the surrender of Ann Wyat and others
2nd proclamation for John Turner
2nd proclamation for William Heady
2nd proclamation for Robert Stevens sr

End of this court
John Markham steward


Private courts

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq. held on 6 March 5 George II 1731 [=1731/2] by John Markham gent., steward

Jurors: Daniel Gyles, Joseph Turner, William Franklin, William Hobbs

John Ballard and Frances his wife out of court on 8 Nov last surrendered all their estate and equity of redemption in a messuage near the Church Yard of Winslowe now in Frances' occupation, with outhouses, structures, yards, gardens, backyards etc. To the use of William Gibbs, John Cox and John Thomson,
[p.13] all of the parish of Winslowe, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Afterwards to this court came William, John and John, and also Thomas Allin of Buckingham Malster, and surrendered the messuage now or late in the occupation of Frances Ballard. To the use of the said William Gibbs of Winslowe Yeoman, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

End of this court
John Markham steward

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq. held on 28 April 5 George II 1732 by John Markham gent., steward

Jurors: Daniel Gyles, Thomas Blake, William Smith, Richard Gibbs

John Henley and Mary his wife surrendered 2 acres of land in the Mill Feild of Grandborough, part of which is called Henleyes Close.
[p.14] Procedure of common recovery followed, after which the land was granted to Mary Grainge of Winslowe widow, on condition that if John and Mary pay her £30 15s on 28 Oct next the surrender will be to the use of John and Mary for their lives, then to John's heirs. Mary Grainge sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 4s.

End of this court
John Markham steward

[p.15] Court Baron, 5 August 1732

[names of jurors not legible in photo]

Ann Wright widow, John Wright, and Thomas Wright son and heir of the said John Wright and his late wife Katherine in open court surrendered a messuage or messuages in the Cowe Street in Winslowe now in the occupation of the said John, William Dudley and Mary Morris widow, with all structures, yards, backyards etc. To the use of Edmund Wyatt of Winslowe, who sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine waived.
Procedure of common recovery followed: John Mason complained against Edmund on a plea of land concerning 3 messuages. Edmund called to warranty Ann Wright and John Wright,
[p.16] who called the said Thomas, who called John Thompson.
[p.17] William Gibbs, minister of the court, delivered seisin to John Mason. John Mason, Edmund, Ann, John Wright and Thomas surrendered the premisses. To the use of Ann Wright for her life, then to the use of John Wright for his life, then to the use of Thomas Wright in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
John Wright and Elizabeth his wife and Thomas Wright and Susan his wife surrendered the reversion expectant on the death of Ann Wright.
[p.17] To the use of Thomas Glenister of the parish of St Mary Le Strand, Middlesex, Bookseller, on condition that it will be void if John and Thomas pay him £114 16s on 5 Feb next. Thomas Glenister sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[Ann was the widow of Thomas Wright, wheelwright, d.1719. This was probably the property in the Beast Market which Thomas and Ann entailed to their heirs in 1683.]

End of this court
John Markham steward

Copyright 3 November, 2015