William Lowndes' accounts, 1699-1702

Folger Shakespeare Library, W.a.146

William Lowndes kept these account books at the time he was building Winslow Hall ("the new building"), and they are cross-referenced from and to some of his other accounts (see Winslow Hall building accounts). Some of the most informative pages have been transcribed here. The accounts are arranged by person, with what they owed him (or what he had paid them) on the left and how they paid it off on the right. Most of his tenants contributed to his building project in some way.

28 [left]
John Wyat D(ebitu)r
li s d
To ball(anc)e fo.1. . . Nil.
1699
18 7br
To a Bill on S(i)r Francis Child for
pag 94
60 0 0      
To Rent reced of Rob Gibbs 20 0 0      
To Rent reced of Simo Hogson 10 0 0      
1700
20 Aprl Paid John Wyat in money 36 16 126 16
D(itt)o Assigned him upon Ni: Harris for Firewood 10 15 0
Borne forward       137 11
28 [right] C(reditu)r
1699
26 Aug By Entertenimt 6 1 6
17 Nailes for the Garden 0 0 8
Rakes for ditto 0 1 6
31 Nayles for ditto 0 0
20 9br Broom Line & Nailes 0 1
12 Feb Nailes for ditto 0 3 7
Mending a Rake &c 0 0 6 0 7 9
Window tax to Lady day 1700 0 10 0
Bellman to Lady d 1700 3 qu(arte)rs 0 15 0
Scowring Horwood Brook 104 Pole at 3d 1 6 0
Willis & Turnam Carr(iage) 121 ft Chesh(am) 4 12 1
Tomkins 46 ft from thenis[?] 0 19 2
More to those 3 men 0 4 0 5 15 3
Work about the New Building vizt
12 Oct Th(omas) George 3 daies work in ye yard in removing stuff 0 3 0
Lettman hedging the Orch(ar)d 0 4 0
4 Xbr Screen for Mortar 0 5 0
T George 34 d(ay)s levelling backside 1 3 8
12 Feb Ditto 9 daies in ye yard 0 7 6
Ditto 4 more 0 3 4
Nayles for Mortar board 0 1
Mending a wheelbarrow 0 3 0
A Jack to move Timber 1 8 0
Work in pulling down Scotts house 0 3 0
Nails & mending barrows 0 1
Ro Udding for Sawing &c 8 17 9
3 men for work in ye yard 2 9 0
Digging ye foundac(i)on of ye house 8 10 6
4 loads of lime 4 0 0 27 19 10½
---------------------
Borne forward 42 15
29 [right] Bro(ugh)t Forw(ar)d 42 15
1699
12-Oct Entertenimt 2 12 6
paid John Chenals for 2 Leys 55 0 0
28" post fine for ye Mann(o)r of Winslow 3 0 0
Charges at ye house late Croft vizt
Nailes Whiting & Glue 0 15
Tho(mas) Deelys work there 2 0 4
Rob(ert) Udding work there 2 1 1 4 16
R. Udding Letman Weeding & Scowring 0 4 2
Poor to Easter 1700 2 3 6
Land Tax Anno 1699 3 5 8
Constables tax 0 9 6
Church   13
Cha(rles) Stuart one year for keping the Garden to Mich(aelma)s 1699 10 0 0
Gates & posts in ye field p(er) Eden 0 6 0
Letman for hedging at Ryefurl(ong) &c 0 13 9
Tring ye Heyward to L day 1700 0 0 10
part of an Hog Sent to Londo(n) 1 10 0
Allowd John Wyat for his paines 10 0 0
-------------------
137 11
We are even this 20th day of Aprill 1700
Wm Lowndes [signature]
Jno Wyatt [signature]
vide fol(io) 45

John Wyatt was William Lowndes' brother-in-law (although Lowndes' sister Rebecca was dead by this time) and acted as his agent in Winslow, overseeing the building work at Winslow Hall and some of the other estate management. He also rented a substantial farm, as indicated by the Land Tax he paid. There is another page of his account below.

30 [left]
Thomas Robson D(ebitu)r
li s d
To a years Rent due at Lady day 1699       6 0 0
To a year at Lady day 1700       6 0 0
30 [right] C(reditu)r      
By the Land tax A(nn)o 1699 0 13
Constables tax 0 1 8
paid W L 20 April 1700 5 4
6 0 0
Kings tax 1700 0 9 7
Constable 0 0 10
paid W L 21 April 1701 5 9 7
6 0 0
31 [left] Benj(amin) Saunders D(ebitu)r       li s d
To a years rent due at La(dy) day 1700       8 10 0
To a years Rent due at La(dy) day 1701       8 10 0
31 [right] C(reditu)r li s d
By the Land tax 0 14 10½
Thatching 0 10 5
For a barne 1 0 0
p(aid) W L 20 April 1700 6 4
8 10 0
By the Kings tax 0 10
Constables rate 0 0 11
The use of ye Barn 1 0 0
p(aid) W L 19 April 1701 6 18
8 10 0

Rob(in)son and Saunders were good tenants who paid their rent within a month of its falling due. Saunders lived next to Scott's house which was demolished, probably at what is now 11 Sheep Street; the use of his barn is mentioned in various other places. Lowndes didn't own it, so Saunders' rent must be for land. He was a baker. The payment for "thatching" probably means straw for thatch.

32 [left]
Peter Lowndes D(ebitu)r li s d      
To Ball(anc)e 15 May 1699 1 18 8
To a years rent due Mich(aelma)s 99 clear of taxes 20 0 0
To a years rent due then for Phips's Land 2 10 0
To 2 years rent due then for 5 acres bot of Robt Sponer 1 13 4
  1 13 4 27 15 4
     
paid ye Ball(an)ce to Peter Lowndes this 20 Aprl 1700       18 11 5
        46 6 9
I have rec(eiv)ed the s(ai)d ballance this 20 Ap 1700
Peter Lowndes [signature]
witness
Peter Lowndes Juner [signature]
To mo advanced by him p(er) W Giles Jun(io)r fo 36 10 - -
To d(itt)o advance to him p(er) Ditto who drew a bill pd to Mr Salter 16 Ap 1701 10 - -
See his acco(unt) in the next book
32 [right] 1699 C(reditu)r li s d
18 May For Carr(iage) 87 loads dung to Albans piece 2 18 -
Paid Several for Dung brought 2 7 10
4 Jul Repaires on the Farme of Wm Perkins at Shipton 5 0 7
15 7br For cleansing the brook 1 16 2
Letman for quick setting &c 0 8 0
Ditto   8 4
Carr(iage) 2 loads bushes to Smallidels   4 -
Ri: Aston for hedging   2 8
Carr(iage) one load bushes to Phips willows   2 -
Making a pair of Gates at Rose Close 0 2 6
Lettman for hedging 5 daies 0 3 0
For the work of ye new Building vizt
Carr' 7 loads Elme feld 0 6 0
Carr' 2 loads lime fro Stukely 0 10 0
Carr' 8400 bricks fro Deelys 0 12 0
Carr' 13 Sticks cont 731 ft fro Whittlewood 12 3 8      
Carr' 1 load Lath & 4 loads Timber fro Chesham 6 - -
Allow: of 12d p(er) load 2 18 - 22 9 8
Carr' 1 load bushes from Claydon - 4 -
A years Sall(ary) at Lady day 1700 10 0 0
-----------------
46 6 9

Peter Lowndes (1631-1711) was William's father's cousin. He was paid a salary to act as agent for William's farms, and also provided transport for the building work. He described himself as a yeoman, and must have taken over some of the land which William bought from Richard Phipps jr in 1695.

33 [left]
John Amborow D(ebitu)r       li s d
To a years rent due Lady d. 1700       2 - -
To a years rent due Lady d. 1701       2 - -
To a years rent due Lady d. 1702       2 - -
33 [right] Cr(editur) li s d
By the Land tax   3 -      
Paid W L the 20 Apr 1700 1 17 - 2 - -
By taxes 0 2 -
Making 6½ qu(arte)rs Malt 0 16 3
Mony 10 August 1701 1 1 9 2 - -

John Amborow (his surname is found with many different spellings) was a maltster and lived at Hanging Style House (the predecessor of Lawn House). He must have rented land from Lowndes.

33 [left]
Robt Eden als Udding carp(enter) D(ebitu)r       li s d
To mo p(ai)d him vizt
6 Apr 1700 pag 28.29. & R No 402 11 4 10
29 Jul pag 95 9 18 7
23 Xbr pag 58.77 5 15
21 Apr 1701 pag 76 3 - 11
6 Apr 1702 pag 34 p(er) Peter Lowndes Acco(unt) in Libr D 0 12 2
1 Apr 1703 pag 62. in Libr D p(er) Peter Lowndes's Acco(un)t 0 18 3
2 Oct P(er) Acquitt No 626 0 13 - 32 3
     
33 [right] P(er) Contra Cr(editur) li s d
1700 Apr 6 By Gates & posts in ye field 0 6 0
By repairs at Crofts house 2 1 1
By Sawing felling Elms &c for new building 8 17 9 11 5 10
July 29 By a Bill for hewing Sawing & other work for ye new building 9 18 7
xbr 23 By Nails fo ye kilne 0 11
By Workmanship on ditto 4 0 8
By hewing & Work at great house 1 3 4 5 15
1701 Apr 21 By a Bill for repaires at Shipton & al 3 - 11
1702 Apr 6 By mending Wheelbarrows for new build(ing) 0 12 2
1703 Ap 1 By his Bill for Carpentry work on ditto 0 18 3
Oct-02 By his bill for ye pumps at new house 0 13 0
    ---------------------
    32 3

The Edens were carpenters in Winslow for many generations. Robert (d.1710) lived opposite Winslow Hall.

34 [left]
Wm Townsend D(ebitu)r       li s d
To a years rent due Mich(aelma)s 1699       10 14 7
To ball(an)ce p(er) Contra 3 1 5
To half a years Rent due at Lady day 1700 5 7 8 8
     
To ½ a year due Mich(aelm)as 1700       5 7
34 [right]
1700 Cr(editur) li s d
20 Ap Paid W L mony 5 7 6      
By the Land tax Ao 1699 1 1 8      
Constables taxes in full   4 -      
R. to C A load of Laths from Chesha 1 - -      
R. to Ball(an)ce 3 1 5 10 14 7
By Carr 2 loads Stone from Hornden 3 - -      
By Carr 1 load Stone from Woolaston 1 10 -      
By Carr 1 load bricks from Tottehall 0 5 -      
By Constables rate to Lady day 1700 0 2 8      
By mony paid W L23 xbr 1700 3 11 8 8
Kings tax 1700   15 4      
Pd W L 20 Ap. 1701 4 11 11½ 5 7

William Townsend of Shipton (d.1714) seems to have been a less reliable payer than the others, with ongoing arrears on his rent. He still had land of his own apart from what he rented from Lowndes.

36 [left]
Wm Giles Jnr D(ebitu)r       li s d
To a years rent due Lady day 1700 for Rose Close       5 10 -
To a bank note dd to him 17 Jun. 1700       100 - -
22 Jun. 1700 To So much p(ai)d by his ord(e)r to Walter Giles for wid(dow) Deeley 10li and for Mr Spratly for bricks 13.11s       23 11 -
To p(ai)d by his Order to John Morton to pay for bricks to John Stutsbery       50 - -
27 7br To mony p(ai)d him p(er) W L fo.76       200 - -
      ---------------------
      379 1 -
23 Xbr 1700 W Lowndes [signature]
Will Gyles junr [signature]
36 [right]
1700 Cr(editur) li s d
By Constables rate 0 1 4
Poor 0 6 9
Kings tax Ao 99 0 10 10
4200 Setts 0 12 8
Setting them 0 11 8
Church 0 2 -
Bushes 0 18 -
Work 0 2 -
P(ai)d W L 20 Ap. 1700 2 4 10 5 10 -
     
17 Jun By John Wright Carp(ente)r 60 - -
By Rich Mapletoft 20 - -
By Wid(dow) Deely pt of 27.15.4 20 - - 100 0 0
     
19 d(itt)o p(ai)d Wid(dow) Deely on acc(oun)t for bricks to ye hands of Jos. Miller 10 - -
26" p(ai)d Jno Spratly for bricks & lime 13 11 -
18-Jul p(ai)d Jno Stutsbery for bricks 50 - - 73 11 0
     
23 7br p(ai)d Mr Yeomans Bricklaier fo.12.76.93 50 - -
d(itt)o p(ai)d W L. to pay Jo Wright Carpenter fo.20.76.79 50 - -
d(itt)o p(ai)d Ri: Mapletoft Mason fo 10.76 30 - -
130 - -
29" p(ai)d Peter Lowndes on acco(un)t fo.32 10 - -
21-Oct p(ai)d John Wiat on acco(un)t fo.64 60 - -
---------------------
319 1 -

William Gyles jr (d.1713) acted like a banker for Lowndes, paying his main contractors (who weren't Winslow men) as well as the bigger local bills.

37 [left] Robert Gibs D(ebitu)r li s d
To a years rent for ye Mann(o)r & Rectory of Winslow
due at Micha(elma)s 1699
220 - -
To a years rent for a Close called Smallidells & 3 acr of
Land Copyh(o)ld due at Lady day 1700
4 10 - 224 10 -
See fo(lio) 50
37 [right]
1699 Cr(editur) li s d
12 Oct Given Tho Sponer by Order 1 - -
1700 25 Mar Paid John Wyat on acco(unt) 20 - -
20 Ap. Jno Stutsbery on acc(oun)t for bricks p(ar)t 130li 100 - -
Land tax (1699) for Winslow 16 14 6
Greenb(or)o(ugh) 1 1 6
Little hor(woo)d 1 18 -
19 14 0
Constables levy Anno 1700 2 1 3
Copyhold rents one year end Lady d 1700 7 14 0
3 Carriage Loads Timbr fro Chesha 3 15 0
Carr 2 loads lime fro Stukely 0 8 0
4 3 0
Carr of 3 loads of bushes   12 -
Charges at a Court held ult May 99
Vizt a fine for one acre of Chenals 0 2 0 }
a fine for two acr fro(m) Stutsbery 0 4 0 }
a fine for one acr fro(m) Rob Wiat 0 2 0 } 1 - -
a fine for 6 acres fro(m) Blake 0 12 0 }
Fine of 2 acres Surr By Godwyn 16 Ap 1700   4 -
Wm Sheltons haryot   10 -
A load of hay for John Wiat   18 -
15 doz Straw   5 -
Straw & work on Parsonage barn 1 4 -
Allowed him in con(si)d(eration) of a bad crop 10 - -
R Rests due to WL 21 Apr 1700 55 4 8
    -----------------
    224 10 -

Robert Gibbs rented the manor and rectory, which meant that he could collect the tithes, quit-rents and the payments at the manor court.

39 [left] Thomas Deely D(ebitu)r li s d
To a years rent due at Lady day 1700 5 - -
To mony paid him p(er) W Lownds the 22 Apr 1700 8 1 11 13 1 11½
     
I have received this Eight pounds one shill(ing) eleaven pence half penny
Tho Deely [signature]
       
To a years rent due Lady day 1701 5 - -
To a years rent at Lady d 1702 5 - -
pd him 26 Xbr 1702 1 8 9 6 8 9
Tho Deely [signature]      
               
39 [right] Cr(editur) li s d li s d
By repairing the house 4 6 3
Tax for the king 0 7 5
Constables rate 0 0 11
4 14 7
For taking down cleaning & stacking 60000 bricks &
12 ml Tiles of my old house
7 4 0
For pulling down the Ceilings & Partic(i)ons &c 0 12 8
Carp(ent)rs work in taking down the Roof 0 10 8
8 7 4
--------------------
13 1 1
By Work abt ye Kilnes & pulling down Scotts house 1 8 0
The kings tax 0 5 3
Constables rate 0 0 7
paid W L20 Ap 1701 3 6 1
5 - -
pd Richd Mapletoft 29 Aug 1702 5 - -
Repairs   8 10
Taxes   8 3
Pitching over of ye Stables   11 8
--------------------
6 8 9

Thomas Deeley (d.1714) was a bricklayer and brickmaker.

45 [left] John Wyat from fo(lio) 29 D(ebitu)r li s d li s d
To Ball(an)ce of last acco(un)t nil
1700 12 May To mo p(ai)d him by a Note
S(i)r Francis Child on acc \pag. 94/
40 - -
15 Jun To p(ai)d him by Wm Lowndes 7 13 1 47 13 1
     
I allow this Acco(un)t 15 Jun. 1700 and am Satisfied ye ballance
Jno. Wyatt [signature]
Vi(de): fo. 55
       
Transferred to proper acc(oun)ts 41 18 8
5000 bricks at Tattenhal 3 15 0 }
3000   "   "   Stukely 2 14 0 }
3600   "   "   Stratford 5 8 0 } 24 9 0
4000   "   "   Stukely 3 12 0 }
pd John Stutsbery 9 0 0 } ------------------
17 9 8
45 [right] Cr(editur) li s d li s d
Paid charges of ye new building vizt
15 Jan 1699 Falling 10 Trees at Stow &c 2 8 0
25 Ap 1700 For Rending into \4700/ Lath a forest Tree 0 13 0
29 5000 bricks at Tattenhall at 15s 3 15 0
6 May 3000 bricks at Stukely at 18s 2 14 0
Expences at Stukely 0 1 6
9 3600 rubing bricks at Stratford at 30sh for bricks and
Carriage
5 8 0
10 Hewing of Timber 4 16 9
16 Cross cutting Timber at Stow 0 6 -
17 4000 bricks at Stukely 3 12 -
2 Jun Digging sand 0 9 5
Pd Mr Chaplyn for bark at Stow 8 15 -
15 Pd Jno Stutsbery on acc(oun)t of bricks 9 - -
41 18 8
22 Ap Entertenimt 3 1 6
16 Moletaker to Lady day 1700     8
29 Tho Clements for a sheep kild - 5 -
14 Jun The first qu(arte)r of ye Land tax Anno 1700   12 3
d(itt)o Given to ye man that broke his Leg 1 - -
d(itt)o For Lath 1000 & 2 poles used at Perkins's   15 -
------------------
47 13 1

More pages to follow.


Notes

Bellman: Presumably Lowndes paid the bellman (equivalent of a town crier) in his capacity as lord of the manor.

paid John Chenals: The entry in the Lowndes Roll says he paid £50.

fine: The records for the October 1699 manor court don't survive, but £3 would be the fine for buying 30 acres of land.

Croft: Dr Thomas Croft is last recorded in Winslow in 1696. He must have rented a house from Lowndes which was repaired after he left.

Poor: This and the following entries refer to the various taxes which tenants paid but deducted from their rents.

Tottehall = Tattenhoe.

John Wright (foreman for Matthew Banks, carpenter) and Richard Mapletoft, mason, along with John Yeomans, were the main contractors from London, and also did work for Sir Christopher Wren.

Copyright 15 September, 2018