19 Market Square (The Bank)

The left side of the Bank replaced one of the two Church Houses at the entrance to the Churchyard. The right side is on the site of the house which belonged to the Gyles and Burnham families whose history is traced below.

Workers on the Bank site
The Bank site in 1891 after the demolition of the Burnhams' house

1682: Manor court, 26 April
William Gyles and Mary his wife surrendered a messuage with the Stalls in Winslow now in William's possession ... To the use of William Gyles, son of William, and Sarah his wife for their lives, and their joint heirs.

1692: Manor court
Dispute between William Gyles jr and his neighbour Stephen Bigg about the "corner post below the house of William Gyles".

1693: Manor court
Stephen Bigg sells William Gyles his entry "fronting south on the Markett place", measuring 18 x 4 feet.

1694: Manor court
William Gyles jr acquires the reversion of the adjacent messuage in the occupation of Richard Ginger.

1713: 6 March
Will of William Gyles, Woollen Draper
He leaves:

1713: 20 Oct
Will of William Gyles, Woollen Draper (son of the above)

1714: Manor court
Sarah, Grace, Martha and Jane, sisters and co-heirs of William Gyles jr deceased, sought admission to ... a messuage late in the occupation of William Gyles their father which came into the lord's hands on the death of their father ...

1758: 31 Oct
Will of William Gyles of St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street, London, distiller
[I bequeath the] Copyhold messuage or tenement wherein my brother in law Francis Collins does now reside and dwell situate at Winslow in the County of  Bucks which I have duly surrendered to the use of my will with all and every the outhouses stables and all and every the appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the said Francis Collins his heirs and assigns for ever

1771: 11 March
Probate of the will of Francis Collins of Winslow, grocer
He bequeaths the copyhold messuage or tenement in the Market Square of Winslow wherein he dwelt to his servant maid Elizabeth Newborn

1771: 28 & 29 Oct (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/1/95)
Admission of Elizabeth Turner, wife of William Turner of Winslow, lace buyer, formerly Elizabeth Newborn, under the will of Francis Collins to:
All that messuage or tenement situate standing and being in or near the Market Square in the Town of Winslow in the tenure or occupation of the said Francis Collins

1780: 26 Oct (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/1/418)
Surrender: William Turner of Winslow lace buyer & Elizabeth his wife
Admission: Joseph Stephens
Mortgage of All that Messuage or tenement situate standing & being in or near the Market Square in the Town of Winslow aforesaid the in the tenure or occupation of the said William Turner
And also all that messuage or tenement situate standing & being near the Churchyard of Winslow aforesaid in the tenure or occupation of Grace Woolhead widow together with all houses outhouses edifices buildings barns stables yards backsides priviledges & appurtenances whatsoever

1781: Land Tax
Turner, William (owner & occupier): 9s 9½d

1786: Land Tax
Turner, William (owner & occupier): 10s 7¾d

1791: 31 March (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/3/238)
Surrender: William Turner of Winslow laceman & Elizabeth his wife
Admission: James Burnham the elder of Winslow gent
All that Messuage or tenement situate standing & being in or near the Market Square in the Town of Winslow aforesaid within the said manor late in the occupation of Francis Collins deceased now in the tenure or occupation of the said William Turner & Elizabeth Paxton widow

1795: Land Tax
Burnham, James (owner); Mr Ashe (occupier): 10s 8½d

1798: Directory
Ashe, Rev. Edward F.
Burnham James (F.) attorney

1798: 29 & 30 Oct (Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/3/20)
Surrender: James Burnham the elder of Winslow gent
Admission James Burnham the younger & Martha his wife
All that Messuage or tenement situate standing & being in or near the Market Square of Winslow aforesaid within the said manor late in the occupation of the Rev Edward Ashe and now in the tenure or occupation of James Burnham the younger
And also all those several inclosed closes pieces or parcels of meadow and pasture ground situate lying and being in the parish of Winslow aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Morecraft containing together 28 acres

The Burnhams' house
It was presumably the Burnhams who changed the subdivided house described in William Gyles' will to this rather grand building which would have matched the Market House further to the right. The photo was taken c.1890, just before demolition.

1799, 1805, 1810, 1815, 1820, 1832: Land Tax
James Burnham jun (owner & occupier): 10s 8½d

1823: Directory
Burnham, James, Coroner, Market Square

1836: Bucks Herald, 16 April
MESSRS. BARTLETT, PARROTT and HEARN beg respectfully to inform their friends and the Public, that they are making arrangements for establishing an Office at WINSLOW where attendance will be given on Fairs and Market-Days (to commence on Wednesday, the 20th instant) and an agency for the accommodation of their customers on other days of the week.
14th April, 1836.

1837: Will of James Burnham the elder (late the younger) gent

1838: Church Rate Book
Burnham Mrs: house 5s 5½d

1840: Mrs Burnham 6d for garden near churchyard

1841: Census
Market Square

James Burnham 40 Independent means born in county
Emily do 40 do not born in county

Martha Burnham aged 65 had a separate household in the Market Square

1842:  Directory
Burnham, Mr James, Market Square
Burnham, Mrs Martha, Market Square

1844: Church Rate Book
Burnham, Martha: house & gardens 4s 8¼ d

1849: Church Rate Book
Burnham, Martha: house Market Square 6s 3d

1850: Church Rate Book
Burnham, Harriet: house unocc

1851: Church Rate Book
Rickard William: house Market Square 4s 8¼d

1851: Census
Market Square

William Rickard Head mar 25 Builder b. Leighton Buzzard
Charlotte do Wife mar 28 Dress maker b. Blisworth
Theodore Katzew[?] Lodger mar 29 Professor of music & language b. Poland
Anna do do do 29   b. London
Harriet Burnham do unm 46 House proprietor b. Winslow

1853: Directory
Burnham, Miss Harriet, Market Square

1854: Church Rate Book
Attenborough, Revd: House Market Square 4s 8¼d

1855: Bucks Herald, 13 June
BUCKS AND OXON UNION BANK, WINSLOW
THE PUBLIC are respectfully informed that from and after the 1st of JANUARY, 1855, DAILY ATTENDANCE will be given for BANKING BUSINESS at the OFFICE OF THE BANK, MARKET PLACE, WINSLOW.
MANAGER – MR ALFRED WATERS
By Order of the Board of Directors,
A. GARRIOCH,
Secretary.
Bucks and Oxon Union Bank,
Aylesbury, 30th December, 1854.
*** Bank Hours from 9 till 4, and on Market and Fair Days from 9 till 5.

In June 1853, the Bucks Herald recorded that the Bucks & Oxon Union Bank had absorbed the Aylesbury and Thame Old Banks, Buckingham Bank (Bartlett, Parrott and Hearn) and Banbury Old Bank.

1856: Church Rate Book
Bartlett & Parrott Esqs: House Union Bank 4s 8d

1861: Census
Market Square

Henry Sharp Head unm 27 Surgeon's Assistant b. Winslow
Susannah do Sister unm 25 Milliner & Dressmaker do
Mercy do Sister unm 17 do do
Emily L. do Sister   11 Scholar do

1863: Church Rate Book
Bartlett & Co.: Bank 4s 8d

1864: Directory
Bucks & Oxon Union Bank Ltd (H.H. Waddington manager) (open on Wednesdays, Saturdays & fair days) Market Square; draw on Jones Lloyd & Co, London

1871: Census
Market Square

Thomas Lowndes Head unm 60 No profession b. Whaddon
Ruth Johnson Servant do 40 Domestic servant b. Castle Ashby, Northants
Annie Lee do do 21 do b. Whaddon

1877:  Directory
Bucks & Oxon Union Bank Ltd (H. Freegard manager) (open on Wednesdays & Saturdays from 11 till 4 & on fair days) Market Square; draw on London & Westminster Bank, London

1881: Census
Market Square

Thomas W.S. Lowndes Head unm 70 Late Captain in the army b. Whaddon
Hannah Gulliver Servant do 46 Housekeeper b. Napton, Warws
Annie Edwards do do 18 General servant domestic b. Titchmarsh, Northants

1887: Directory
Bucks & Oxon Union Bank Ltd (H. Freegard manager) (open on Wednesdays & Saturdays from 11 till 4 & on fair days) Market Square; draw on London & Westminster Bank Ltd, London

The temporary bank, with sign1891: Northampton Mercury, 16 Jan
THE BUCKS AND OXON BANK is temporarily transferred to premises the other side of the Market-Square [4 High Street - see photo, right], the present building being shortly to be pulled down and a larger and more commodious edifice to be erected.

1891: Bucks Herald, 28 Feb
THE NEW BANK FOR WINSLOW – The clerk produced nine sectional plans of the proposed new Bucks and Oxon Union Bank to be erected in the Market-Square, Winslow. The architects are Messrs. [Charles] Ayres and Arden, Watford, and the building will be of stone and brick covered with tiles. – The plans were passed, and it was also agreed to allow Mr Thomas Walker to erect a hoarding on the pavement, his tender for the demolition of the present building, and removal of materials having been accepted.

Charles P. Ayres also designed Watford Cottage Hospital.

1891: Directory
Bucks & Oxon Union Bank Ltd (H. Freegard manager) (open on Wednesdays & Saturdays from 11 till 4 & on fair days) Market Square; draw on London & Westminster Bank Ltd, London

Logo of Bucks & Oxon Bank
Plaque on renovated wall
The badge of the Bucks & Oxon Union Bank can still be seen on the Bank
The wall of 21 Market Square was opened up for the first time

1891 Census: not listed

Mr Henry Fregard was the Manager of the “new” bank during the early years  but was promoted to be manager of the Buckingham branch at the end of 1895. He was succeeded at Winslow by Mr. G.W. Bull, formerly at Aylesbury. The managership in Winslow before Mr Fregard was notable for several deaths in office.

1892: Bucks Herald, 20 Feb
WINSLOW
THE NEW BANK – The new Bucks and Oxon Bank, although scarcely completed, was opened for business on Wednesday [17 Feb]. It is undoubtedly the best looking building in town.

Unfortunately, the work done in demolishing the old buildings and servicing the new building work from the Market Square damaged the pavement along this side of the Square. For 17 years or more there were complaints about the condition of the pavement round to Ezra Braggins' shop. Disputes over where responsibility lay inhibited the repairs.

1899: Kelly's Directory
Bucks & Oxon Union Bank Ltd (branch) (J.R. Swain manager) (open daily from 10 till 4 on market & fair days; Thursday 10 till 1) Market Square; draw on London & Westminster Bank Ltd, London E.C.

1901: Census
Bank House

Joseph Ridgway Swain Head mar 35 Bank Manager b. Radclive, Bucks
Florence do Wife mar 42   b. Dorking
Francis Joseph do Son   8   b. Grimsbury, Northants [Oxon]
Dorothy Mary do Daughter   6   do
Edith Warner Servant single 30? Housemaid b. Winslow

1902: The Bucks & Oxon Union Bank is taken over by Lloyds Bank

The Bank and Old Post Office
This photo from 1905 shows the Bank already covered with creeper, and the Old Post Office to the left still standing

1910: Valuation 202
Lloyds Bank Co: Mayor, Robt house & bank Market Square

1911: Directory
Lloyds Bank Ltd (Branch) (E.R. Mayor manager) (open daily 10 to 4, market days 10 to 5; Thurs 10 to 1) Market Square; draw on head office, 71 Lombard Street London E.C.

1911: Census
Lloyds Bank

Edward Robert Mayor Head mar 45 Bank Manager b. Buckingham
Ada Christine Mayor Wife mar 41 married 21 years, 1 child b. Hemel Hempstead
Daisy Hamp Servant single 24 General servant b. Winslow

Staghounds meeting outside the Bank
By this meeting of the Staghounds outside the Bank in Feb 1912, the Old Post Office had been demolished and the St Laurence Room gates built.

1920: Directory
Lloyds Bank Ltd (Branch) (E.R. Mayor manager) (open daily 9 to 3, Thurs 9 to 12) Market Square; draw on head office, 71 Lombard Street London E.C

WI float outside the Bank, 1935
The Women's Institute take part in George V's Silver Jubilee celebrations outside the Bank, 1935

1939: Directory
Lloyds Bank Ltd (Branch) (Fredk H. Foster manager) (open daily 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., Sat. 9 a.m. to 12 noon) 19 Market Square; head office, 71 Lombard Street London E.C. 3

Market Square c1930 with St Laurence Room

2013: Lloyds Bank Winslow branch becomes TSB.

 

 

Copyright 28 February, 2017