Will of Crescens Churchill, gentleman, 1796 (proved 1798)

London Metropolitan Archives, DL/C/434, Will 265

In the name of God Amen I Crescens Churchill late of Winslow in the County of Bucks Gentleman but now Lieutenant in the Northamptonshire Regiment of Fencibles being of sound and perfect Mind Memory and Understanding do make and ordain my last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say) I give devise and bequeath unto Bartholomew Churchill of Chobham in the County of Surrey Esquire All that my Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with the Gardens and Appurtenances thereunto belonging situate and being at Winslow aforesaid and now in the tenure or occupation of Chedorlaomer Eggleton and also all my other Copyhold Messuages or Tenements Lands and Hereditaments situate or being within the Manor of Winslow aforesaid To hold unto the said Bartholomew Churchill his Heirs and Assigns for ever I also give and bequeath unto the said Bartholomew Churchill his Executors Administrators and Assigns All Bonds Notes and Securities for Money and all and singular other Personal Estate of what nature or kind soever that I may happen to be possessed or intitled unto at the time of my decease to and for his and their own proper use and benefit And I do nominate and appoint the said Bartholomew Churchill sole Executor of this my Will and declare this alone to be my last Will and Testament In Witness whereof I have to this my last Will and Testament set my Hand and Seal this Sixteenth day of June in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred and Ninety six

[signed] Cres Churchill

Signed Sealed Published and declared by the said Crescens Churchill the Testator in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses 

Robt. Harrup
Joseph Mason

[page 2]

Bartholomew Churchill \Esq/ the \Father of the deceased and the/ Sole Executor within named was duly sworn as usual also that the deceaseds personal Estate will not Amount in value to the sum of one hundred \twenty/ Pounds

before me

Testator was late[?] as described and died in September last at Castle Blaney in the Kingdom of Ireland


21st March 1798


This will was proved in the Bishop of London's court.

Crescens Churchill, son of Bartholomew, was baptised at Deddington in 1770. He was the great-nephew of Bartholomew Churchill of Deddington, d.1780. He was apprenticed to John Markham, attorney of Northampton, on 30 May 1786 (Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811). His military life presumably began in 1794 when the Northampton Regiment of Fencible Infantry was formed. He was listed as "to be Lieutenant" in the London Gazette, 28 March 1795.

The messuage in Winslow referred to was 22 High Street which Land Tax and manor court records show was occupied by Chedorlaomer Eagleton from at least 1781 to 1795, when Crescens Churchill was recorded as owner for the Land Tax. He acquired it some time after 1786. He does not appear to have had any other connection with Winslow, and he set up briefly as an attorney: he is mentioned as such in a sale advertisement in the Northampton Mercury, 22 Feb 1794. Bartholomew Churchill and his wife Margaret sold the property to Elizabeth Gibbs in 1798 (Centre for Bucks Studies D 82/2/460).

Chedorlaomer is a masculine biblical name (Gen.14).