Courts baron, March-July 1741

British Library, Add.Ch.53988 (cont.)

[f.3v] Court Baron of Richard Lowndes Esq holden 2 March 1740 [=1741] by John Markham gent., steward

Homage: Stephen Bigg, William Goodman, William Bence, Christopher Bigg, John Grainge

John Longbridge, only son and heir of John Longbridge of Winslow Baker, deceased, desires to be admitted to his father’s mesuage or tenement which came into the lord’s hands at a court on 15 Oct 1739.  John sr had made a conditional surrender to John Burrall for £70 + interest.  Seisin granted.
[f.4r] John Longbridge jr & Elizabeth, widow of John Longbridge sr surrendered all their claim to the messuage or tenement occupied by Elizabeth.  To John Deverell of Winslowe Ironmonger and Avis his wife for their lives, reversion to John's heirs.  Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes holden 11 April 1741 by John Markham gent., steward

The Homage: William Goodman, Robert Shelton, Christopher Bigg & Peter Stuchbury

John Illing surrendered a messuage or tenement in Little Horwood occupied by Robert Lucas and William Clarke, and the home close adjacent containing about 2 acres occupied by Henry Willmor, and a moiety of a moiety of 2 yardlands, lately the estate of William Illing deceased his brother.  To Joseph Bigg of Winslowe bricklayer and Mary his wife.  If John pays Joseph & Mary £250 and interest, the surrender to be void.

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq holden 14 May 1741 by John Markham gent., steward

The Homage: Peter Stutchbury, James Budd, John Grainge, Thomas Whiteaves and William Bence

To this court came Ann Worsley and John Worsley her sonn and request to be admitted Tenants to a Mesuage or Tenement in Great Horne Street in Winslowe aforesaid called the Red Bull now in the severall occupations of the said John Worsley, Sarah Shaw, Elleonar Pollard and late of Phillip Hatton, with all the Houses Outhouses Buildings Barnes Stables Yards Backsides Ways Priveledges and appertenances ... which came into the hands of the Lord of the same mannor on the surrender of the said Ann Worsley, John Worsley and Katherine his wife and John Robinson presented att a Court held for the Mannor aforesaid the two and twentieth day of October 1731.  Seizin was granted to Ann and John for Ann’s life then to John and his heirs forever.
Afterwards Ann, John & Katherine surrendered all their right to the Red Bull to Thomas Worrall of Winslow, butcher, subject to a conditional surrender securing £40 to Benjamin Ingram of Winslow, dealer made 11 Jan 1730.

[f.4v] Court Baron of Richard Lowndes Esq holden 29 July 1741 by John Markham gent., steward

The Homage: Stephen Bigg, Thomas Gibbs, William Goodman, William Stockley

John Morris & Alice his wife surrendered through the steward 2 half-acres of land and grasse ground lyeing in the common feilds of Shipton: ½ acre of grass ground in Licehill feild in Knowlefurlong, the land of Richard Lowndes esq. east, land of Mary Henley infant este; ½ acre of grass or furze ground in Shipton Cowpasture in Long Varnum, land of Richard Lowndes on both sides.  To Richard Shelton of Winslowe cordwainer.  Seizin granted to Richard Shelton. 
Plea of common recovery: Peter Stuchbury then makes a plea of land against Richard of 1 acre of meadow and 1 acre of pasture in Shipton; Richard calls to warranty John Morris & Alice; they call to warranty William Welsh.  William Gibbs the Bayliffe of the court certified that he delivered seisin to Peter.  Peter, Richard, John & Alice surrendered the 2 half-acres to Richard Lowndes and his heirs forever.
[John and Alice acquired this land in 1724]


View of frankpledge and court baron, 15 October 1741

British Library, Add.Ch.53990

Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors which also include Little Horwood and Granborough. The original is in English.

[p.1] View of frankpledge with court baron of Richard Lowndes esq holden 15 Oct 1741 and by adjournment on 17 and 19 Oct by John Markham gent. steward

The jury for our sovereigne lord the king:
Samuel Gyles, John King, Wm Windmill, Thomas Cleaver
Benjamin Dudley, Edward Duncombe, John Cox, Henry Line
John Hicks, Jno Stevens Newhouse, Thos Elliott and John Gascoyne

Officers chosen
Thomas Bowler and Thomas Ives petty constables of Winslowe in the room of Francis Collins and Henry Burley

Common fine due from the inhabitants of Winslowe 16s 4d, Shipton 8s 4d, Grandborough 11s 4d, Little Horwood 12s 4d, Oveing and North Marston 26s 8d.

Court Baron
Essoins: Daniel Gyles, George Barrett, Thomas Blake, John Burrall, Robert Manwareing, Thomas Rutland and Thos Cox with many others.

The homage jury: William Stevens Tyled House, James Budd, Thomas Tatham, Robert Shelton
Richard Shelton, Stephen Bigg, Robert Gibbs, John Bull
Thos Gibbs, Benedict Holland at pound, Joseph White, Thos Curtis jun and John Perkins

[p.2] Joseph Bigg has died since the last court, seized of 2 messuages, 1 windmill and 6½ acres of land in Winslowe.  Heriot £4 4s.  On 20 Oct last he surrendered all to his will through Stephen Bigg and William Goodman.  [Recites part of will: see Will of Joseph Bigg, bricklayer, 1740]
[p.3] Seizin granted to Mary Bigg according to the tenor of the will.  Fine 13s, Heriot £4 4s. She was admitted tenant.

John Spratley has died since the last court, seized of 4 messuages in Winslowe in or near the Markett Place.  Thomas Spratley his brother is heir.  Heriot [blank].  Fine 20s.  Thomas was admitted tenant.

John Henley the elder has died since the last court.  He held messuage & 8 acres in Shipton, 2 acres in Winslowe.  John Henley the younger his son is heir.  Heriot 14s.    John did not come.  First proclamation made.

John Harries has died since the last court.  He held 2 acres in Winslowe.  Thomas Harries his uncle is heir.  Heriot 3s.  Thomas was admitted tenant.  Fine 4s.

Grace Aldridge has died since the last court.  She held a moiety of a messuage in the Markett Place of Winslowe in her own occupation, and several other copyhold lands.  Heriot £4 4s.  On 14 Oct 1740 she surrendered all to her will through William Hobbs and William Gibbs. Will not produced, first proclamation made.

[p.4] Robert Miller on 30 March surrendered by the steward a messuage in the Markett Place of Winslowe now in the occupation of George Clarke, the messuage of Elizabeth Allin on the south, messuage of Peter Stutchbury north.  To the use of George Clarke.  Fine 5s.  He was admitted tenant.
[This seems to refer to the site of 4 High Street]

[p.5] Robert Eden the younger of Winslowe carpenter and Elizabeth his wife surrendered cottage(s) in Great Horne Street in the occupation of the said Robert Eden, Richard Redding and William Prentice, the house of John Burrell to the west, house of William Bates east.  To Hannah Hazard of Winslowe.  If Robert pays her £41 on 4 Nov next at her dwelling house in Winslowe, the surrender to be void.  Hannah did not come.  First proclamation made.

[p.6] Peter Goldsworth the younger of Winslowe on 6 Aug last surrendered through the steward about 6 acres of sweard ground in Winslowe:

To the use of Peter Goldsworth the elder of Winslowe, gent.  If Peter jr pays him three score pounds and interest on 6 Feb next according to a bond in the penal sum of £120, the surrender to be void.  Peter the elder did not come, first proclamation made. 

George Barrett on 4 Sep surrendered through the steward messuage(s) in the Cow Street in the occupation of himself and Stephen Gibbs, the messuage of Thomas Ives south, messuage in the occupation of John Bailey north.  To the use of John Burrell.  If George pays him £71 15s on 4 March next, to be void.  John Burrall did not come.
[Probably at the rear of 22 High Street; George Barrett and Stephen Gibbs were glovers: see Will of George Barrett, 1747]

Mary Cook widow, heir of Deborah Crosse deceased, desires to be admitted to the cottage called the Little House in Winslowe.  The death of Deborah Crosse, spinster, was presented at the last court.  Fine 5s, heriot 2s 6d.  She then surrendered it to William Crosse of Bow Brickhill, labourer.  Fine 5s, he was admitted tenant.

John Bull, Elizabeth Toms widow and John Toms son and heir of Henry Toms deceased surrendered a cottage in Winslowe lately Henry’s, in the occupation of Anne and Zilpah Burrall, adjoining John Budd’s house on the south.  To the use of Robert Gibbs of Winslowe, cooper, for his life, then John Gibbs his son.

[p.7] Thomas Blake gent. surrendered a messuage in Great Horne Street near the pound, heretofore the estate of Nicholas Plaistead, now in the occupation of John Blake, with all yards and backsides. To the use of the said John Blake, to whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This was adjacent to the Tannery, and was later divided into a barn and a cottage.]

Benjamin Ingram requests to be admitted to a quarter of a yardland in Grandborough on the surrender of William Stevens at the court on 13 April 1737.

Edward Reddall and Ann his wife surrendered part of a cottage in Great Horne Street in the occupation of William Bly, as the same is now and hath lately been divided, with barn, yard and backside. To the use of Robert Eden the elder, two whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

[p.8] James Budd requests to be admitted to a messuage in Grandborough on the surrender of Thomas Rutland yeoman and Jane his wife on 23 Oct 1732 on condition of payment of £100 and interest.

Francis Spooner and John Spooner (Francis' son and heir by Dorothy his late wife) surrendered pieces of arable land, meadow and pasture in the common fields of Shipton containing 8 acres, heretofore the estate of Edward Berkley deceased. To the use of George Hall, to whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine excused.
Procedure of common recovery follows: Richard Shelton brings a plea of land for 4 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow and 3 acres of pasture. George Hall calls to warranty Francis and John Spooner, who calls to warranty William Welsh. William Gibbs, Bailiff of the Court, delivered seizin to Richard Shelton on 16 Oct. All then surrendered the land to Francis and John Spooner, to whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 16s. Francis and John then surrendered it to Richard Lowndes, "his heires and Assignes forever and to none other use Intent or purpose whatsoever".

[p.9] Robert Gibbs and Sarah his wife surrendered a piece of land "lying att Tenters next the way leading to Little Horwood", 16 polls 4 feet long, 3 lands in breadth, "as the same was sett out with stakes", surrendered by Thomas Betts and Katherine his wife to Robert and Sarah at the court on 13 April 1719, "on part of which premisses there hath been a LIttle House and other Edifices lately built and erected by Robert Gibbs". To the use of Richard Lowndes, "his heires and Assignes forever and to none other use Intent or purpose whatsoever".

Thomas Spratley, brother and heir of John Spratley deceased, surrendered a messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of Benjamin Dudley the Younger, and another messuage adjoining, late in John's occupation, the common streets lying on the north, east and south parts, the house of Thomas Spratley heretofore purchased of Benjamin Leach on the west, with all houses, outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, yards, backsides, etc. To the use of William Grainge, to whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine excused.
[p.10] Procedure of common recovery follows: Richard Shelton brings a plea of land. William Grainge calls to warranty Thomas Spratley, who cals William Welsh. William Gibbs, Bailiff of the Court, delivered seizin to Richard Shelton on 19 Oct. All then surrendered the messuages to Thomas Spratley, to whom seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 10s.
[This refers to 3-5 Market Square. The procedure of common recovery broke an entail created in 1698. ]

A 2nd proclamation was made for Thomas Alldridge to come into court.


Court baron, 27 October 1741

[p.11] Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq., 27 Oct 15 George II 1741, by John Markham, gent., Steward.

The homage: John Deverell, Richard West, Thomas Tattham, John Holland

Business only concerned Granborough


Court baron, 10 March 1741/2

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq., 10 March 15 George II 1741, by John Markham, gent., Steward.

The homage: Stephen Bigg, Robert Gibbs, Richard Shelton, Thomas Gibbs

[p.12] Richard Wykham of Swacliffe, Oxon, transferred to Edward Hieat of Souldern, baker, his mortgages from Thomas Mountague of a messuage, 1¼ yardlands and 1½ acres in Granborough, late the estate of Thomas' uncle Thomas Mountague deceased.


Court baron, 29 March 1742

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq., 29 March 15 George II 1742, by John Markham, gent., Steward.

The homage: Thomas Blake gent., Stephen Bigg, Christopher Bigg, Richard Benbow and John Grainge

William Hogson ("cozen and heir att law to Thomas Hogson late of Winslowe Yeoman deceased") surrendered 3 messuages in Winslowe, late the estate of Thomas Hogson and heretofore of Simon Hogson deceased, formerly but two messuages, now in the several occupations of Benjamin Quarrendon, Robert Blakeman and Joseph Spooner, with all outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides etc. To the use of David Hannott of Mile End New Town, Middx, to who seizin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 10s.
[See Thomas Hogson, accused of murder, for the full story behind this entry]


Court baron, 28 June 1742

Court Baron of Richard Lowndes esq., 28 June George II 1742, by John Markham, gent., Steward.

The homage: Stephen Bigg, Thomas Gibbs, John Gibbs, Richard Shelton and George Barrett.

Business only concerned Granborough

Copyright 29 September, 2015