Western House

Western House stood on the north side of Horn Street on the site now largely occupied by Bevan Court. The photograph below shows it from the junction of Granborough Road and Western Lane.

Western House

1858, 25 Dec: Bucks Herald
Accident
On Monday last, a sawyer named Thomas Hounslow, of Oxford, employed in the erection of Mr. D.T. Willis’ new house at Winslow, met with an accident which fortunately is not of a serious nature. It appears that whilst shifting some timber he slipped and fell with his leg twisted under him, by which means he fractured the small bone of the leg. Thomas Newham Esq, who was on the spot, gave his immediate attention to the fractured limb, and the patient is going on favourably.

1859 & 1861 Rate Book 
Newham, Dr: House and buildings £75  0  0

1861: Census
Horn Street, Western House

Thomas Newham Head married 33 Doctor of Medicine of Aberdeen, Member of College of Surgeons London, Licenciate of London Apothecaries Hall b. Rothwell, Northants
Maria L. Newham Wife married 23   b. Winslow
Ellen M. Newham Daughter   9m   b. Winslow
Mary A. Jennings Servant unm 21 Nurse b. Claydon
Sarah A. Lomath Servant unm 21 Housemaid b. Winslow
Sarah King Servant unm 20 Cook b. Thornborough
William Edwin Servant   13 Footboy b. Winslow

Maria Newham was the daughter of David Thomas Willis the solicitor and his wife Maria, who now lived at Western Lodge.

1864: Directory 
Newham, Thomas Esq  Western House

1869: arrival of the Greaves family, presumably brought to the area by the hunting; the Newhams moved to Western Cottage.

1869: Directory
Newham, Thomas M.D. Western Cottage

1871: Census
Horn Street

Henley G. Greaves Head married 52 no profession b. Kingston Bagpage, Berks
Elizabeth A. Greaves Wife married 58 do b. Melton, Yorks
George R. Greaves Son unm 26 do b. Hemsworth, Yorks
Emma Smith Servant unm 41 Cook b. Little Hinton, Wilts
Mary Squire Servant unm 42 Ladies maid b. Ingham, Norfolk
Jane Jackson Servant unm 25 Housemaid b. Hemmingston, Northants
Ann Shirley Servant unm 25 Kitchen maid b. Cropredy, Oxon
George Holdneay Servant unm 35 Butler b. Hurstbourne Farrant, Hants
William Foulks Servant unm 22 Footman b. Ashby Hay, Derbys
Edward Featherstone Servant unm 25 Coachman b. Hockington, Lincs
Herbert Taylor Servant   15 Boy b. Wirksworth, Derbys

The enumerator wrote Greaves as "Graves". Thomas and Maria Newham with their daughters Ellen aged 11 and Lilian aged 3, and two servants, were now at Western Cottage and David Willis, now a widower, was also in Horn Street.

1872, 17 Sep
Will of Henley George Greaves late of Western House Winslow Co Bucks Esq who died 14 Aug 1872 at Western House was proved at Oxford by George Richard Greaves of Winslow Esq the son the sole executor.
Effects under £3,000

1877: Directory
Greaves, George R  Western House

1881: Census
Horn Street, Western House

George R. Greaves Head unm 36 Justice of the Peace b. Hemsworth, Yorks
Charles Horn Servant unm 20 Butler b. Faringdon, Berks
James Martin Servant unm 19 Footman b. Gt Hampden, Bucks
Emma Smith Servant unm 51 Cook b. Little Hinton, Wilts
Ruth Robbins Servant unm 35 Housemaid b. Chaddington, Oxon
Lucy Harding Servant unm 21 Kitchenmaid b. Winslow

1884, 29 Nov: Bucks Herald
FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. D. T. WILLIS.
We last week recorded in our obituary column the death of Mr. David Thomas Willis, which occurred at this residence in Horn-street, on Nov. 14th, in his 80th year.   The deceased gentleman was one of the oldest inhabitants of Winslow; he was admitted a solicitor in Michaelmas term, 1826, was Clerk to the Justices for many years, and Clerk to the Union since its foundation in 1834, being no doubt the oldest clerk in the kingdom.  He was also Superintendent Registrar for the district, and Deputy Steward of the Manor. On the 17th April, 1868, a testimonial was publicly presented to him at a dinner at the Bell Hotel, at which Lord Cottesloe (then the Right Hon. Sir T. Fremantle) presided, and which which consisted of a silver tea and coffee service, given to mark the high esteem and regard in which for many years he had been held by the inhabitants of Winslow and its neighbourhood.   The funeral took place in the Parish Church on Thursday, November 20th.   The officiating clergy were the Revds. H. A. V. Hamilton and F. R. B. Pinhorn, and a temporary floor and seats had been placed in the chancel, where the choir were stationed, and sang the hymns “Thy will be done” and “Days and moments quickly flying.”  The procession then wended its way to the vault, the choir joining in as it left the church.  The mourners were — Mr. T  P. Willis, Mr. F. Willis, Mr. D. T. Willis, Mr. Geo. Willis,  and Mr. Charles Willis, Dr. Newham, Mr. G. R. Greaves, Mr. R. Newham, and Master B. H. G. Newham.   A large number of townspeople also followed including Mr. R. W. Jones, Mr. Geo. Wigley, Mr. J. St. Thos. Wynter, Mr. Neal, &c., together with the Rev. C. G. Hutchins (Dunton) and Mr. John Morris (Hogston).  Nearly the whole of the business establishments were partially closed as a mark of respect to the deceased gentleman.

1890, 22 Sep: Bucks Herald
Death of  Dr Newham of Western House [sic], Winslow. For upwards of 40 years past Dr Newham has figured in the social and political life of the parish being until about a year ago one of the most prominent inhabitants … Coming into the town as an assistant to the noted Dr Cowley, Dr Newham gradually worked himself into the position of the first medical man in the town. In politics he was an ardent conservative. He married a daughter of the late Mr D.T. Willis who died some seventeen years ago.

Dr Newham's daughter Ellen was by now married to George Greaves.

1890 & 1895: Directory
Greaves, George Richard J.P. Western House

1891: Census
Horn Street, Western House

George Richard Greaves Head married 46 Living on own means b. Hemsworth, Yorks
Ellen Mary Greaves Wife married 30   b. Winslow
Samuel Roskelly Servant unm 30 Butler b. Tywardreath, Cornwall
Henry Lakin Servant unm 18 Footman b. Hammersmith
Caroline Mary Dunkley Servant unm 48 Cook b. Crick, Northants
Mary Spencer Servant unm 22 Housemaid b. Limehouse
Charlotte Hawkes Servant unm 19 Kitchenmaid b. Stanton St John

1899, 4 March: Bucks Herald

           Death of Mr. G.R. Greaves (25 Feb)

It is with deep regret that we record the death, after an illness of but a few hours' duration, of Mr. George Richard Greaves of Western House, Winslow. Mr. Greaves had for so many years been the leading townsman that his death has come with a shock to all that can scarcely be expressed; in fact, the news was at first hardly credited, because he was at his post apparently in good health, at the Winslow Bench on Wednesday, the 22nd, and again on Thursday he attended the meet of the staghounds. Not till the evening of Thursday was there seen to be anything amiss, when he was noticed on his way into the High Street to the Post Office to be stooping, and apparently in pain. He transacted his business at the Post Office, and started back towards Western House, but when in the churchyard, he seemed to be unable to proceed and went across to the Bell Hotel instead, from which place he was quickly conveyed home in a fly. Dr. Kennish was sent for, and Mr Greaves was soon apparently much better. On Friday he was in good spirits, and appeared to be progressing most favourably, but in the evening, a second attack seized him, and he passed away early on Saturday morning. Mr. Greaves had resided in Winslow from about 1869, and having married a Winslow lady, he came to be thoroughly identified with the town, while his recent large purchase of property, and the extensive improvements which he was making in connection with them, intensified that interest. But apart from all this Mr. Greaves was most unostentatiously benevolent, and it is probable that no-one knew, except himself, the extent of this beneficence towards those who were in want or distress. He was also willing to help with purse or with personal assistance every movement for the good of the town, and it was generally felt that if he could be got to take the presidency of any movement the thing was as good as accomplished. He was chairman of the new Winslow Gas Company, and was largely instrumental in having the Gas Works removed from their old site to the present commodious one. The Flower Show found in him a liberal supporter, and he had for a number of years been its president. When the Parish Church was restored Mr. Greaves was not only a very generous helper but also acted as treasurer, and still continued to act in that capacity towards the Church Improvement Fund, while his help and advice was freely given to all branches of church work. Among other things, he erected the iron room in Horn Street which is used for the Mother's Meeting and the Coal and Clothing Clubs. As chairman of the Winslow Bench of Magistrates, he was distinguished for the exercise of common sense and shrewdness in his decisions, and his loss will be severely felt. In his younger days Mr Greaves was a zealous cricketer, playing with the Bicester and Winslow Clubs, and also with the County Team, and was noted for his swift bowling. But of later years, he had thrown himself more ardently into hunting, and had in particular devoted his energies towards promoting the success of the Whaddon Chase Hounds, of which he was secretary and treasurer. In nearly all the places of worship in the town on Sunday, Mr Greaves’ death was referred to in terms of sorrow and sympathy.

The Funeral
The interment of the late Mr. Greaves took place in Winslow churchyard on Wednesday afternoon, and was taken part in by a large number of persons anxious to pay a last token of respect to the memory of one so well known and liked. Shortly after two o’clock, the funeral procession entered the church, headed by the Vicar of Winslow, Rev. W.F. Armstrong, the two late Vicars, Rev. H.A.D. Hamilton and Rev P.H. Eliot (Slough), the Rev. T.K. Norman (Vicar of Padbury), and the Rev W.H. Shackel (curate). The coffin was borne by the outdoor servants at Western House, and next came the mourners, Mrs Greaves and Mr. Phillips, Mrs. Phillips and Mr. G. Phillips, Mr. Tompkins (Leckhampstead) and Mrs. Newman, Miss Ravensham and Rev. H.C. Tompkins, Mr. Perrys and Colonel England, Mr. T.P. Willis and Mr. Lesthall, Mr. John Thomson (Oxford) and Mr. Esam (family solicitor, Sheffield), Dr. Kennish and Dr. Vaisey (medical attendants). The servants at Western House followed, headed by the butler, Mr. Rosskelly, and the housekeeper, Miss White. The service was quite simple, and was conducted by the Revs. W.F. Armstrong, P.H. Eliot, and H.A.D. Hamilton. The sacred edifice was quite full, and as the procession reformed, its numbers were swelled by not only most of the tradesmen of the town (who had closed their establishments for the purpose), but by many of the gentlemen and farmers of the district. The whole of Mr. Greaves’ colleagues on the Winslow bench were present, consisting of the Hon. Cecil Fremantle, Mr. Meyrick Selby Lowndes, Mr. C.M. Prior, and Mr. Thomas Biggs. Lord Addington and the Earl of Orkney, and the following gentlemen of the Whaddon Hunt also followed – Mr. W. Selby Lowndes and Mr. W. Selby Lowndes jun., Hon. K.P. Bouverie, Rev. T.K. Bailey, Mr. H.J. Chinnery, Mr. J.H. Renton, Mr. Herman, Mr. F. Coates, Mr. N. McCorquodale, Mr. W. Gore Langton, Mr. R. Selby Lowndes, Col. Sawle, Major Green, Mr. W.J. Levi, Mr. Atherett, Mr. B. Clode, Mr. W. Fitt, Mr. Rogers, Mr. J. Brown, Mr Gerald Pratt, Captain W. Lambton, Rev. M. Milne, &c., And Huntsmen F. Cox (late Lord Rothchild’s), E. Bentley (late Whaddon Chase), C. Sturman (Whaddon Chase), J. Bone (Lord Rothschild’s). From the villages there were present – Rev. J. Chevallier (Great Horwood), Mr. W.J. Viccars, Mr. E.H. Baylis, Mr. B. Morris, Mr. C. Colgrove, Mr. W.G. Amos, Mr. J. George &c. The townsmen included Mr. G.D.E. Wigley, Mr. H. Bullock, Mr. W.S. Neal, Mr. Hawley, Mr. J.D. [=T.D.] Curtis, Mr. Langley, Mr. G. George, Mr. Cripps, Mr. A.G. Stevens, Mr. Clare, Mr. W. Ingram, Mr. H. Monk, Mr. G.A. Monk, Mr. T. Walker, Mr. J. Jennings, Mr. G.H. Thompson, Mr. H. Underwood, Mr. Horwood, Mr. W.N. Midgley (secretary of Gas Company), Mr. A.J. Clear (secretary Floral Society), Mr. W.H. Stevens, Mr Newman, Mr. Russell, Mr. Cowell, Mr. Clement Watson &c. The coffin was polished, with massive brass fittings, and bore the inscription “George Richard Greaves, born 8th March 1845, died February 25th 1899,” and it was covered with magnificent wreaths, including a handsome one from the tradesmen of the town, and others from Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, Mr. H.S. Leon, Mr. Stewart Freeman, &c., in addition to those from the family. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Matthews Brothers.

This poem in memory of Mr Greaves was published in the Buckingham Advertiser

IN MEMORIAM.
[Lines written on the death of G. R. Greaves, Esq., J.P., of Western House, Winslow.]
'Tis but as yesterday the bells rang loud
Their glad'ning chime upon thy wedding day,
While welcomed thee the gathering crowd,
And dance and music held the festal sway!
But now, in mournful crowd we silent meet,
And slowly from the steeple tolls the bell,
Whose solemn tones our ears do sadly greet,
Striking to-day, alas! thy fun'ral knell!
So frail are we—'tis but a week gone by,
Thou dwelt in life among us, join'd the chase,
Nor dreamt we that so soon thy end was nigh,
And that death's hand so soon would hide thy face.
Shall we not miss thee from our little town,
Where thou so many peaceful years hast spent?
But still to mem'ry shall thy name go down
As one who justice, still, with mercy, blent!
And we shall miss thee from the covert side,
When gath'ring there they greet each welcome friend,
Dr bursting thence they join the rushing tide,
And gallop, gallop gamely to the end!
The poor will miss thee, miss the generous hand
That oft was stretch'd to them with timely aid,
And mourning thee to-day they sadly stand,
And would death's hand might only have been stay'd.
We all shall miss thee, and can ill afford
To lose one member from our honor'd place,
And sorrow strikes a universal chord,
When from our midst death takes a well-known face.
God rest thee! and in writing Gentleman,
We pen for thee Old England's fairest name,
And may there follow thee, still those who can,
Spend lives among us thus as free from blame!
W. N. MIDGLEY.
Winslow,
1st March, 1899.

1899: Will of George Richard Greaves (made in 1895)

1899: Valuation of household furniture etc (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/2/1/33)
            Geo. R. Greaves deceased

            Library
            Dining Room
            Hall & Vestibule
            Drawing Room
            Garden Room
            Work Room
            Butler’s Pantry
            House Maid’s Pantry
            Servants’ Hall
            Larder
            Kitchen
            Scullery
            Basement Larder
            Wine Cellar

            First Floor
            Best Rooms
            Bachelor’s Room
            Bow Room
            Bow Room Dressing Room
            Oak Room
            Oak Room Dressing Room
            Mr Greaves Dressing Room
            Best landings
            Mrs Greaves Bedroom
            Butler’s Bedroom

            Servants’ Apartments
            Bedroom 1
            Housekeeper’s Room
            Bedroom 2
            Bedroom 3
            Linen Room
            Bath Room

            Second Floor
            Billiards Room
            Bedroom 1
            Bedroom 2
            Bedroom 3
            Bedroom 4
            Landings

            6 Horses, 1 Pony

            Carriages

            £1,917 10s

1901: Census
Horn Street, Western House

Ellen Mary Greaves Head widow 40 Living on own means b. Winslow
Samuel Roskelly Servant unm 40 Butler b. Tywardreath, Cornwall
Jessie Lauder Servant unm 39 Cook b. Ashford, Kent
Martha Thorpe Servant unm 30 Housemaid b. Stratton Audley
Amy Playle Servant unm 24 Housemaid b. London
Olive Pearce Servant unm 16 Kitchenmaid b. Highclere, Berks

1911: Census
Horn Street (25 rooms in house; Winslow Hall had 30)

Ellen Mary Greaves Head widow 50 Living on own means b. Winslow
Samuel Roskelly Servant unm 50 Butler b. Tywardreath, Cornwall
Jessie Lauder Servant unm 50 Cook b. Ashford, Kent
Amy Playle Servant unm 34 Housemaid b. Drury Lane, London
Elizabeth Hudson Servant unm 25 Housemaid b. Bicester
Beatrice Didcott Servant unm 17 Kitchenmaid b. Long Wittenham, Berks

1920: Directory
Greaves, Mrs, Western House, Horn Street

Western House 1931
Western House from the air, 1931
Source: www.britainfromabove.org.uk/image/epw036308

1937, 11 Feb: Death of Mrs Ellen Mary Greaves

1937, 20 Feb: Bucks Herald
Daughter of Dr Newham…. Passed away in the house in which she was born
            Family mourners:
            Dr. H.G.B. Newham (brother)
            Mr Gerald Newham (nephew)
            Mr & Mrs Arthur Edgar (niece)
            Mrs Phillips
            Miss Haig
            Miss Stote  
            Miss Cardin (nurses)
            Miss Webb (maid)
            Mrs Maynard (cook)
            Other members of staff

1937: Schedule of Mrs Greaves' property by Geo. Wigley, March (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/2/9/816)

1. Western House + garden in Church Yard and iron room
a. 34 Horn Street (Groom's Cottage), in occupation of District Nurse at 6/11 per week
b. Stable yard and stabling, in occupation of Captain Williams, rent £60 p.a.
c. 1 and 3 Parsons Close, a Pair of Old Brick and Tiled Cottages, in occupation of Rolfe (service tenancy) and Mrs Ellwood (5/- per week)
d. Brick and tiled or slated stables in Parsons Close, let to Messrs Smith Ltd [a riding school], £65 p.a.
e. Enclosure of Grass Land, no.75 on Ordnance Survey Map [=Parson's Close], about 1½ acres, included in tenancy d
Total valued at £3,250
2. 32 Horn Street, let to Mr J.S. Goss at £19 10s p.a. Valued at £325.
3. 30 Horn Street, let to Mr E.F. Gibbard at £19 10s p.a. Valued at £250.
4. Western Lodge (28 Horn Street): brick, stucco & slated house with stable yard, brick and slated stabling comprising five boxes, let to Mr K.J. Robson at £63 pa. Valued at £1,500.
5. A small piece of garden ground almost immediately opposite 4, with one corrugated iron building [=the Reading Room] and another timber and corrugated iron building. Valued at £100. One iron room was purchased by Mrs Greaves from the Freemasons according to an accompanying letter.
6. Enclosed piece of garden ground adjoining old Church Yard and new Grave Yard [=the Walled Garden], area 24 poles, in occupation of deceased. Valued at £65.

1937: Probate of will of Mary Ellen Greaves of Western House Winslow Bucks died 11 Feb 1937 to Hugh Basil Greaves Newham doctor of medicine and Gerald Greaves Newham £7,033 6s 9d

1937, 15 May: Buckingham Advertiser
            Western House, Winslow
The superior and well preserved contents of the residence. Complete furnishings of 15 bedrooms ... six reception rooms
Geo Wigley instructed by Executors of the late Mrs E.M. Greaves
Auction 1st & 2nd June 1937

1937, 29 May: Buckingham Advertiser 29 May
            Auction Bell Hotel Winslow 18 June 1937

  • Western House, Hall, 3 Reception & Billiard Rooms, 13 Principal and secondary bedrooms, 3 dressing rooms, bathroom. Pleasant walled-in garden, the adjoining excellent stabling affording 20 boxes, garages, groom’s cottage
  • Valuable accommodation enclosure “Parsons Close” of about 2 acres and two cottages all in one block, the whole eminently suitable for a hunting establishment, nursing home, hotel, school or private residential home.
  • Attractive bijou residence or bachelor’s Hunting Box “Western Lodge” 2 reception and 5 bedrooms, bathroom with an enclosed pleasure garden and first class modern stabling of 5 boxes.
  • Two conveniently placed small houses Nos 30 & 32 Horn Street let on quarterly tenancies
  • A small piece of garden ground with 2 assembly rooms thereon in Horn Street
  • An enclosed kitchen garden adjoining the new churchyard

1937, 4 June: Bucks Herald
Winslow
Messrs. Geo. Wigley & Sons are instructed by the Trustees of the late G.R. Greaves, Esq., to sell by auction at the Bell Hotel, Winslow on Friday June 18th, 1937 at 2.30 o’clock
The well-known country residence “Western House” 5 reception, 13 bedrooms. Excellent stabling of 20 loose boxes (in all), garages, three cottages and 2 acres land; suitable for a hunting establishment, nursing home or school.
The bachelor’s hunting box “Western Lodge” 5 bedrooms. Modern stabling of 5 boxes. Early possession.
Two small houses (let to quarterly tenants), 30 and 32, Horn Street, and two pieces of garden ground.
For particulars and arrangements to view please apply to the auctioneers: Messrs. Geo. Wigley & Sons, F.S.I., F.A.I., Winslow, Bletchley;
Solicitors: Messrs. Scadding & Bodkin, 2 Endsleigh Street, Tavistock Square, London, W.C.1. Philip Wood, Esq., Winslow and Buckingham.

1937, 26 June: Buckingham Advertiser
            Interesting Property Sale
            Lot 1 Western House not sold (highest bid received was £2,000 according to a letter from Wigleys)
            Lot 2 Western Lodge Mr K.J. Robson £1,500
            Lot 3 Garden ground with 2 assembly rooms Mr E.W. Green £125 (£215 in S.P. Wigley's notes)
            Lot 4 32 Horn Street Mrs Harrington, Fringford Rectory, Bicester £475
            Lot 5 30 Horn Street Mr Gibbard, the tenant, £290
            Lot 6 Enclosed garden adjoining the new churchyard Mr K.J. Robson £110 (+ strip of garden ground = no.5 in schedule above, sold to him for £25)

Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/2/8/339: documents and notes concerning the sale by Geo. Wigley & Sons:
The cottage and stables (1a-b) were sold for £750 to the Countess of Lathom of Tinker's Corner. Wigleys offered Western House to various institutions such as the National Council of Girls' Clubs, Boy Scouts Association and Dr Barnardo's, without success. They suggested selling the eastern wing of Western House separately for conversion into two cottages. A second auction was planned for the remaining property, but £1,750 was offered by the Countess of Lathom for Western House, Parsons Close and 2 cottages with stabling; this was accepted on 9 Dec 1938. She demolished Western House in 1939.

Copyright 9 August, 2015