Terrier of Richard Edmunds, c.1635

Centre for Bucks Studies ST78

This document is labelled "Terror [i.e. terrier, a list of landholdings] of Esq' Guy's land at Winslow". It consists of two membranes sewn together, and has been cut off at the bottom and on the right. The land listed was presumably some or all of the 105.5a surrendered by William Guy to William Lowndes, 1759.

All the neighbours are named in the 1641 Poll Tax return except Richard Snow (d. 1636), Robert Benbow (d.1640) and John Paxton (death not recorded at Winslow). John Robinson, named as a neighbour, surrendered some land in Brachfurlong to Samuel Robinson in 1637. The document therefore appears to come from c.1635.

The name Guy is not found in the Winslow court rolls from this period. The terrier really belonged to someone else whose land later passed to Mr Guy. Internal and external evidence shows that this was Richard Edmunds, who inherited from his father William in 1633. He had a sister Joan Stutsbery, who married Thomas Kirbie in 1631; this would explain the reference to "Brother Kirby" below. See the Edmunds family for more information. William Grant alias Miller held land at Hawkslow to the north of Richard Edmunds in 1645, which corresponds to one of the entries below.

The terrier shows that most of this extensive holding of at least 90 acres was dispersed. The largest units mentioned are 5 acres, so there had been relatively little consolidation of holdings. However, a substantial amount of the land was described as "leys", i.e. arable land which had been turned over to grass. This shows a considerable change from the intensive agriculture of the medieval period.

A Terror of all the land I have in the p(ar)ish Feildes of Winslowe

Inprimis in the New Mill Feild

Brach furlonge

Smalidoles

Dudslowe

Horsemeade Peese

Westwell

Netherestfurlonge

Hawkslowe

Demeram Feild

Arsmeade

Clerksfurlonge

Bradford

Tuky

Cleyton Werge

Greate Sparlowe

Old Mill Feild

Nether Cost[owe]

Changef[ - - ]


Glossary

Hade: a strip of land left unploughed as a boundary and for access (OED)

Lammas close: A close which could be kept private until 1 August and then became common pasture

Shooting into: extending up to/into

Copyright 30 September, 2016