Court baron and view of frankpledge, 26 April 1704

Centre for Bucks Studies D/211/11

Originals in Latin unless stated (individual words are sometimes in English, marked with "..."). Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors and defaulters which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

[f.1r] Manor of Winslowe with members. View of Frankpledge with Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 26 April 3 Anne 1704 by Nicolas Merwin gent., deputy steward.

Essoins: Joseph Ayres, Christopher Bigg and William Norris

Jurors: William Shelton, Robert Dorset, Henry Hughes, Thomas Watts, George Stevens, John Hodgkins
Henry Townsend, Thomas Deeley, George Illing, Thomas Barton, Charles King, John Bence

The watercourse of Simon Hogston crossing in the common streets is a common nuisance.

The well in the Sheep Street is a common nuisance. The inhabitants of Winslow must repair it.

Officers elected:
Simon Hogston and William Shelton: constables of Winslow in place of William Firth and Roger West
Philip Goodier: tithingman of Winslow in place of Philip Bayley
William Glenister: constable of Shipton in place of George Elliott

Court Baron

Essoins: John Amborough, Richard Seaton, George Elliott, John Markham, Thomas Woodward, [illegible name] with many others

The Homage:
William Gyles, Richard Letman, Thomas Henly, Joseph Glenester, Thomas Mountague, John Hogston, John Spratley
Joseph Harding, John Seaton jr Yeoman, Henry Townsend sr, William Illing, Benedict Holland at the Pound, John Holland
John Mountague, Thomas Wilston, Richard Barton jr & William Stevens Yeoman

Default by tenants and amercements:
Thomas Bett 3d, William Bence 2d, Charles Coetts 2d, Joan King widow 3d, William Lowndes esq. 4d, Mark Morris 2d, Thomas Neale 2d
William Norman 2d, John Plomer 4d, Thomas Robinson 3d, Mary Seaton widow 2d, Robert Seaton 2d, William Short 6d, Joseph Turner 2d, John Townesend gent. 3d, John Wyatt 3d, Edward Beckley 2d
Jeremy Bird 2d, Robert Grainge jr 4d, Robert Meade 4d, William Morecraft 2d, William Stephens butcher 2d, William Thorpe 2d & Ithamar Whitmill

John Green, William Hunt, Edward Reddall, Hugh Seaton & William Cooke refused to serve on the homage. They withdrew from court before the jurors were sworn. Amerced 4s each.

Robert Stevens died since the last court seised of a messuage and 14 acres. Heriot a black cow worth 16 & 5s [sic]. Elizabeth wife of William Perkins and Joan wife of Henry Emerton are his daughters and coheirs. They sought admission. Rent [blank], fine 28s.
[see further below]

[f.1v] Stephen Bigg sr died since the last court. Heriot a horse worth [blank]. Richard Bigg is his son and heir, of full age.

Daniell Hanns and Frances Hanns widow on 20 Dec last surrendered a messuage in the Sheep Street now in the occupation of Christopher Bigg with all houses, outhouses, gardens, orchards, backyards, "Sheep Penns", with oven/furnace [Fornace], the messuage of Charles Bowler east. To the use of Stephen Bigg sr of Winslow Postmaster. Richard Bigg his son and heir sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[This was probably on the south side of Sheep Street]

Stephen Bigg before he died, on 9 Oct last, surrendered by Robert Gibbs and Joseph Bigg a messuage in the Sheep Street now in the occupation of himself and Walter Herbert, and a messuage in Great Horne Street in the occupation of Thomas Spooner sr and John Spratley. To the use of Mary Bigg his wife for her life, then to Stephen Bigg his "grandson" (son of Richard Bigg his son) if he reaches the age of 21. If not, to the use of Richard. Mary and Stephen sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank], fealty respited.
[Walter Herbert (d.1702) was a barber. The messuage in Horn Street was probably the Old Forge or 5 Market Square.]

Stephen Bigg on 9 Oct last surrendered his half of a messuage now in the occupation of himself, Richard Allen, John Longbridge and Mr Miller commonly called the Bell Inn, with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, malthouses, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, "Sheep Penns". To the use of Benjamin Bigg his second son. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

John Seaton Yeoman on 29 Oct last surrendered by the steward:

Letitia Strudwick through Peter Lowndes her attorney sought admission to a quarter-virgate of land which came into the lord's hands on the surrender of William Stevens presented at the court on 4 Oct 1701 and the surrender mentioned there. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

Daniel Hams and Frances Hams widow, relict of Zachary Hams, on 21 Dec last surrendered by William Cherry the steward the separate tenements now in the occupation of Frances herself, Richard Topping and Richard Aston or their assigns, situate at the Townsend of Winslow near the Cow Street, the common street west, the lord of the manor's close in the occupation of Robert Wyatt east. To the use of Daniel Gyles of Winslow Linnen Draper. On condition that it will be void if Daniel and Frances pay him £30 with interest on 21 June next at his dwelling in Winslow. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[This property later became the Workhouse; see the 1722 court]

Charles Coetts and Frances his wife on 28 Oct last surrendered by the steward the messuage in which William Wyatt lately lived. To the use of John Rogers of Tower Hill, Haberdasher. To be void if they pay him £23 with interest on 28 Oct 1704. 1st proclamation made for John.

William Short and Martha his wife on 4 Oct last surrendered by the steward the messuage now in the occupation of William or his subtenants in or near the Markett Place of Winslow with all houses, outhouses, yards, backyards, etc., and freedom of ingress to the well standing in the yard of Grant Hewett now in the occupation of William Gibbs. To the use of William Gyles. If they pay him £102 10s on 5 April next at his domicile in Winslow, to be to the use of William and Martha for their lives, then the heirs of their bodies, or William's heirs. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[William received this property from his father William sr in 1702.]

[f.2r] Richard Worsley died since the last court. Heriot [blank]. John Worsley is his son and nearest heir, of full age. Richard, before his death, on 26 Oct last, surrendered by Thomas Blake and John Seaton jr Yeoman a cottage in Winslow now in the separate occupations of himself, Robert Brinklow and William Ridgard (after the decease of Jane his wife), to the uses mentioned in his last will. On 26 Oct he made his will in these words:

John Worsley was admitted tenant. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

William Oakely and Elizabeth his wife surrendered 30 acres at Little Horwood to the use of Peter Lowndes jr. Plea of common recovery followed.

Benjamin Bigg and Ann his wife and Mary Bigg widow in "pursuance" of the directions of Stephen Bigg sr deceased his father surrendered his undivided half of the messuage (now in the occupation of Benjamin, Richard Allen, John Longbridge and [blank] Miller) called the Bell Inn [as above]. To the use of Robert Gibbs sr, Richard Bigg and John Spratley on the following trusts: to allow Mary Bigg, widow of Stephen, postmaster, to receive for her life an annuity of £11 arising from the premisses, in satisfaction of her dower. And 6 months after Mary's death to "raise" and pay the sum of £200 to Stephen's grandchildren:

To be divided equally between them "share and share alike". Provided that if Benjamin pays the sum of £200 as aforesaid to the satisfaction of the trustees, the surrender is to be to the use of Benjamin or such person as he directs, subject to the payment of the £11 annuity. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

Henry Toms sr of Winslow Labourer and Ann his wife surrendered a piece of land in Winslowe between the messuage of Henry Toms jr and the land of Mrs Gyles, 20 "yards" long from the house of Henry jr to the land of Mrs Gyles, 12 yards wide at the west end, 8½ yards at the north [sic], with freedom of ingress through the yard belonging to the messuages of Henry sr and jr. To the use of Henry jr and Mary his wife for their lives, then the heirs of Henry jr. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

Thomas Short of Great Horwood Baker and Martha his wife surrendered a messuage near the Church Yard in Winslowe now in the occupation of Widow Wyatt, with yard, garden, backyards, etc. To the use of John Ballard of Winslowe Currier and Frances his wife for their lives, then Frances' heirs. Rent [blank], fine [blank]. John and Frances then surrendered to the use of John Worsley of Winslowe Carpenter. To be void if they pay him £30 15s on 26 Oct next at his domicile in Winslowe.
[Thomas acquired this property from his brother William Short, d.1703.]

John Seaton and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a messuage now in the occupation of John Keniston in Winslowe (except the Great Barn and "Lean to" and "Evedrops" belonging to it) with all outhouses, yards, gardens, backyards. To the use of William Smith and Sarah his wife for their lives, then the heirs of their bodies, or the rightful heirs of the survivor. Rent ¼d, fine 5s.
They surrendered a messuage in the occupation of Abraham Day with outhouses, yards, gardens, backyards. To the use of Robert Smith and Mary his wife and their heirs. Rent ¼d, fine 5s.
[Presumably this is the property mentioned above, now treated as 2 messuages.]

William Perkins and Elizabeth his wife, Henry Emerton and Jane his wife surrendered land in Shipton:

To the use of Henry Emerton and Jane his wife for their lives, then Jane's heirs. Rent [blank], fine 14s.
Afterwards they all surrendered:

To the use of William Perkins and Elizabeth his wife for their lives, then Elizabeth's heirs.
[f.3r] Rent [blank], fine 14s.

Mary Tomlin widow and Edward Tomlin surrendered 2 acres in Shipton:

To the use of Edward Hicks of Steeple Claydon Glazier. To be void if they pay him £10 15s on 26 Oct next at his domicile in Steeple Claydon.

John Chennells sought admission to a messuage, a windmill and 8 acres of land which came into the lord's hands on the death of John Chennells his father presented at the court on 31 March 1703. Rent [blank], fine 16s, heriot by composition 30s.

End of this court
[signed] Nicho: Merwin


Court Baron, 28 July 1704

Manor of Winslowe with members. Court Baron of Robert Lowndes esq., 28 July 3 Anne 1704 by Nicolas Merwin gent., deputy steward.

Homage: William Gyles, John Amborough, John Shelton sr, Joseph Turner, Joseph Harding, Hugh Seaton
Charles King, Robert Gibbs jr, William Shelton jr, Thomas Paxton, William Shelton sr, Thomas Wright

William Hazzlewood died seised of a "Brewhouse" belonging to the Angell Inn. John Hazzlewood is his brother and heir. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[William retained this when he sold the adjacent property to Thomas Urlwin in 1700. William was a mercer of Uppingham, Rutland, when he died (previously of Kettering). His will was proved at the PCC on 18 Feb 1702/3 (National Archives, PROB 11/468/385). It does not mention his property in Winslow, which he must have given to his brothers Benjamin, John and Nathaniel before his death.]

Benjamin Hazzlewood on 27 June surrendered his undivided third of a messuage called the Angell Inn and a close called the Angell Close with all houses, outhouses, brewhouses. To the use of Richard Bigg of Winslowe Postmaster who sought admission. Rent [blank], fine [blank].
[John Hazzlewood mortgaged his third to Richard Bigg in 1703]

Afterwards Richard Bigg and Elizabeth his wife surrendered all title to part of the tenement called the Garrett in the occupation of Thomas Urlwin. To the use of Thomas and Ann his wife. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Afterwards John Hazzlewood and Abigail his wife and Nathaniel Hazzlewood (brothers of William deceased) surrendered all title to a messuage with outhouses, sheep-pen[?] [Mandro] etc. which were in the occupation of Thomas Urlwin on 21 March 1699/70. To the use of Thomas and Ann his wife and Thomas' heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot [blank].
[William had sold this to Thomas on the date mentioned; see 1700 court]

[f.3v] Afterwards John and Abigail and Nathaniel surrendered two-thirds of a messuage in the Market Place of Winslowe called the Angell Inn now in the occupation of William Edmonds or his subtenants, the messuage of Henry Hughes south, the messuage of Thomas Urlwin north, and of a close adjoining Crosse Lanes belonging to the Angell Inn with all houses, outhouses, structures, barns, stables, yards, gardens, backyards. To the use of Thomas Foster. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot 23s by composition.

Afterwards Thomas Foster and Elizabeth his wife and Richard Bigg and Elizabeth his wife surrendered the messuage called the Angell Inn now in the occupation of William Edmonds, and the cottage in the occupation of Ann Jones widow lately called the Brewhouse belonging to it, and a close of pasture adjoining the Cross Lanes containing 1 acre. To be divided into three parts: two thirds to the use of Thomas Foster, one third to the use of Richard Bigg. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

End of this court
[signed] Nicho: Merwin


Copyright 11 September, 2016