Will of Henry Stuchbury, ironmonger, 1750

Herts RO 191 AW5

In the Name of God Amen I Henry Stuchbury the Younger of Winslow in the County of Bucks Ironmonger being weak in Body but of sound Mind Memory and Understanding Do make and publish this my last Will and Testament as follows First I Give devise and bequeath All that my share and undevided part of in and belonging to severall Lands Tenements and Hereditaments lying and being in the parish of Luton in the County of Bedford and every of them unto my Mother Deborah Stuchbury from and immediately after my decease for and during her natural Life and after her Decease then I Give and devise the same to my father Henry Stuchbury of Winslow aforesaid Malster and to his Heirs for ever Also I do hereby Give devise and bequeath All that my Copyhold Messuge or Tenement \in Winslow aforesaid and/ now in my own Occupation together with the Shop Yard Garden Stable and all other out Buildings thereto belonging with its Appurtenances together with the rents Issues and Profitts thereof (the same being already surrendred to the use of my will) and all the rest of my reall and personal estates whatsoever and wheresoever unto my said Father Henry Stuchbury and to his Heirs for ever Subject nevertheless to the Payment of all such Debts I shall owe at the Time of my Decease and also subject to the Payment of the severall  Legacys hereafter named (that is to say) to my Nephew William Billingdon the Younger Ten pounds of Lawfull  Money of Great Britain when he shall arrive at the age of Twenty one years and to my Nephew Thomas Bowler the Younger the Sum of Ten pounds of like British Money when he shall arrive at the Age of Twenty one years and also subject to the payment of Twenty Shillings a year to my servant Mary Avery for and during the Term of her natural Life to be paid at such four most usuall Feast Days in the year called Lady Day Saint John the Baptist Saint Michael the Archangell and Saint Thomas the Apostle whereof the first payment to begin and be made upon first of the said Quarter days which shall happen after my decease and I do hereby nominate and appoint my said Father Henry Stuchbury sole executor of this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Will and Wills by me heretofore made In Witness whereof I have hereunto sett my Hand and Seal this Sixteenth Day of July in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty.

Henry Stutchbury [signature]

Signed sealed published and declared by the abovenamed Henry Stuchbury the Younger as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto in the presence of the said Testator and in the presence of each other

[signed]
Ferd. Southam
Wm Hobbs
W Chettle

[another hand]
Sworn the Executor above named before me
No Inventory
[signed] John Stephens Snr

[another hand] Proved the 24th day of October 1750 before John Stephens Clerk Surrogate by the Oath of Henry Stuchbury father sole Exec(utor) to whom Ad(ministrat)ion was Com(m)itted he being first Sworn duely to Administer.


Inventory of Henry Stuchbury, 1750

Herts RO 191 AW5

A True and Perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods Chattells and Creditts of Henry Stu\t/chbury junior late of Winslow in the County of Bucks Ironmonger deceased which since his Death have come to the hands possession or knowledge of Henry Stutchbury sole Executor named in the last Will and Testament of the said deceased as the same were taken valued and Appraised by Thomas Bradford and [deletion] Francis Blincoe

[Note: an exact transcription of the inventory can be seen here in PDF format; in the version below each item has been put on a new line to help intelligibility. Numbers in square brackets in the PDF refer to the explanatory notes which have been added in square brackets to some of the entries below.]

 

£

s

d

First his waring Apparrell and money in his purse   

1
4
0
In the Kitchen

Two Quarters and ten Pounds of Pewter
Seventeen pounds of Do.
Twentyone pounds of Lay pewter [the cheapest kind of pewter with the highest lead content (ehow.com)]
twelve patty pans without bottoms
one cullender
one little tin Cover and some old tin-ware
Fifty Pounds of old Brass
two warming and one Frying Pans
one pair of Brass Candlesticks
one Pottage Pott
one Kettle
one Skillett
one Saucepann
One Ladle and Slice
one pair of andirons
one pair of Dogs and one Fender
one Cast bloom back [A fire-back made of cast iron]
three pairs of Pothangers
three Spitts
two pair of Fire Shovells and Tongs
one Jack and two Pullies
two old Box Irons
four Pads [sense unclear - a pad can be a handle for tools (OED s.v. pad n2.18)]
one Gridiron
one old Chaffing dish
one small Iron Spitt and Iron Scewers
some odd Drinking Glasses
three Iron Candlesticks
Six joynt Stools and Fire Screen
One Table and two Square Do.
One two Armed Chair
Four old Stools and two Chairs
a Large Cupboard
some Broken Bowles and wooden Bottle
Clock and Case
some Crockery ware
escutcheons
Paper
two old Breaken Pistols
some broken Pipes
one old Fowling Piece without a Lock
four pound of Old Brass Cocks [short pipes or taps (OED s.v. cock n1.12a)]      

7
0
5
 
---------------

 

8
4
5

[page 2] The Room over the Shop

Part of a Brass Hearth
two pair of Andirons and Chimney furniture
one Square Table
one Looking Glass
one large Glass Dish and stand
two old Stools
an Iron Hearth
one Walnut over Table and twenty four pictures  

1
7
0
The Room over the Kitchen

One Bedstead with Sacking Bottom and Blue furniture
one Feather \Bed/ Bolster and Pillow
one quilt and three old Blanketts
a Hanging Press
five old Chairs
one old Trunk
one small Oval Table and one Close stool   

3
1
4
The Room over the Gateway

One old Bedstead Matted with Striped Curtains
a Flock Bed
two old Chests and two Broken Boxes   

0
15
0
The Back Room over the Cellar

One Matted Bedstead
one old feather Bed and Bolster
two old stools and five broken Chairs
one brown Earthen Chamber Pott
one old Oval Table  

1
8
4
At the Cellar Stairhead
a Little Room adjoining

One old Cupboard without shelves
one small Trencher Rack
one old square table
one wooden Broken Bason Stand
Four old Prints   

0
2
10
In the Cellars

Two wine half hogsheads
one Small barrell
one Beer Stand and two forms
one large tub
two small Do.
one Brass Kettle
one Do. And one Broken Box and small Tray
one Tin Roaster
One wooden Stooper [a wedge for tilting a barrel (OED)]
six small slink [an abortive or premature calf (OED)] Calve Skins and a Piece                              

1
17
6
 
---------------

 

16
6
5

[page 3] In the Garden

Eighteen flower potts              

0
2
0
In the Yard

Rubbish Dung and Stones
a parcell of Poles
an old wheelbarrow
a parcell of Hurdles and Boards
a parcell of Wood and two forms
a Grinstone and stone trough
a parcele of Rakes
some Poles
a Ladder
some Faggotts and Coal
a Bin and an old Pannell

6
13
6
In the Lower Warehouse

Five hundred and three Quarters of broad white hoops
Eight Dozen and an half of Sieve Rims
two Dozen of Batt rims [sense unclear]
three Dozen of Hair Sieve Rims
two hundred of Bark hoops
Seventeen hundred of Sap and Crooked Laths [sap-laths are made from sap wood, as opposed to heart-laths (Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820)]
four Bundles of five foot Do.
Three hundred of four foot Do.
Seven hundred and an half of Basson Ropes [sense unclear]
a Barrell with some Tarr and an old Tubb
two hundred of whiting   

7
15
0
In the Upper Warehouse

Ten Seed Cuts
three Dozen and eight small Skipps [skeps?]
Seventeen Middle Do.
Six Do.
thirteen large Do.
two Rolls and eight [something seems to have been omitted here]
five small Salvers
three Bundles of five foot Laths
fourteen Buntings [sense unclear]
four Scoops
Seventeen Barn Shovells
nine Doz: of shoeing ware
one Doz: of Six foot fork stales
eight \very/ short Do.
Twenty Eight short Sallar
seven Swingells [the striking part of a flail (OED, s.v. swingle n1.2a)]
two Doz: of Small Haymaking Sallar [presumably a rake] Stales
five Six foot Pitching forks
Six Middle Haymaking Forks
one Dozen of large Do.
two Ordinary Pitching Forks
One Doz: and ten Iron Rake heads
two Scuttles [probably a large shovel for winnowing grain (OED. s.v. scuttle n1.2a)]     

 

31
6
11

[page 4]

--------------

and sand
nine Salt shovells
thirteen Beehives
two Gross four Dozen and an half of Patten boards
Eight Doz: and an half of Childrens Do.
fourteen Splinter Sieves [i.e. wooden sieves]
Five Dozen of Sickles
one Gross ten Doz. & an half of Patten Soals
three Quarters and twenty one pound of patten Rings and a parcell of Odd Rings                            

14  
18
In the Warehouse next the Shop

Five Cirencester Spades [unidentified]
Ten Bouton farr Shovells [unidentified]
two bad Spades
Nine Common Shovells
seven six foot short Stales
Twenty five shoeing shovells and Spade trees [spade handles (OED)]
four Turning Malt Shovells
Four Hand Staves and one Frail [i.e. hand-staffs (flail-handles) and flail (OED)]
Four Yokes
one hundred one Quarter and four Pounds of Old Iron
one hundred two Quarters and five pound of Do.
Eight Iron potts
four Dozen of small ware [sense unclear; according to the OED small-wares were normally sold by haberdashers]
one Quarter & six pounds of Iron hoops
three setts of Buckett hoops and two Odd Do.
two Quarters and twenty six Pound of Ropes
two Iron Wyer Sieves
severall Bottles with some Oil
old Barrells and some Varnish
one quire and ten sheets of Scouring Paper
Four Pair of Iron Dogs
Eight pound of white Lead
One doz. of Cross Garnett [a type of hinge (OED)]
Six pair of Do.
three Pair of Do.
four Doz. of Mole trapps
three Quarter of a Barrole of Lamb [i.e. lamp] Black
Sixteen Pound and an half of Brass Ear and Latin Bells [i.e. three types of bell; ear bells are mentioned again below]
Twenty tops & a small Tray
one Lark Cage broke
two small Wyer Cages
four pound of tenpenny flax
three pound of Eightpenny Do.
four Cane Brooms
three Doz. pair of Nibb woods [for making pens?]
two pair of Hooks and

46
4
11½
 
--------------

[page 5] Thimbles [gate hinge fittings (OED, s.v. thimble 3)]
sixteen pound of Blister Steel
two Quarters and seven pound of Old Spitts [probably thatching pegs (OED, s.v. spit n1.4c)]
thirty nine pound of Old Iron
two Quarters and twenty \five/ pound of Busholl Iron [old iron sold by the bushel (OED)]
a P(ar)cell of Brown Paper
Twenty five pound of Yellow Oaker [i.e. ochre]
Sheep Bells leather wanty [a rope or band used to fasten a pack-saddle or the load on the back of a horse (OED)] and a Black Barrell    

11
11
11½
In the Butchers Workshop

Eight Doz. and ten Stable Brooms
thirty four Doz. and ten small Do.
thirty Seven hundred of three foot heart Lath
Swingells and rack teeth
One Box with some Sand
Sixteen pair of Heams [the two parts of a draught-horse’s collar (OED s.v. hame n2)]
two forms and one Block
a P(ar)cell of chips
a P(ar)cell of Hard-wood
ten hundred and an half & twenty six Rubbers [sharpening stones (term still in use locally; OED s.v. rubber n1.3)]
Seven Rub stones
two Dozen and Eight Scythe Sneards [curved handle of a scythe (OED s.v. scythe-sned)]
Fleaks [storage racks (OED s.v. flake n1.2a)] and Overlairs [i.e. overlayers]      

8
10
11
In the Shop

One hundred one Quart(er) and nineteen pounds of Flask Boxes
One Quarter and twenty two pounds & an half of Do.
One hundred one Quarter and twenty four Pound of Sand Boxes
Seventeen pounds of Do.
One hundred and thirteen Pounds of old Boxes
two Quarters and thirteen Pounds of knotted Traces [straps for the collar of a draught animal]
one hundred one Quarter and twenty five Pounds of common Do. & two Rods
twenty five pounds of Chains Pothooks and one Backband [leather strap or iron chain passing over the cart-saddle or pad on the back of a horse, to keep up the shafts of a vehicle (OED)]
thirty one pounds and an half of horseshoes
two Quarters and twenty five pounds of Waggon Clouts
Eleven pounds of fire shovell and Frying Panns two of Each
Seventeen Pounds of four fireshovells & Six pair of Tongs
one pair of Do.
twenty eight pound of three plough Sheers
two Doz. & two

66
7
10
 
---------------
[page 6] Sickles
one Steel Tennet [i.e. tenon] Saw
three Saws Nineteen Inches
one rusty Do.
two Grafting Saws
One best steel plate
two foot Common Saws
nine bright Augers
twelve Do. three Quarters
six Do. half an Inch
five Do. One Inch
two Do. One Inch one Quarter
one one inch and an half
four long wry Bitts [twisted bits?]
three pair of Sheepskin Bellows
one pair of Brass Headed Dogs
one pair of Iron Do.
two Butter Baskett Bags
three remnants of Sacking three yards
three pound and an half of Black Rosin
one Quarter and five Pounds of Hooks and Hinges
one Quarter twenty Pounds and an half of Spikes
twenty seven pounds & an half of Tenpenny Horsenails
twenty-three pounds of Sevenpenny Do.
Eighteen Pounds and an half of Clout Nails
one quarter fifteen Pounds and an half of g(oo)d Horsenails
two Quarters and thirteen pounds of Hurdle Nails
one quarter and twenty Pounds of Gate Nails
One Quarter twenty seven pounds and an half of threepenny Lath Do.
two quarters and thirteen pounds of Rusty Hogs [unidentified]
two Quarter and nine pounds of eightpenny Nails
one quart(er) and twenty Pounds of two p(enny) Lath Do.
Nine pounds of eight penny Hinge Do.
fourteen pounds and an half of six penny Hurdle Do.
eight pounds and an half of tenter Hooks
Six thousand of threepenny Trunks [i.e. trunk nails, for decorating trunks
five thousand of Fine fourpenny Nails
Twenty four pounds of sixpenny Nails
one Quarter and
[page 7] Shop Continued

Twelve pounds of four p(enny) Hobbs
eight pounds of flooring Brads
twenty six pounds of Tenpenny Nails
six thousand of Cart Taxs
four thous(an)d and a quart(er) of Do.
three Thousand of onepenny Bills & two thous(an)d of one penny halfpenny Do.
three Thousand and three quart(er)s of threepenny Trunk
eight thousand of half inch Batts [batten nails?]
six thousand and a quarter of one pound & an half of Flatts [flat nails?]
four thousand and three quart(er)s of one pound and three quarters of Batts
one thousand and three q(uarte)rs of threepenny flatts
two thousand & three Quarters of threepenny Batts
one thousand of two penny hobbs [i.e. hobnails]
three thousand of twopenny Batts
three thousand of onepenny halfpenny Do.
one Quarter and fifteen pounds of Lines & ten hundred of large Nails
six hundred of seven penny Clasps
thirty thousand of four penny hobs
sixty thousand of two penny hobbs Do.
two quarters and fourteen pounds of Hammer heads
two quart(er)s and four pounds of Axes
five Doz. of Clouts
twelve hundred and an half of Hinge Nails
five rusty Ducketts [buckets?] and two Spoke Shaves
One Thousand and an half of Iron Taxs
some threepenny hobs
five thousand six hundred of five p(enny) four penny
three thousand of seven p(enny) Hinge Nails
six thousand and three Quarters of two penny Hinges
six thousand of five p(enny) fourpenny
five thousand of Sadlers twopenny [Saddlers’ nails are brass nails intended to be decorative and functional (Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820)]
two thousand and an half of twopenny

[page 8] Shop continued

flatt hobs
two thousand four hundred of two p(enny) flatts
One thousand and three quarters of round head two penny
three thousand of two penny hook Lath
six hundred of Small Clout Nails
four Pound of Curtain hooks
two pound of rand thread [strong thread used for netting etc. (Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820)]
two thous(an)d one hundred and an half of tenter hooks
some odd Nails
one Stocking Axe
one sett of Buckett hoops
twenty eight Mouse trapps & one rat trap and halfs and tops
Eight Koll Scuttles and two Salvers
a parcell of Rifles and other things
some odd Goods Do. a great quantity
some Bitts
some Stirrups and Bitts Boxes and odd things
three pounds of Bitts of Steel
some Iron
a parcell of odd Locks
three p(oun)ds and an half of Bitts of Latin and brass wyer
some Coffin handles and other Coffin tackle
three hundred two quarters and four pounds of Shott & bags
One Doz. of Womens lined Pattens
three pair of Childrens Do.
two pair of Plain six pair of Lined Clogs
three pair of womans Pattens without Leathers
two pair of Childrens Do.
three pair of Nailed Clogs without Leathers
a p(ar)cell of Sadlers Goods
\thirty three pound of Shott/
one pound and a Quarter Do.
four Pound of Nutt Galls [oak galls used in dyeing and ointments (OED)]
an Iron Pail
eighteen pounds of old Iron
three pound and a Quarter of Glue
Seventeen Pounds of Copperas [protosulphate of iron, also called green vitriol, used in dyeing, tanning and making ink (OED)]
thirty Pounds of Old Iron
Quarter of a pound of Spunge
Seven Pound of old Iron
some Patten Leathers
four large Saws
a

[page 9] Shop Continued
Scale Beam
six pound and a quarter of small Horses ear bells
some Rubbers
Gunpowder
old Barrells
some Sadlers Goods and iron Bolt timber & rotten stone
two Counters and three nests of drawers
a large Iron Beam and scales
two hundred of weights of Lead
four Pound and an half of Brass weights
a vice and stake
one pair of Middle Scales and beam
one p(ai)r of small Do.
one p(ai)r of Stops
97
9
for a Parcell of Rubbers &c.
3
3
1
for a Mare and Colt
6
10
0
rece(ive)d by Book debts
75
4
4
rece(ive)d by Sunferie money [unidentified (could also be read as "Simferie")]   
20
4
rece(ive)d for what the house was sold for at Winslow Mort(gage) and Int(erest) deducted
30
0
0
 
----------------
 
£298
19
8
An account of debts due and owing and w(hi)ch still remain unpaid which the Exhibitant Protests against charging himself with till he shall have received the same from the several Persons following Viz.
John Harris of Winslow Carpenter                                  
0
6
Jonathan Holland                                                          
0
17
10½
John Gibbs Cooper                                                        
4
8
Thomas Grainge of Longmarston                             
0
5
10½
Robt. Bence of Winslow                                                
1
5
6
Mr Guy of Marsh Gibbon                                          
1
18
4
Henry Church of Winslow                                       
0
8
9
Robt. Seaton of Peterborough                                     
0
19
2
Jos. Harris of Mursley                                                
0
14
Richard Clark of Mursley Grove                                   
0
2
10
Robt. Eden at the Pound                                             
0
8
John Clark of Winslow Malster                                  
0
14
9
John Ginger of Oving                                                  
1
19
[page 10] John Boucher of Hogston                                             
17
6
Mr Giles of Tingewick                                                    
1
3
4
Churchwardens and overseers of Winslow                  
3
16
11
Mrs  Holland of Shipton                                          
0
7
Peter Goldsworth of Winslow                                      
0
19
0
Mr Kinisten of Cleydon Lawn                                       
0
0
10
Joseph Caple of Padbury                                               
0
0
Mr Welch of Oving                                                     
2
5
10½
Mr Harold Collarmaker                                                
1
11
6
John Coker of Northmarston                                      
2
4
0½  
Richard Saunders of Whaddon                                      
0
11
John Spooner                                                              
1
11
7
Mr Barnes of Buckingham                                            
4
1
John Everatt of Adstock                                                  
0
5
Henry Line of Shipton                                               
0
1
11
Mr Adams of Winslow                                                    
0
18
4
[blank] Fryer of  Northmarston                                       
0
1
9
John Morris of Aylesbury                                             
0
0
Mr Hobbs of Nash                                                    
0
8
10
Mr Holt of Bierton                                                         
2
1
10
Mr Mayne of Oving                                                    
2
0
11½
John Cousins of Grendon                                          
1
5
Robt. Eden Millright                                                      
3
15
8
Mr Quay of Little Horwood                                      
0
1
7
Mr Parker of Shipton                                              
1
13
Richard Vickars of Little Horwood                        
John Fletcher of Padbury                                            
0
4
11
[page 11] Robt. Blake Winslow                                                
0
3
Winslow Howards                                                
1
19
0
Mr Duncombe of Winslow                                          
0
0
3
John Day of Do.                                                        
0
Mr Marsh of Do.                                                           
0
0
9

[another hand] This inventory was exhibited on the 25th day of October 1751 by and upon the oath of Henry Stutchbury Father and sole executor named in the last will and testam(en)t of Henry Stutchbury the younger late of Winslow in the County of Bucks dece(ase)d to whom adm(inistrati)on was granted &c.

Sworn before me

John Rawbone
Curate of Winslow


Click on the pictures for full images of the documents:

The will:

Will of Henry Stuchbury

The inventory (p.1):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p1

The inventory (p.2):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p2

The inventory (p.3):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p3

 

The inventory (p.4):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p4

The inventory (p.5):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p5

The inventory (p.6):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p6

The inventory (p.7):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p7

 

The inventory (p.8):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p8

The inventory (p.9):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p9

The inventory (p.10):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p10

The inventory (p.11):

Inventory of Henry Stuchbury p11

Henry Stutchbury inherited the business from his uncle Peter Stutchbury in 1741. He was buried on 5 Sep 1750.

Copyright 23 April, 2015