The King's Head (formerly Sow and Pigs)

Now 26 High Street. It occupies part of one of the burgage plots which were laid out in the 13th century. The Sow & Pigs was operating by the mid-18th century. The name changed to the King's Head between 1832 and 1842 (there was an earlier King's Head at 10 High Street: see the will of Silvester Cleaver 1685 and the manor court 1700, 1701 and 1705). It is a Grade 2 listed building, described like this:

House. Small C17 timber framed house, refronted and extended mid-late C18, with long C18-C19 range of former outbuildings to rear. Vitreous brick in header bond with red brick plinth, quoins and window surrounds. Moulded brick eaves. Old tile roof, flanking brick stacks, that to right with C17 thin brick. 2 storeys and attic, 3 bays. Ground floor windows altered to 4-pane sashes with gauged brick heads, originally narrower. First floor has 3-pane sashes with moulded frames. Gabled dormers with paired wooden casements. Central 4-panelled door in wooden surround of moulded pilasters and flat cornice hood on cut scroll brackets. Rear range has re-used C18 windows.

King's Head
The King's Head on the right, next to The Elms, the house of T.P. Willis (early 1900s)

1695: boundary dispute between John Chennells of no.26 and William Benson of 24 High Street.

1747: Manor court
Robert Shelton of Winslow Cordwainer, eldest son and heir of Robert Shelton, admitted to a messuage in Cowstreet in the possession of Joseph Ayres, Taylor (near his brother Richard Shelton's), which came into the lord's hands on the death of his father presented at the last general court on 27-28 Oct 1746. Robert Shelton and Ann Shelton, widow of Robert deceased, then surrendered the messuage to the use of Benjamin Ingram of Winslow, Chapman.
It could be the messuage in Cow Street which Robert Shelton sr inherited from his brother Richard in 1742.

1750: Death of Joseph Ayre(s)

1753, 1760, 1766: Alehouse Recognizances
Benjamin Ingram: Sow & Pigs

1767: Winslow Enclosure Award
Benjamin Ingram owner of garden near the Dissenting Meeting House and a close of pasture called Cross Lane Close 25 acres freehold and 10 acres copyhold land
Awarded 5a 3r 34p and 3a 1r 39p in New Mill Field
9a 0r 29p and 2a 3r 3p in Old Mill Field

1775: 14 Aug
Sudden fire … at Mr Footman's, ye 3 Pigeons, Cow Street, which consumed all ye back buildings of ye said Footman, ye house and buildings of Benjamin Ingram, ye house and buildings of ye Widow Maidon and part of ye buildings of Thomas Newman's at ye Greyhound together with Mrs Varney's

1778: 13 Nov
Burial of Benjamin Ingram

1778: 24 Nov
Will of Benjamin Ingram of Winslow victualler
He left most of his property, including the Sow and Pigs, to his son Benjamin Ingram. His daughter Sarah Eagles, who evidently lived with him, received " my stock of Liquors of all sorts". His son Richard Ingram, who evidently took over the running of the inn, inherited some other property instead.

1779: 8 Jan         Sun Insurance: 11936/271/407894

Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman £
On his house only in Winslow the Sow and Pigs in the tenure of Richard Ingram victualler brick and tiled   300
Brewhouse and stable adjoining and granary over brick and tiled 60
Pigsties adjoining  timber and tiled      20
Barn only adjoining  timber and tiled   20

1779: 8 Jan          Sun Insurance: 11936/271/407895

Richard Ingram of Winslow victualler
On his household goods in his now dwelling house only the Sow and Pigs in Winslow aforesaid  brick and tiled  
Utensils and stock therein    
Five houses only adjoining in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid in the tenure of himself John Gent mason brick and tiled     
Barn and stable adjoining  thatched  
House only separate  brick and tiled  in the tenure of Thomas Goughton labourer
Barn only adjoining  brick wall between  thatched   

1780, 1790: Alehouse Recognizances
            Richard Ingram, Sow and Pigs

1781: Land Tax
Benjamin Ingram (owner)
(occupiers): Richard Gibbs maltster £3 17s 4d
Richard Ingram 9s 8¾d
Thomas Wilson £2 0s 0d

1785: Will of Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman

1786: Land Tax
Benjamin Ingram (owner)
(occupiers) : Thomas Read £6 7s 4½d
Richard Ingram 10s 6½ d

1794-95: Alehouse Recognizances
            William Mobbs, Sow and Pigs

1799: Winslow Manor Court Rolls
Admission of Benjamin Ingram of Husbands Bosworth Leicestershire grazier, son of John Ingram who was brother of Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman

1800-12:  Alehouse Recognizances
            Thomas Cranwell, Sow and Pigs

1805: Land Tax
            John Ingram (owner): Hawley Cranwell & Warner (occupiers) £6 17s 11d

1813-15: Alehouse Recognizances
            William Ingram, Sow and Pigs

1813: Sow and Pigs offered for sale with the other property of Benjamin Ingram.

1815: 30 Oct: Centre for Bucks Studies, AR27/2011
Benjamin Ingram, formerly of Husbands Bosworth but late of Wigston, grazier, deceased, held under the will of Benjamin Ingram 1785, the messuage or tenement known by the name or sign of the Sow & Pigs now in the occupation of William Ingram, and various pieces of land. He died intestate. His eldest son and heir Benjamin Ingram of Wigston, an infant, was granted admission through Thomas Cave of Husbands Bosworth, appointed guardian by the court.

1817: Northampton Mercury, 22 Feb
Sale of furniture on the premises of William Ingram at the Sow and Pigs public house at Winslow

1817: Northampton Mercury, 12 April
To be L E T T,
And may be entered upon immediately,
A PUBLIC HOUSE, called or known by the Sign of the SOW AND PIGS INN, with convenient out Buildings, situate at WINSLOW, in the County of Buckingham; and also 13 Acres of capital grass Land, or a less Quantity, if required, in the Occupation of William Ingram.
For further Particulars, and to treat for the same, apply to LAUNCELOT WYATT, Esq. Winslow, or to Mr. THOMAS CAVE, Husband’s Bosworth, Leicestershire.

1818: Northampton Mercury, 17 Jan
WINSLOW, Buckinghamshire
ALL that COPYHOLD MESSUAGE or TENEMENT, with Yard, Stables, and other out-Buildings, in good Repair, conveniently situated in the Town of WINSLOW, known by the Sign of the SOW AND PIGS; with about 70 Acres of capital grazing and arable land, in the Occupations of George Hawley and Robert Judkin.
For a View of the Premises, apply to the TENANTS; and for further Particulars, apply to Mr. THOS. CAVE, Husband’s Besworth, Leicestershire;  to Mr. ISAAC LOVELL, or Mr. DECIMUS COOKE, Solicitor, both of Leicester.
The public House and 12 Acres of Land will be lett from Lady Day, if not sold.

1818-20: Alehouse Recognizances
Francis Viccars (listed as White Hart 1820)

1819: Northampton Mercury, 27 March
An old-established public house known by the sign of the Sow and Pigs ... with brewhouse, stables ... now in the occupation of Mr Francis Viccars.

1820: Advertised for sale by Mr Phillips of New Bond Street.

1821: Northampton Mercury, 17 March
Sale of furniture of Francis Viccars

1821-26: Alehouse Recognizances
            James Tuckey, Sow and Pigs

1823: Directory
Sow & Pigs: James Tuckey, High Street

1824: Bucks Chronicle,12 June
For sale: A copyhold messuage or tenement or inn situate in Winslow ... called the Sow and Pigs now in the occupation of Mr James Tuckey

1825: Winslow Court Books, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/4 p. 384
Surrender: Benjamin Ingram of Great Wigston Co Leicester yeoman; Thomas Miller of Leicester Esq; Henry Dalby of Leicester gent; Mary Ingram late of Great Wigston aforesaid now of Leicester widow of Benjamin Ingram deceased
Admission: Edward Heighton
Price: £1,000
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid and held of the said manor heretofore in the occupation of William Mobbs afterwards of Thomas Cranwell and now of George Cross or his undertenant called or known by the name of the Sow and Pigs. 
+ inclosed plot in New Mill Field cont 7a 36p now divided into three several closes: Bottom Harwood 4a 1r 37p, Middle Harwood 3a 7p, Upper Harwood 1a 2r 25p, now in occ of George Cross or undertenants
+ plot in New Mill Field cont 5a 3r 34p now known as part of Gubblesgore in occ of John Arnott
BI admitted 1815 as eldest son of Benjamin Ingram decd; TM & HD admitted 25 July 1822 on surrender of Thomas Hogg & William Hogg who had been admitted at same court on forfeited conditional surrender of Benjamin Ingram deceased uncle of last named BI decd.

1826-27: Alehouse Recognizances
            George Rich, Sow and Pigs

1827-28: Alehouse Recognizances
            George Mayne, Sow and Pigs

1828: Winslow Court Books, Centre for Bucks Studies  D 82/4 p. 463
Surrender: Edward Highton of Leicester gent
Admission: George Mayne of Winslow victualler carpenter & joiner
Price: £325
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid and held of the said manor heretofore in the occupation of William Mobbs afterwards of Thomas Cranwell late of George Cross or his undertenant now of the said George Mayne called or known by the name of the Sow and Pigs 
George Mayne immediately mortgaged it for £200 to Thomas Hughes of Bottle Claydon labourer & James Knibbs of Salden dairyman [trustees under the will of Henry Hughes]

1830: Directory
Sow & Pigs: George Mayne, High Street

1831 manor court
Conditional surrender by George Mayne victualler, carpenter & joiner & Ann his wife to Samuel Yeates gent on 3 Nov 1830 for securing £400.

1832: Land Tax
Mayne, George (owner & occupier): house Sow and Pigs 7s 5d

1839: Bucks Herald, 11 Nov
CHARGE AGAINST A BAKER. – George King, baker, Winslow, was charged with selling bread light in weight. – He pleaded not guilty. – Annie French, Winslow, said on October the 30th Mrs. Wilson asked her to get two half-quartern loaves from King’s.  Witness went, and saw Mrs. Dodwell, whom she asked for two half-quartern loaves.   Mrs. Dodwell gave witness some bread, for which she paid 4½d, and gave it to Mrs. Wilson.   The latter took one loaf in to Mr. Bailey, the grocer’s, and witness saw it weighed, when it proved to be only 1 lb. 8ozs.  Mrs. Wilson then handed the loaf over to P.S. Knight. – Cross-examined : Witness took the loaf to Walker’s, down the lane.   Mrs. Wilson was there keeping house whilst her sister went to a funeral.  Witness asked Mrs. Dodwell for a plain loaf but she had not one, so witness had a cottage.   Mrs. Dodwell said that was all the bread they had in the window.   Witness did not know whose bread it was. – Mrs. Rose Wilson said she sent the last witness to defendant for two half-quartern loaves, and gave her 4½d. to pay for them.   She bought two loaves, and witness said one was not a half-quartern.   After the witness took the loaf to Mr. Bailey’s, and had it weighed, when it was found to be 7½ ozs. short.  Witness afterwards handed it over to P.S. Knight.   Next morning Mrs. Dodwell’s little girl came and brought ½[?]d. saying they were sorry.  Witness did not take the money, because she had taken the loaf to the police station. – Cross-examined : Witness was quite satisfied with one loaf, but knew the other was short.   She was quite sure the loaf produced was the same.  Witness did not send her sister to defendant to settle the matter. – P.S Knight said the two women brought the loaf to him, and from what they said he took it to the stores and had it weighed, with the result stated.   The weights at the stores had been verified the previous Thursday by the County Inspector.   The same evening defendant came to witness and said he did not want the matter to go any further, as it would do him harm.  Witness told him he had reported the matter to his Superintendent, and defendant then said he would County Court Mrs. Wilson’s two sisters, and make them pay the fine. – Defendant said he was away from home delivering bread, and finding he was running short he went in home for the loaves he had left.   On asking Mrs. Dodwell he found she had sold them both, and he told her one was a 1½d. loaf.  He then tried half-a-dozen places in the town to get a loaf, but could not.   He really knew nothing about it, or whether the loaf was his or not. – Mrs. Mary Dodwell said she was living at the King’s Head Inn on the 30th October.   She served Mrs. Wilson’s girl with two loaves, and took 4½d.for them.  She occasionally served bread for Mr. King when he was out.   She had  no other bread beside his. The girl asked for two loaves, but did not say half-quarterns, and witness gave her the two out of the window.   Witness was busy packing up, and when the girl brought them back she told her it was no use bothering her;  she must wait till Mr. King came home.  When he came he said one loaf was a 1½d. one, and asked witness who had it.   It was quite a mistake on witness’s part, who only sold them to oblige Mr. King, and had no interest whatever in the matter. – Mr. Dodwell, husband of the last witness, asked to be allowed to say that Mr. King usually told Mrs. Dodwell what the price of the bread was, but he forgot to do so that day. – The Bench said defendant was very remiss in putting bread in his window that was not proper weight, but as they quite believed Mrs. Dodwell sold it in mistake the case would be dismissed.

1840: Bucks Advertiser and Aylesbury News, 13 June
  On Friday the 5th inst., the thirty-second annual meeting and dinner of the “Old Union Club” took place at the King’s Head Inn.  John Cowley, Esq., the untiring and steady patron of every institution and measure that has for its object the benefit of the town of Winslow or its neighbourhood, presided, as is usual on the occasion;- many of the principal characters of the place also assembled to enjoy the pleasures of the day, and countenance a society formed with so laudable designs.  The best of feeling and good humour prevailed throughout the day, as well there might, considering the sumptuous provision the worthy host had made for the gratification and comfort of the outer man.

1841: Census, High Street

James Brooks Publican 25
Elizabeth Brooks   20
William Brooks   2
Mary   Brooks   20
Ann Verney Servant 15
all born in county

1841: Bucks Herald, 19 June
On Friday week the usual stillness of the place was broken by the peeling bells of the parish church, and shortly after a band of music, followed by the officers and members of the “Winslow Union Club”, preceded by their banner of distinction, assembled to commemorate the thirty-third anniversary of the formation of the society.   A substantial and excellent dinner was provided at the King’s Head Inn, at which John Cowley, Esq., as on many past years, presided, supported by several of his fellow townsmen.   The greatest enjoyment and good humour prevailed, and the desire to please and be pleased, appeared to actuate all present.   As is customary on this occasion, the following day was devoted to rural merriment in an adjacent field, where –
“Many a gambol frolick’d o’er the ground
And sleights of art, and feats of strength went round;
And still, as each repeated pleasure tir’d,
Succeeding sports the mirthful band inspir’d.”

1842: Directory
King's Head: James Brookes, High Street

1848: Bucks Advertiser and Aylesbury News, 13 May
  The members of the society of Foresters, with their friends, held their annual dinner at the King’s Head, on Wednesday last.  There was a judicious absence of musical honours and peals of bells, very general on such occasions.

1850, 9 March: Perry's Bankrupt Gazette
BROOKS James, of Winslow, co. Buckingham, victualler and cattle dealer; sur. 14th Mar. half-past twelve, 18th April, half-past eleven pr.  Court – Basinghall-st. Com. – Evans. Off. assig. – Johnson. Sols – Munday, Carey-st, Lincoln's-inn; D.T. Willis, Winslow.
Pet. dated Feb. 28. Pet. Cr – George Mayne, Winslow, maltster.

James Brooks took over The Swan in 1852.

1850: Directory
Mortimer, William: Kings Head

1851, 15 Feb: Oxford Journal
RE BROOKS, OF WINSLOW – The bankrupt, Jas. Brooks, an innkeeper at Winslow, Bucks, came up and applied for his certificate.
   Mr. Munday appeared for the trade assignee, Mr. Geo. Mayne, Buckingham, maltster; and Mr. Lawrence supported the bankrupt. The creditors' debts amount to 1052l. 0s. 10d., to meet which the bankrupt gave up property valued at 123l. 10s., and debts, 16l. 6s. 3d; but the actual assets received by the official assignee are 66l. 4s. 9d.
   No opposition was offered, and the bankrupt obtained a certificate of the second class.

1851: Census 
High Street, Kings Head

William Mortimer head unmarried 25 Builder & innkeeper b. Wing
Ruth Mortimer sister unmarried 23 Housekeeper b. Wing
Syril [sic] Jackson Stafford visitor unmarried 25 Architect b. Wallingford
Penelope   Holt servant unmarried 23 Home servant b. Winslow

1852 & 1853: Old Union Friendly Society annual meetings

1853: Directory
Mortimer, William: victualler, Kings Head and joiner, High Street

1853: Bucks Herald, 22 Oct
  DIVISION PETTY SESSIONS – Oct. 13. – (before Sir T. Fremantle, Bart., and P Dauncey, (Esq.) – ASSAULT ON A POLICE OFFICER. – James Clapham, Emma his wife, George Walker and George Goodman, all of Winslow, were charged with having on Sunday, Sept. 18, at that place grossly assaulted and resisted in the execution of his duty, Robert Ossitt, police officer.  Mr. Griffits [sic], solicitor, defended.  From complainant’s evidence it appeared that on the evening in question, the men charged were throwing nut shells at the people passing on the market place, when a crowd were soon around them, and a respectable person called his attention to the gross proceedings on a Sunday.
   The party then went to the King’s Head, and witness followed them.  Seeing them the worse for drink and noisy, witness endeavoured to prevail on them to go home, when one of them with a foul expression, said they would have another quart.  On their going to the King’s Head, witness told Mr. Mortimer the men were not sober, and that they had had enough, and ought not to have any more beer; Mrs. M. said they should not have any more when Mr. Mortimer, the landlord, said another pint would not hurt them: witness said, “if he chose to do [i.e. serve them] so he must.”  A crowd were round, and they were as if mad in the passage, Mrs. M. said she would not have such a noise there, and that the place should be cleared. 
   Witness said to Clapham “go home and let’s have no noise here,” and in so saying took him by the arm; Clapham directly struck him in the face, and the blood flew: witness then took out his staff, and struck Clapham, and told him he would take him to the cage.  Witness asked Mr. Mortimer to assist, but he refused.  Walker clung to Clapham, and swore he would lose his life before he should go to the cage, and struck witness several times on the hand.  Goodman tried to rescue him, and Clapham’s wife clung to witness, and with all her might pulled him by the hair of his head.  The woman told the magistrates that “it was her duty so to do.”
   In support of the charge, George Eggleton was called, who spoke of the disorderly conduct of the party near the King’s Head, and of Ossitt being about to take one of them into custody, also of kicking and blows in the passage, and of blood flowing from Ossitt, the rescuing of the prisoner, and of the landlord (Mortimer) refusing to assist: he also spoke of the party being noisy and not sober, and of their using bad language, such as he did not wish to repeat. 
   Mr. A. Barton spoke of the disorderly conduct of the men in Market-square, and of his having called Ossitt’s attention to them on the Sunday afternoon, and advised the officer to persuade them to go home. 
   For the defendants, Mr. Mortimer, landlord of the King’s Head, Winslow, was called.  He deposed to Ossitt’s having pushed Clapham from the passage in struggling, but saw no blows struck till the officer struck Clapham on his forehead with his staff.  Was himself called on to aid and assist Ossitt in taking Clapham to the cage, but he had seen no other blow than that given by Ossitt.  There were plenty of people round, and the blood from Clapham had made his (witness’s) wife quite nervous, and he was unwilling so leave his house, and declined assisting: in his opinion Ossitt was not justified in striking Clapham. 
   When appealed to as to character, Mr. Ossitt said the parties were all of good character, except Walker, and he had not behaved himself so well as he could wish previously. 
   After a private consultation, the chairman (Sir T. Fremantle) informed the parties that they were quite of the opinion that the charge was substantiated, and with a feeling lecture, Clapham was required to pay 20s, fine, and 20s. costs, or in default 6 weeks’ imprisonment.  Mrs. Clapham to pay 2s. 6d., Walker, 10s. fine, and 10s. costs, or 1 month in prison, and Goodman, 5s. fine, and 10s. costs, or a months’ imprisonment. They were allowed 14 days for payment. The above all arose from parties nutting on Sunday.

1860: Bucks Herald, 18 Feb
To Builders, Dealers, and Others
That Old-Established PUBLICHOUSE,
with Extensive Premises,”The KING’S HEAD,”
WINSLOW, doing a good trade. Coming in moderate
For Particulars, apply at the WALTON BREWERY,

1860: 23 March
Sale of 2 quarter brew plant, 120 and 24 gallon coppers, William Mortimer leaving on expiry of the lease, having been there in 1854.

William Mortimer was still in Winslow in 1861, listed as a builder, a widower living on his own at what is now 160 High Street. He sold up in 1862. He had remarried and moved to Farnborough by 1881.

1860: 4th anniversary dinner of the Union Benefit Society

1860: Bucks Advertiser & Aylesbury News, 6 Oct
MEDICAL BOTANY.- On Tuesday evening last Mr. B. V. Scott, a practitioner of the above system, gave a lecture to a crowded audience in the King’s Head Clubroom, on “The science and practice of Medical Botany,” The lecture was explicit and concise in detail, elucidating many facts, and was very attentively listened to during its delivery by the audience.

1861: Buckingham Advertiser, 26 Jan: Petty Sessions
  George Mayne, of Winslow, maltster, v. James Payne, of Wing, farmer.  Mr Small for plaintiff, and Mr. D. P. King for defendant.  The action was brought to recover £34. 6s. damages sustained by plaintiff in consequence of the neglect of defendant to observe and perform certain covenants in a lease of a public house at Winslow, for the due repair of such premises.  Mr. Willis, of Winslow, produced the lease, which was made between George Mayne, of the first part, and William Mortimer and James Payne of the other part.  The premises known as the King’s Head were leased to Mortimer who covenanted to repair the same, and leave them in a tenantable state of repair; the present defendant Payne joined in the lease as a security for the due fulfilment of the covenants on the same not being observed and performed by the same Mortimer.  George Mayne on being examined said in 1850 he leased the King’s Head to Mortimer, when he entered on the premises and occupied them till Lady-day, 1860.  In 1859 engaged Mr. Sheppard, of Newport Pagnell, to go over the premises and report as to their state.  He made a report, and a copy of it was sent to Mortimer; the repairs were not done when Mortimer left the house; had since requested Mr. Sheppard to go over the premises again; he did so a few weeks ago and found a few repairs had been done.  Cross-examined by Mr. King; the last survey was made this month; was not aware that Mr. Green had made a valuation; believes it was some time in April, and the amount certified by him was £22 13s.; did not pay much attention to it; saw Mr. James King about these repairs on 23rd April; at that interview offered £7 10s. in order to get the repairs done immediately, but if not done did not mean to give it; Mr. Mortimer was not present when this offer was made to Mr. King; made no alterations in the buildings, and the other tenant came in before Mortimer left; the first valuation was made four months before the term expired, and the second three-quarters of a year after that date:- re-examined: Mr. Green made no valuation about the malting except in the drying loft; the premises had nothing done to them on the inside; some tiles had been removed; had been all over the premises and saw there was a great deal to be done.  Mr. Sheppard said, on going over the King’s Head premises, he found a considerable amount of repairs were needed to make them tenantable; saw the lease and read the covenant applying to defendant; the cost of the repairs on first valuation would have been between £40 and £50 was requested to examine same a second time, and found some small repairs here and there had been done; made a further valuation comparing it with the first, and stated what remained to be done; the last valuation as £34 6s.; there was no perceptible difference in the amount of repairs at both these times, except when repairs had been done; very little had been done to the malting; it required about £14 or £15 repairs; painting and papering had been partly done, but still something remained to be done. Cross-examined:- Could hardly undertake so much want of repair that had arisen in ten years time, but much of it arose from neglect; a trifling amount of window glazing, &c., had been done; some repairing had been newly done amounting to perhaps £30; damage to scarcely any amount had been done since the expiration of Mortimer’s tenancy.  Mr. Ingram said, he was a carpenter at Winslow, and knew the premises in question quite well; had been through Green’s valuation; valued the repairs done at £10, and the repairs to be done at about £30.
  Mr. King contended in defence that repairs had been done by Mortimer according to Green’s valuation, but as he (Mr. King) had only been instructed in the case that morning, and had not been able to procure Mr. Green’s attendance, he must ask for an adjournment of the case.  On this Mr. Small applied for costs, when some discussion took place, and ultimately it was agreed that the defendant should pay £25 in full of all claims, and a judgement for that was thereupon entered.

1861: Census
High Street, King's Head

Thomas Bond head married 50 Victualler & baker b. Oving
Isabella Bond wife married 49   b. Oving
James Bond son unmarried 21 Baker b. Whitchurch
Sarah A. Bond daughter unmarried 19   b. Whitchurch
Eliza Bond daughter   15   b. Whitchurch
William H. Bond son   12 Scholar b. Whitchurch
Thomas Bond son   10 Scholar b. Whitchurch
George Kirkwood lodger unmarried 20 Photographer b. London
Benjamin   Gumblelow lodger unmarried 21 Photographer b. London

1863: Bucks Herald, 28 Feb
The King’s Head Inn,WINSLOW
TO BE LET, that well-known and commodious INN, doing a good Business, known as the KING’s HEAD, WINSLOW, with good Stabling and convenient Premises. Rent moderate, with possession at Lady-day. There is a large Bakehouse attached to the Inn.
Applications should be made to Messrs. TERRY and SON, Walton, Aylesbury.

The Bonds moved to London, where in 1876 Thomas married his childhood neighbour Mary Harper, great-niece of Mary Mayne of 22 High Street. James Bond the eldest son died in Bucks County Asylum in 1869.

1867: will of George Mayne (proved 1868)
I devise unto my Daughter Maria the Wife of John Mayne, and to her heirs . . .  All that my Public House called or known by the name or sign of “the Kings Head” situate . . .  in Cow Street in Winslow . . .  and now let on lease to Edward Terry.

1868: Winslow Court Books
Admission of Maria Mayne devisee named in will of George Mayne deceased

1870: Buckingham Advertiser, 28 May
  FELONY.- Sarah Miller, an actress, was brought up in custody, charged with stealing, on the 17th of May last, a pair of gold earrings, and 28s. 6d. in money, the property of Frederick Roads, of the Kings Head Inn, Winslow.  The prisoner pleaded guilty.  It appears from the statement of the witnesses, Frederick Roads, Frances Roads, and Sergt. Clear, that the stolen money and earrings were found by the prisoner in a chest of drawers in Mrs. Roads’s room; on the Sunday evening previous to the robbery Mr. Roads put 31s 6d in the cash box, and on the next day had occasion to go to the box, and then missed about 19s 6d.  Mrs. Roads afterwards missed some money and charged her with stealing it, prisoner was afterwards searched by females by order of Sergeant Clear, and a handkerchief containing 19s and a pair of gold earrings was found in her bosom; she was then given into custody.- Sentenced to six weeks imprisonment with hard labour.

1871: Census
High Street

Fredrick [sic] Roads head married 40 Carpenter & joiner, innkeeper b. Winslow
Frances Roads wife married 39   b. Elmdon, Northants
Rosa Em. Roads daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
William Roads son   10 Scholar b. Winslow
Harry Roads son   7 Scholar b. Winslow
Annie L. Roads daughter   2y10m   b. Winslow

1872:  Return of Public Houses
            Kings Head: Frederick Roads
            Owner: John Mayne Great Berkhampstead
            Leased by Wroughton & Threlfall

1874: The King's Head was the headquarters of Harrison's Cattle Market, presumably held directly outside.

1876: meeting of the Wolverton branch of the NALU at the King's Head.

1877: Directory
Roads, Frederick, Kings Head: carpenter & builder, High Street

1881: Census
High Street, King's Head

Frederick Roads head married 50 Joiner & Publican b. Winslow
Frances Roads wife married 46   b. Elmdon, Northants
Rose Roads daughter unmarried 22   b. Winslow
William Roads son unmarried 20 no occ. b. Winslow
Harry Roads son unmarried 17 Scholar b. Winslow
Annie Roads daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
Arthur Roads son   9 Scholar b. Winslow
William Saving lodger unmarried 34 Hawker b. Winslow
Charles Chandler lodger unmarried 23 Sawyer b. Stewkley

Frederick Roads, now farmer and builder, retired from the pub in 1887 and was living in Buckingham Road in 1891.

1887: Buckingham Advertiser, 12 Feb
To Let,
WITH Extensive Back Premises, situated in the centre of the High Street.  With Billiard and Bagatelle Rooms; also good accommodation for Travellers.  Has been in the occupation of Mr. F. Roads for the last 24 years.- apply to the Proprietor.

1887: Bicester Herald, 29 July
Winslow Petty Sessions: a holdover of "the King's Head" was granted to Mr. John Neale.

1887: Bucks Herald, 27 Aug
Licensing [...]
A transfer of the King's Head, Winslow was granted to Mr Pauting of Aylesbury

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/17 (Mar-Nov 1887): valuation of King’s Head Inn (Roads to Wroughton & Parrott)

1887: Winslow Petty Sessions, 9 Nov
Licence transferred to Mr Thomas Sear

1888: Valuation, Estimate & Specification of Repairs for Kings Head by Geo. Wigley (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/WIG/2/1/19)
[f.2] Valuation of House & Trade Fixtures at the Kings Head Inn Winslow from Messrs Wroughton & Parrott to Mr Mayne.
April 14 1888
Front of House
Swing Sign Board & Iron Bracket
Licence Board
36” Register Stove (broken)
3ft/6 Oven & Boiler Range with ash plate & Blower – all broken
The fitting up of dresser with drawers, cupboard shelves & clock
A deal settle
The seating & supports with elbows
Small cupboard & 3 shelves
Counter with cupboard & drawers
The shelving
26” Register Stove
Seat & supports
Small counter & shelves
4 shelves Rails & ?pans 6/6
4 Bell cranks & wires
Bagatelle Room
36” Stove & iron covings
Small regular stove \(broken)/  
3 Beer Stands
2 small shelves
Wash House
Stone sink with brickwork            £10 - 5 - 6
[f.3] Pantry
Enclosures & door
2 Shelves
Dough Troughs
Oven door & frame       _______   [£] 2  - 4 --
                                                           10 -  5  -  6
                                                     £    12 -  9  -  6
24in copper ?settr & furnace
Bakers Board & Trestle
?Revalued at £19 – 15 - 0

Estimate and Specification of Repairs required at the Kings Head Inn Winslow lately leased to Messrs Wroughton & Parrott 
April 1888
paint with 2 coats to whole of outside work hitherto painted (Painting previously very badly done)
Repairs Tiles on Roof of Houses
Repair Chimneys
Repair Coping on Gable Wall
Repair Tiles & Slates to Roofs on outbuildings
Repair Thatching
Repair back entrance gates
Spur on hanging post
[f.4] Supply new hanging post
Repair WC & put new door
Gastar Buildings previously gastarred
Repair ground floor Carpenters workshop
Repair boarding & doors generally
Repair pigstye & put new door
Repair floor inside ditto
Repair pitching in yard generally
Repair WC next stable
Repair pump in yard
Repair staircase to Carpenters upper Shop
Repair flooring to upper Shop next do.
Repair Cement floor to Malthouse
Witeweash [sic]
Repair Lath & plastering to Roof
Repair & whitewash bakehouse & oven
Whitewash stalls & repair Floors & mangers
Replace new Rack and repair manger in Centre stable
Repair Floor & walls under malt kiln
Replace & repair side Boarding
Repair window & doors to D(itt)o
 [f.5] Repair Floor to Kitchen
D(itt)o Dado in Front Parlour
Repair Floor to Taproom
Whitewash Cellar & repair floor & walls
Repair staircase
Repair Floor to Billiard Room
Repair Floor to Bed Room over Bakehouse
Paper & repair paper in 5 Bed rooms
Paper & whitewash Ceilings in 5 Bed Rooms
Paper & repair paper in 3 Lower Rooms
Paper & whitewash ceilings in D(itt)o
Paint throughout interior of House hitherto painted
Repair windows & doors generally
Say £72  - 15 – 0              £67 – 15 – 0

1889: Winslow Petty Sessions, 13 March
Licence transferred from Thomas Sear to George Ash.

1889: Winslow Petty Sessions, 24 April
Holdover granted to Mr. Frank Higgens, Buckingham. [George Ash went to the Rose & Crown]

1889:  Winslow Court Books
Surrender: John Mayne of Berkhampstead tailor and Maria his wife
Admission: Thomas Price Willis of Winslow gent
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid formerly called or known by the name or sign of the Sow and Pigs but then of Kings Head formerly in the occupation of Edward Terry or his undertenants late of Messrs Wroughton & Threlfall or their undertenants now of Thomas Sear

1891: Census
High Street, King's Head

Alfred R. Dodwell head married 39 Blacksmith & Licensed Victualler b. Long Crendon
Mary D. Dodwell wife married 37   b. Penzance
Henry Dodwell son   11 Scholar b. Stowe
George Dodwell son   9 Scholar b. Stowe
Mary Jane Dodwell daughter   7 Scholar b. Stowe
Ellen Dodwell daughter   5 Scholar b. Stowe
Charlotte Holland wid [sic] widow 72   b. Stowe
George L. King boarder single 27 Baker b. Winslow
William Saving boarder single 46 Running Huntsman b. Winslow
John Adams boarder married 46 Timber Carter b. Silverstone
George Templer boarder single 24 Timber Carter b. Silverstone
Henry Walker boarder single 40 Agricultural Labourer b. Winslow

1893: Winslow Petty Sessions, 13 Dec
Licence transferred to William Lester.

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/28 (Nov 1894-Aug 1895): valuation

1895: Kelly's Directory
Amos Charles H. King’s Head P.H. High street

1895: Buckingham Advertiser, 12 Jan
Holdovers were granted of the "King's Head," Winslow, to Jabez Price, and of the "Rose and Crown," to Helen Hatwell.
Buckingham Advertiser, 27 July
Messrs. F. Higgins and Co. applied for an ejectment order against Jabez Price from the "King's Head," Winslow. Evidence was given by an employee of Messrs. Higgens [sic] and Co., and by Mr. W.N. Midgley. An order was given for a warrant, to issue after the lapse of 21 days.

1896: Bicester Herald, 11 Dec
Transfer of licence granted to Mrs Hawtin, widow of the late landlord.
[Death of William Hawtin aged 61 registered in Dec quarter]

1897: Buckingham Advertiser, 16 Jan
  POSTMENS’, BELL RINGERS’ AND FIRE BRIGADE DINNER.- The annual dinner in connection with the Postmen, the Bell ringers, and the Fire Brigade, took place on Thursday evening last, at the King’s Head Inn.  There was a good attendance, between 80 and 40 [sic] sitting down to a capital dinner, provided in first class style by the Hostess, Mrs. Hawtin.  The Chair was occupied by Mr. H. J. Russell, and the Vice-chair by Mr. E. A. Illing, and there were present nearly all the town and rural postmen in uniform, also Mr. H. Lowe from the office staff; the full strength of the Fire Brigade in uniform; and the whole of the Bell Ringers ...

1901: Census
High Street, King's Head

Edward A. Lines head married 42 Licensed Victualler b. Eydon, Northants
Annie Lines wife married 34   b. Luton

This Edward Lines appears to have been no relation to the Edward Lines who kept the Black Horse at the same time.

1911: Sale of Estate of Thomas Price Willis
Kings Head let to Mr E A Lines for £29 p.a. purchased by Mr Norman McCorquodale for £700

1911: Census
High Street, King's Head, 8 rooms

Edward A. Lines head married 53 Licensed Victualler b. Eydon, Northants
Annie Lines wife married 15 years, no children 44   b. Luton

1910-12: Assessment (TNA, IR58/2347 no.174)
Situation              High St
Description         “King’s Head Inn” P.H. buildings & yard
Gross Value: Buildings   £22 – 10 - 0
Rateable Value: Buildings             £18
Occupier                              Ed. Arthur Lines
Owner                                 W.G.W. Willis, Exor T.P. Willis, dec(ease)d High St, Winslow
Interest of owner             Freehold
Occupier’s tenancy, Term             Quarterly 
Actual Rent                         £29
Who pays (a) Rates and Taxes (b) Insurance       (a) T      
Who is liable for repairs                T, internal            L, external
Fixed Charges, Easements, Common Rights & Restrictions
Compensation under Licensing Act £3
Site Value deductions Claimed   Yes
[stamp]                31 JULY 1912
Particulars, description and note made on inspection      6/12      
An Old Building Lot 6 in Messrs Wigley & Co sale
Brick & Tile Tap Room Bar Smoke Room Private Sit Room Kit Club Room 5 Bedrooms & 3 Attics Cellar
Garden with back entrance and range of Old Buildings
Valuation – Market Value of Fee Simple in possession of whole property in its present condition
Unlicensed say net £20
                because of position 20 – 400
                           “    “      “
Value as Licensed excepted
See letter from Mr. ?Crawley 22/6/12                       £700
Deduct Market Value of Site under similar circumstances, but if divested of structures, timber, fruit trees, and other things growing on the land
31’ 3”  see over @ 3/15/-                                         £120
Difference Balance, being portion of market value attributable to structures, timber &c.                £580
[details of outbuildings to follow]

The photo on the right is from 1913King's Head

1915: Kelly's Directory
Lines, Annie (Mrs), Beer retailer, High Street

The King's Head seems to have closed by the time of the 1924 directory. It became a house for the well-to-do, although Parkers' antique shop later occupied the empty space behind the gateway to the left.

1939: Directory
Shapland Mrs., 26 High Street

1952: Burkes Landed Gentry
McCorquodale, Norman Duncan: King's Head House, Winslow, Bucks

Copyright 6 April, 2024