The King's Head (formerly Sow and Pigs)

Now 26 High Street. It occupies one of the burgage plots which were laid out in the 13th century. The Sow & Pigs was operating by the mid-18th century. The name changed to the King's Head between 1832 and 1842 (there was an earlier King's Head at 10 High Street: see the will of Silvester Cleaver 1685 and the manor court 1700, 1701 and 1705). It is a Grade 2 listed building, described like this:

House. Small C17 timber framed house, refronted and extended mid-late C18, with long C18-C19 range of former outbuildings to rear. Vitreous brick in header bond with red brick plinth, quoins and window surrounds. Moulded brick eaves. Old tile roof, flanking brick stacks, that to right with C17 thin brick. 2 storeys and attic, 3 bays. Ground floor windows altered to 4-pane sashes with gauged brick heads, originally narrower. First floor has 3-pane sashes with moulded frames. Gabled dormers with paired wooden casements. Central 4-panelled door in wooden surround of moulded pilasters and flat cornice hood on cut scroll brackets. Rear range has re-used C18 windows.

King's Head
The King's Head on the right, next to The Elms, the house of T.P. Willis (early 1900s)

1747: Manor court
Robert Shelton of Winslow Cordwainer, eldest son and heir of Robert Shelton, admitted to a messuage in Cowstreet in the possession of Joseph Ayres, Taylor (near his brother Richard Shelton's), which came into the lord's hands on the death of his father presented at the last general court on 27-28 Oct 1746. Robert Shelton and Ann Shelton, widow of Robert deceased, then surrendered the messuage to the use of Benjamin Ingram of Winslow, Chapman.
It could be the messuage in Cow Street which Robert Shelton sr inherited from his brother Richard in 1742.

1750: Death of Joseph Ayre(s)

1753, 1760, 1766: Alehouse Recognizances
Benjamin Ingram: Sow & Pigs

1767: Winslow Enclosure Award
Benjamin Ingram owner of garden near the Dissenting Meeting House and a close of pasture called Cross Lane Close 25 acres freehold and 10 acres copyhold land
Awarded 5a 3r 34p and 3a 1r 39p in New Mill Field
9a 0r 29p and 2a 3r 3p in Old Mill Field

1775: 14 Aug
Sudden fire … at Mr Footman's, ye 3 Pigeons, Cow Street, which consumed all ye back buildings of ye said Footman, ye house and buildings of Benjamin Ingram, ye house and buildings of ye Widow Maidon and part of ye buildings of Thomas Newman's at ye Greyhound together with Mrs Varney's

1778: 13 Nov
Burial of Benjamin Ingram

1778: 24 Nov
Will of Benjamin Ingram of Winslow victualler
He left most of his property, including the Sow and Pigs, to his son Benjamin Ingram. His daughter Sarah Eagles, who evidently lived with him, received " my stock of Liquors of all sorts". His son Richard Ingram, who evidently took over the running of the inn, inherited some other property instead.

1779: 8 Jan         Sun Insurance: 11936/271/407894

Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman £
On his house only in Winslow the Sow and Pigs in the tenure of Richard Ingram victualler brick and tiled   300
Brewhouse and stable adjoining and granary over brick and tiled 60
Pigsties adjoining  timber and tiled      20
Barn only adjoining  timber and tiled   20
  ___
  400

1779: 8 Jan          Sun Insurance: 11936/271/407895

Richard Ingram of Winslow victualler
£
On his household goods in his now dwelling house only the Sow and Pigs in Winslow aforesaid  brick and tiled  
110
Utensils and stock therein    
30
Five houses only adjoining in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid in the tenure of himself John Gent mason brick and tiled     
150
Barn and stable adjoining  thatched  
15
House only separate  brick and tiled  in the tenure of Thomas Goughton labourer
65
Barn only adjoining  brick wall between  thatched   
30
 
___
 
400

1780, 1790: Alehouse Recognizances
            Richard Ingram, Sow and Pigs

1781: Land Tax
Benjamin Ingram (owner)
(occupiers): Richard Gibbs maltster £3 17s 4d
Richard Ingram 9s 8¾d
Thomas Wilson £2 0s 0d

1785: Will of Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman

1786: Land Tax
Benjamin Ingram (owner)
(occupiers) : Thomas Read £6 7s 4½d
Richard Ingram 10s 6½ d

1795: Alehouse Recognizances
            William Mobbs, Sow and Pigs

1799: Winslow Manor Court Rolls
Admission of Benjamin Ingram of Husbands Bosworth Leicestershire grazier, son of John Ingram who was brother of Benjamin Ingram of East Claydon dairyman

1800:  Alehouse Recognizances
            Thomas Cranwell, Sow and Pigs

1805: Land Tax
            John Ingram (owner): Hawley Cranwell & Warner (occupiers) £6 17s 11d

1810: Alehouse Recognizances
            William Ingram, Sow and Pigs

1813: Sow and Pigs offered for sale with the other property of Benjamin Ingram.

1815: 30 Oct: Centre for Bucks Studies, AR27/2011
Benjamin Ingram, formerly of Husbands Bosworth but late of Wigston, grazier, deceased, held under the will of Benjamin Ingram 1785, the messuage or tenement known by the name or sign of the Sow & Pigs now in the occupation of William Ingram, and various pieces of land. He died intestate. His eldest son and heir Benjamin Ingram of Wigston, an infant, was granted admission through Thomas Cave of Husbands Bosworth, appointed guardian by the court.

1815:  Alehouse Recognizances
            Thomas Cranwell, Sow and Pigs

1817: Northampton Mercury, 22 Feb
Sale of furniture on the premises of William Ingram at the Sow and Pigs public house at Winslow

1817: Northampton Mercury, 12 April
To be L E T T,
And may be entered upon immediately,
A PUBLIC HOUSE, called or known by the Sign of the SOW AND PIGS INN, with convenient out Buildings, situate at WINSLOW, in the County of Buckingham; and also 13 Acres of capital grass Land, or a less Quantity, if required, in the Occupation of William Ingram.
For further Particulars, and to treat for the same, apply to LAUNCELOT WYATT, Esq. Winslow, or to Mr. THOMAS CAVE, Husband’s Bosworth, Leicestershire.

1818: Northampton Mercury, 17 Jan
WINSLOW, Buckinghamshire
FREEHOLD and COPYHOLD ESTATE
To be SOLD by PRIVATE CONTRACT,
ALL that COPYHOLD MESSUAGE or TENEMENT, with Yard, Stables, and other out-Buildings, in good Repair, conveniently situated in the Town of WINSLOW, known by the Sign of the SOW AND PIGS; with about 70 Acres of capital grazing and arable land, in the Occupations of George Hawley and Robert Judkin.
For a View of the Premises, apply to the TENANTS; and for further Particulars, apply to Mr. THOS. CAVE, Husband’s Besworth, Leicestershire;  to Mr. ISAAC LOVELL, or Mr. DECIMUS COOKE, Solicitor, both of Leicester.
The public House and 12 Acres of Land will be lett from Lady Day, if not sold.

1819: Northampton Mercury, 27 March
An old-established public house known by the sign of the Sow and Pigs ... with brewhouse, stables ... now in the occupation of Mr Francis Viccars.

1820: Advertised for sale by Mr Phillips of New Bond Street.

1821: Northampton Mercury, 17 March
Sale of furniture of Francis Viccars

1823: Directory
Sow & Pigs: James Tuckey, High Street

1824: Alehouse Recognizances
            James Tuckey, Sow and Pigs

1824: Bucks Chronicle,12 June
For sale: A copyhold messuage or tenement or inn situate in Winslow ... called the Sow and Pigs now in the occupation of Mr James Tuckey

1825: Winslow Court Books, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/4 p. 384
Surrender: Benjamin Ingram of Great Wigston Co Leicester yeoman; Thomas Miller of Leicester Esq; Henry Dalby of Leicester gent; Mary Ingram late of Great Wigston aforesaid now of Leicester widow of Benjamin Ingram deceased
Admission: Edward Heighton
Price: £1,000
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid and held of the said manor heretofore in the occupation of William Mobbs afterwards of Thomas Cranwell and now of George Cross or his undertenant called or known by the name of the Sow and Pigs. 

1827: Alehouse Recognizances
            Richard George, Sow and Pigs

1828: Alehouse Recognizances
            George Mayne, Sow and Pigs

1828: Winslow Court Books, Centre for Bucks Studies  D 82/4 p. 463
Surrender: Edward Highton of Leicester gent
Admission: George Mayne of Winslow victualler carpenter & joiner
Price: £325
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid and held of the said manor heretofore in the occupation of William Mobbs afterwards of Thomas Cranwell late of George Cross or his undertenant now of the said George Mayne called or known by the name of the Sow and Pigs 

1830: Directory
Sow & Pigs: George Mayne, High Street

1832: Land Tax
Mayne, George (owner & occupier): house Sow and Pigs 7s 5d

1841: Census, High Street

James Brooks Publican 25
Elizabeth Brooks   20
William Brooks   2
Mary   Brooks   20
Ann Verney Servant 15
all born in county

1842: Directory
King's Head: James Brookes, High Street

1850, 9 March: Perry's Bankrupt Gazette
BROOKS James, of Winslow, co. Buckingham, victualler and cattle dealer; sur. 14th Mar. half-past twelve, 18th April, half-past eleven pr.  Court – Basinghall-st. Com. – Evans. Off. assig. – Johnson. Sols – Munday, Carey-st, Lincoln's-inn; D.T. Willis, Winslow.
Pet. dated Feb. 28. Pet. Cr – George Mayne, Winslow, maltster.

1850: Directory
Mortimer, William: Kings Head

1851, 15 Feb: Oxford Journal
MONDAY, FEB. 10 (BEFORE MR. COMMISSIONER EVANS)
RE BROOKS, OF WINSLOW – The bankrupt, Jas. Brooks, an innkeeper at Winslow, Bucks, came up and applied for his certificate.
   Mr. Munday appeared for the trade assignee, Mr. Geo. Mayne, Buckingham, maltster; and Mr. Lawrence supported the bankrupt. The creditors' debts amount to 1052l. 0s. 10d., to meet which the bankrupt gave up property valued at 123l. 10s., and debts, 16l. 6s. 3d; but the actual assets received by the official assignee are 66l. 4s. 9d.
   No opposition was offered, and the bankrupt obtained a certificate of the second class.

1851: Census 
High Street, Kings Head

William Mortimer head unmarried 25 Builder & innkeeper b. Wing
Ruth Mortimer sister unmarried 23 Housekeeper b. Wing
Syril [sic] Jackson Stafford visitor unmarried 25 Architect b. Wallingford
Penelope   Holt servant unmarried 23 Home servant b. Winslow

1853: Directory
Mortimer, William: victualler, Kings Head and joiner, High Street

1860: Bucks Herald, 18 Feb
To Builders, Dealers, and Others
         ________________
TO BE LET, AT LADYDAY NEXT
That Old-Established PUBLICHOUSE,
with Extensive Premises,”The KING’S HEAD,”
WINSLOW, doing a good trade. Coming in moderate
For Particulars, apply at the WALTON BREWERY,
AYLESBURY.

1860: 23 March
Sale of 2 quarter brew plant, 120 and 24 gallon coppers, William Mortimer leaving on expiry of the lease, having been there in 1854.

William Mortimer was still in Winslow in 1861, listed as a builder, a widower living on his own at what is now 162 High Street. He had remarried and moved to Farnborough by 1881.

1861: Census
High Street, King's Head

Thomas Bond head married 50 Victualler & baker b. Oving
Isabella Bond wife married 49   b. Oving
James Bond son unmarried 21 Baker b. Whitchurch
Sarah A. Bond daughter unmarried 19   b. Whitchurch
Eliza Bond daughter   15   b. Whitchurch
William H. Bond son   12 Scholar b. Whitchurch
Thomas Bond son   10 Scholar b. Whitchurch
George Kirkwood lodger unmarried 20 Photographer b. London
Benjamin   Gumblelow lodger unmarried 21 Photographer b. London

1863: Bucks Herald, 28 Feb
The King’s Head Inn,WINSLOW
TO BE LET, that well-known and commodious INN, doing a good Business, knowcn as the KING’s HEAD, WINSLOW, with good Stabling and convenient Premises. Rent moderate, with possession at Lady-day. There is a large Bakehouse attached to the Inn.
Applications should be made to Messrs. TERRY and SON, Walton, Aylesbury.

1868: Winslow Court Books
Admission of Maria Mayne devisee named in will of George Mayne deceased

1871: Census
High Street

Fredrick [sic] Roads head married 40 Carpenter & joiner, innkeeper b. Winslow
Frances Roads wife married 39   b. Elmdon, Northants
Rosa Em. Roads daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
William Roads son   10 Scholar b. Winslow
Harry Roads son   7 Scholar b. Winslow
Annie L. Roads daughter   2y10m   b. Winslow

1872:  Return of Public Houses
            Kings Head: Frederick Roads
            Owner: John Mayne Great Berkhampstead
            Leased by Wroughton & Threlfall

1877: Directory
Roads, Frederick, Kings Head: carpenter & builder, High Street

1881: Census
High Street, King's Head

Frederick Roads head married 50 Joiner & Publican b. Winslow
Frances Roads wife married 46   b. Elmdon, Northants
Rose Roads daughter unmarried 22   b. Winslow
William Roads son unmarried 20 no occ. b. Winslow
Harry Roads son unmarried 17 Scholar b. Winslow
Annie Roads daughter   12 Scholar b. Winslow
Arthur Roads son   9 Scholar b. Winslow
William Saving lodger unmarried 34 Hawker b. Winslow
Charles Chandler lodger unmarried 23 Sawyer b. Stewkley

Frederick Roads, now farmer and builder, had moved to Buckingham Road by 1891.

1887: Bucks Herald, 27 Aug
Licensing [...]
A transfer of the King's Head, Winslow was granted to Mr Pauting of Aylesbury

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/17 (Mar-Nov 1887): valuation of King’s Head Inn (Roads to Wroughton & Parrott)
Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/19 (Apr-Nov 1888): valuations (Sear to Neal, Wroughton & Parrott to Mayne), estimate of repairs (Wroughton & Parrott)

1889:  Winslow Court Books
Surrender: John Mayne of Berkhampstead tailor and Maria his wife
Admission: Thomas Price Willis of Winslow gent
            £500
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in Winslow aforesaid formerly called or known by the name or sign of the Sow and Pigs but then of Kings Head formerly in the occupation of Edward Terry or his undertenants late of Messrs Wroughton & Threlfall or their undertenants now of Thomas Sear

1891: Census
High Street, King's Head

Alfred R. Dodwell head married 39 Blacksmith & Licensed Victualler b. Long Crendon
Mary D. Dodwell wife married 37   b. Penzance
Henry Dodwell son   11 Scholar b. Stowe
George Dodwell son   9 Scholar b. Stowe
Mary Jane Dodwell daughter   7 Scholar b. Stowe
Ellen Dodwell daughter   5 Scholar b. Stowe
Charlotte Holland wid [sic] widow 72   b. Stowe
George L. King boarder single 27 Baker b. Winslow
William Saving boarder single 46 Running Huntsman b. Winslow
John Adams boarder married 46 Timber Carter b. Silverstone
George Templer boarder single 24 Timber Carter b. Silverstone
Henry Walker boarder single 40 Agricultural Labourer b. Winslow

Centre for Bucks Studies D/WIG/2/1/28 (Nov 1894-Aug 1895): valuation

1901: Census
High Street, King's Head

Edward A. Lines head married 42 Licensed Victualler b. Eydon, Northants
Annie Lines wife married 34   b. Luton

This Edward Lines appears to have been no relation to the Edward Lines who kept the Black Horse at the same time.

1911: Sale of Estate of Thomas Price Willis
Kings Head let to Mr E A Lines for £29 p.a. purchased by Mr Norman McCorquodale for £700

1911: Census
High Street, King's Head, 8 rooms

Edward A. Lines head married 53 Licensed Victualler b. Eydon, Northants
Annie Lines wife married 15 years, no children 44   b. Luton

The photo on the right is from 1913King's Head

1915: Kelly's Directory
Lines, Annie (Mrs), Beer retailer, High Street

The King's Head seems to have closed by the time of the 1924 directory. It became a house for the well-to-do, although Parkers' antique shop later occupied the empty space behind the gateway to the left.

1939: Directory
Shapland Mrs., 26 High Street

1952: Burkes Landed Gentry
McCorquodale, Norman Duncan: King's Head House, Winslow, Bucks


Copyright 16 August, 2016