Will of William Stockley, joiner and carpenter, 1754

Herts RO 192AW14

In the Name of God Amen I William Stockley of Winslow in the County of Bucks Joyner and Carpenter being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding (Praised therefore be Almighty God) Do make this my last Will and Testament as follows (that is to say) I Give Devise and Bequeath all and singular my Freehold and Copyhold Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever & wheresoever (which Copyhold Lands & Tenements are surrendred to the Use of this my Will) And also All my Bills Bonds Notes and other Securities for money Stock in Trade Book Debts and all my Personal Estate of any nature or kind whatsoever unto my Friends the Reverend John Rawbones of Winslow aforesaid Clerk, & Thomas Bradbury of Singleborough in the parish of Great Horwood in the said County of Bucks Farmer To Hold to them their Heirs Executors and Assigns Upon and to the purposes following (that is to say) Until such time as my two Granddaughters Anne & Mary Stockley (Granddaughters of my late Son Gabriel Stockley deceased) shall be in the actual possession of certain Real Estates lying and being at Great Burton & Little Burton in the parish of Cropredy in the County of Oxford upon the Decease of Anna Maria Ross wife of John Ross, I Give Devise and Bequeath unto my said Grand daughters the Sum of Fifty Pounds each of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid them by my Executors herein after named when they shall respectively attain their Age of Twenty one years and in the mean while the Interest of the said two Several Sums of Fifty pounds to be applyed towards the Maintenance & Education of my said two Granddaughters Ann & Mary Stockley and to be paid as the same shall arise unto Elizabeth Stockley Widow their Mother for that purpose  And from and after such time as my said Granddaughters Anne & Mary Stockley shall be in the actual Possession of the said Real Estate as aforesaid Then I Give Devise and Bequeath the said two several Sums of Fifty pounds equally unto and amongst my four Grand Children Thomas Plant Stockley William Stockley Lucy Stockley & [     ] Stockley (Sons and Daughters of my late Son William Stockley deceased) equally to be divided between them when they shall respectively attain their Age of Twenty one years, and the Interest thereof in the mean time to be applyed towards their Maintenance & Education   I also Give Devise and Bequeath All that Copy hold Messuage or Tenement with its appurtenances in Sheep Street in Winslow aforesaid now in the occupation of [     ] Wilston unto my Daughter Mary Morecraft Wife of William Morecraft of Swanbourne in the said County of Bucks Carpenter  To Hold to her the said Mary Morecraft for and during the term of her natural Life and from and after her Decease Then to such Child or Children of the said Mary Morecraft as she the said Mary Morecraft shall by Any Deed or Writing under her hand and Seal or by her last Will and Testament in writing (notwithstanding her Coverture) devise direct or appoint  And I also Give Devise and Bequeath the Sum of Fifty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be equally divided between such Children of my said Daughter Mary Morecraft as she shall think proper to appoint the same to be paid to them when they shall respectively attain their Ages of Twenty one years  Also I Give Devise and Bequeath All that Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with all and every of its appurtenances in Winslow aforesaid wherein I now dwell and all the Furniture and Household Goods therein unto my Daughter in Law Elizabeth Stockley Widow to be by her possessed and enjoyed until such time as my said two Granddaughters Anne & Mary Stockley shall have attained the Age of Twenty one years or till they or one of them shall become possessed of the said Real Estates at Great Burton & Little Burton aforesaid towards the Maintenance & Education of my said two Granddaughters  And from and after such time as my said Granddaughters shall attain their said Age of Twenty one years or from and immediately after such time as they or one of them shall be in the actual Possession of the said Real Estates at Great Burton & Little Burton as aforesaid I Give  Devise and Bequeath the last mentioned Copyhold Messuage or Tenement unto my Daughter Elizabeth Heelass Wife of Robert Heelass of Preston Bissett in the said County of Bucks Taylor for and during the term of her natural Life And from and after her Decease Then to such Child or Children of the said Elizabeth Heelass as she the said Elizabeth Heelass shall by any Deed or Writing or by her last Will & Testament in writing duly executed (not withstanding her Coverture) direct devise or appoint  And I also Give Devise and Bequeath the Sum of Thirty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be equally divided between all the Children of the said Elizabeth Heelass in such manner as she the said Elizabeth Heelass shall think proper to appoint and direct and in such proportions, their respective proportions of the said Sum of Thirty pounds to be paid to them when they shall respectively attain their Age of Twenty one years  And in Case either of my first mentioned Grand Children Anne Stockley & Mary Stockley shall happen to dye before their respective Legacyes herein before bequeathed to them shall be come due and payable  Then the Legacy of such of the said Grand Children first mentioned so dying shall go to and be paid equally to and amongst the Survivor of them the said first mentioned Grand Children at the same time and in such manner as her or their Original Legacy is hereby made payable  And my Will Meaning and Direction is hereby declared to be the same with regard to the Legacy hereby bequeathed by me to my other Grand Children  and I do hereby give devise and bequeath All the Rest Residue and Remainder of all and singular my Real and personal Estate & Estates not herein by me disposed of unto my two Daughters Mary Morecraft & Elizabeth Heelass equally to be divided between them share and share alike  And I do hereby Charge all and every part of my real and personal Estates with the payment of all my just Debts Legacys and Funeral Expences  I also Give and Bequeath unto my Executors John Rawbone Clerk & Thomas Bradbury Ten pounds each for their Trouble in the Execution of this my Will And Lastly hereby revoking and making void all former or other Wills by me at any time hereto fore made I do declare this to be my last Will and Testament and thereof do Constitute and appoint The Reverend John Rawbone of Winslow Clerk & Thomas Bradbury of Singleborough in the Parish of Great Horwood in the County of Bucks Farmer joint Executors  In Testimony whereof I the said Testator have hereunto set my hand and seal this twentyeth day of October in the Year of our Lord One thousand and seven hundred and fifty four.

Signed Sealed published and Declared by the said Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence & the presence of each other have subscribed our Names as Witnesses hereto.

William Stockley

John Swannell
Constance Swannell
Sam(uel) Yeates

17th December 1754
The Abovenamed John Rawbone Clerk and Thomas Bradbury were duly Sworn to perform everything herein contained Before Me
B  Preedy[?]    Surrogate


Deposition

The Seventeenth day of December One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty four

On which day Appeared personally Samuel Yeates of Winslow in the County of Bucks Gentleman and being sworn on the Holy Evangelists to Depose the Truth did Say and Depose as follows that the Paper Writing hereunto Annexed is the Last Will and Testament of William Stockley late of Winslow aforesaid Deceased  As this Deponent verily believes  And that the Name William Stockley thereunto subscribed is the proper hand writing of the said William Stockley the Testator  And this Deponent did further Depose that the said William Stockley the Testator did duly Sign Seal publish and Declare the said Papper Writing to be his Last Will and Testament in the presence of this Deponent and Also of John Swannell and Constance Swannell the other Subscribing Witnesses thereto  And that the Names John Swannell Constance Swannell and Samuel Yeates are of the proper hand writing of the said John Swannell Constance Swanell and this Deponent  And were by them respectively wrote and Subscribed to the said paper writing hereunto Annexed in the presence of the said William Stockley the Testator and in the presence of each other

Sam(uel) Yeates.

The said Seventheenth day of December 1754
The said Samuel Yeates was duly Sworn to the truth hereof
Before Me
B. Preedy Surrogate

Which I Attest
James Archer Notary Public


Inventory of William Stockley, carpenter and joiner, 1755

Herts RO A25/4726

A true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits which were of William Stockley late of Winslow in the County of Buckingham and Arch Deaconry of St Albans Carpenter and Joyner deceased at the time of his Decease Exhibited by the Reverend John Rawbone Clerk and Thomas Bradbury Executors of the last Will and Testament of the said William Stockley into the Registry of the Arch Deaconry of St Albans aforesaid the 26th day of June 1755.

Household Goods and Furniture which are to be possessed and enjoyed by Elizabeth Stockley Widow during such time and upon each Trust as specified in the Will of the said Testator; and which were appraised by Thomas Taylor and Benjamin Dudley as underneath
In the South Garret
S
D
One cracked Looking Glass
0
2
0
One Bedstead and two old red Curtains
0
5
0
One Feather Bed Broad striped
1
5
0
One D(itt)o Narrow striped
1
15
0
One feather Bolster small striped
0
5
0
Two Feather Bolsters
0
1
0
One Blanket
0
1
6
One Quilt
0
2
6
Two Boxes and Two Coffers
0
7
0
One locked Stool
0
1
0
Some old Vaniere
0
0
6
In the North Garret
One Bedstead
0
4
0
One Bedstead
0
2
0
In the East Garret
One Pair of large roasting Andirons
0
2
0
A Bird Cage
0
1
0
An Iron Grate
0
2
0
A Small Bedstead
0
1
0
Two very old Quilts
0
1
0
An old Box with Lumber
0
0
6
A Table Top made of Deal painted red
0
1
6
A Top of a Table to silver Looking Glass
0
1
6
In The Little Room Next The Street
Three old Chairs
0
1
0
In the Chamber over the Shop
One pair of Chest of Drawers vaniered with Ash
2
10
0
One pair D(itt)o vaniered with Oak
1
0
0
One pair of plain Oaken D(itt)o
1
0
0
One Bureau of Wainscot Oak
2
0
0
One Dressing Table vaniered with Ash
0
4
0
One oval D(itt)o vaniered with Ash
0
3
6
A slat Table
0
4
0
One Beaufait
1
0
0
One Bill Box
0
1
0
Six old Cane Chairs 2s One easy Chair 2s 6d
0
4
6
One Mahogany Tray
0
4
0
One Pier Looking Glass
2
0
0
One Swing Looking Glass
0
5
0
One Oil Picture of Our Saviour going to Jerusalem
0
4
0
Eleven Small oil Pictures
0
2
0
One Small Cupboard
0
1
0
One dressing Box
0
1
0
A Small Box
0
0
6
The Joiners Coat of Arms
0
0
6
One Mahogany Waiter
0
0
8
Five Earthen Punch Bowls
0
2
6
One D(itt)o Sugar Dish
0
0
4
Five China Coffee Cups
0
2
0
Two Glass pint Decanters
0
1
6
Three Wine Glasses, Three Beer D(itt)o
0
1
6
One Pickle Glass
0
1
0
One pair of Dog Irons a pair of Tongs and a Fire shovel
0
2
0
One Bedstead with Blew Furniture
1
15
0
One Feather Bed with a very old Tick
0
15
0
One Flock Bolster and two little Feather pillows
0
2
0
One old Quilt and four very old Blankets
0
4
0
Two Window Curtains the same to the Bed with Rods
0
2
6
[p.2]
Goods continued      
brought over
£
S
D
In The Kitchen
One Corner Cupboard
0
2
0
One Clock and Case
1
10
0
One old Table
0
0
6
One joint stool
0
0
6
One old Tea Table
0
1
0
One looking Glass
0
2
6
One Elbow Chair
0
1
0
Five old Chairs
0
1
8
One three cornered Table
0
2
0
One Salt Box
0
1
0
One Spit and one Jack
0
6
6
One Iron Dripping Pan
0
1
6
Four Brass Candlesticks and Snuffer Case
0
3
0
One Brass Skimmer and Slice
0
1
0
One Lock Iron and two pads
0
3
0
One Lock Iron and two pads
0
1
0
One pot Iron
0
0
6
Two pot Hangers
0
1
2
Two Grid Irons
0
1
4
One Fire Shovel
0
1
0
One pair of Tongs
0
0
4
A pair of Dogs
0
0
4
An Iron Bar to lay over the Dogs
0
0
10
A pair of Bellows
0
0
6
A Warming Pan
0
1
6
An old Gun
0
4
0
One wooden Beam and Scale
0
1
0
A corner Sprig
0
0
6
Two Brass Kettles
0
15
0
Fifteen pewter plates
0
10
0
One Cheese plate
0
1
0
Six pewter Dishes
0
14
0
Four pewter Spoons
0
0
8
Two Small Brass Kettles
0
3
0
One Iron hooped Pail
0
1
0
One Rain Water Tub
0
5
0
One Bell Metal pottage pot
0
7
0
A Tea Kettle
0
2
0
One pewter pint
0
0
6
A large Frying Pan
0
3
0
A small D(itt)o
0
1
0
One brass Cock
0
1
0
One pewter Salt
0
0
3
Two Little Barrels
0
5
0
       
Linnen
£
S
D
Brought over
Three pair of Sheets on the Beds
0
6
0
Five old Sheets
0
5
0
Six pair of Sheets
2
0
0
Two pair of old D(itt)o
0
3
0
Six Diaper Napkins
0
5
0
Eight D(itt)o
0
4
0
Five flaxen D(itt)o
0
2
0
One long flaxen Table Cloth
0
4
0
One large Diaper Table Cloth
0
5
0
Two Huckaback Table Cloths
0
1
0
Two Holland pillow Biers
0
2
0
       
Wearing Apparrel of the Testator valued at
1
8
0
       
Found in the Bureau in the Room over the Shop
One Plain Gold Ring One Mourning D(itt)o Wt. 5P 7G
0
17
6
Two Gold Stone Rings set in Silver
0
3
0
One \Gold/ Wire Ring Wt. 1 pennywt ½
0
5
0
One broken Gold Ring Wt. 18 grains
0
2
3
One silver handled cup Wt. 2O 3½P
0
10
6
One large Silver Spoon Wt. 2oz 2P
0
10
6
Four small Silver Spoons One Silver T..ill[??] Wt 0O 18P 0D [sic]
0
4
6
One pair of small Silver Shoe Buckles
0
4
0
Some old Silver Lace
0
0
4
Two old pewter Syringes
0
0
2
Books
One old large Prayer Book
0
1
0
The Life of God in the Soul of Man
0
0
6
Ovid's Metamorphosis [sic]
0
0
3
Treasury of the Mathematicss
0
1
0
Paradise Lost
0
2
0
The whole Duty of Man
0
1
6
The History of Cassandra
0
1
0
The Consideration on Eternity
0
0
6
An Alarm to the uncontroverted Sinner
0
0
6
Now or Never by Baxter
0
0
6
Annes on Conscience
0
0
6
A small old Bible and Prayer Book
0
1
0
Mr Dolittle Catechizing
0
0
6
The Art of Painting in Oil
0
0
6
[p.3]
[Tools and] Stock in Trade remaining unsold
An old Cornice plain
0
1
8
Two small Ovaloes
0
1
4
An old smoothing plain
0
0
6
Three small old Gougers
0
0
6
A stock and Bits
0
2
0
A pair of old Compasses
0
0
2
An old Mortice Chisell
0
0
3
Six old Files
0
0
3
Two Ovaloes
0
1
6
A Set of Pump Tools
1
15
0
Ten pair of Hollows and Bounds
0
10
0
Four Oges
0
2
0
Two Bead plains
0
1
0
One Quarter Round
0
0
6
One Quarter Round and Bead at foot
0
0
6
Two Rabbet Plains
0
1
2
Sixteen Old plains most of them with Irons
0
1
6
A Plow[?] with five Irons
0
3
6
A Joynter
0
2
0
One Trying plain
0
1
0
One old Jack plain
0
0
6
One old Trying plain without an Iron
0
0
4
Two old Smoothing plains
0
0
8
One raising Jack plain
0
1
4
Three old Bolections
0
3
0
Two small old wooden Squares
0
0
3
Three Augurs
0
3
0
Two old Gouges
0
0
6
Two heading Chissells
0
0
6
Three old Chissells two spick spacers
0
0
2
Eight old Files
0
0
2
An Iron holdfast
0
0
8
A Brass Line Roll & Wooden D(itt)o
0
0
3
An old Drawing Knife
0
0
4
Two Glew pots
0
1
8
One Small hammer for Vaniering
0
0
4
One pair of large Compasses
0
0
6
Six old Rasps
0
1
0
One old Chissell
0
0
6
Tools and Stock in Trade remaining unsold
£
S
D
One wooden Hand Vice
0
0
2
A pit Saw rest 6d and three Hock pins
0
1
6
A padlock
0
0
3
An Iron Vice
0
5
6
A Wooden D(itt)o
0
2
0
A large Drill and Drill Bow no Bits to it
0
1
6
An Iron Crow
0
2
0
A Nest of drawers with some Brads in them
0
2
0
A Screw Tool
0
0
4
An Iron Ladle
0
0
6
Three Scrapers
0
0
2
A new plain Iron
0
0
2
An U to make a screw
0
0
1
A Stone Bottle for Linseed Oil
0
0
8
A Stone and Muller to grind Colours on
0
1
0
A Slate to silver Glasses
0
0
6
A Work Bench
0
2
0
An old Cupboard
0
0
6
Four old Lead Weights 23 pounds
0
3
0
Twenty three half Inch Oak Boards 156 Feet
0
13
0
Twelve Inch Oak Boards 126 Feet
1
1
0
Twelve Feet of Walnut tree Board
0
2
0
Six Feet of Deal Board
0
1
0
Five Yards of Old Wainscote
0
5
0
Three Iron Casements
0
9
0
Three Mill Bills
0
0
6
We whose Names are hereunder written have duly appraised the several Goods and Chattells comprized in this Inventory at the several particular Values herein specified according to the best of our Skill & Knowledge Witness our hands the twenty sixth dy of June 1755
Tho(ma)s Taylor
Benj(ami)n Dudley
[p.4]
[Securit]ys for Mony and Title Deeds
[22 October 17]33 Copy of the late William Stockleys Admission (at a Manor Court at Winslow) to a House at Winslow on the Surrender of Joseph Bigg and Mary his wife and two Admissions prior thereto
26 October 1748 Copy of the late William Stockleys Admission (at a Manor Court at Winslow) to a House at Winslow on the Surrender of William Burnham and two Admissions prior thereto
2d March 1749 Bond from Robert Maynwaring of Grandborough in the County of Bucks Farmer to the late William Stockley of One hundred pounds and Interest in pursuance a conditional surrender of that date of Premises in Grandborough
Admission of Robert Maynwaring to the Premises
100
0
0
May 17 1737 Note from Henry Marsh for
7
4
11
January 24 1750 Note from William Parker for
5
5
0
March 15th 1752/3 Note from John Hancock for
1
1
6
October 26 1746 Note from Joseph Tofield for
5
0
0
December 12 1748 Note from John Rawbone For [...]
?
?
?
  Will of Roger West
22nd November 1743 Deed of Settlement of a Leasehold House and Premises at Preston Bissett in the County of Bucks Between Robert Heelas and Elizabeth his wife on the one part And the said William Stockley on the other part
  Probate of the Will of Martha Plant
 
Book Debts remaining due and unpaid
From Catherine Firth
0
3
6
[blank] Crofts Widow
0
12
2
Robert Crockatt
0
2
10
Joseph Tofield
0
3
0
Henry Burley
0
4
9
Executors of George Barrett deceased
0
9
3
John Gibbs, Cowper
0
5
2
Robert Eden
0
2
5
Rev(eren)d Mr Denchfield
0
1
1
Executors of Daniel Gibbs sen(io)r dec(eas)ed
0
0
9
John Deverell
6
17
8
The Rev(eren)d Mr Rawbone
1
7
1
Richard Lowndes Esq(uir)e
8
12
3
[blank] Allen Taylor
0
4
4
William Dudley
0
1
2
Mary Avery
0
12
6
Mrs Bigge Widow
0
18
2
Joanna Bailey Widow
0
3
6
Matthew Deeley
0
3
0
[blank] Holland Widow
0
0
8
Edward Duncombe Victualler
?
?
?
Samuel Yeates
0
0
9
The Widow Clark (now Mrs Cox)
0
5
6
[blank] Hunt Schoolmaster
0
11
4
John Stevens
0
16
8
John Swannell
0
1
6
Stephen Bigg Blacksmith
1
13
6
William Harrup
0
5
3
[blank] Saunders
1
15
0
William Harrup
0
2
10
William Morecraft
0
1
6
John Spooner Blacksmith
2
15
8
John Goodman Carpenter
0
7
6
Jonathan Tobee
0
7
6
Cash received by the Exercutors since rthe death of the Testator
Found in the Testators Purse
3
11
10½
Of the Church wardens of Winslow parish
6
13
0
Of Elizabeth Stockley Widow for Wood
0
10
0
Of William Parker in part of his Note
3
3
0
Of Robert Maynwaring two years Interest on the principal sum of 100
10
0
0
Of Mr Stephen Gibbs
0
5
2
Of Mr W(illia)m Verney
0
1
0
Of Thomas Taylor for Tools sold by him
4
6
8
Of John Coles in full of his Bond and Interest
10
7
6

This is a true and perfect Inventory
As Witness our hands 26th June 1755

[signed]
Jno Rawbone
Thos. Bradbery
Executors


Notes

William Stockley was buried at Winslow on 12 Dec 1754. His wife was named Mary, nee Plant (see below) and they were in Winslow by April 1713 when Mary was assaulted by Mary Weight according to the Quarter Session records. Their son Gabriel was baptised in 1714 and William jr in 1717. Both sons seem to have moved away from Winslow, and Gabriel lived at St Lawrence in Thanet, Kent, where his daughters Ann Plant Stockly and Mary Stockly were baptised in 1743 and 1745; there was also a son Thomas Plant Stockly baptised in 1747, and buried at Winslow on 22 May 1754. Gabrield predeceased his father, and his widow Elizabeth is mentioned in the will and inventory.

The daughters' marriages are not recorded at Winslow, but Elizabeth had children baptised in Preston Bisset from 1730 and Mary (bap. 1719) had children baptised in Swanbourne from 1741.

William Stockley seems to have lived after 1733 somewhere at the rear of 3 Market Square.

Vaniere: veneer

Bill Box: wooden chest

Tick: covering of a mattress (OED, tick, n.2)

Sprig: an ornament in the form of a sprig or spray (OED, sprig n.2, 4a)

Cock: stopcock

Wt. 5P 7G: P stands for pennyweight (1/20 of a Troy ounce) and G for grain (24 in a pennyweight)

Ovaloes: ovlo = a convex moulding (OED)

Hollows and Bounds: seems to be a mistake for "hollows and rounds", two sorts of moulding plane normally paired together

Oges: reading uncertain; presumably ogee moulding

Bolection: a type of projecting moulding (OED)

spick spacers: a spick can be a rod used to secure thatch (OED)

holdfast: probably the S-shaped clamp used to secure part of a building

Hock pins = hook-pin: "a taper iron pin with a hooked head to pin the frame of a roof or floor together; a draw-pin" (OED)

Mill Bills: "a steel adze fixed in a wooden handle, used for dressing and cracking millstones" (OED)

Martha Plant: she was William's mother-in-law (will proved 3 Dec 1744; National Archives PROB 11/736/311). She lived at Great Bourton in the parish of Cropredy near Banbury. Her husband William Plant was still alive but she could make a will because her deceased son Thomas Plant had left her £150 to her "own separate use". She left £20 to her daughter Mary Stockley, £50 to her grandson Gabriel Stockley, £10 to her grandson William Stockley and £10 to her granddaughter Elizabeth Helles (i.e. Heelas). She also left £10 each in trust for her granddaughter Mary Morecraft, not to be controlled by Mary's husband. After other bequests, the residue of the £150 was to go to Mary Stockley. Martha's son-in-law William Stockley and grandson Robert Helles were executors. Probate was granted to William only.

Thomas Plant was a merchant of London (will proved 10 Sep 1728; National Archives PROB 11/624/211). He left £100 each to "my Sister Mary Stockley and her four Children Gabriel Elizabeth William and Mary".

William Plant of Great Bourton (will proved 17 June 1746; National Archives PROB 11/747/406) left £60 to "Robert Heelas of Preston"; £20 to his granddaughter Mary Morecraft; £40 to his son-in-law William Stockley; to William's son William Stockley £50. One of the executors of this will was Richard Southam of Heythrop, presumably a connection of the Winslow lawyer Ferdinando Southam who came from the same area.

Copyright 29 July, 2016