5 Horn Street (The Cottage, The Limes)

The Cottage, which is now three separate houses, was created in the 1860s by Samuel Burnham Dudley from The Limes (where he lived) and two adjacent properties, making one of the largest houses in Winslow, with 10 bedrooms. Its nineteenth-century façade gives a misleading appearance to a building with much older origins. Below is the history of the combined house, known briefly as Burnham Cottage and then as The Cottage. It was for a long time the home of Dr Kennish (after whom Kennish Close is named) but before that it was a very genteel girls' school. Please scroll down for the individual houses which preceded it.

Horn Street before 1884
This is the earliest known photo of The Limes (the house with 5 bays and 4 chimneys on the left), and must predate the rebuilding of the Congregational Church in 1884

1871: Census
Horn Street

Samuel B. Dudley Head married 61 Auctioneer, Land & Excise Agent, Farmer of 500 acres employing 10 men, 4 boys b. Winslow
Louisa H. do Wife married 40 do wife b. Banbury
Louisa M. do Daughter unm 19 do daughter b. Winslow
Susan Mitchell Servant do 51? Domestic Servant b. Newton Longville
Mary A. Smith do do 24 do b. Tingewick
Emma Mitchell do do 21 do b. Newton Longville

1877 PO Directory:
Samuel Burnham Dudley, Horn Street

11 Oct 1878: Memorandum by Samuel Burnham Dudley that he had deposited title deeds with Henry Hearn as security for money owed.  £1,653 3s still due to Hearn or his firm in 1883.

30 Jan 1880: Samuel Burnham Dudley made his will, devising his property in trust to his wife Louisa Harriet Dudley.

9 July 1880: Conditional surrender by Samuel Burnham Dudley to William Weston for £2,500 and interest. £877 11s 2d still due to him in 1883.

1881: Census
The Limes

Samuel B. Dudley Head married 71 Land Agent & Farmer of 700 acres employing 16 men, 14 boys b. Winslow
Louisa H. do Wife married 54 do wife b. Banbury
Susannah Mitchell Servant do 67 Housekeeper b. Newton Longville
Lizzie Gregory do do 21 Housemaid b. Blewberry, Berks
Martha Hopkins do do 19 Cook b. Hoggeston

25 April 1881: Indenture between Samuel Burnham Dudley and George and James Weston for mortgage of £1,500 and interest. £1,566 14s 10d still due to them in 1883.

14 Nov 1881: Codicil to will of Samuel Burnham Dudley.

1 Nov 1882: Death of Samuel Burnham Dudley (aged 72). Funeral on 8 Nov.

5 Jan 1883: Probate granted to Louisa Harriet Dudley

1883 Kelly’s Directory:
Samuel Burnham Dudley, The Limes, Great Horn Street

16 & 23 June 1883: Buckingham Advertiser
To be sold by Geo. Wigley at The Bell on 27 June, the estate of S.B. Dudley esq. including:
A delightfully situate Family Residence Distinguished as "The Limes," with stabling, farmery, of commodious and most substantial elevation, occupying one of the pleasantest and most commanding positions in the Town of Winslow, with beautiful and extensive views, and a Close of Rich Pasture Land in the rear containing 5A. 3R. 0P. A Freehold Close of highly valuable Accommodation Land containing 5A. 1R. 6P. adjoining the last lot. Cottages, &c.

30 June 1883: Buckingham Advertiser
Lot 20, the residence known as the "The Limes," Winslow, with garden and land, was sold to W. Selby Lowndes jun., Esq., for £3,350, and he also purchased Lot 21, a freehold close, containing 5A 1R 6P adjoining Lot 20, for £670.
[This must have fallen through; see below]

29 Sep 1883: Admission of William Weston on default in payment.

29 Dec 1883 Indenture between:
1. Louisa Harriet Dudley of Winslow, widow
2. William Weston
3. George and James Weston
4. Henry Hearn
5. Charles Henry Eyre Coote of Aspley House, Woburn
Louisa Harriet Dudley sells to Coote for £4,097 9s, out of which she pays the creditors (nos 2-4).

Plan of The Cottage and grounds
Plan of The Cottage (marked in red) and part of the garden, from the 1883 indenture

1887 Kelly’s Directory:
Henry Sharp, Burnham Cottage, Horn Street

1891: Census
Horn Street

Agnes L. Newcombe Head widow 53 Living on her own means b. Scotland
William Dalglish Brother single 50 do do
Susan Lockhart Newcombe Daughter do 16   b. Steeple Claydon
Sybil Emily Newcombe do do 13   do
Percy Frederick Newcombe Son do 7[?]   do
Mabel Warren Smith Niece Single 17   b. Lichfield
Edith Bell Governess do 33 Teacher on General Subjects b. Rainhill, Lancs
Elizabeth Seinring do do 24 Teacher, French & German b. Prussia
Katherine Harding Pupil do 16   b. Kent
Amy M. Hopkinson do do 12   b. Lancs
Hazel Wantner[?] Ward do 8   b. Eastbourne
Maria Keys Servant single 50 Cook b. Winslow
Elizabeth Dancer do do 21 Lady's Maid b. Granborough
Sarah Anne Tompkins do do 21 Parlour Maid b. Marsh Gibbon
Clara Prussell do do 18 House Maid b. Croydon

1891 & 1895 & 1899 Kelly's Directory:
Mrs Newcombe, The Cottage, Horn Street

1901: Census
The Cottage

Agnes Lary Newcombe Head Widow 63 Principal of Girls Boarding School b. Scotland
Sybil Emily do Daughter Single 23   b. Steeple Claydon
Edith Bell Governess Single 42 Teacher (Resident) b. Rainhill, Lancs
Hilda Allen Governess Single 30 Teacher (Resident) b. Broseley, Salop
Gwendoline May Rachel Millet Boarder Single 16 Pupil b. Lewes
Constance Theodora Fennell do do 16 do b. Knutsford, Cheshire
Constance Maud Lockhart McLaverty Pupil do 16 do b. Scotland
Mary Arnold Selwyn do do 15 do b. Liverpool
May Beatrice Collins do do 15 do b. Easton Neston
Dorothy May Chilton do do 12 do b. Leckhampstead
Isabel Montford do do 12 do b. Driffield, Derbys.
Gwendoline Gertrude Firmstone do do 9 do b. Ireland
Lilian Alathea Peer Servant Single 32 Ladies Maid b. Wilts
Clara Cripps do do 26 Parlour Maid b. Winslow
Florence Jennings do do 23 Housemaid do
Mary Fortnum do do 22 Cook do
Jane King do do 15 Under Housemaid do

The Cottage seen from The WalkPhoto (right): The rear of The Cottage seen from The Walk, early C20

9 Jan 1906: Centre for Bucks Studies, DX 793
Surrender: Lieut Col Charles Henry Eyre Coote of Highgate House Creaton Northants one of the copyhold tenants of the Manor of Winslow
Admission: Thomas Looney Kennish of Winslow Doctor of Medicine
£1,200
All that copyhold messuage in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of Lancelot Wyatt deceased afterwards of Martha King since of the late Samuel Burnham Dudley and then of Mrs Dudley and late of Mrs Newcombe with the orchard garden &c.
All that cottage in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of Mary Hall and John King afterwards of Thomas Mayne and John Wilmer since of Amelia Batchelor and Thomas Rivett with barns stables outhouses &c.
All that messuage in Winslow wherein John Norman formerly dwelt afterwards in the occupation of Francis Cox then of John Cox since of Phillis Cox being the east part of a messuage wherein John Seaton formerly dwelt
Also all that east part of the yard to the said messuage belonging
Also all that barn with the garden and backside ... egress regress for horses and carriages through the gatehouse and the west part of the yard to the said messuage belonging unto the aforesaid barn

Dr Kennish was responsible for adding the large bay windows (covered with creeper in the photo below) in 1905, according to the architect's drawing (Centre for Bucks Studies D-X 1489/1/5).

The Cottage in the early 20th century.

14 July 1906: Buckingham Advertiser
Deaths. KENNISH. At The Cottage, Winslow, on the 6th inst., Mona Evelyn, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. T.L. Kennish, aged six months.

1907 Kelly's Directory:
Thomas L. Kennish, The Cottage, Horn Street

1911 Census
The Cottage, 15 rooms

Thomas Looney Kennish Head married 49 Physician b. Whitehaven
Jeanie Johnstone Frazer Kennish Wife Married 45 Married 16 years, 3 children living, 1 dead b. Dumfriesshire
Jean Christine Kennish Daughter Single 11   b. Winslow
Evelyn Laura Boniface Visitor Single 22 Governess b. Ford, Sussex
Elizabeth Marks Servant do 46 Cook b. Great Horwood
Mary Annie Sumbers do do 33 Housemaid b. Enfield
Minnie Wilkes do do 22 Tablemaid b. Wigginton, Oxon
Mary Elizabeth Dickins do do 16 Kitchenmaid b. Stewkley

The Cottage in the 1950sBill from Dr Kennish 19321943: Buckingham Advertiser, 15 May
DR. KENNISH regrets to announce that owing to the requisitioning of his house by the B.W.A.E.C. [it was used by the Land Army], his sudden and continued illness, and his inability to find a successor, he is obliged to give up his Practice as from Wednesday, May 12th. He therefore requests his Patients to make their own arrangements, for the future.

1944: Buckingham Advertiser, 1 Jan
It is with deep regret that we announce the passing, on Christmas morning, of Dr. T.L. Kennish, who had practised in Winslow for more than 50 years and left Winslow after his retirement in the early part of the year to live at Great Missenden. ... Dr. Kennish came to Winslow as an Assistant Doctor to the late Dr. Newham, and after his death, for some years he joined partnership with the late Dr. Vaisey. Later, this was dissolved and Dr. Kennish became the practitioner at "The Cottage," Winslow, where he lived until his retirement from the medical service, during the early summer of this year. He continued his services as doctor until he was over 80 years of age ...

1950: Centre for Bucks Studies D-X 1489/1/6
Proposed alterations to convert by W.R. Ellis of Whitchurch to convert The Cottage into three houses.

Plan of The Cottage in 1883 and 1978
This plan juxtaposes The Cottage on the 1883 plan and the 1978 Ordnance Survey map; you can see that considerable alterations were carried out, probably by Dr Kennish. Deveron House seems to correspond to The Limes, and Middle House and Little Cottage (now called Chime House) to John Cox's properties. The photo below suggests a possible layout for the original houses.

Modern photo of The Cottage suggesting original divisions


The Limes

This is the part of the house now called Deveron House; it became known as The Limes in the 19th century.

1727: 5 Aug, Sun Insurance 11936/24/286/42317
William Hobbs of Winslow shopkeeper
On his two houses in Winslow aforesaid being a common insurance
One house only in Horn Street in his own occupation                                   180
The other house only in the occupation of Francis Woodcock                       120 (17 Market Square)

1767: Enclosure Award
Old enclosures: William Hobbs
A garden and orchard belonging to his dwelling house in Horn Street

1770: Will of William Hobbs, gentleman (proved 1771)
Also I Give Devise and bequeath unto Richard Shelton of Winslow aforesaid in the said County of Bucks Currier All that my Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with the yard backside Garden and all and every other the Rights Members and Appurt(enance)s thereunto belonging Situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow now in the Tenure or Occupation of me the said William Hobbs  To hold the same (Subject to the Estate for life of my said Wife Ann Hobbs therein) unto and to the use of  the said Richard Shelton his Heirs and Assigns for ever Subject nevertheless and I do hereby Expressly charge the said messuage or tenement with the Appurt(enance)s to and with the payment of the Sum of Eighty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain towards the payment and satisfaction of such Just Debts which I shall owe at the time of my Decease. 

1772: Manor court, 19 & 20 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/2/120     
Admission of Richard Shelton of Winslow currier under the will of William Hobbs of Winslow gent.
All that Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with the yard backside garden and all and every other the rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid then in the occupation of the said William Hobbs

1781: Land Tax           
Shelton, Richard (owner), Richard Stevens (occupier): 8s 4d

1786: Land Tax           
Shelton, Richard (owner), Widow Fairy, Richard Barlow & William Cheney (occupiers): 9s

1787: Manor court, 29 & 30 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/2/153
Surrender: Richard Shelton
Admission Alexander Norton of Buckingham Tanner
            Mortgage for £274 2s
All that Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with the yard backside garden and all and every other the rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of the said Richard Shelton, Richard Barlow and William Cheney to which premises the said Richard Shelton was admitted tenant at a Court held for the said Manor 19 & 20 Oct 1772

1795: Land Tax           
Norton, Alexander (owner), Barlow & Cheneys (occupiers): 9s

1798: Manor court, 29 & 30 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/3/7
Surrender: Alexander Norton of Buckingham Tanner & Rachel his wife, and Thomas Harris of Winslow victualler & Rebecca his wife who was only child and heiress of Richard Shelton late of Winslow currier deceased
Admission: Lancelot Wyatt of Winslow gent.
All that Messuage or Tenement with the yard backside garden and all and every other the rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid now in the several occupations of Richard Barlow and William Cheney

1798: Posse Comitatus
Richard Barlow, surgeon
William Cheney, labourer

1803: Lancelot Wyatt elected Clerk & Treasurer to Wendover-Buckingham Turnpike Trust (resigned 7 Dec 1822)

1805: Land Tax
Wyatt, Lancelot (owner), self and Henry George (occupiers): 9s 0d redeemed
Also land in own occupation, 14s 9¾d redeemed
Henry George was a cordwainer who died in 1826 aged 50

1820: Will of Lancelot Wyatt, gentleman (proved 1832)
I give and devise unto my dear Wife Rebecca Wyatt and my Niece Frances Wyatt Daughter of my brother Joseph Wyatt  All and every my Messuages Cottages Closes Lands Tenements Hereditaments and Real Estate whatsoever situate lying and being in Winslow aforesaid or elsewhere with the respective rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging or in anywise appertaining  To hold the same and every part thereof unto and to the use of my said Wife and Niece Rebecca Wyatt and Frances Wyatt their heirs and assigns for ever as Tenants in common and not as joint Tenants 

1832: Manor court, 29 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies, D/82/5/38
Admission of Rebecca Wyatt widow and Frances Wyatt spinster devisees of  Lancelot Wyatt of Winslow gent deceased.
All that Messuage or Tenement with the yard backside garden and all and every other the rights members and appurtenances thereto belonging situate and being in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid heretofore in the occupation of Richard Barlow and William Cheney and since of the said Lancelot Wyatt.
And also all that close of arable or pasture ground called or known by the name of the Horse Mead Piece heretofore in the occupation of William Goodman deceased and since of the said Lancelot Wyatt, to which Lancelot Wyatt was admitted 24 June 1799 on surrender of John Dudley and Joseph Dudley.

Rear view of The Cottage, 1924
This rear view of the "Limes" part of The Cottage was taken in 1924

1832: Land Tax
Wyatt, Mrs (owner and occupier): House etc., 9s 0d redeemed
Also land in occupation of Geo Cross sr, 14s 9¾d redeemed

1839: Will of Frances Wyatt, spinster (proved 1840)
I give and devise unto Rebecca Wyatt the widow of my late Uncle Lancelot Wyatt deceased All that my undivided moiety or half part of and in All that Copyhold messuage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid sometime since in the occupation of my said Uncle and now of John King and of and in the orchard gardens and all other the rights members and appurt(enance)s to the messuage or tenement belonging or appertaining To hold the same unto the said Rebecca Wyatt and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life subject to and charged with the payment of the annual sum or yearly rent charge hereinafter given and bequeathed and from and after the decease of the said Rebecca Wyatt I give and devise my said moiety or half part of and in the said messuage or tenement and heredit(ament)s with the appurt(enance)s unto my brother Lancelot Wyatt.

John King was a land surveyor, agent for Pelican Life Insurance, an enclosure commissioner at various places in Bucks, and chaired a meeting in Winslow in 1836 about the proposed London and Birmingham Canal. He seems to have died in 1845.

1840, 26 Oct: manor court (recited in later documents)
Admission of Lancelot Wyatt to ½ part of the premises expectant on death of Rebecca Wyatt, as devisee of Frances Wyatt his late sister.

1841: Census
Great Horn Street

          Born in county?
John King 60   Land Surveyor Y
Martha King   50   Y
Ann King   25   Y
John King 20     Y
Charlotte King   20   Y
James King 15     Y
Thomas King 15     Y
Charles King 12     Y

1841, 10 Dec: manor court (recited in later documents)
Mortgage by Lancelot Wyatt to Charles Willis for £200. 
The mortgage was inherited in 1845 by Charles Willis' sons David Thomas & Frederic Willis. 

1842: Will of Rebecca Wyatt, widow (proved 1847)
Leaves all her unspecified property to be sold by her executors Joseph Dudley and Henry Hatten and the proceeds to be divided between 9 Dudley relatives.

1848, 30 Oct: manor court, Centre for Bucks Studies D 82/6/160 (also preserved as a separate document)
David Thomas Willis & Frederic Willis for £550 surrender to Samuel Burnham Dudley of Winslow, auctioneer:
undivided moiety of messuage in Great Horn Street some time since in the occupation of Lancelot Wyatt deceased and now of Martha King, with orchard and garden, to which they were admitted on forfeited conditional surrender of Lancelot Wyatt [the nephew].

1848, 30 Oct: manor court          
Surrender: Lancelot Wyatt of Middleton Cheney, gent, nephew of Lancelot Wyatt, deceased
Admission: Samuel Burnham Dudley
All that reversion of him the said LW expectant on the death of Rebecca Wyatt widow of undivided moiety of messuage, orchard, garden.

1848, 30 Oct: manor court, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/6/154
Surrender: Henry Hatten of Aylesbury, gent. & Joseph Dudley of Gerrard Street, Middx, draper
Admission: Samuel Burnham Dudley                     £250
Undivided moiety formerly in occupation of Lancelot Wyatt, now of Martha King.  HH & JD admitted 25 Oct 1847 as devisees in trust of Rebecca Wyatt deceased.

Samuel Burnham Dudley was admitted to the whole copyhold messuage at the manor court on 8 March 1849. He was the son of Samuel Greaves Dudley and his wife Sarah, daughter of the lawyer James Burnham. He got married in 1849 at Islington to Louisa Harriet Wilson.

1850, 24 May: indenture
Robert Prescot Appleyard and Charles Appleyard as surviving trustees of the Lowndes estate sell for £500 to Samuel Burnham Dudley "All that Close of Pasture Ground situate lying and being known by the several names of Bates' Piece and Pest House Close containing by admeasurement five acres one rood and six perches (be the same more or less) heretofore in the occupation of the said Thomas Reade his Undertenant or Undertenants Assignee or Assigns and now of the said Samuel Burnham Dudley and which is particularly delineated in the Map or Plan thereof drawn in the margin of these presents and is therein coloured green".  Frederic Willis to be trustee after SBD’s death.
[The land referred to is the field at the south end of The Walk; click on the "indenture" link to see the map.]

1851: Census
Horn Street

Samuel B. Dudley Head married 40 Auctioneer & Land Agent b. Winslow
Louisa H. do Wife married 23? do wife b. Banbury
Elizabeth Hoolten Servant unm 25 Cook b. Whitchurch
Emma Quartermain Servant unm 25 Housemaid b. Thame

1861: Census
Horn Street

Samuel B. Dudley Head married 50 Land Agent & Auctioneer b. Winslow
Louisa H. do Wife married 33 do wife b. Banbury
Louisa M. do Daughter   9   b. Winslow
Susan Mitchell Servant unm 41 Nurse b. Newton Longville
Ann Rickard do do 25 Cook b. Oving
Lucy Steeden do do 23 Housemaid b. Tingewick

 


John Cox's house

This is repeatedly referred to as the east part of John Seaton's messuage, and it is most likely that it was immediately to the west of The Limes, i.e. approximately what is now called The Middle House.

1701: Manor Court
Robert Spooner, Edward Turnham and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a messuage in Great Hornstreet with malthouses, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, houses, outhouses and backyards (lately the estate of William Spooner sr and jr deceased) now in the separate occupations of John Kinaston, Thomas Spooner jr and Thomas Wainwright of Winslow yeoman. To the use of Thomas Wainwright and Mary his wife for their lives, then Mary's heirs. Rent 2d, fine 5s, heriot [blank].
Thomas and Mary then surrendered the messuage and barn and part of the orchard adjoining the barn, lying on the south side of it, as now "staked forth" (except the door used with the premisses lying on the east side), with free ingress for John Seaton jr of Winslow yeoman and his servants and labourers to come into Thomas Wainwright's yard "to Thatch" the barns and erect a fence on the orchard as now designated, which fence John Seaton is to repair when necessary. To the use of John Seaton jr. Rent 1d, fine 5s.
Memorandum: That at this court both Thomas Wainwright and Mary his wife and John Seaton jr separately sought that this agreement made between them should be recorded: that the seat for a man in the parish church of Winslow next to the seat of Stephen Bigg jr belonging to the premisses lately William Spooner's, being on the north side of the Middle Row in the church, in future should be[?] enjoyed by John as <pertaining?> to the premisses lately acquired from Thomas and Mary.
[Robert Spooner and Elizabeth must have inherited this property from their father William Spooner (d.1698), probably at the manor court of 1699 for which the records are missing. Thomas Wainwright's will of 1714 does not mention the property explicitly. John Norman must have bought the house after Thomas Wainwright's death]

1722: Manor Court
John Norman on 20 Dec [1721] surrendered through Nicholas Merwin the steward all the messuage where he then lived, being the east part of the messuage where John Seaton sr lately lived, and all the east part of the yard, and all the barn with garden and backyard adjoining, and all rights including entry through the Gatehouse and through the door at the corner of the yard or garden adjoining the Parlour, and liberty to place a lead channel to the well . To the use of John Norman and Ann Hampson spinster his wife, for their lives, then to their joint heirs, in default of which to John's heirs, subject to the payment of any sum/sums not exceeding £60 to any person which John and Ann direct. If the proposed marriage does not take place before the next court, the surrender is to be void. John and Ann were called to the court and did not come.

1722: October Manor Court
John Norman and Ann his wife (late Ann Hampson) sought admission to:

All came into the lord's hands on the surrender of John Norman presented at the last court. Seisin was granted to John and Ann for their lives, then their joint heirs, or John's heirs, subject to the payment mentioned in the surrender. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Part of the 1883 indenture
Part of the 1883 indenture describing the various properties; John Cox's house is described in an exact translation of the Latin of the 1722 manor court

1725: Fire insurance, 12 May 1725, Sun Insurance 11936/20/61/35769
John Norman of Winslow glazier and plumber
For his now dwelling house in Winslow aforesaid with shop barn and stable thereto belonging and goods and merchandise
The dwelling house and shop adjoining                     £150
Goods in the same                                                      100
For the barn and stable                                               50

1772: Manor Court, 19 & 20 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies D82/1/130
Surrender: Ann Norman of Winslow, widow of John Norman late of Winslow glazier
Admission: John Norman of Stony Stratford, glazier, only son & heir of John Norman
All that messuage or tenement in Wisnlow aforesaid wherein the said JN heretofore dwelt now in the occupation of Francis Cox glazier being the East part of a messuage wherein John Seaton the elder lately dwelt. And all that East part of the yard to the said messuage belonging as the same was heretofore staked forth. And all that Barn with the garden and backside thereto adjoining and belonging together with all fronts …. with liberty of ingress … for Horses carts and carriages … through the Gatehouse and West part of the yard to the said messuage belonging unto the aforesaid Barn.  And also liberty of leading horses through the gateway at the corner of the yard or garden adjoining the Parlour.  And also liberty of placing a leaden pipe into the well there.
Plea of common recovery follows. John Norman then surrenders to Francis Cox of Winslow, glazier, his heirs and assigns forever.
[Francis Cox married Elizabeth Norman in 1755, and appears to have been the son-in-law of John sr and Ann Norman.]

1781: Land Tax
Cox, Francis (owner and occupier): 5s 6½d
[Francis and John Cox also owned various other property.]

1782: Will of Francis Cox, Glazier
I give and devise unto my Son John Cox his Heirs and Assigns all and every my Messuages Tenements Lands Closes Hereditaments and Premises whatsoever and wheresoever with their and every of their appurtenances be the same Freehold or Copyhold that I shall die possessed of or be any ways intitled to.
[Because Francis died before he could sign his will, there is a detailed description of his deathbed.]

1782: Manor Court, 28 Oct, Centre for Bucks Studies, D82/2/11
Admission of John Cox of Winslow, glazier, son of Francis Cox of Winslow, deceased.

1786, 1795, 1805, 1832: Land Tax
Cox, John (owner and occupier): 9s 4¾d (house and garden)

1792: Northampton Mercury, 17 March
TO BE LETT, and entered upon at Old Lady-Day next the PLUMBING and GLAZING SHOP, belonging to JOHN COX, Plumber and Glazier, In Winslow, in the county of Bucks (who intends declining business on Account of his Health) – Also the STOCK in TRADE to be DISPOSED OF.
For Particulars apply to the said John Cox.
[In fact John Cox lived for another 50 years]

1798: Posse Comitatus
John Cox, glazier, + 1 horse, 1 cart

1830: Will of John Cox, plumber and glazier (proved 1842)
To my friends Charles Willis of Winslow, Gentleman, and William Matthews of Winslow, Carpenter: all other freehold, copyhold and leasehold property in Winslow and elsewhere. To hold in trust for my second cousin and housekeeper Phillis Cox to receive the rents and profits for her life. If she leaves no children, the property to be sold and the proceeds divided between various second cousins.

1841 Census
Great Horn Street

          Born in county?
John Cox 105   Independent means Y
Phillis Cox   55 Female Servant Y
Eliza Higgs   15   Y

In reality John Cox was 86.

1842: Manor Court, 31 Oct
John Cox late of Winslow Plumber and Glazier held a cottage in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of Mary Hall and John King, now of Thomas Mayne and John Willmer, with all barns, stables, outhouses and buildings, to which he (then an infant) was admitted by Francis Cox his guardian at a court on 25 Oct 1777 under the will of Mary Hall; yearly rent 4d. And a messuage wherein John Norman heretofore dwelt, afterwards in the occupation of Francis Cox, late of the said John Cox, now of Phillis Cox, being the east part of a messuage [as described in 1772], to which he was admitted at a court on 28 Oct 1782 as eldest son and heir of Francis Cox; yearly rent 2d. [Also about 4 acres of land] In his will he devised them to Charles Willis and William Matthews in trust. They now sought to be admitted tenants.

1851 Census
Horn Street

Phillis Cox Head unm 63 House Proprietor b. Fenny Stratford
Ann Colton Niece unm 32 Lacemaker b. Gt Linford
Ann Chainey Lodger married 40 Gardener's wife b. Long Crendon

1861 Census
Horn Street

Phillis Cox Head unm 73 House Proprietor b. Fenny Stratford
Ann Colton Niece unm 42 Lacemaker b. Gt Linford
John Hazzard Head / Lodger married 64 Agricultural Laboourer b. Winslow
Alice do Wife / Lodger married 65 Lacemaker b. Winslow

1868: 24 Jan
Death of Phillis Cox. Executors of her will: D.T. Willis and William Matthews.

1868: Manor Court, 16 July, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/7/103
Admission of John & William Matthews, sons and devisees of William Matthews the elder late of Winslow, carpenter & joiner
All that cottage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of Mary Hall and John King, afterwards of Thomas Mayne and John Wilmer, now or late of Amelia Batchelor & Thomas Rivitt, with all barns etc. [=Middle House, above]
All that messuage wherein John Norman heretofore dwelt, afterwards in the occupation of Francis Cox, some time since of John Cox, late of Phillis Cox, being east part of messuage wherein John Seaton the elder formerly dwelt. East part of the yard as heretofore staked forth. Barn with garden and backside with all fronts etc. Liberty of ingress etc through gatehouse and west part of yard…  and liberty of placing a leaden pipe. + other land.
Charles Willis and William Matthews admitted 31 Oct 1842 as devisees in trust of John Cox decd.

1868: Manor Court, 16 July, Centre for Bucks Studies, D 82/7/90
Surrender of the above to Samuel Burnham Dudley for £380.


The blacksmith's shop and other property

This is probably the west part of the original messuage of John Seaton. It underwent various subdivisions before coming into the ownership of John Cox, and it isn't clear exactly which properties in the 1841 and 1851 Censuses correspond to it. By 1861 it seems to have become two dwellings between John Cox's house and the Crooked Billet (that is the assumption on which the layout suggested here is based). On the 1883 plan it was still separate from the other parts of The Cottage.

1723: Manor Court
John Seaton sr surrendered a messuage, being the west part of his domicile, as the same is now divided, situate in Winslowe, now in the occupation of Susan Cook, with a converted storehouse[?] adjoining it, and one bay of barn adjoining the storehouse, and freedom of entry to take water from the pump in the yard belonging to John's domicile. To the use of the said John Seaton and Katherine his wife and whichever lives longer, and then to Daniel Seaton their son. John, Katherine and Daniel sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank], Daniel's fealty respited.

1772: Manor Court, 19-20 Oct
Richard Hall of North Crawley Victualler held by rent of 2d a Cottage in Great Horn Street with barns, stables, outhouses, buildings.  He died since last court having by his will dated 14 May 1769 devised unto his brother George Hall of Winslow Blacksmith all his holdings in North Crawley and Winslow, subject to the payment of various legacies.  George desires to be admitted.  Fine 5s.  He immediately surrenders to use of his will.

1776: Manor Court, 4 Oct
George Hall of Winslow blacksmith held a cottage in Great Horn Street with barns, stables, etc., rent 2d. He died since the last court having surrendered to the use of his will.  By his will dated 5 Aug 1775, he left the messuage wherein he dwelt to his wife Mary, who was admitted tenant.

1777: Manor Court, 25 Oct
Mary Hall late of Winslow widow [nee Norman] who held by rent of 2d a cottage in Great Horn Street with Barns Stables outhouses & buildings died since last court having on 21 Jan 1777 surrendered to the use of her will, and by her will dated 21 Jan 1777devised to her nephew John Cox the messuage wherein she and John King dwell. John Cox desires to be admitted.  Fine 5s. Because he is an infant aged 20 custody is granted to Francis Cox Glazier

1781: Land Tax
Cox, John (owner), John King (occupier): 3s 1½d

1786: Land Tax
Cox, John, glazier (owner), John King (occupier): 3s 0d

1794: Northampton Mercury, 25 October
TO BE LETT And entered on immediately
A Dwelling-House, with a Yard, Barn, and a Garden adjoining;
Together with an old accustomed BLACKSMITH’S SHOP situate in
GREAT-HORN-STREET, WINSLOW, late in the occupation of
John King, Blacksmith.
N.B. The Anvil, Bellows &c. with the rest of the working Tools,
To be taken at a fair Appraisement.
Enquire of John Cox, Plumber and Glazier, Winslow, Bucks.

1795: Land Tax
Cox, John (owner), late John King (occupier): 3s 0d

1803: Northampton Mercury, 8 Oct
To be LETT
And entered upon at Mich(aelma)s next,
AN old-accustomed BLACKSMITH’S SHOP, with two Forges, and Dwelling-House adjoining, situate in Great Horn-Street, WINSLOW, Bucks.
For Particulars, enquire of JOHN COX, of Winslow aforesaid.

1805: Land Tax
Cox, John (owner), J. Chambers (occupier): 3s 0d

See above for the inheritance of this property by Phillis Cox from John Cox, and subsequent sale to S.B. Dudley. It is described in the 1868 manor court and 1883 indenture as:
All that cottage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of Mary Hall and John King, afterwards of Thomas Mayne and John Wilmer, now or late of Amelia Batchelor & Thomas Rivitt, with all barns etc.

1841 Census
Great Horn Street

          Born in county?
John Willmore 30   Agricultural Labourer Y
Mary Willmore   30 Straw Bonnet Maker Y
Mary Willmore   7   Y
Stacey Willmore 4     Y
Eliza Willmore   2   Y
           
Benjamin Gough 20   Malster Y
Rebecca Gough   20 Lace Manufacturer Y
Alfred Gough 11 months     Y
           
Thomas Mayne 70   Saddler Y
John Hazzard 35   Agricultural Labourer Y
Alice Hazzard   35 Schoolmistress Y

1851: Census
Horn Street

John Wilmore Head married 40 Coal Merchant b. Lt Horwood
Mary do Wife married 42 do wife b. Waddesdon
Mary do Dau unm 16 Lacemaker b. Winslow
Stacy do Son unm 14 Agricultural Labourer do
Louisa do Dau   9 Lacemaker do
John do Son   7 Scholar do
Frederick do do   4   do
George do do   8m   do
William Clark Lodger married 40 Rail Labourer unknown
Jane do do married 40 Rail Labourer's wife do
Ann do do   2 Rail Labourer's daughter b. Winslow
             
John Willmore Head married 40 Agricultural Labourer b. Winslow
Elizabeth do Wife married 50 Lacemaker do
George do Son   13 Agricultural Labourer do
Robert do Son   8 Scholar do
Thomas Weston Lodger unm 26 Agricultural Labourer do
Martha Clark do unm 32 Lacemaker b. Granborough

1861: Census
Horn Street

Mary Wilmore Head widow 53 Charwoman b. Winslow
John do Son unm 18 Labourer do
Frederick do do   14 do do
George do do   12 Scholar do
Stacy do Head / Lodger married 23 Agricultural Labourer do
Anne do Wife married 25   b. Hartwell
Rosetta do Daughter   2 Scholar b. Winslow
John Benbow Boarder unm 21 Maltster b. Loughton
             
George Kennings Head married 46 Saddler b. Whitchurch
Sarah do Wife married 44 do wife b. Bot. Claydon
Eliza do Daughter unm 17 Dressmaker b. Winslow
Emma do do   13 Scholar do
John do Son   11 do do
Mary do Daughter   9 do do
William do Son   7 do do
Clara do Daughter   5 do do
Rose do do   3 do do
Harry do Son   2 do do
Frederick do do   7m   do
Copyright 21 December, 2016