Will of Charles Keys, farmer and beer retailer, 1882 (proved 1892)

Oxford Probate Registry

BE IT KNOWN that at the date hereunder written the last Will and Testament of Charles Keys late of Winslow in the County of Buckingham, Farmer and Retailer of Beer, deceased, who died on the 23rd  day of February 1892 at Winslow aforesaid, and who at the time of his death had a fixed place of abode at Winslow aforesaid, within the District of the Counties of Oxford, Berks and Buckingham, was proved and registered at the District  Probate Registry of Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice at Oxford and that the Administration of the personal estate of the said deceased was granted by the aforesaid Court to  Thomas Keys of Winslow aforesaid, Tailor, Son of the Deceased, and Edward Philpott of Buckingham in the said County of Buckingham, Butler, the Executors named in the said Will they having been first sworn well and faithfully to administer the same.
Dated the 14th day of October 1892
Gross value of Personal Estate £955.6.5
Net value      “        “             “    £947.16.5
Extracted by Willis and Willis, Solicitors, Winslow

This is the last Will and Testament of me Charles Keys of Winslow in the County of Buckingham Farmer and Retailer of Beer I direct that my just debts my funeral and testamentary expenses shall be paid as soon as conveniently may be after my decease and subject thereto I devise all the real estate of which I may be beneficially seised at the time of my death and bequeath all the personal estate of which I shall be then possessed unto my son Thomas Keys and my son in law Edward Philpott their heirs executors administrators and assigns according to the several natures ad tenures thereof Upon trust to permit my Wife Eliza or her assigns during her natural life if she shall so long continue my Widow to occupy my real estate or receive the rents and profits thereof (she and they keeping the same in good and tenantable repair and insured against loss or damage by fire) and to use or receive the income and profits of my personal estate to her own use and benefit And upon further trust from and after the decease or second marriage of my said wife which shall first happen to sell my real estate together or in parcels by public auction or private contract with full power to buy in and resell the same and to sell convert or get in my personal Estate and to divide the moneys thereby arising after paying all incidental expenses unto and equally among my children as shall be living at the time of my decease and the issue of such of they as may be dead such issue to take the share to which his her or their parent or parents would have been entitled if living And I hereby declare that the power of appointing a new Trustee or new Trustees of this my Will shall be exercisable by my said Wife during her Widowhood I devise all the real estate which at my decease shall be vested in me as Trustee or Mortgagee to my said son Thomas Keys and my said son in law Edward Philpott their heirs and assigns subject to the trusts and equities affecting the same respectively. I appoint my said Son Thomas Keys and my said Son in law Edward Philpott Executors and Trustees my Will and revoke all other Wills.  In Witness whereof I the said Charles Keys have to this my Will set my hand this Fourth day of December One thousand eight hundred and eighty two.  Charles Keys [signature]

Signed and acknowledged by the above named Charles Keys as his Will in the presence of us present at the same time who in his presence and the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses
Arthur S. Midgley [signature] Winslow, Bucks
Charles Osborn [signature] Winslow, Bucks

Proved at Oxford, the Fourteenth day of October 1892, by the Oaths of Thomas Keys the Son, and Edward Philpott, the Executors, to whom Administration was granted.
The Testator Charles Keys was late of Winslow in the County of Buckingham, Farmer and Retailer of Beer, and died on the Twenty third day of February 1892, at Winslow aforesaid.
Gross value of Personal Estate £955.6.5
Net value      “        “             “      £947.16.5

Willis and Willis, Solicitors, Winslow
it is hereby certified that the foregoing is a correct copy.
Dated this Twentieth day of October 1892.


Charles Keys was aged 79 when he died. He kept and owned The Stag (166 High Street) from 1854, originally under the name of The Reindeer. Previously he was at the Nag's Head where his wife Eliza (nee Lomath) was probably the previous landlord's daughter. He was born at Mursley, and was listed as cordwainer and farmer in the 1861 Census. He handed The Stag over to his son Thomas by 1887, but Thomas moved out after his father died, and died himself in 1895 (see his will). Another son, also Charles, at various times ran the Nag's Head, Old Crown and Chandos Arms. Charles sr's brother William Keys died in 1891. Eliza Keys died in 1883 aged 72.

Buckingham Advertiser, 18th June 1892
MAHOGANY Centre and Pembroke Tables, Cane-seat and Windsor Chairs, enclosed Stained Bookcase, BEDROOM FURNITURE, including Painted Iron French Bedsteads, Washstands, Dressing Tables, Chests of Drawers, Feather Beds, six-ft. Taproom Table (with Mahogany Top), Pewter Measures, &c., Chaff-cutter (with two knives), Rick Sheet, 8yds. by 10, Water Cart, Set of brass-mounted Pony Harness, Saddle and Bridle; Pony Trap, with Lamps, Cushions, &c.; Capital Grey PONY, and several miscellaneous items,
On WEDNESDAY, June 22, 1892, on the Premises, at the Stag Inn, Buckingham Road, Winslow, by direction of the Executors of the late Mr. Charles Keys.
The Sale will commence at Two o’clock.

Copyright 7 January, 2022