Pigot's Directory, 1830


Is a small market town, in a parish of its name, in the hundred of Cottesloe, and deanery of Muresley [sic]; 48 miles from London, 10 from Aylesbury, and seven from Buckingham.  It is situated in a flat part of the county; the land being very fertile, and the neighbourhood, to a considerable extent around, occupied by the agriculturist.  The only manufacture in the town is lace, and that but to a trifling extent.  A speculation, in which two gentlemen of this town were engaged, is worthy of recording:  - Messrs. Cowley and Staines, respectable surgeons here, in the year 1821 obtained a prize of 30 guineas, from the society for the encouragement of arts, manufactures and commerce, for cultivating the while poppy (papaver somniferum), and extracting 60 lbs. of opium, the produce of four acres, equal to the best imported from Turkey.  In the two following years these gentlemen prosecuted the like culture with superior success, and were similarly rewarded by the society: from 11 acres having produced 143 lbs. of opium, and the next year from 12 acres 196 lbs. weight.  Some idea may be formed of the value of this discovery, when it is known that the price is seldom less than 25s. per lb. for Turkey opium, and during the occupation of Egypt by the French it fetched as high a price as eight guineas per lb.  The present lord of the manor is William Selby Lowndes, Esq. of Whaddon Hall: this gentleman holds a court leet, at the Bell Inn, annually, on the last Monday in October.

The parish church, a spacious structure, in the Gothic style, is dedicated to St. Mary [sic]: the living is a vicarage, in the gift of the Lord Chancellor; the present incumbent is the Rev. James Preedy.  Here is a chapel each for the independents and baptists, and a small charity school; there is also a very respectable boarding academy for young gentlemen, conducted by Messrs. Grace & Bond.  The market-day is Thursday; the fairs are, Feb. 18th, March 20th, April 20th, Holy Thursday, August 21st, September 22nd, November 26th, and December 9th, for all cattle;  there are, besides, statute meetings for hiring servants, held on the first Thursday before, and the first and second Thursdays after October 11th.  The parish of Winslow contained, according to the parliamentary returns of 1821, 1,222 inhabitants.

POST OFFICE, High-street, Mrs. Mary Budd, Post Mistress. – Letter from all parts arrive by mail cart, from AYLESBURY, every morning (Sunday excepted) at six, on which day they do not arrive until ten, and are despatched to AYLESBURY every night at ten.

Burnham James gent. (coroner)  Market square
Carr [=Kerr] Rev.. Mark, Great Horn st
Dauncey Philip, esq. Little Horwood
Davies - , esq. Addington
Fremantle Sir Thomas Francis, bart. M.P. Swanbourne
Lowndes Wm. Selby, esq. Whaddon
Markham John, gent. Gt. Horn st
Preedy Rev. James, vicarage
Proctor John gent. Market square
Saunders Captain, Swanbourne
Wyatt Launcelot, gent. Gt. Horn st
Yates Samuel, esq. Sheep st

CHARITY SCHOOL, Hanging stile – Thomas Rawbone, master
Grace and Bond (gent.’s boarding) Sheep street
Marsh Mary (day) Church lane
Mayne Sarah (day) Market Square

Cowley John Willeat (attendance on Thurdays) Hanging stile – residence Buckingham
Willlis Charles & Son, Great Horn st

Baldwin Richard, Great Horn st
Corbett Robert, Great Horn st
Hazzard Jas. (& confectioner) High st
Jones William, High st

Grace Joseph, Market square
Gray Edward, High st
Jakeman John, Sheep st

Bunce, Mark, Sheep st
Lomath George, High st
Lomath Thomas, Market square
Moore Thomas, Great Horn st
Seaton William, Sheep st

Hinton Joseph, Great Horn st
Maydon George, High st
Moorcroft James, High st
Moorcroft John, Church lane

Matthews William, Great Horn st
Mayne George, High st
Todd Jas. (& cabinet maker) Sheep st

Lomath Thomas, Market square
West George, High st

NORWICH    , Geo. Cross, Market pla
PROTECTOR, James Todd, Sheep st
ROY.EXCHGE, Cs. Willis, Gt. Horn st

Hawley George, Market square
King George, Market square
Stevens Benjamin, Great Horn st
Stuchbery Thomas (and tallow chandler) Great Horn st

King Joseph (and whitesmith and brazier) Market square
Stuchbery Thos. Great Horn st

Cross George, Market square
Grant William, Market square

Barton Richard, Market square
Cross George, Church yard
Hall and Mayne, Market square

Bull and Lamburn, Great Horn st
Gibbs Elizabeth, High st
Porter Sarah Frances, Market square
Read Ann, Market square
Woodward Catherine, High st

Cox John, Great Horn st
Harding Robert, Great Horn st
Harrup George, Market square

Lee Joseph, Sheep st
Mayne Thomas, Great Horn st
Richardson John, High st

Harding Lydia, Great Horn st
Stonhill Elizabeth, Market square 

Cowley John, Hanging stile
Gent John Sleath, High st

Godfrey William, Great Horn st
Gregory George, Market square
Homan, William, Great Horn st
Punn, William, Church lane
Robinson Jos. & Matthew, High st

Bell Inn, Joseph Neale, Market square
Bull, Richard Baldwin, Great Horn st
Crooked Billet, Jos. Hinton, Gt Horn st
Crown, William Robinson, Market sq
George Inn, Richard Barton, Market sq
Plough, John Gawdrey, Great Horn st
Rose & Crown, Penelope Hall, Market sq
Royal Oak, Samuel Bull, Market square
Sow & Pigs, George Mayne, High st
Three Pigeons, William Jones, High st
Windmill, Joseph King, High st

Allen Richard, bricklayer, Sheep st
Bunce Mark, parish clerk, Sheep st
Coxill William, cooper, High st
Cross George, lace manufacturer, Market square
Dudley Samuel, auctioneer, &c. Market square
King John, Land surveyor, Market square
King Joseph, watch, &c.  maker, Market sq
King Joseph, wheelwright, High st
Marsh Mary, stamp distributor, Church la
Pulley Fras. Knollys, druggist, Market sq
Staniford Richard, lime burner & brick maker, High st
Tatham Thomas, china, glass &c. dealer, Market sq
Whichello Samuel, hair dresser, Market sq

To LONDON, the Regulator, from the Bell Inn, every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday morning at nine; goes thro’ Aylesbury, Tring, Berkhampstead, Watford, and Edgeware [sic] – and the Union  (from Banbury) calls at the same Inn, every morning (Sunday excepted) at eleven;  goes thro’ Aylesbury, Wendover, Amersham, and Uxbridge.

To BANBURY, the Union (from London) calls at the Bell Inn, every afternoon at three;  goes through Buckingham and Brackley, on Mondays, Wednesdays & Fridays;  and through Buckingham, Tingewick, and Aynhoe, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.

To LONDON, AYLESBURY, &c. Joseph Hearn’s Waggon daily – and Thomas Golby’s Waggon, every Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday – a Waggon from Brackley passes thro’, every Wed. and Sat. - & Thos. Hedges, from his house, twice a week.

To BANBURY & BIRMINGHAM, Thos. Golby’s Waggons, four times a week.

To BRACKLEY, - Mealing’s Waggon, every Monday and Wednesday.

To BUCKINGHAM, Joseph Hearn’s Waggon, four times a week – and George Yeulett, from his house, daily.    

Copyright 9 November, 2020