View of frankpledge and court baron, 23 Oct 1730

Herts RO D/EB 664/M1

These records survive as notes, some of which were signed by the foreman of the jury. They were preserved in the papers of the Duncombe family. The originals are in Latin. Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here.

[p.1] View of frankpledge with court baron of Richard Lowndes esq., 23 Oct 4 George II 1730, by John Markham gent., steward

Jurors: Mathew Deely, John Briten, Joseph Bigg jr, William Norman
William Deblois, John Baily, John Elliott, Henry Line
William Parkins jr, Samuel Missenden, Thomas Rutland jr, Edward Ditum

Constables of Winslowe: Richard Shelton and Michael Goodman in place of Robert Stevens and John Worsley

Constable of Shipton: John Henley jr in place of William Perkins jr

Court baron

Essoins: Thomas Bull, John Burrall, George Barrett, Joseph Turner, William Elliott, Thomas Mountague, Thomas Rutland sr, George Illing and Francis Meade with many others

Jurors: Thomas Blake, Charles Bowler, William Franklin, Richard Gibbs, Simon Hogson
Augustine Seaton, Peter Stuchbury, John Henley jr, John Bowden, John Holland jr
William Stevens sr, Benedict Holland at Elm & Joseph White

John Shelton died since the last court seised of a copyhold messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of Andrew Shelton. Heriot by composition 5s. On 18 April last he surrendered his lands and tenements to the use of his last will through Henry Stutchbury and Peter Stutchbury. He made his will on 6 June 1727, bequeathing his property to his son Joseph on condition:

that the said Joseph ... do pay unto Joan my wife one Annuity of Yearly sum(m)e of forty shillings by Quarterly payments ... during her Life Clear of all Taxes and also upon this further Condition That my said sonn Joseph do pay unto J(ohn) Shelton the son of my son Thomas Deceased the sum(me) of five pounds within twelve months after the Death of me & my said wife or so much sooner as he ... shall think fitt and also the further sum(m)e of five pounds a peice unto my sons William and Robert within twelve months after my Decease ... And ... unto Jane & Katherine the Children of my Eldest son John Shelton the sum(m)e of forty shillings pounds within twelve months after the said Katherine shall attaine the age of twelve years provided nevertheless ... that the s(aid) Joseph Shelton my son may deduct to himself all such sum(m) or sum(m)s of money as he shall lay out for the Education and Maintenance of the said Jane & Katherine During their minority so as he pay the said Jane the sum(m)e of fifteen pounds when she attaines the age of one and twenty Years ...

[p.2] Joseph his son was admitted tenant according to the form of the will. Rent [blank], fine 5s, heriot by composition 5s.
[The will does not seem to be in the St Albans Archdeaconry records. John Shelton was buried on 3 July 1730. His first wife Joan died in 1696, and he then married Joan Stutsbury (21 Jan 1696/7). Joseph (bap.1695) was the son of the 1st marriage and Andrew (bap.1703) was the son of the 2nd.]

John Deverell died seised of various lands and tenements. John Deverell jr is his son and nearest heir. Heriot: a gelding worth £4. John jr did not come; 1st proclamation made.

John Townsend of Mile End Old Town Cordwainer and Katherine his wife on 12 May last surrendered 1 acre of grassland in Shipton Cowepasture in Long Varnum Furlong, and common of pasture for 1 cow. To the use of Charles Bowler jr, who did not come to court; 1st proclamation made.

[p.3] Augustine Seaton and Rose his wife on 19 June last surrendered part of a meadow called Orrell Slade lying in New Mill Feild containing 2 acres, adjoining the parish of Addington on the north-west, the close of Richard Lowndes esq. and William Gyles south. To the use of Thomas Baily of Middle Claydon Daryman. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Nicholas Merwin gent. on 24 June last surrendered a messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of Michael Goodman called The Kings Head with all ways etc. (passage to the tenement in the occupation of James Budd excepted), the tenement of Robert Gibbs and structure of Nicholas Merwin north, the structure and ground in the occupation of James Budd and Benjamin Saunders south, the common street west. To the use of John Penson of St Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, gent., on condition that it will be void if Nicholas pays him £80 with interest from 21 Feb last on 21 Aug following at John's domicile. John did not come; 1st proclamation made.
[This refers to 10 High Street]

Nicholas Merwin gent. on 21 Oct last surrendered:

To the use of John Turner of Winslowe Surgeon, on condition that it will be void if Nicholas pays him £100 with interest from 26 Aug last on 26 Feb next. John did not come; 1st proclamation made.
[This refers to 18-20 High Street and access from Greyhound Lane; most of the details repeat a transaction of 1700]

[p.5] Andrew Shelton (son and heir of John Shelton deceased by Joan his wife) sought admission to the reversion expectant on Joan's decease of a messuage in Winslowe now in Joan's occupation, formerly a bay and a half of a barn next to the street, the yard of [blank, = Augustine] Seaton west, with liberties etc. mentioned in a surrender made by John Shelton deceased presented at the court on 11 Oct 1697. The premisses came into the lord's hands on John's death. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Joan Shelton, widow of John, and Andrew Shelton their son and heir surrendered a messuage [as above]. To the use of Peter Stutchbury.
[Procedure of common recovery followed:] William Gibbs jr claimed the messuage; Joan and Andrew called to warranty John Thompson; William Gibbs sr, minister of the court, delivered seisin to William Gibbs jr; they all surrendered it to Joan for her life, then Andrew in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Andrew Shelton and Ann his wife surrendered the reversion expectant on Joan's decease to the use of Joseph Shelton, provided that it will be void if they pay him £20 10s on 23 April next. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This refers to 20 Horn Street]

John Allen sought admission to a messuage in Winslowe late in the occupation of Joan Allen, which came into the lord's hands on the death of John Allen his father presented at the court on [blank]. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
Joseph Bowden, son and heir of Robert Bowden deceased, surrendered a messuage late in the occupation of Joan Allen to the use of John Allen the son. Rent [blank], fine 5s.

John Mountague (son of John Mountague sr late of Grandborough Cordwainer deceased) and Ann his wife surrendered 1 land in Grandborough and 2 acres and 4 ridges.

Robert Reddall and Daniel Gyles surrendered a cottage in Winslowe in Robert's occupation. To the use of Thomas Hasey, on condition that if Robert pays him £10 5s on 23 April next it will be to the use of Robert and Penelope his wife and Penelope's heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[This was in Cow Street according to the 1752 court]

Richard Gibbs and William Gibbs jr his son surrendered a messuage in Winslowe in the occupation of Joseph Brookes or his subtenants, with barns, stables, outhouses, yards, gardens, etc. and liberties mentioned in a surrender made by Robert Gibbs sr, Richard's father, at the court on 21 June 1706. To the use of Peter Stuchbury.
[p.10] [Procedure of common recovery followed:] Joseph Ayres jr brought a writ of disseisin en le post against Peter. Richard and William called to warranty John Thompson.
[p.11] William Gibbs sr, minister of the court, delivered seisin to Joseph. Then all surrendered the messuage to the use of Richard for his life, then William in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine [blank].

John Wyatt gent., "nephew" of Robert Wyatt butcher deceased, sought admission to 2 ridges of land lying together in Bubbles Gore Furlong in New Mill Feild, the land of John Wyatt his late father south. It came into the lord's hands on the death and surrender to use of the last will of Robert, presented at the court on 14 Oct 1717. Rent [blank], fine 2s.
[John had the reversion when Robert's widow Dinah died]

Susan Bunce Spinster acknowledged herself satisfied of £200 and interest mentioned in a surrender at the court on 20 Oct 1719 by Isaac Judge and Elizabeth his wife.

Isaac Judge and Elizabeth his wife and Mary Berkley Spinster surrendered 16½ acres in the fields of Winslowe now in the occupation of Richard Eden, late the estate of Robert Wyatt butcher deceased. To the use of John Burrall of Winslowe butcher, who did not come; 1st proclamation made.
[p.12] Isaac Judge and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslowe now in the occupation of Thomas Ives, late the estate of Robert Wyatt, situate near the Cowstreet adjoining the house of George Barrett, with all barns, stables, gardens, outhouses, yards, backyards, etc. To the use of Thomas Ives and Elizabeth his wife of their lives, then Thomas' heirs. Rent [blank], fine 5s.
[Elizabeth Judge may have been Robert's niece Elizabeth Wyatt. The messuage may have been in Greyhound Lane.]

14th proclamation for Joseph Holloway
10th proclamation for William Heady
9th proclamation for Henry Willmer
7th proclamation for the heirs of Peter Lowndes
7th proclamation for the heirs of Joseph Gurney
7th proclamation for Thomas Aldridge
7th proclamation for John Watts
4th proclamation for Francis Woodcock
4th proclamation for John Bull
4th proclamation for the heirs of William Thorpe
3rd proclamation for John Bull on the surrender of Henry Tomms and his wife
2nd proclamation for John Tomms
2nd proclamation for Thomas Rutland
2nd proclamation for William Markham
2nd proclamation for John Penson

End of this court
John Markham


Private courts

[pp.1-2] Court Baron 11 Nov 1730 by John Markham

Jurors: William Smith, Samuel Missenden, Joseph White, Henry Willmore

[Business only concerned Little Horwood]

[p.3] Court Baron 13 Sep 1731 by John Markham

Jurors: Daniel Gyles, Joseph Turner, William Hobbs, John Turner

Ann Wyatt, widow of John Wyatt deceased, and John Wyatt gent. their son and heir surrendered a messuage in Shipton in Ann's occupation and 16½ acres in Winslowe and Shipton mentioned in a copy of court roll of 31 March 1703. To the use of William Gibbs jr.
[p.4] [Procedure of common recovery:] Joseph Ayres jr complained against William for disseisin en le post. Ann and John called to warranty John Thompson.
[p.5] All surrendered to Ann for her life, then John in perpetuity. Rent [blank], fine 33s.
Ann and John surrendered:

To the use of Robert Stevens sr of Grandborough, yeoman, on condition that it will be void if Ann and John pay him £110 and interest on 13 March next.
[p.6] Robert did not come; 1st proclamation made

John Wyatt gent. surrendered 1 acre in Bubbles Gore Furlong in New Mill Feild, the land of Ann Wyatt south, John Burrall north. To the use of John King of Winslowe Carpenter and Katherine his wife. Rent [blank], fine 2s.

Copyright 5 September, 2015