Winslow Hall building accounts 1700-03

Centre for Bucks Studies D/LO/6/10/1-3

These are extracts from a set of accounts kept by William Lowndes which are different from those which have been published in Records of Bucks 1926 and Wren Society 1940. The table below has tried to reflect the layout of the original documents, which are in Lowndes' own writing. The notebooks were unruled so the layout of the columns varies page by page. He sometimes slipped into Latin (indicated by italics here): "fere" = approximately, "ut supra" = as above, "ult" = last day. There are numerous cross-references to other account books, e.g. "fo. 28 C". Places where entries have been struck through seem to indicate where things were accounted for elsewhere, rather than deletions. Unlike most 18th-century builders, Lowndes kept careful control of all his costs, literally down to the last farthing.

The pages transcribed so far are the ones which clearly involve Winslow people and places. Peter Lowndes (William's father's cousin) and John Wyatt (William's brother-in-law) were evidently responsible for overseeing the day-to-day work.

D/LO/6/10/1

An Acc(oun)t of the whole Charge of Building my House at Winslow with the Outhouses Walling and other Work belonging thereunto in the Yeares 1700 & 1701 viz

Brickwork Tyling & Playstering
For the first Cost of 973350 Ordinary Bricks (excluding Charge of carriage) Viz
711200
Made at the Kilnes in Norden at Winslow by John Stutsbery at 14sh p(er) m [= thousand] (he finding all Workmanship & fuel & myselfallowing the Earth & ye Cost of one of his three kilnes)
li
s
d
497
16
9½
Allowd him for building the said Kilne 20li & paid for Boards & Nailes for the same 11sh 9¾d
li
s
d
20
11
     
518
8
7¼
51300
Made at Winslow p(er) Widd(ow) Deely at near 17sh 6½d p(er) m one with another she finding all ye Earth Workmanship & Fuel
45
0
4
54850
Made there by John Spratly at 16sh p(er) m he finding ye like
43
17
7
109000
Made there by him at 16sh6d p(er) m he finding ye like
89
18
6
5000
Made at Tattenhall by Rich(ar)d Snagg at 15shp(er) m
3
15
0
7000
Made at Stukely at 18shp(er) m
6
6
0
35000
Taken out of ye Old house Computd at 14sh p(er) m
24
10
0
------------
       
----------
     
973350
Cost
731
16
Note these Ordinary Bricks cost one with another cost near 15sh & a half peny p(er) thousand at the Kilnes
For the first Cost of 94050 Rubbing Bricks (besides Charge of Carriage)
11400
Made at Dunsanger by Edm: West at 1li 5sh p(er) m
14
5
0
12600
Made \there by him/ at Bletchley by John Bayley at 1li p(er) m
12
12
0
3000
Made at Bletchly by John Bayley at 1li p(er) m
3
0
0
9600
Made there by him at 1li 2sh 6d p(er) m
10
16
0
13650
Made at Stony Stratford by Rich: Redel at 1li p(er) m
13
13
0
1000
Served by Rich: Snag from Tattenhall for
0
18
0
1000
Made by him att Tattenhall
1
0
0
41800
Made at Winslow by John Stutsbery at 1l 3sh6d p m
49
2
4
-----------
       
---------
     
94050
Cost
105
6
4
1067400
Bricks of all sorts amounted to
837
2
4¼
Note these Rubbing Bricks cost one w(i)th another cost near 1li 2sh 5d p(er) thousand at the Kilnes
And reckoning all the Rubbing Bricks & Ordinary Bricks together by the thousand they come forth at 15sh 8½d for all charges excepting Carriage
Borne Over
837
2
4¼
[p.2]
Brought over
     
837
2
To the Carriage of ye Same Bricks from ye Kilnes to ye Work viz Of
709200
from ye Kilnes in Norden at 18d p(er) m
53
3
10½
2000
from the same - - - - - - - -nil - - - - - - - - -
0
0
0
51300
from Deelys Kilne at Winslow at about 1sh 10½d p(er) m
4
13
8
54850
from Spratlys Kilne there divers rates
5
5
3
109000
from ye same at 18d p(er) m
8
3
6
2000
from Tottenhall at 4sh per load
0
16
0
3000
from Ditto at 5sh per load
1
10
0
2500
from Stukely at 5sh per load
1
5
0
4500
from Ditto at 4sh per load
1
16
0
35000
from the old house ---------------- nil
0
0
0
50250
Rubing Bricks Carried from Dunsang(e)r Bletchly & Stony Stratford at 5sh p(er) load
25
2
6
2000
Ditto from Tottenhall for
0
10
0
41800
Ditto from John Stutsberys Kilnes at Winslow at 18d p(er) m
3
2
8
1067400
In all Carryd for
     
105
8
5½
Obs.
The Carriage of these Bricks reduced to a certaine rate for the whole amounts to 1sh 11½d p(er) thousand, which is eleaven pence three farthing for every Load
The first Cost ut Supra was 15sh 8½d p(er) thousand and the Carriage is 1sh 11½d p(er) thousand, Soe that the Cost and Carriage of all the Bricks (both Ordinary & Rubing Bricks) taken together comes forth at 17sh 8d p(er) thousand near.
For the Cost of 2230 quarters 5 bushells and an half of Lime including the Stone, Carriage of stone & Burning the lime & \for/ all other Carriage and Charges relating to the lime Mortar, except ye work of making the Mortar (wh(i)ch latter is comprehended in ye Bricklaing allowance by the rod) viz
The price of 422 Loads of Stone viz 396 load bought at Whitchurch & 26 load bought at Thornbo(rough) to make lime in ye Kilnes at Norden
21
2
0
The carriage of Ditto Stone to John Stutsberys Kilnes in Norden at 2sh 9d p(er) load for one load with another
57
19
6
The \price/ & Carriage of 10 loads of old Stone thither to make lime
1
0
0
Burning 955 q(uarter) 1 bush(el) Lime at ye same Kilnes at 1sh p(er) qtr
47
15
0
Burning 948 q(uarter) 1 bush(el) Lime more there at 1sh 6d p(er) qtr
71
3
1903 qrt 2 Bush(el) Borne over
198
19
942
10
9¾
[p.3]
Obs. Those 1903 qrtrs & 2 bush(els) of lime Served by John Stutsbery were delivered unto the work at 2. 1d 09/100 p(er) quarter which makes near ten shills five pence half peny p(er) load, each load of 5 quarters
Bro(ugh)t ov(e)r 1903 qu(arte)rs 2 bush(els)
198
19
     
price of 5 qrs slaked lime d(elivere)d by J(oh)n Stutsbery for
10
0
     
price of 120 qrs of Lime served by Widd(ow) Deely 23li &
Md add here 16
for Carr(ia)ge 91 qu(arte)rs thereof to ye Work 13sh 2d for both at 3sh 11d½ fere p(er) quarter
23
13
9
     
price of
166 qu(arte)rs 3½ bushels Lime served by John Spratly for 27-6-7 30-18-3 and for Carr(iage) 15 loads thereof to ye work 11sh 3d for both at 3sh 9d½ fere p(er) quarter
31
9
6
     
price of
20 qu(arte)rs Lime at Stukely at 4sh p(er) qu(arte)r 4li and for Carr(ying)ye same to ye work at 1sh p(er) qu(arte)r, for both at 5sh p(er) qu(arte)r
5
0
0
     
price of
16 qu(arte)rs Lime deliverd p(er) Widd Deely at 4li p(er) qu(arte)r
3
4
0
     
 
-------------
           
2230 qu(arte)rs 5½ bush . . . Cost      
262
16
9½
=  446 Loads 5½ b:
Obs: the differently this whole quantity of lime for price & Carriage to ye work reduced to a Medium comes forth at near 2sh 4d ½ p(er) qu(arte)r w(hi)ch is p(er) bushel 3d½ and one sixtenth of a farthing but ye measure at Winslow is little
Digging of sand for Mortar
0
9
5
Carriage of sand for Mortar
1
0
0
6 Bush: hair p(er) Widd Deely at 8d
0
4
0
6 qu 2 bush ditto p(er) Jno Stutsbery at 7d
1
9
2
1
13
2
A screen for Mortar
0
5
0
Nayles for a Mortar Board
0
1
0¾
       
-----------
     
266
5
This sum of 266li 5sh 5d¼ is the whole charge of ye Mortar used in ye Brickwork Tyling & playstering But the charge of So much of the Said Mortar as was used in the Brickwork onely is to be placed here, And it appearing that all the Brickwork Consists (as p(er) this Acco(un)t) of 210 rodds 2 quarters and 65 feet And that there was allowed by estimacon (to make good Mortar) a Load and half of Lime (Winslow measure) for every rod of Brickwork one with another Then so much Mortar as was used in all the Brickwork took up 316 loads of Lime fere (which makes 1578.75/100 Quarters) and a proporcon of the other charges supra and cost 188li 5sh 0d part of ye sd 266-5-5¼ according to the proporcons following viz A/ 2230.6875/10000 quarters
[p.4]
942
10
9¾
of Lime are to 226li:272/1000 Soe 1578.75/100 quarters of lime are to188li.45/100 Equall to
188
5
0
Lett the Remainder of ye said 266li 5sh 5d¼ be placed to ye Acco(un)t of the Tyling & Plastering
For diverse Incid(ental) charges upon ye Brickwork viz
Expences at Stukely to buy bricks
0
1
6
Given James Hern ye Bricklaiers man
3
3
0
To Labourers to make good Foundacons and other Services relating to the Brickwork
32
16
4
36
0
10
To John Yeomans Bricklaier for 210Rods 2qu 65ft of ord plain Brickwork
reduced to a Brick and a half thick at 27sh p(er) rod for workmanship vizt
Rods-qu- feet
93. 1: 40
In the Great House
126
1
8
13. 3. 00
in the Kitchen Building
18
11
3
9. 2.11
in ye Terrace Wall & Return to ye Brewhouse
12
17
7
10. 2.56
in the Vault of ye Privy & in ye Draynes from the great house & Kitchen & inye foundat(i)on of ye Wall between ye great house & kitchen
14
9
0
14. 1.48
In the walls before the House
19
9
6
16. 1.46
In ye Wall of the Stable Yard next the Street and in the Coach houses Stables & Milk house
22
3
6
18. 1.00
In the Brewhouse & Laundry and raysing the Shaft of the Kitchen chinmey
24
12
4
34. 1.00
In the Walling of ye Orchard (the Garden Wall being built some years agoe)
46
4
9
210.2.64. 875/1000
plain Brickwork
284
9
7
Abated upon this whole work
3
16
0
Rest p(ai)d him Rost is
280
13
7
1447
10
2¾
Which Sum being divided by the whole number of rods and parts of a Rod in the whole Brickwork, the whole charge of Every rod (excluding the rubd work) appears to be 6li:17sh:4d 1.28/100farth thus one with another thus
As 210.738292/1000000 Rods are to 1447.511/1000 pounds Sterling
Soe 1 rod is to 6 868/1000 pounds
[p.4]
1447
10
2¾
More to John Yeomans Bricklaier for rubd work & Ornam(en)ts Vizt
For Ornam(en)ts for 80 Windows & half in the Great house at 15sh p(er) window
60
0
0
For the Ornam(en)ts of ye 2 round windows in ye Pedim(en)ts
1
10
0
For 1064 foot of rubd work in ye Quoines of ye Staircases & chimny shafts in ye great house at 6d p(er) ft Sup(er)ficial
26
12
0
For cutting 264 foot of groyning in ye Vaults and Spandrels of ye great house at 4d p(er) ft
4
8
0
For 124 ft of rubd Quoynes of ye Kitchen & ye Coping upon ye Gable ends there at 6d p(er) ft
3
2
0
For Ornam(en)ts of 11 Windows & Dores of ye Kitchen building at 15sh each
8
5
0
For Ornam(en)ts of 2 round windows in the Gable ends of the Kitchen building at 15sh each
1
10
0
For 291 ft of rubd & gaged work w(i)th Staff Moldings for two pair of peers to inclose the Courts before ye house at 10d p(er) ft of Superficial
12
2
6
For 656 ft rubd work in the Coping in ye Walls of ye same Court at 6d p(er) ft Superficial
16
8
0
For Ornam(en)t of ye Windows & Dores in the Coach house Stables & Milkhouse at 15sh each
5
5
0
For 106 ft of rubd & gaged Arches over ye Coach house Dores & the Gateway at 6d p(er) ft Superficial
2
13
0
For a 9 ft & ½ Streight Arch over ye Sinkingsin next ye Street at 10d p(er) ft
0
7
11
For 73 ft rubd Quoynes for the Coach house Stables and Milk house at 6d p(er) ft Sup(er)ficial
1
16
6
For 795 ft rubd work in the Quoynes of ye Landry & Brewhouse and in the shafts of the chimnys of ye Brewhouse, Laundry & Kitchen at 6d p(er) ft
19
17
6
For Ornam(en)t of 7 Windows 7 ft high & dores for ye Brewhouse & Landry at at 15sh each
5
5
0
For Ornam(en)t of 7 Windows 4 ft high & Dores for ye same at 15sh each
5
5
0
For Ornam(en)t of 2 round Windows in ye same at 15sh each
1
10
0
For 770 ft rubd work in the Coping of ye Orchard Wall at 4d p(er) ft
12
16
8
188
14
1
------------
1636
4
3¾
Which Sum(m)e being divided by the number of rods in the whole Brickwork then the charge of every rod (including the rubd Work & Ornam(en)ts) appears to be 7:li 15:sh 3:d 1far. 672/1000 one w(i)th another
For the Bri Workmanship of two Ovens      
2
0
0
Totall of all ye Brickwork is
     
1638
4
3¾
[p.5]
Tyling and Plastering
price of
5500 Tiles made by Widd Deely at Winslow at 18sh p(er) m
4
19
0
price of
5200 Tiles made by Wm Rose at Brill at 16sh p(er) m
4
3
3
price of
31200 Tiles made by Ditto at Brill at 18sh p(er) m
28
1
7
41900 Besides Severall thousand from ye old house &c
price of
260 hyp Tyles made at Brill at 2d½ each
2
14
2
price of
50 Ridg Tiles made there
0
10
5
Memd many tiles were supplyed from the old house & from a Tenem(en)t late of Scott w(hi)ch were puld downe
40
8
5
For Carriage of 7 loads of tiles from Brill at 10sh p(er) load
3
10
0
For Carr of Tiles from Deelys
0
2
6
For Carriage of 1 load of Lath from Chesham
1
0
0
4
12
6
To James Herne for Tile pins
0
12
6
To John Hearn for hair & lath
1
4
0
1
16
6
Paid John Yeomans for Workmanship Vizt
19 Squares 77 ft plain tyling at 5sh 6d p(er) Sq(ua)re on the great house
5
8
9
9 Square 65 ft Ditto at ye Same rate on ye Kitchen Building
2
13
1
37 Squares Ditto at ye Same rate on ye Coach house Stables & Milk house
10
3
6
7 Squares 36 ft Ditto at ye Same rate over ye Landry & Brewhouse
2
0
4
2 Squares 45 ft Ditto at 4sh p(er) Sq(ua)re over ye Ovens
0
9
10
20
15
6
Paid him more for Workmanship Vizt
For 1226 yards Lathing & Playstering on Ceilings & Particons finding only Nailes & Workmanship at 5½d p(er) yard
28
1
11
For 1373 yards of Rendring finding only Workmanship at 3d p(er) y(a)rd
17
3
3
45
5
2
For so much Mortar as was used in the Tyling & Playstering, being produced from 130 Loads 5 bush & half of lime, and is the remainder of ye Sum of 266li 5sh 5d¼ (whereof ye particulars are inserted pag. 2.3.4 )
78
0
5¼
Totall for the Tyling & Playstering
190
18
6¼
Brickwork pag.5 ----------1638.4.
1638
4
3¾
Tyling & plastering p.7190.18.
190
18
6¼
 
-----------
1829
2
10
D/LO/6/10/2
[p.1]
Promiscuous Charges
(1) For Carr(iage) & other charges of Timb(er) fro Whitleow(oo)d p(er) JnoWiat One C fo(lio) 1
     
49
19
11
18 Apr 1700
(2) pd LB[?] Brick for sawing 2700 ft of Aspen boards & Carr at Chesha(m) C fo 80      
5
1
0
Do
(3) pd divers charges in John Wiat Acco(un)t C fo. 28      
27
19
10½
Do
(4) Carriage & diverse other charges in P Lowndes Acco(un)t C fo. 32      
22
9
8
21""
Given ye workmen      
2
1
6
15 June "
6 Allowd John Wiat For felling Trees rending Lath Bricks Carr &c fo 45      
41
18
8
17 ""
Given ye workmen      
3
10
0
13 July "
Given workmen in Scots Yard      
1
1
6
29 ""
All(owe)d John Wiat pt of 83.10.10 pt of 87.1.4 in his Acco(un)t C 55
w(hi)ch he pd Ralph Bates for hedging the yard
0
1
3
For digging Sand & filling & digging ye Terrace
2
16
6
2
17
9
6 Jan "
Pd Mr Churchil for Surveying      
6
9
0
19 Ap 1701
All(owe)d P Lowndes D32 pt 47.10.4½ for Digging Gravel      
1
11
2
14 Apr 1702
All(owe)d John Wiat (pt of 32.7.6) fo 1 d as pd Labourers for Digging Foundac(i)ons of Stables Loom & Sand fo Plasterers
6
7
4
And as pd to Labourers in ye yard
2
0
2
8
7
6
6 Ap 1702
All(owe)d Benj(ami)n Sanders for the use of his Barn      
1
0
0
26 xbr 1702
All(owe)d P L as pd for filling pitts in Novbr fo 3      
10
0
6
do
All(owe)d him as pd for 5 loads of pebles (pt of 11s 6d)      
0
6
6
1 Apr 1703
All(owe)d him as pd for making 2 wells
3
7
9
pt of 6.4.7 tending fires to ayre ye house
0
0
10
3
8
7
30 Mar 1703
pd Tho Deely for pitching ye Great Stable pt of 4.13.8      
1
4
0
31 do
pd Paradine for 7 loads of pebles to pitch Stables      
0
10
6
26 xbr 1702
pd Tho Deely for pitching a Stable      
0
11
8
2 Oct 1703
pd him for pitching the \a little/ court yard      
1
1
0
26 Dec 1703
All(owe)d P L (part 6.15.10 D72) pd for work to clear ye Co(u)rt yard
0
8
4
  Serving the pitchers
0
5
0
  pebles
1
0
0
1
13
4
27 -------
paid Tho Deely for pitching the Over most court      
1
19
0
do ---------
paid ditto for digging Stones at Holloways      
0
12
0
3 May 1704
paid him for paving the Coach yard fo 3 new book      
10
1
9
4 ------------
All(owe)d Peter Lowndes (pt 4.12.6) as pd for 42 lds pebles for Coach yard
2
13
0
  Bones for ye Same
0
0
8
2
14
6
       
-------------
     
     
208
10
10½
Deduct
The First Article Supra
49
19
11
0.3.0
The 2d
5
1
0
55
0
11
1 . 3. 8
       
-----------
     
0.10.10
     
153
9
11½
0.3.0
 
0.2.9
 
D[?] Adde
20 Ap 1700
All(owe)d John Wiat (pt of 27.19.10½ fo. 28 C) as pd vizt
To Labourers for work to level ye ground remove stuff
4
6
6
paid Lettman for hedging ye Orchard
0
4
0
pd for mending a wheelbarrow
0
3
0
pd for work in pulling down Scotts House
0
3
0
4
16
6
     
--------
158
6
5½
Deduct
the 3d Article Supra
27
19
10½
4th
22
9
8
6th
41
18
8
92
8
2½
       
------------
     
     
65
18
3
   
[p.2]
Brickmakers Tiles & Lime hair plasterer
not transcribed
[p.3]
Timber & Lath Tile pins
not transcribed
                     
[p.4]
Gardening
For Trees to plant in ye Garden Annis 1695 & 1696 5li 17sh 0d & 19li 15sh 0d
25
12
0
Levelling the Garden Anno 1695 about
20
0
0
4 Oct 1701
Pd Labourers in ye Garden
1
6
11
7 April 1702
Pd Mich(ae)ll Gough gardner bill of Disbursements
1
16
10
D(itt)o 26 weeks service At 14sh p(er) week
14
4
0
16
0
10
Besides 4li recd of P Lowndes
     
ult Aug 1702
All(owe)d in P(eter) L(owndes) acco(unt) (pt 33.19.8 D fo 50) Vizt
paid Labourers
12
4
2
pd for Digging Courte Gravell at Berry leys
1
7
10
for digging Gravell at Old Mill
1
15
0
for Garden seeds
0
3
4
15
10
4
26 Xbr 1702
Al(lowe)d in his acco(unt) (pt 26.9 .6 D 51) Labourers for kitchen Garden
14
10
3
205 loads dung for Ditto
6
9
9
Diging post holes for Ditto
0
11
0
  Diging foundac(i)on of its wall
1
0
3
  A Madock
0
3
3
22
14
6
26 Xbr 1702
All(owe)d him as pd for diging Gravel next ye house      
0
6
0
1 Ap 1703
All(owe)d him (pt 16.4.7 D fo 62) garden charges      
10
16
0
27 May 1702
Paid Mich(ae)ll Bough Gardner in full for 7 weeks labour
4
18
0
  strawbery roots
0
2
0
  Garden line
0
1
0
  lime soil
0
4
0
5
5
0
27 Xbr 1702
pd him on acc(oun)t      
5
7
6
6 Feb 1702
pd him in full      
3
18
4
1 Ap 1703
All(owe)d Robt Gibs for 42 loads Dung for ye garden      
2
0
0
""
All(owe)d Rob(er)t Ills[?] Gardner for 5 weeks labour      
3
0
0
         
-----------
     
Joyner
see underneath   
131
17
5
               
21 Apr 1701
pd Mr Hopson Joynr & Mr Simonds his Foreman on acco(un)t
100
5
3
7 July"
pd Mr Simonds more      
70
0
0
6 Oct"
pd him      
30
0
0
5 Feb"
paid Mr Hopson in full      
1056
4
4
ult Aug 1702
pd All(owe)d PL (pt 33.19.8 D fo 50) as pd for sope for ye shashes
0
0
6
30 Ap 1703
7      
---------
     
.7      
1256
10
1
49
Gardening
  Brought downe so      
131
17
5
     
30 Apr 1703
pd Mr Wises bill in full for the Gardens at Winslow      
20
7
6
     
26 xbr -
digging Gravel at Hawkslow P L fo 3      
1
17
8
     
         
----------
     
         
154
2
7
     
[p.5] Brickmakers & tiles & lime not transcribed
[p.6]
Stonecutters & Masons work
[p.7] Carriage                  
[p.8] Carriage                  
[p.9] Timber Lath Tile pins                  
[pp.9-10] blank                  
[p.11] Bricklaiers & Bricklaiers work                  
[p.12] Carpenter                  
[p.13] Smiths & Ironmonger                  
[p.14] Carriage                  
[p.15] Painting - Plumbers - Glaziers work                  
[p.16] Carriage                  
                     
D/LO/6/10/3
                 
[Indexes in different writing]                  
[p.1] Receipts taken out of the Bundle A and putt into the Bundle R
[pp.1-3] Receipts taken out of the Bundle B and putt into the Bundle R
[insert] [list of surnames]    Accounts in the Book D                  
[pp.3-4] More Receipts with Contracts & other Papers in the Bundle R
[pp.4-5] Receipts in the Book C                  
[pp.5-6] Receipts in the Book D                  
[p.6] Accounts entred in the Book C                  
                     

See also:

Copyright 9 March, 2018