Will of Robert Maynwaring, vicar, 1647/8 (proved 1650)

Herts RO 92AW8

In the name of God Amen. The fourteenth daye of March, Anno D(omi)ni 1647: I Robert Maynwaring, Vicar of Winslow in the County of Bucks, being sicke and feeble in body, but in good and p(er)fect memorie (God be praised for it) do make this my last Will and Testament in maner & forme following. First I bequeath my soule unto Allmightie God, who created me, and redeemed me by his sone Jesus Christ, by whose merits onely I trust to obtaine remission of my sines, and consequently everlasting salvation in the kingdome of heaven: And my body to be buried decently in the Chauncell of Winslow. Concerning that small portion of worldly wealth which it hath pleased God to lend me: I give unto my sone Robert one standing bedsteed in the parlour, with the fetherbed and other furniture belonging to it, and the one halfe of my other houshold goods after his mothers decease. Item I give unto him my whole studie of books with all other things therein contayned. Also I give unto him the one halfe of my croppe now sowed on the ground, besides that which Item I give unto my daughter Dorathie the other halfe of all my howshold goods after his [sic] mothers decease, beside that which hir brother is bound to give hir. Item I give unto Elizabeth Becke my kinswoman and servant one blacke broad-horned cow, which I promised her before. Item I give to the poore of the parish twenty shillings to be distributed among them in money or otherwise at my funerall. The rest of my goods unbequethed, my funerall and debts being discarged, I leave unto my wife Dionys, whom I ordaine to be my sole executrix: and my loving kinsman Richard Edmunds gent, and my good neighbour Beniamin Leach overseers of this my last Will and Testament, to see the same p(er)formed. Witnesse hereunto my own handwriting. {the}

the sevntheth day of March. 1647.

By me Robert Maynwaring.

[Latin] Probatum fuit huiusmodi testamentum 31mo die mensis Augusti
Anno Domini 1650 apud Winslowe in com' Bucks commissa
fuit et
coram Johanne Harris Cle\rico/ surr(ogat)o Thome Goad
legum doctore officiale Archidiaconatus Sancti Albani &c commissaque
fuit Administratio omnium bonorum jurium &c Dionisie Manynwaringe
vidue Relicte et executrici &c Jurat' &c

[translation] This will was proved on 31 August 1650 at Winslow, Bucks, before the venerable John Harris, clerk, surrogate of Thomas Good, LLD, official of the Archdeaconry of St albans, and administration of all the goods, rights, etc. was entrusted to Denise Maynwaringe, widow and executrix, etc., and she swore, etc.


Inventory of Robert Maynwaring, Vicar of Winslow, presented 1650

Herts RO A25/3573

A trew Inventory of the goods and Chattells belonging to Robert Maynwaring deceased.

 
li
s
d
In the Parlour one Joyned bedd
2
10
0
One Fetherbedd 2 bolsters 2 pillows 1 rugg one blanckett one straw bedd curtaines & vallans
2
10
0
One drawing table one Court Cubboord 4 Chaires 7 stooles 3 foormes 1 truckle bedd 6 Cushins one Carpett and hangings
5
0
0
One paire of Andyrons 1 paire of tongues 1 fire shovell 1 fire forke
0
6
8
In the hall one table and frame with 6 ioyned stooles one cubboard one Court Cubboord 3 Chaires one spice Cubboord one Jack one glasse Cubboord
4
0
0
In the Kitchin 6 brasse potts one pott posnett one chafer 3 kittles 3 posnets one brasse morter and pestle
5
0
0
one paire of Racckes 5 spittes 2 paire of Andyrons 3 pott hangers and 2 paire of pott hookes one gridyron 2 driping pannes 2 shreding knives one chopping knife one cleaver
1
0
0
one casse one cheese presse 2 stooles 4 tubbs 3 buckets one brasse bason
1
0
0
In the dary house 6 kivers one frying panne with all the other lumber
1
10
0
In the buttry one Court Cubboord 5 barrells and a hogges head one meshing fatt and a yeelding fatt one salting trough one powdring tubb one leather Jack with all the other lumber
2
10
0
In the roome over the Parlour one ioyned beddsteed one fether bedd one mattris 2 bolsters 3 pillows 2 blanketts one coverlett with curtains and vallans
one fether bedd 2 bolsters one blanckett one rugg 2 cushens 2 carpets 2 fustian blanckets
4
0
0
one great presse one cubboord 2 chestes one trunck one coafer one chaire one stoole
4
10
0
2 dusens of platters with all other peauter 3 skimmers
5
0
0
14 paire of Sheetes 12 pillow-beeres 8 table clothes 4 dousins of napkins 4 cubboord clothes 12 towels
5
0
0
2 mazers one tanckard one beere boule one salt seller one trencher salt one porringer one wine boule 7 spoones
10
0
0
[page 2]
li
s
d
In the roome over the buttry 2 halfe headed bedds one fether bedd 3 coverletts 3 blancketts 5 bolsters 2 pillowes one table and frame one stoole
3
0
0
In the roome over the hall one beddsteed one trucklebedd one coverlett one blanckett 2 pillowes one coafer one stoole one foorme one still one bake panne with all other lumber
5
0
0
In the roome over the kitchin one cheese rack 2 wheeles 2 coafers one pillian one side saddle with all the other lumber
1
0
0
In the Study one chaire with all the bookes
20
0
0
3 gownes with his wearing apparrel
10
0
0
At the staire head one safe one chest
1
5
0
2 fliches of bacon
1
0
0
In the closet one Cristall Jugg with other things
1
10
0
In the barne hay and straw with 6 boords
1
10
0
In the wood house a gardner and malt
1
10
0
It(em) one Cow
3
10
0
It(em) one hovell in the yard with the rest of the wood and all \other/ lumber in yard or houses
1
10
0
It(em) one boore and 2 stoores
1
0
0
Item turkies duckes and other poultry
-
56
0
Item 25 ridges of wheat and barly
12
10
0
Item 17 ridges of beaneland
5
0
0
Item moore beanes and oates
4
0
0
Item the soyle in the yard
0
6
8
 
li
s
d
The totall summe is
141
5
4
 
131
13
4

Richard Hodgkins [signature]
Robert Lowndes [signature]

[Presented 20 Aug 1650 by Denise Manwaringe, widow and executrix]

Click on the pictures for full images of the documents:

The will

Will of Robert Maynwaring

The inventory (p.1)

Inventory of Robert Maynwaring p1

The inventory (p.2)

Inventory of Robert Maynwaring p2

Notes

Robert Ma(i)nwaring came from Shropshire. He matriculated at Balliol College, 6 Nov 1590, aged 20, and graduated B.A. from St John's College 1 July 1594 (Oxford University Alumni). He became vicar of Winslow in 1597 and remained for over 50 years. He first wife was Dorothy, daughter of Richard Edmonds, vicar of Shenley, and he was thus brother-in-law of Peter Fige and Henry Wendover. She was buried 22 April 1625. They had two sons William (1604-12) and Daniel (bap. 9 March 1606/7). By his second wife Denise he had Robert (bap. 25 Dec 1626), Joan (1629-37) and Dorothy (bap. 28 Jan 1633/4). Ralph Manwaring (bur. 22 May 1642) was presumably a relative. Robert was buried at Winslow on 20 March 1647/8. His son Robert lived at Granborough where he had several children baptised in the 1650s and was buried on 25 Oct 1694, and Denise is probably the "Dina Manering, widow", buried there 19 Sep 1658.

Robert Mainwaring graffiti
Robert's name carved into a wall in the chancel in 1641

Robert's will, written in his own hand, was strictly speaking invalid as it was not witnessed, but it was evidently allowed to stand. The inventory shows what the vicarage was like in the 17th century: basically a substantial farmhouse, with the addition of a study, and with more luxurious furnishings than other farmhouses in Winslow (glass cupboard, crystal jug). Robert held some land in his own right (see Court Rolls 1648-9) as well as farming the glebe land. He is the first person in Winslow recorded as keeping turkeys.

Joyned bedd: i.e. a wooden bedstead made by a joiner on which a feather bed or straw bed was placed.

vallans = valance, hanging from the canopy of a bed.

drawing table: an extendable table

Court Cubboord: an open cupboard with three tiers of shelving.

truckle bedd: a low bed on small wheels which could be pushed under another bed.

Andyrons = andirons: a pair of horizontal bars placed in a hearth to support the burning wood.

Jack: this normally refers to a device for turning a spit, so presumably belongs with the other hearth-related items in the parlour or kitchen.

posnet: a small metal pot with a handle and three feet.

Racckes = racks, to hold the spit.

casse: probably = case, perhaps a "case of drawers".

kiver: a wooden vessel or tub.

hogges head = hogshead, a large cask.

meshing fatt = mashing vat, used for boiling malt in brewing.

yeelding fatt = yealding vat, used for fermenting the wort in brewing (A History of Beer and Brewing (2003), 352).

powdring tubb: used for salting meat.

leather Jack: a large jug of waxed leather.

mazer: a goblet, usually of valuable metal.

pillian = pillion, attached behind a saddle to carry a second person.

safe: presumably a food safe.

gardner = garner, a bin for grain.

stoore = store, a pig (or sheep) for fattening.

ridges: i.e. strips of land in the ridge and furrow system.

soyle = manure.

Copyright 15 July, 2016