20 Horn Street

Grade 2 listing (1984): House. Early c18. Colourwashed brick, moulded brick eaves, old tile roof with brick coped gables, central chimney stack of plum-coloured brick with red corner dressings. 2 storeys and attic, 3 bays. C20 barred wooden casements, 3-light flanking 2-light. Lower right-hand window has colourwashed gauged brick head, 2 dormers have C20 paired wooden casements with pediments over. Central 6-panel door, top-lit, has wooden frieze penal with carved lozenge and early surround of pilaster strips and scroll brackets with reeding and rope ornament and flat wooden cornice hood.

The present house was built by Thomas Cleaver between 1744 and 1769, replacing an earlier one. He also built a malting somewhere behind the house which went out of use some time after 1803 and was demolished before 1829. It has given the house its current name, The Old Malt House. In 1829 another messuage (formerly a barn) on the west side was replaced by the present no.22. After that no.20 became a genteel residence.

Front view of 20 Horn Street
20 Horn Street photographed in 2023

1656: manor court
John Shelton and Brigett his wife did surrender One Parcell of ground lyinge and beinge in the Towne of Winslowe, the length of it extendinge to the Maulthouse end to the Churchyard Seaven and Fifty Foote in length, that end abuting on the Churchyard Fifteene foote & a halfe in breadth & att the Maulthouse end One & Twenty foote in Breadth, the land of Edward Tomline east. To the use and behoof of Richard Shelton and his heires for ever. The Lords have granted seisen. Fyne 5s.
The dimensions correspond approximately to the piece of ground marked in paler grey on the plan below, suggesting that John and Bridget Shelton lived on the site of 20 Horn Street (shaded darker grey), although this is far from certain. Their son John Shelton (b.1657) is probably the John referred to in the following transactions, but gaps in the manor court records and parish registers make the details doubtful.

Plan showing 20 Horn Street and land behind it

1697: John Shelton made property arrangements at the manor court in relation to his second marriage, as specified in the documents below. He was buried on 3 July 1730.

1730: Manor Court
John Shelton died since the last court seised of a copyhold messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of Andrew Shelton. Heriot by composition 5s. On 18 April last he surrendered his lands and tenements to the use of his last will through Henry Stutchbury and Peter Stutchbury. He made his will on 6 June 1727, bequeathing his property to his son Joseph. Read the terms of the will. Joseph his son was admitted tenant according to the form of the will. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Andrew Shelton (son and heir of John Shelton deceased by Joan his wife) sought admission to the reversion expectant on Joan's decease of a messuage in Winslowe now in Joan's occupation, formerly a bay and a half of a barn next to the street, the yard of [blank] Seaton west, with liberties etc. mentioned in a surrender made by John Shelton deceased presented at the court on 11 Oct 1697 [records of this court don't survive]. The premisses came into the lord's hands on John's death. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Joan Shelton, widow of John, and Andrew Shelton their son and heir surrendered a messuage [as above]. [Procedure of common recovery followed:] All surrendered it to Joan for her life, then Andrew in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Andrew Shelton and Ann his wife surrendered the reversion expectant on Joan's decease to the use of Joseph Shelton, provided that it will be void if they pay him £20 10s on 23 April next. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

1733: Manor Court
Andrew Shelton dyed since the last Court seized of the Revertion of a Tenement in Winslowe in the occupation of Joan Shelton Widdow & expectant on her Decease. His eldest sonn John Shelton is his next heir. Herriot [blank]. John altho' solemnly called did not come. Therefore the first proclamation was made.
The property passed to John's uncle Joseph Shelton under the arrangements made in 1730.

1736: burial of Joan Shelton, 26 Sep

1742: Manor Court
Joseph Shelton of St Martins in the Fields Cabinet maker and Broom [sic] his wife on 18 Dec last surrendered:
a messuage in Great Horne Street [described as in 1744]
+ a messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of John Rawbone and Robert Shelton or their undertenants [described as in 1744].
+ all liberties particularly mentioned in a surrender made by John Shelton deceased, Joseph's father, at the court on 11 Oct 1697
To the last mentioned messuage the heirs of Andrew Shelton deceased have a right of redemption on payment of £20 and interest on a conditional surrender by Andrew at the court on 23 Oct 1730.
To the use of Thomas Sanderson of East Cleydon Blacksmith and Ann his wife for their lives, then to Ann's heirs forever. Ann requests to be admitted, Thomas being dead. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot by composition 3 guineas.

1744: Manor Court
Ann Sanderson widow, relict of Thomas Sanderson surrendered a messuage in Great Horn Street with all barns, stables, outhouses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, etc., then in the occupation of John Spooner and William Goodman or their assigns, the messuage, yard, orchard, garden or backside of Robert Shelton being on the east.
And a messuage in the occupation of John Rawbone and Robert Shelton or their undertenants, formerly being a bay and a half of a barn situate next the street, the before mentioned messuage on the east and the yard of Augustine Seaton on the west, particularly mentioned in a surrender by John Shelton deceased, father of Joseph Shelton, at the court on 7 Oct 1697 [records for this court don’t survive]. The heirs of Andrew Shelton deceased have right of redemption to the last mentioned messuage on payment of £20 and interest on a conditional surrender made by Andrew Shelton at the court on 23 Oct 1730. Now in the occupation of Thomas Cleaver.
To the use of Thomas Cleaver and Sarah his wife and his heirs forever, to whom seisin was granted. Rent [blank], fine 5s. Thomas and Sarah then surrendered the messuages to the use of John White of East Claydon, yeoman. To be void if they pay him £100 and 4½% interest on 22 April next.

Plan of 20 Horn Street and surroundings
Conjectural plan of the "messuage in Great Horn Street" (shaded, right) and "bay and a half of barn" (shaded, left); see below for the 1878 map on which this is based. The malting was apparently added by Thomas Cleaver who also rebuilt the main house.

1769: Manor Court, 5 Oct
Thomas Cleaver late of Winslow Maltster whilst he lived held by Copy of Court Roll and Rent of 4½d:
a Messuage heretofore in the Tenure of John Spooner and William Goodman but sometime since rebuilt by the said Thomas and in his own Occupation, situate in Great Horne Street, together with the Malting, Stables, Barns, Outhouses, Buildings, Barns, Orchards, Gardens etc., the Messuage, Yard, Orchard, Garden or Backside of Robert Gibbs being on the East part [= site of 16-18 Horn Street; Robert Gibbs lived at Churchwalk House]
a Messuage in Winslow heretofore in the Tenure of John Rawbone and Robert Shelton and now in the Occupation of William Gibbs, formerly being a Bay and an half of a Barn situate next the Street, the Messuage above being on the East part and the Yard of Augustine Seaton on the West part [= 22 Horn Street rebuilt in 1829]
Thomas was admitted Tenant at a Court on 22 Oct 1744.  He died since the last Court, having surrendered all his Copyhold Estates to the use of his Will.  By his last Will and Testament bearing date 5 Aug 1768 he gave the same to his Son Samuel Cleaver, charged with the Payment of his Debts and Legacies.  Now the said Samuel Cleaver desires to be admitted Tenant.
Rent 4½d, Fine 5s.  Because he is an Infant aged 19, the Lord hath granted to Richard Shelton of Winslow Currier Custody of the Person and Care of the Premises during the Minority.
The will has not been traced.  

1770: Oxford Journal, 29 Dec
TO be Lett, and entered upon immediately, A good House and Malting, with a Yard, Garden, Barns, Stable, and every other Convenience for the Malting Business, situated in Great Horn Street, in the Town of Winslow, in the County of Bucks.  For Particulars enquire of Mr. Thomas Wagstaffe, of Aynho, in Northamptonshire;  or of Mr. Richard Shelton, of Winslow aforesaid, who will shew the Premises.

1773: Oxford Journal, 11 Sep
TO be SOLD to the BEST BIDDER, on Saturday the 18th of September Inst. between the hours of Five and Seven in the Afternoon, at the Bell Inn, in Winslow, in the County of Bucks, if not before disposed of by private Contract – Two Copyhold MESSUAGES or TENEMENTS, adjoining to each other, with a large and compleat Malting, Brewhouse, Stable, Yard, Garden and five Bays of Barning thereto adjoining and belonging, all in very good Repair, one Dwelling House with part of the Out-Buildings being entirely new-built within these few Years; situate in Great Horn-Street, in Winslow aforesaid.
N. B. For further Particulars and a View of the Premisses, apply to John Dudley, in Winslow aforesaid, who is authorised to sell the same.

1773: Manor Court, 25 Oct
Surrender: Samuel Cleaver late of Winslow Maltster but now of London gent and Ann his wife
Admission: Philip Budd of Winslow Butcher
Messuage heretofore in tenure of John Spooner and William Goodman, some time since rebuilt by Thomas Cleaver decd, Samuel’s father, late in the occupation of Samuel, situate in Great Horn Street, with Malting, Stables, Barns, Outhouses, Buildings, Barns, Orchards, Gardens, Backsides. Messuage, yard, orchard or backside of Robert Gibbs east. 
+ Messuage heretofore in Tenure of John Rawbone & Robert Shelton, now in the occupation of Thomas Bacchus formerly being a Bay and an half of a Barn situate near the Street there, the Messuage abovementioned east, the Yard of Augustine Seaton west. Rent 4½d, fine 10s.

1774: manor court, 16 April
Surrender: Philip Budd of Winslow, dairyman
To his own use until his marriage to Elizabeth, now his wife.  Then to himself for his life, then to Elizabeth for her life, then to the heirs of their bodies, and for default of such to Philip’s heirs and assigns.
Messuage heretofore in the occupation of John Spooner and William Goodman but some time rebuilt by Thomas Cleaver and late in his occ situated in Great Horn Street together with the Malting, Stables, Barns, Outhouses, Buildings, Barns, Orchards, Gardens etc., the Messuage, Yard, Orchard, Garden or Backside of Robert Gibbs being on the East part
+ a Messuage in Winslow heretofore in the Tenure of John Rawbone and Robert Shelton and late in the Occupation of William Gibbs, formerly being a Bay and an half of a Barn situate next the Street, the Messuage above being on the East part and the Yard of Augustine Seaton on the West part.
Rent 4½d, fine 10s

1781: Land Tax
Budd, Philip, owner; himself and George Solomon, occupiers 7s 4d

1784: Will of Philip Budd, maltster, proved

1786 & 1795: Land Tax
Budd, Widow: owner & occupier, 8s 1d

1789: Fire insurance
Royal and Sun Alliance, LMA MS11936/360/555432, March 23

Elizabeth Budd of Winslow in Bucks, Maltster
On her now Dwelling House & Offices adjoining Brick & tiled situate as aforesaid only not exceeding one hund(re)d p(oun)ds
Household Good therein only not exceeding twenty five p(oun)ds
Tenement Malthouse & offices, adjoining separate, only not exceeding seventy p(oun)ds
Utensils & Stock therein only not exceeding one hundred p(oun)ds
Brewhouse, Barn Stables & Woodhouse, adjoining near not exceed(in)g twenty p(oun)ds
Utensils & Stock therein only not exceeding five p(oun)ds
Woodhouse & Privey adjoining near only only not exceed(in)g ten p(oun)ds
Tenement & Barn adjoin(in)g in Winslow aforesaid in the tenure of Read & others not exceeding fifty p(oun)ds
Tenement separate near in the tenure of Deeley not exceed(in)g eighteen p(oun)ds
Barn only separate not exceeding two p(oun)ds
All Thatched except as above

1795: burial of Elizabeth Budd, 13 Sep

1795: manor court
Recites surrender of 1774.
Now it is presented that Philip & Elizabeth are dead, and William Budd of Winslow an infant under 21 is their eldest son and heir.  By Francis Budd of Winslow butcher his uncle, appointed his guardian, he desires to be admitted.

1798: Posse Comitatus
Maltster: William Budd

1803: Will of William Budd, maltster
Leaves all real estate: "unto my said Wife Elizabeth and her assigns for and during the Term of her natural life and from and immediately after her decease ... unto my two sisters Ann the wife of Richard Ridgeway of Buckingham in the said County of Bucks Grocer and Elizabeth Budd To Hold ... as Tenants in Common"

1803: manor court, 25 Oct    
Admission of Elizabeth Budd, widow, devisee of William Budd of Winslow maltster (see will)
... And also all that messuage or tenement in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid within this manor formerly in the tenure or occupation of John Spooner and William Goodman afterwards rebuilt by Thomas Cleaver and since in his occupation and late in the occupation of the said William Budd together with the malting stables barns outhouses buildings orchards gardens and appurts
And also all that other messuage or tenement with the appurts in Winslow aforesaid within this manor formerly in the tenure of John Rawbone and Robert Shelton afterwards of William Gibbs and late of him the said William Budd being a bay and a half of a barn situate next the street there the messuage or tenement last before mentioned being on the east part and the yard of Augustine Seaton on the west thereof to which two last messuages or tenements and premises the said William Budd was admitted 25 & 27 Oct 1802
On 1 Nov 1802 William and Elizabeth surrendered them to Richard Seaton of Winslow victualler. To be void if they pay him £200 with 5% interest on 1 May next.

1805: Land Tax
Budd, Mrs: owner & occupier, 8s 1d

1814: Land Tax
Budd, Mrs owner; late Joseph Mead occupier, 8s 1d

1815: manor court
At the court in 1803 it was found that William Budd late of Winslow malster held ... messuage in Great Horn Street formerly in the occupation of John Spooner & William Goodman, afterwards rebuilt by Thomas Cleaver & since in his occupation, late in occupation of William Budd, now Benjamin Hinton, together with malting, stables, barns, outhouses, buildings, orchards, gardens
+ messuage in Winslow formerly in tenure of John Rawbone & Robert Shelton, afterwards William Gibbs, late William Budd, now untenanted, being a bay and a half of a barn situate next the street there, the last messuage on the east & the yard late of Augustine Seaton & now of Charles Willis west.
Moiety of reversion on death of his widow Elizabeth to his sister Ann wife of Richard Ridgway of Buckingham grocer, who was admitted and then surrendered to Thomas Ridgway of Thornborough dairyman.

1817: burial of Elizabeth Budd, aged 58.

1818: manor court
William Budd of Winslow malster held [repeats details from 1803]
By will of 21 May 1803 he devised them unto his wife Elizabeth Budd for her life, then to his two sisters Ann wife of Richard Ridgway of Buckingham grocer & Elizabeth Budd.  Elizabeth the widow was admitted 1803, died since last court.  Now Elizabeth wife of Edward Cleaver of Newport Pagnell draper (formerly Elizabeth Budd) desires to be admitted to an undivided moiety.  Edward & Elizabeth immediately surrender to the use of themselves, their heirs & assigns forever.

From this point until 1829 20 Horn Street was owned jointly by the Ridgways and Cleavers, successors of William Budd's two sisters, and was occupied by tenants.

1819: manor court, 25 Oct
Admission of William Richardson of Thornborough Mill miller Thomas Ridgway and Matthew Ridgway devisees of Thomas Ridgway the elder late of Thornborough dairyman (see will)
... An undivided moiety of and in all that messuage or tenement situate in Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid within this manor late in the occupation of William Budd and now of Joseph Hinton together with the malting stables barns and other appurtenances
And also of and in all that other messuage or tenement with the appurtenances in Winslow aforesaid within this manor late in the occupation of William Budd and since of John Goodger and Thomas Lomath being a bay and a half of a barn situate next the street there the messuage or tenement last before mentioned being on the east part and the yard of Charles Willis on the west thereof
Thomas Ridgway admitted 30 Oct 1815 on surrender of Richard Ridgway and Ann his wife

1821: manor court
John Maydon, Samuel Greaves Dudley, Joseph Robinson & James Hall ordered to view the wall separating the gardens of Charles Willis gent & Richard Ridgway's heirs and ascertain to whom the same doth belong.
1822 manor court
At the court in 1821 it was ordered that John Maydon et al. should view ...wall separating gardens of Charles Willis & Thomas Ridgway’s heirs.  They viewed on 30 Nov last.  ...  Wall separating gardens belongs to premises of Ridgway’s heirs and ought to be repaired by them.

1823: Land Tax
Mrs Ridgway owner, Joseph Hinton & T. Lomath occupiers 8s 1d

After this the messuage "being a bay and a half of a barn" on the west side was separated from no.20 and added to no.24, hence the date of 1829 in the brickwork of the eastern wall of no.22.

1829: manor court, 22 April: special court
Surrender of one undivided moiety: William Richardson late of Thornborough Mill miller now of Buckingham gent, Thomas Ridgway sr of Bourton in Buckingham farmer & grazier, Matthew Ridgway of parish of Thornborough farmer on 28 Jan
Surrender of the other moiety: Edward Cleaver late of Newport Pagnell draper now of Aldermanbury City of London clothier & Elizabeth his wife on 3 March
Admission: George Jones sr of Winslow gent & Elizabeth his wife
Consideration: £217 10s + £217 10s
Messuage in Great Horn Street sometime since in the occupation of William Budd, afterwards Benjamin Hinton, late Joseph Hinton, now George Jones, with stables, barns, scite whereon a malting formerly stood
+ of other messuage sometime since in occ of William Budd, late John Goodger & Thomas Lomath, now Rev. Samuel Barrows [Congregational minister] & Joseph Rickard, first messuage being on E and yard of Charles Willis on W.  Admitted 1819 as devisees in trust of Thomas Ridgway sr.  Rent 2¼d, fine 10s
Followed by:
Surrender: George Jones & Elizabeth his wife
Admission: Charles Willis of Winslow gent
Consideration: £135
Two undivided moieties of a messuage sometime since in the occupation of William Budd, since John Goodger & Thomas Lomath, late Rev. Samuel Barrows & Joseph Rickard, now untenanted.  Messuage of George Jones E, yard of Charles Willis W.
+ barn adjoining in occupation of Charles Willis, formerly belonging to the messuage of George Jones
+ piece of garden ground adjoining barn as now marked out, to be divided by a brick wall at the expense of Charles Willis, part of the scite whereon a malting formerly stood, belonging to messuage of George Jones.
Rent 1½d, fine 5s

1832: Land Tax
George Jones owner & occupier: House 6s 6d
Charles Willis owner, Charles Willis late G. Jones occupier: House 1s 7d

1836: will of George Jones proved
No reference to the messuage, which he held jointly with Elizabeth his wife.

1841 Census: Horn Street

Robert Jones 20   Farmer born in county
Elizabeth Jones   65 Independent Means do
Mary Jones   35 Independent Means do
Mary Emerton   15 Independent Means do

1851 Census: Horn Street

Elizabeth Jones head 77 widow Land proprietor b. Winslow
Robert Williatt do son 32 unmarried Farmer 155a employing ?7 lab do
Mary Ann do dau 49 unmarried Annuitant do
Louisa Lines servant 32 unmarried House servant b. Newton Longville

1852: will of Mary Ann Jones (proved 1853)

1853: Musson & Craven's Directory
Jones Mrs. Elizabeth, Horn street
Jones Robert, farmer and grazier, Horn street

1856: Oxford Chronicle, 19 Jan
DIED Jan 5 - Mrs Elizabeth Jones, widow, Winslow [see her will]
I give … unto my Son Robert Williatt Jones his heirs and assigns for ever All that my copyhold messuage and tenement situate standing and being in Great Horn Street Winslow aforesaid wherein I now dwell with the yard garden and outbuildings thereto belonging to which I was admitted with my said late husband on the surrender of Edward Cleaver and others with the several fixtures in and about the said messuage or tenement and all other the rights … to the said last mentioned hereditaments and premises belonging or appertaining

1856: manor court, 26 Dec    
Surrender: Robert Williatt Jones & wife
Admission: Miss Mary GentMiss Catherine Conway Gent

1861 Census: Horn Street

Mary Gent head 60 unmarried Independent, funded property b. Fenny Stratford
Catharine C. do sister 56 unmarried do do

1871 Census: Horn Street

Mary Gent head 70 unmarried Retired b. Fenny Stratford
Martha Spooner servant 55 unmarried Gen servant (dom) b. Swanbourne

1879: Buckingham Advertiser, 26 April
A neat and Well-built Brick and Tiled RESIDENCE,
WITH very Valuable and Convenient PREMISES, comprising excellent Brick and Slated Stabling and Coachhouse, Brick and Tiled Stable, large Court Yard, and good walled Garden, extending to the Churchyard, to which it has entrance;  the whole situate in the heart of the Town,
T O   B E   S O L D   B Y   A U C T I O N,   B Y Mr. Geo. WIGLEY
On TUESDAY May 6th, 1879, at the Bell Hotel, Winslow, at 5 o’clock in the afternoon, by direction of Miss Gent.
For a view apply to Miss Gent, and for further particulars to Messrs. Willis and Willis, Solicitors, Winslow, or to Geo. Wigley, Auctioneer and Land Agent, Winslow.

1879: CBS, D/WIG/2/1/5
Winslow: Valuation [Miss Gent]

1879: manor court, 9 Oct  
Surrender: Mary Gent
Admission: John Maydon
Although there was a public sale, John Maydon was Mary Gent's nephew.

1881 Census: Horn Street

Alfred Barton head 73 widower Insurance co. agent b. Winslow
Sarah L. do dau 28 unm Schoolmistress b. Winslow
Martha E. do dau 26 unm do assistant b. Winslow
Esther L. Curtis gdau 8   Scholar b. Hogshaw
Esther L.A. Taylor boarder 8   do b. Sheffield
Robert A. Curtis gson 7   do b. Hogshaw
Alice Jennings servant 15   General servant domestic b. Grandborough

1885: death of Alfred Barton

1889: manor court, 18 Sep
Surrender: John Maydon
Admission: William Ingram
Consideration: £400 (see below)
The property was copyhold up to this point, subsequently converted to freehold.

1891 Census
The entries for Horn Street are not in order and it's unclear which one refers to no.20.

1900: marriage of Mildred Sleath Hickox and Jesse Jones (of Middle Claydon) at Winslow church, 5 June

1901 Census: Horn Street

Frances Hickox head 68 widow living on own means b. Winslow
Fanny Clara Hickox dau 39 single living on own means b. Southsea Hants

Frances Hickox was the daughter of George Maydon (d.1876) and had returned to Winslow with her daughters after the death of her husband in 1896.

25 inch OS map
20 Horn Street on the 1878 OS map; buildings shaded dark grey, garden shaded light grey, side and back entrances marked by arrows

1906: Buckingham Advertiser, 17 Feb: Petty Sessions, 14 Feb
    Hickox v. Jones.- Jesse Jones was charged with doing wilful damage to property belonging to Mrs. Frances Hickox, at Winslow, on February 7.  Mr. Steele (Miller and Steele, London) appeared for the prosecutrix and Mr. W. R. J. Law defended.
  Prosecutrix said she was a widow residing in Horn Street, Winslow, and was a tenant of a house and out-buildings there.  On February 7 she closed up the house about 6.30 p.m.  The back-door was fastened; there was a garden and yard at the back; the garden gate was bolted.  There was a square window at the end of the house rather high up; this window was quite intact at 6.30 p.m., and the door-bell was in working order at that time.  They heard a violent knocking at the front door; this was repeated three times altogether; after that they heard the voice of defendant.  She looked through an upstairs back window and saw defendant pacing the yard; then he hammered at the door and kicked it violently.  He had a stick in his hand, but he used the knocker to knock at the door.  She saw him kick the door furiously; he damaged the paint very much; he was swearing and grumbling to himself.  Then she heard a tremendous smash at the window, and the glass fell down at the side of the house.  That was from the room where they were sitting.  She saw defendant in front of the house and she went to the front to send for the police.  She sent three messengers for the police altogether.  Mr. Matthews estimated the damage at 25s.  The bell was hanging down broken, and the front door bolt catch was broken inside the house.  She did not see the damage that night because it was dark.
  Cross-examined by Mr. Law: Defendant married her daughter.  Her daughter and the two children were living with her now.  They were driven there by the cruelty of the defendant.  She did not know she was responsible for the separation.  There was a parcel delivered at her house on the 7th.  She believed it contained fruit.  She did not know what was written on the parcel, but believed it was something about the children.  The parcel was returned with the message that she had ordered nothing from the greengrocer. She knew nothing about the parcel, so she returned it.  She did not know there was a man in the house.  She knew defendant said there was a jealousy between him and a certain man.  This man had not been in her house for months.  She had called the defendant a brute, and thought he was one.  She had not taken a dislike to defendant until he began to illuse her daughter, and then naturally she took her daughter’s part.  She could not think of admitting defendant to her house after the language he used to her on the last occasion he came.  Her daughter had been grossly ill used by defendant several times, but had gone back to him.  They were married and she thought they had better try and make the best of it.  She had not been the occasion of their separation…
  … Mrs. Mildred Jones said she was the wife of defendant, but was now living apart from him and with her mother at Winslow.  On the 7th of this month she heard a noise at the back-door, which was fastened.  To reach this back-door anyone would have to come through the garden from the churchyard, or else through a side door…
  … Cross-examined by Mr. Law: She had left her husband on several occasions, and had returned to him.  Her mother had not tried to prevent her returning…She did lose her temper once and slap his face.  She believed she did say once she wished she could kill him- this was about two years ago.  She believed her child Jessie did say, “Don’t kill daddie.” That was because she was frightened by him… There was no man in the house, and she had seen no man.  She knew her husband had been jealous of a certain man.  She had been to this man’s house with her husband’s sister.  He had been to their house and played draughts with her husband.  She did not think she sat up till 12 o’clock that night.  She had learnt from her husband’s letters that he would object to this man being at her mother’s …
… P.S. Henry Wootton said shortly after 7p.m. on the evening in question he was sent for by the complainant.  He went to her residence in Horn Street, when she made a complaint to him.  In consequence of what she said, he went in search of defendant and found him at the Windmill Inn.  He told defendant that he had received a complaint from Mrs. Hickox respecting the damage he had done at her house.  Defendant was excited and slightly under the influence of drink.  He said, “Is Arthur Warr there?” [Arthur Warr lived at Bridge Farm, Addington, and was married to Jesse Jones' sister] Witness told him he was not.  He said, “I don’t care a --- then, and I won't go again as long as he is not there.” Witness cautioned him not to do so and advised him to go home, which he did shortly afterwards.
  Mr. Law then called
  Jesse Jones, the defendant, who said he was a farmer living at Knowle Hil [Middle Claydon]l.  Prosecutrix was his mother-in-law, or pretended to be.  He married her daughter in June, 1900.  She had left him on several occasions and gone to her mother’s house, and she and the two children were there now.  Prosecutrix had always tried to get his wife and children away from him, and Arthur Warr had too.  On the 7th February he sent a shilling’s-worth of bananas to the house.  He wrote on the parcel, “From their beloved father for my little children.” The parcel was taken in.  Half an hour later it came back with a little note.  About 6.40 he went towards prosecutrix’s house and stopped in the churchyard for a time.  He saw someone go through her garden door, and he thought it was some particular individual.  They went in through the back door.  He followed, but when he got there the door was fastened.  He tried it first and then went to the window and tried to get up to see, if he could, who was in there.  The window was about seven feet high, and his foot slipped, and so his stick slipped and came in contact with the window and broke it.  He denied that it was done wilfully.  He went and got a policeman and asked him to see if Arthur Warr was there. The policeman said “Leave it alone till after the Buckingham case is settled.”  It was not his children he wanted to see then, because they would be in bed.  It was the other fellow he was after.  They always took the children away when he went to look at them in the garden.  He did not touch the bell.  He did not know they had one.  He knocked with the knocker and pushed the front door.  He did kick the front door.  He wanted to get through it.  He would have got in at the window if he knew the other man was there.  He would have got in somehow.  He did not do any wilful damage …
… The Bench, after retiring for some time, said they had carefully considered the case, and there seemed to be some doubt as to exactly whether somebody was in the house or not, or whether the garden gate was bolted or not, and they thought the defendant was under the apprehension that someone else was in the house and therefore was anxious to get in and see who was there.  They therefore dismissed the case, on the understanding that, as Mr. Law suggested, defendant should pay the damage; each party to pay their own costs.
  Mr. Law said he and defendant would go and inspect the damage.
  Mr. Steele said it was obvious that defendant could not be allowed to go there; if so, he should ask for him to be bound over to keep the peace.
  The Bench agreed with Mr. Steele; and Mr. Law undertook to go with Mr. Matthews (builder) instead.

Brick wall with a door
The garden door on Church Walk which Jesse Jones was watching from the churchyard (photographed Dec 2023). The building on the right is Eliot Hall (built 1930).

1906: Buckingham Advertiser, 14 April: Special sessions, 6 April
  Jesse Jones, farmer, of Middle Claydon, was brought up in custody charged with wilfully damaging certain property, including 9 panes of glass, front and back and garden doors, Japanese curtains, vases, flower-pots, etc., belonging to his mother-in-law, Mrs Hickox, of Horn Street, Winslow.- Defendant pleaded guilty.- He was also charged with being drunk and disorderly at the same time and place, to which he pleaded not guilty.
  Prosecutrix stated that Jones was her son-in-law, and on the 4th April he came and knocked at the door and said he wanted to see the children.  He was very civil at first.  This was about 7 o’clock, and she said she was very sorry but they had gone to bed.  Defendant then said he was not going away until he saw them, and commenced using dreadful language towards her.  She closed the door, and he went round to the back and tried to force an entrance.  When he could not do so he came to the front, and smashed the windows all to pieces with his stick.  She produced Messrs. Matthews’ bill for repairs to the front and back doors and windows, which came to £1 18s., and she estimated the other damage at about £1 10s.
  Sergt. Wootton stated that on April 4th he was sent for to Horn Street, and found a crowd round Mrs. Hickox’s residence.  Defendant was there, and witness noticed his hands were covered with blood, and that he was carrying a stick, which witness produced.  On seeing witness defendant said, “All right sergeant, I done it, and I shall do it again every time I have the chance, and I shall do for that lot as well.” Witness examined Mrs. Hickox’s windows, and found 9 large panes of glass completely smashed; and that glass was scattered all over the room, and glass and flower-pots strewed over the pavement.  Witness said that defendant was drunk, and incapable of taking care of himself, so witness took him into custody.  On reaching the police-station defendant denied that he was drunk, and asked if he could see a doctor.  Witness sent for Dr. Kennish, who came and examined defendant, and certified that he was drunk.  On searching defendant witness found a piece of broken glass corresponding with that in Mrs. Hickox’s windows.
  Defendant said he hoped the Bench would be as lenient with him as possible, and he would promise not to repeat the offence, as he would leave this part of the country.
  Mr. Willis, clerk to the magistrates, after inspecting a copy of the separation order [granted by Buckingham magistrates], told defendant he was not entitled to the custody of the children.
  Defendant said he knew that, only he should like to see them, and he wrote to ask to see them in the morning.
  The Bench said they were sorry to see defendant there again.  They thought it was a pity, however, that he was not allowed to see the children, as he probably would have gone away quietly, but this did not excuse him for using bad language or doing the damage.  They ordered him to pay £2 5s. damage with 2s. 6d. fine and 2s. 6d. costs; and for the drunkenness, 2s. 6d. fine and 4s. costs; and they hoped this would be a warning to him.

1906: Buckingham Advertiser, 2 June: births
May 23, at Horn Street, Winslow, the wife of Mr. Jesse Jones, of twins - daughters.

Horn Street looking west, horse and cart in road
20 Horn Street is on the far right of this postcard postmarked 1910

1911: Census
Horn Street, 8 rooms

Frances Hickox head 78 widow Private means b. Winslow, married 51 years, 4 ch alive 1 dead
Eleanor Maydon Hickox dau 50 single   b. St Annes Soho London
Fanny Clara Hickox dau 49 single   b. Southsea Hants
Mildred Sleath Jones dau 36 married School teacher b. Brighton; married 10 years, 3 ch alive 1 dead
Jessie Mildred Jones gdau 9     b. Claydon Bucks
Theodora Frances Jones gdau 7     b. Claydon Bucks
Sylvia Jones gdau 4     b. Winslow

1914: Valuation (IR58/2347 no.104) 30 Sep
Occupier: Mrs Frances Hickox
Owner: William Ingram, Market Square
Gross value £21, rateable value £16 17s.
Tenancy: quarterly. Rent: £19
Land Tax: 5s 3d (half full charge) paid by owner
Tenant pays rates and taxes, landlord insurance and repairs
Sale: Sept 18th 1889. Consideration: £400
Brick & tiled house. 2 front sitting rooms, kitchen & scullery, 2 front bedrooms & 3 small back rooms, 2 attics. 566 sq yds.
Brick & tiled stable (2), loft over. Coach house & loft over. Old shed.
Rt of way to this property across adjoining cottages.
Valuation: £350. Value of site (30' front): £125. Value of structures: £225.

1916: Will of Frances Hickox of Horn Street Winslow widow died 23 Feb 1916

1919: Administration grant
HICKOX Eleanor Maydon of Sheen-street [sic] Winslow spinster d.26 Feb 1919.  Admon London 8 April 1940 to Mildred Sleath Jones widow.  Effects £361. Former Grant P.R. 3 May 1919
Original admon grant 3 May 1919 to Fanny Clara Hickox spinster, effects £2119 6s.

1920    Directory
            Hickox, Miss Horn Street

1921    Census
Horn Street, 3 [sic] rooms
Fanny Clara Hickox, head, 59y 7m, single, b. Southsea, home duties

1928: CBS, D/WIG/2/1/91
Winslow: Valuation of properties for estate duty [William Ingram, deceased]

1929: Rating Valuation no.259
Occupiers: Fanny Hickox & Mildred Jones
Owner: Muriel G. Midgley
House & garden, 20 Horn Street
Gross value £23, rateable value £16

1929: sale, 13 Feb (deeds)
Muriel Midgley (daughter of William Ingram; she was given the house before he made his will) to Fanny Clara Hickox & Mildred Sleath Jones

1933: Bucks Herald, 26 May
Lady offers comfortable home to one or two paying guests - 20 Horn Street.

1934: Bucks Herald, 27 April
Young lady teaching kindergarten during mornings desires private post for afternoons. - Miss S. Jones, 20 Horn Street.

1939: Register: 20 Horn Street
Jones, Mildred S., b.1874, divorced, householder
Jones [changed to Allen], Sylvia, b.1906, domestic duties [Sylvia Jones married Bernard Allen at Hull in 1945]
Hickox [changed to Dowson], Margery C.H., b.1912, governess [Margery C.H. Hickox married Merrick E. Dowson at Maidenhead in 1940; she was apparently the daughter of Mildred's brother]
Fanny Hickox was living at 32 High Street by 1935.

1940: CBS, D/WIG/2/1/101
Valuation of 20 Horn Street, including furniture, for probate of Miss Fanny Hickox

1940: Bucks Herald, 8 March
The Rev. A. Quarterman, Pastor of the Congregational Church, has now come to reside in Winslow. Since his appointment he has been living at North Aston, in Oxfordshire ... the house in Horn Street formerly occupied by the late Miss Hickox being vacant, he decided to take up his residence there.
Mr Quarterman left Winslow in Dec 1942.

1949: Bucks Herald, 11 Feb
Mrs. Mildred Sleath Jones who passed away on Saturday at her home, 20, Horn Street, had lived for many years in Winslow. Mrs. Jones' maiden name was Hickox and she was the last surviving member of her family. Like all of them, she was an ardent Churchwoman. Her only brother, who died quite recently, was in Holy Orders, and her two sisters were keen Church workers. Mrs. Jones, who was 72 years of age, leaves three daughters. See her will.

1949: CBS, D/WIG/2/3/135 & 2/8/444, 11 April; sale by Geo. Wigley & Sons
20 Horn Street, Winslow
Vendor: Executors of the late Mrs Mildred Sleath Jones
"The attractive moderate sized Georgian house ... containing 2 sitting rooms, kitchen, 2 front and 2 small back bedrooms, with 2 attics, roomy outbuildings, secluded garden, with vacant possession and capable with judicious expense of being made a very convenient and attractive small home"
15 April: Buckingham Advertiser
Sold to Mr George French for £1,190. The house was occupied by the late Mrs. M.S. Jones, and contains entrance lobby, drawing room, dining room, kitchen, three bedrooms and attics.
22 April: Buckingham Advertiser
20 Horn Street: sale of furniture by Geo Wigley & Sons for executors of Mrs M.S. Jones.

Copyright 12 December, 2023