View of frankpledge and court baron, 29 April 1645

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/1 (cont.)

Translated from Latin. Some of the people whose deaths are recorded here died in 1643 (there was very high mortality in the period Sep-Dec), and it appears that this was the first court held since April 1643.

[f.13r] Winslow with members. Court of View of Frankpledge with Court Baron of the lord of the manor 29 April 21 Charles 1645.

Essoins as in the charter of tenants and residents.

Homage for the lord king and lord of the manor sworn:
Winslow: William Lowndes, John Paxton, Henry Pym, Daniel Seere, William Hogson, John Hogson
Shipton: William Glenister, Robert Elliott, Thomas Miller, John Miller
Granborow: William Mountagu, Robert Boughton, Thomas Mountagu, George Rutland, Benedict Holland sr, John Thorpe
Little Horwood: George Williat, Henry Curtis, John Barton, Emanuel Waters & John Illing

Default by tenants:
Winslow: Robert Benbow 6d, William Bignell 6d, William Burrowes 6d, Thomas Chandler 6d, Richard Edmonds gent. 6d, William Ethersay 6d, Thomas Snow 6d, John Shelton sr 6d and John Shelton jr
Shipton: Robert Burt 6d, John Burt 6d, Thomas Deely 6d, Robert Elliot 6d, Thomas Elliot 6d, Thomas Miller 6d and Ralph Phippes 6d
Granborow: William Bowden 6d, Joseph Hollady 6d, Francis Hartnoll 6d and John Pytkin 6d
[Little Horwood]: William Rashbrite[?] 6d, John Smith 6d, Henry Smith 6d, Richard Webb — and George Wilson 6d

Default by residents: George Wilson 6d, Humfrey Butcher 6d, Benedict Glenister 4d, Thomas Benson 4d, Thomas Robson 4d, John Kirby 4d John King 4d, Robert Lownds 4d, John Rawlins 4d, John Bayly 4d
Christopher King 4d, Thomas Pitkin 4d, John Shilborne 4d, John Glenister 4d, John Man 4d, Edward Lynney 4d, Thomas Daniell 4d, William Spooner 4d, Robert Stevens 4d, Hugh Andrewes 4d, Thomas Rogers 4d
William Pease 4d, William Ellis 4d, William Turner 6d, Abraham Prentice 6d, Robert Cooke 6d, Robert Holt 6d, John Hart 6d, Edward Elliot 6d, Thomas Tut[?] 6d, Thomas Bence 6d, Josiah Pitkyn 4d, William Wirrall 4d
Thomas Hatwell[?] 4d, Robert Holt 4d and Thomas Pearson 4d

John Bayly erected a tenement on the lord's waste, causing a nuisance to the inhabitants and especially William Topping. Therefore amerced 10s. And it was ordered to be demolished before next Michaelmas, under pain of forfeiting to the lord of the manor £5.

Richard Edmonds gent. committed the same offence near the Crosse. Therefore amerced 10s. And he was ordered to amend [reformare] it before the said feast, under penalty of £10.

William Topping encroached on the lord's waste. Therefore amerced 12d. And he was ordered to amend it, and his fireplace [focale] in disrepair before the feast of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 20s.

The steward recorded a fine of £5 imposed on Henry Norman and a similar fine of £5 on Henry Wyet because they were now duly chosen to the office of constable of the peace for Winslow for the following year and refused to carry out the office or to take their oath to carry it out.

He also recorded a fine of 30s on Robert Hale and a similar fine on Richard Rogers because they refused to carry out the office of tithingman for Winslow, having been duly elected, or to take the oath.

Winslow

Constables: Henry Norman and Henry Wiett were chosen.
Tithingmen: Robert Hale and Richard Rogers were chosen.

Shipton

Constable: Richard Glenister was chose and sworn to carry out the office well and faithfully.
Tithingman: Robert Stevens was chosen and sworn.

Granborow

Constables: Thomas Stevens and Mathew Dancer were chosen and sworn.

Little Horwood

Constables: John Barton and Henry Curtis were chosen and sworn.
Tithingmen: Henry Pitkin was chosen in place of Lewis Robinson, Henry Pitchfork remains in office.

Court Baron

Nicholas Mitchell died since the last court [buried 25 Sep 1643] seised of 5 acres of land in the fields of Winslow. Heriot a horse worth 16s. Nicholas Mitchell is his son and heir. Fine 5s.

Benjamin Leach and Mary his wife surrendered 1 acre of arable land lying together over Nantdich furlong next to the land of William Hogson towards the north. To the use of Edward Kynaston jr. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

John Barton surrendered 1 acre in Little Horwood to Richard Hawkins.

Margaret Holliman widow now deceased [buried 3 Nov 1643] lying on her deathbed surrendered by Nicholas Brinsall and Thomas Thornton 5 acres of arable land in the fields of Winslow. To the use of Margaret and Sarah Holliman who sought admission. Rent 15d, fine 10s, heriot by composition 10s. Margaret and Sarah surrendered 3 acres:

To the use of Edward Kynaston, on condition that the surrender will be void if he does not pay them £4 on 3 May next and £5 on 29 Sep following at the inn in Smithfeild Middx called the Harts horne, and £10 on 1 May 1646 in the sourth porch of the parish church of Winslow. Rent 9d, fine 6d.

Richard Cowper now deceased surrendered by Peter Fige gent., bailiff of the manor, and John Illing all the lands acquired by him in Little Horwood containing 17 acres. To the use of Katherine Cowper then his wife for her life, then to Dorothy Illing on trust for the better paying of his debts if his goods and chattels after his decease are not sufficient. Katherine died before this court and Dorothy sought admission. Fine 34s, heriot a cow worth 25s.

Robert Benbow surrendered 2 acres of arable land lying together over Low furlong in the fields of Winslow next to the land of Walter Tomlin towards the east. To the use of Anthony Holden. Rent 6d, fine 4s.
He also surrendered 2 acres in the fields of Winslow: 9 "les yerds" over Stonefurlong and 2 "les yerds" at Bublesgore. To the use of George Elliot. Rent 6d, fine 4s.

Thomas Adams since the last court surrendered a cottage and half-virgate in Little Horwood. To the use of Thomas Adams for his life, then to Robert Adams his son. Fine 30s, heriot a mare worth £1 10s.

Isabel Cowdall widow surrendered a half-virgate in Granborow. Half to the use of Ralph Stevens and Ann his wife and Ralph's heirs; half to the said Ralph forever. Rent 5s 5d, fine 30s.

Thomas Hogson surrendered a messuage in Winslow in which John Hogson now lives, and all his lands in the fields of Winslow and Shipton containing 15½ acres. To the use of John Hogson his younger son. Fine 31s, heriot 15s by composition.
[The house was acquired by William Lowndes in 1717 from John's grandson, and seems to have been one of those on the south side of Sheep Street which he demolished.]

Elizabeth Topping, who held an ancient cottage in Winslow for the term of her life with reversion to William Topping, died since the last court. Rent 2s 2d, fine 5s.
[When it was sold in 1649, this was described as being near the Stone Cross.]

Alice Baily died since the last court, being seised as of fee tail to herself and the heirs of her body of a cottage and 7 acres in Little Horwood late Smithes and 14 acres in Little Horwood late Brudenells. William Bayly is her son and heir, and sought admission. Fine £2 2s, heriot a selion of wheat worth 20s, fealty respited.
Alice died seised of a virgate of land and 2 acres of meadow in Little Horwood. William is her son and heir and sought admission. Rent 6s 3d, fine £3 4s, heriot as above, fealty respited because he is an infant.

Richard Benill[?] died since the last court seised of 3 acres of land and common of pasture for 2 beasts in Granborow. Richard Benill is his son and nearest heir. Fine 6s, heriot a cow worth [blank].

Robert Hughes and Joan his wife surrendered a cottage in Granborow in the occupation of Joan Hughes widow. To the use of William Hawten. Rent 3d, fine 5s.

Lawrence Shelton before this court surrendered by Robert Shelton and Nicholas Spooner 3 acres in the fields of Winslow. To the use of Richard Shelton, who sought admission. Fine 6s. Afterwards Richard surrendered to Lawrence Shelton [jr], who sought admission. Rent 9d, fine 6s.
Lawrence Shelton now deceased [buried 1 Sep 1643] lying on his deathbed surrendered [as above] all his lands in Winslow except 3 acres surrendered to Richard Shelton. To the use of Lawrence Shelton his younger son. Fine 9s, heriot a cow worth 33s 4d.

John Shelton died since the last court [buried 4 Sep 1644] seised of a messuage and 62 acres of land in Winslow. John Shelton is his son and nearest heir. Fine £6 4s, heriot a cow worth £1 6s 8d.
[This was probably a 3-hearth house on the site of 12 Horn Street]

Agnes Shelton died since the last court [wife of Lawrence, buried 18 May 1643] seised of a customary messuage in Winslow in which she lived. John Shelton is her son and nearest heir. Fine 5s, heriot [blank].

Robert Shelton now deceased [buried 1 Jan 1644/5] surrendered by Richard Hodgkin and Thomas Kirby all his lands and part of his messuage in Winslow: 1 bay of barn, being the "lower Bay" and the houses called the "hayhouse" and "cowhouse", and all the ground before and from the said houses up to the plot [plateum] there. To the use of Robert and William Shelton his younger sons, on condition that the surrender will be void if Richard Shelton his son and heir pays £20 each to Robert and William when they are 21. Fine [blank], heriot nothing, fealty respited because they are infants. Their governance and holdings was committed to Richard (without account) during their minority.
Robert Shelton died since the last court seised of a messuage in Winslow. Richard Shelton is his son and heir. Fine 5s, heriot a cow worth £1 6s 8d.
[The house might be 20 Horn Street]

Peter Fige jr gent. and Martha his wife surrendered a windmill in Winslow and the land on which the mill is erected and 5 selions of land containing 1½ acres in Winslow lying together next to the close of Nicholas Spooner. To the use of Thomas Cooke son of John Cooke. Rent 16½d, fine 5s.
[f.13v] Procedure of common recovery: Thomas Robinson complained about a windmill and 2 acres. Peter and Martha called Michael Walker to warranty. Peter Fige gent., bailiff of the manor, delivered seisin. All surrendered to Thomas Cooke.

Jane Holland widow, late wife of William Holland, complained against Nathaniel Holland on a plea that he render her reasonable dower from a free holding in Granborow of 3½ acres. Peter Fige was to summon William [sic].

William Grant alias Miller surrendered a messuage in Winslow. To the use of Thomas Hogg, on condition that the surrender will be void if William pays him £3 on 1 May 1646 and 1647 and £63 on 1 May 1648 at the dwelling-house of Peter Fige gent. the bailiff in Winslow. Fine 5s.


Court baron, 22 October 1645

Winslow with members. Court Baron of the lord of the manor held at Little Horwood on 22nd October in the 21st year of the reign of King Charles of England etc. 1645

Essoins as in the charter of tenants

Homage sworn:
Winslow: John Paxton, Henry Pym, William Hogson, Henry Norman
Shipton: Ralph Phipps, William Glenister, John Miller, John Sheffeild
Granborow: Benedict Holland jr, Thomas Mountagu, Thomas Stevens, John Stevens
Little Horwood: Henry Curtis, George Williat, Emanuel Waters, John Barton, John Illing

Default by tenants:
Winslow: Nicholas Brinsall 6d, John Baven 6d, William Burrowes 6d, William Ethersay 6d, Thomas Grant 6d, Robert Illing 6d, William Lownds 6d, Nicholas Miller 6d, Nicholas Overing 6d, Samuel Rawlins 6d, John Robinson 6d and John Seaton 6d
Shipton: Thomas Miller 6d, Amy Miller widow 6d, Robert Stevens 6d and John Snow 6d
Granborow: Robert Bowden 6d, William Bowden 6d, Thomas Bowden sr 6d, Thomas Bowden jr 6d, Thomas Grace 6d, Robert Goodspeed 6d, William Holland 6d, Joseph Holladay 6d, Nathaniel Holland 6d, Thomas Heale 6d, William Morecroft 6d, John Pitkyn 6d
Little Horwood: John Barret 6d, John Bayly 6d, Robert Gaskyn 6d, John Smith 6d and Henry Smith gent. 6d

At a court on 18 July 18 Charles [1642] Oliver Stiles surrendered all his holdings in Little Horwood containing 2 virgates to Anthony Stiles his son, who now sought admission. Fine £6, heriot a horse worth 13s 4d. He was admitted not infringing anyone's right.
[Anthony Stiles was a goldsmith in London whose own will was proved in 1646, National Archives PROB 11/195/89; his father's nuncupative will of 1642 was proved by Anthony's widow Elizabeth in 1662, PROB 11/307/464.]

Nicholas Brinsall surrendered a tenement in Winslow adjoining the tenement called the Mote Hall towards the east. To the use of Dorothy Burd, who sought admission. Rent 6d, fine 5s.

Richard Edmonds gent. and Jane his wife surrendered a messuage in Little Horwood and "pightell" adjoining. To the use of John Fuller. Fine 5s.

At the court on 29 April last it was found that Walter Tomlin died before the court seised of a messuage and 18 acres of land in Winslow. Elianor Tomlyn then wife of James Brampton was his daughter and nearest heir. Now she sought admission by Peter Fige her attorney. Fine 36s, heriot 10s by composition.
[On 6 Feb 1644/5, James Brampton of Stepney married Ellin Tomlin of Dunstans East at All Hallows, Barking by the Tower. She seems to have been Ellen, daughter of the Walter Tomlyns, mariner, whose will was proved at the PCC on 17 Jan 1644/5 (National Archives, PROB 11/192/250).]

It was found at the last court that Robert Goodspeed died seised of a messuage and quarter-virgate in Granborow and Robert Goodspeed is his nearest heir. He now sought admission by Peter Fige his attorney. Fine 15s, heriot 5s by composition.

At the court on 29 April last it was found that John Stutsbury died before the court seised of a messuage and 1 acre of land in Winslow, and that Andrew Stutsbury is his next heir. Now he sought admission. Fine 5s, heriot a cow worth 26s 8d.

Edward Kynaston late a customary tenant died since the last court seised of a cottage and 2 acres of land in Winslow. George Kynaston is his nearest heir. Heriot a horse worth 25s, fine 5s.
[See the will of Edward's widow Alice for more information, and see further below. George was the eldest son.]

John Stutsbury now deceased lately lying on his deathbed surrendered by Henry Pym and William Glenister a messuage near the Market Place in Winslow and 9 acres of land in the fields of Winslow. To the use of Henry and William and also of Robert Wallis clerk, on trust for the advantage of Andrew Stutsbury, John's son and heir and executor, if he pays all the legacies in money given by John's last will at the times appointed in the will according to the intentions of the will. And for failure of payment of any of the legacies, they are to sell the cottage, 9 acres and other premisses and to pay the legacies with the money arising. Henry and Walter were admitted, not infringing anyone's right. Fine 18s.

Robert Udden surrendered a messuage in Winslow and 1½ acres of land over Ankerland in the fields of Winslow. To the use of Robert Hale, on condition that the surrender will be void if Robert Udden pays him £38 7s on 29 Sep 1648 at Robert Hale's now dwelling-house in Winslow. Fine 5s.

[f.14r] Hugh Bull and Ann his wife surrendered a messuage in Winslow. To the use of Robert Udden. Rent 5d, fine 5s, heriot 2s 6d by composition.

Anthony Okeley surrendered a messuage in Little Horwood now in the occupation of Thomas Okeley, and a virgate in the fields of Little Horwood. To Anthony's use for his life, then to Thomas and his heirs. Fine £3.

Walter Grant alias Miller surrendered 1 acre of ley over Smallydoles furlong. To the use of William Hogson. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Robert Benbow surrendered 1 acre of land over Stone abutting on Granborow brooke. To the use of Robert Stevens. Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Alice Kynaston widow surrendered a messuage in Winslow and part of the yard [atrii] adjoining up to the "pearetree" of John Paxton, and a close of pasture containing 2 acres. To her own use for her life, then to Edward Kynaston her son. Rent 13½d, fine 5s.

Alice Baily died before this court, being seised of a cottage and 3 acres in Little Horwood late Barton and three parts of a close called Poormans Close to be divided into six parts, as of fee tail, viz. to herself and the heirs of her body. William Baily is her son and the heir of her body, and sought admission by William Hogson his attorney. Fine 7s, heriot as set out in the rolls of the last court.

William Grant alias Miller surrendered these separate parcels of land containing 5 acres in the fields of Winslow:

To the use of Thomas Deverell, on condition that the surrender will be void if William pays him £3 4s on 22 Oct 1646 and 1647 and £43 4s on 22 Oct 1648 at Thomas' now dwelling-house in Granborow. Rent 15d, fine 10s.

John Barton surrendered 6 acres of arable land and ley in the Wood feild [Little Horwood] and common of pasture for a quarter-virgate of land. To the use of Richard Maynard. Rent 18d, fine 12s.

Benedict Holland surrendered 1½ acres of arable land in Granborow to Ralph Ingram. Rent 4½d, fine 3s.

Robert Bowden and Elizabeth his wife surrendered a quarter-virgate of land in Granborow to Richard Shelton. Robert Dancer complained on a plea of land: 8 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow. Plea of common recovery: Robert and Elizabeth called Michael Walker to warranty; Peter Fige gent. minister of the court delivered seisin. All surrendered to Robert Bowden.
Robert and Elizabeth then surrendered 3 acres of arable land and meadow to the use of Maurice Griffith, clerk, on condition that the surrender will be void if Robert pays him 40s on the feast of St Thomas the Apostle for the next nine years at Maurice's now dwelling-house in East Claydon, the first payment to be made next St Thomas' Day. Fine 6s.
Robert and Elizabeth surrendered 1½ acres of land to Robert Dancer. Rent 4½d, fine 3s.

Copyright 15 February, 2018