Court Baron, 23 April 1647

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/3

Translated from Latin. Only entries concerning Winslow have been summarised here, apart from the lists of jurors which also include Little Horwood and Granborough.

Jurors: William Glenister, John Hogson, Robert Lowndes, Henry Wyett
Henry Norman, Thomas Kirby, Benjamin Leach, John Seaton
Michael Norman, Thomas Glenister, Robert Stevens, John Walker

Valentine Fige gent and Peter Fige jr gent bailiff of the manor & Martha his wife surrendered the western half of a close of pasture called the Rose Close next  to the Bury grownd containing 2.5a.  To Benjamin Leach.  Rent [blank], fine 5s, no heriot. Afterwards on 11 May Valentine Fige & Margaret his wife through Samuel Rawlins & Robert Stutsbury quitclaimed it to Benjamin Leach.

Valentine, Peter & Martha Fige surrendered the eastern half of Rose Close next to the highway on the east containing 2.5a.  To Richard Hodgkyn.  Rent [blank], fine 5s.

Peter Fige sr gent & Elizabeth his wife, Peter Fige jr gent, bailiff of the manor, & Martha his wife surrendered the capital messuage in Winslow in which they live & 2 closes of pasture, one called the great[?] and the other called Pond close containing 6a and 50a [sic] of arable land, meadow & leys in the fields of Winslow. To Silvester Grant.  Fine £5 12s.
Afterwards came George Kynaston and complained about Silvester Grant on a plea of land, namely a messuage, 40a land, 10a meadow & 6a pasture in W.  He said SG only had entry through disseisin which Hugh Hunt made from GK 30 years ago.  SG defended himself.  GK sought against PF & Martha, who defended themselves and called Michael Walker to warranty.  MW said HH did not disseise GK.  Afterwards GK came back and Michael did not, in contempt of court.  Court decided GK should recover seisin. GK & SG quitclaimed to PF. There are numerous similar entries in this court with the same references to Hugh Hunt (a fictitious character) and Michael Walker; it was a legal device to break entails and other restrictions. In this case Silvester Grant was surrendering the holding to George Kynaston according to a long-established procedure, but apparently only so that George Kynaston could then surrender it to the Figes.

Peter Fige jr  & Martha surrendered 6a lying together in Dembrom Field called Broadford Corner, land of William Lowndes west. To Elizabeth Griffith wife of Maurice Griffith.  Rent 1s 6d.  Fine 12s.

Peter Fige jr & Martha surrendered 2.5a in the fields of Winslow: 1a over Stone abutting Granborow Brook land of John Shelton east, 1.5a in same furlong land of William Lownds east.  To John Hogson.  Rent 7d.  Fine 5s.

Peter Fige jr & Martha surrendered a close of pasture in Winslow called the Great[?] close containing 5a.  To Francis Dodsworth gent.  If PF pays him £82 8s at Whaddon Parke Lodge in Bucks, to be void.  Fine 10s.

Peter Fige jr & Martha surrendered their capital messuage in W.  One half [described as at the court baron of 12 Sep 1638] to Peter Fige sr & Elizabeth his wife for their lives.  The other half to PF sr & Elizabeth in perpetuity on condition that if PF jr pays annually for 6 years £19, and £22 annually for their life, it is to be void.  Fine 5s.

Dorothy Pym has died.  Held 1a in W lately held by Robert Wallis clerk.  Henry Pym is son and heir, and was admitted.   Rent 4d, fine 2s.

[f.1v]
Thomas Glenister & Valentine Fige surrendered a messuage in Shipton where Thomas lives, 1a ley or pasture adjoining, 16a in Winslow & Shipton: 1a over Long Blackgrove, ½a meadow at Newleane, 1½ a meadow at Hensham, 4r & ½a at Knole, 3 leys containing 1a at Deanehill furlong, ½a under le way, 1a at Longland, 1 selion & 1 ley at Copped Moore, 2 selions at Maslade, ½a over Weedfurlong, 1a at Amersland, ½a at Peasfurlong, 4a pasture in the Cowpasture of Shipton.  To Francis Dodsworth.  If TG pays him £6 on 25 Oct next, 25 Apr & 25 Oct 1648-1650 at Whaddon Parke Lodge, to be void.  Quitclaimed by VF & Margaret his wife.

George Kynaston surrendered a cottage in Winslow and all his acres of customary land except a hade at Oldershall.  To Francis Dodsworth.  If he pays 32s on 25 Apr  1648, £21 12s on 25 Apr 1649 at Whaddon Parke Lodge, to be void.  Fine 5s.

William Wyot surrendered 1a at north end of Winslow abutting the king’s highway from Winslow to Little Horwood with a cottage recently built on it.  To Silvester Grant.  Rent 3d, fine 5s. John Kirby complained against Silvester Grant about a messuage and piece of land [as above].  JK and SG quitclaimed it to WW. This seems to be an extension of housing into the fields.

William Ethersey & Elizabeth his wife surrendered a messuage or cottage in market-place of Winslow lately in the tenure of John Burrell, now Christopher Bigge.  To Christopher Bigge.  Rent 9d, fine 5s, heriot 5s. William Lambert gent complained against Christopher Bigge about a messuage [as above].  WL & WE quitclaimed it to CB.

[f.2]
Robert Benbow & Jane his wife surrendered 7a 1r in fields of Winslow: 6r containing 1a over Viccars mead land of Andrew Stutsbury west, 1a over Longfurlong land of William Lownes west, 1a over Ryefurlong land of John Robson south, 1r at Gilshooke land of Peter Fige north, 2 selions containing 1a abutting Berry Pathway[?] land of Andrew Stutsbury south, 2 selions together abutting Granborow Broke land of William Lowns west, 5 selions containing 2a in Dembr[…] abutting on Twelveacres land of Nicholas Spooner west.  To Thomas Hogg.  Rent 21d, fine 14s 6d.

Robert Benbow & Jane his wife released to Samuel Norman all their standing and claim for Jane's dower to the land in Winslow which Robert recently surrendered to Samuel. And to Valentine Fige their standing and claim to the copyhole messuage situate in the Sheep Market[?] in Winslow and the northern part of the aforesaid place [platee] and an orchard adjoining which Valentine lately had on the surrender of Robert Benbow deceased, Robert's father.

Peter Fige and Martha surrendered two parcels of meadow and pasture in the fields of Winslow, one called Great le[...] and the other called Nordon Peice. Mortgaged to Francis Dodsworth.


View of frankpledge and court baron, 19 October 1647

[f.2v to be transcribed]

[f.3]
Robert Stutsbury & Abigail his wife surrendered a cottage in Winslow Sheep Market now occupied by Benedict Glenister.  To Benedict Glenister.  Rent 4d, fine 5s.
[This was in Sheep Street on the site of Winslow Hall, and was bought by William Lowndes in 1698 from Benedict's grandson Benjamin/Benedict Scott]

Hugh Seaton & Katherine his wife surrendered 8a of land & pasture in Winslow.  A close containing 6a over Longmead Leyes furlong land of John Shelton west.  2a over Lowfurlong in Milfeild land of John Miller west.  To Robert Hawkins.  Rent 2s, fine 16s.

John Miller & Susan his wife surrendered 1a at Ankersland in W land of John Robson north.  To John Paxton.  Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Edmund Tomlyn after the last court surrendered through Thomas Glenister & William Norman a messuage to Agnes Tomlyn his wife.  Fine 5s.  Paid heriot: the cubbords worth 5s.

Nicholas Sponer surrendered 15a in fields of Shipton: in Blackgrove feild 1a abutting Beanehill land of Robert Elliot west, 1 rood in Five acres land of Robert Stevens east, 1 selion being a headland and another selion together at south end of Five acres, 2 roods over Reeden land of Robert Elliott west, 2r over Gravell pitts furlong land of John Sheffeild west, a ley being a headley in Littleden abutting on the Brooke land of Thomas Miller west, 1r in Dirtland land of John Paxton west, 1r at the Meadside land of John Paxton south, 1r at Meadside land of John Snow south.  In Redfeild 1r over Cop(p)ed More land of Thomas Glenister east,  2r at Blackpitt land of William Townsend west, 2r at Blackpitt land of John Robson east, 2r in Blackpitt furlong adjoining Swanbown feild to the east, 1r at Walls land of John Henly north, 1 selion being a headland land of Thomas Grashop west, another headland in Weedfurlong land of Thomas Barton north, 1 selion with the Picks in Amersland land of Thomas Barton west, 1 selion at Amersland land of John Snow west.  In Langland feild 1r in Drymead land of William Townsend west, 1r over Licehill furlong land of Ralph Phips west, 1 selion in same furlong land of John Henly west, 1r over Snowthale furlong land of Robert Knigt? east, 1 selion in same furlong land of Robert Stevens west, 1 rood in Snowt land of John Robson west.  To John Miller in exchange for 15a in Winslow.  Rent 3s 9d.  Fine 30s.

Nicholas Overing & Mary his wife surrendered a piece of land called Cowmead close in Winslow containing 10a, and 3 leys containing 1a adjoining the Viccaridge Land to the east.  To William Hogson.  Rent 2s 9d.  Fine 22s.

Thomas Robson complained against William Hogson on the above.  WH called Nicholas & Mary Overing, Michael Walker.  Quitclaim to WH.

[f.3v]
William Lownes & Frances his wife complained against William Uddin & Richard Uddin his son about a cottage in W called Sheepcot and an orchard, pightle & 3 selions adjoining in the Westend of Winslow now in the tenure of William & Richard.  To come to the next court to reply.

Jane Michell widow of Nicholas Michell complained against William Lownes that he deprived of her dower: 1/3 of 2a land or leys in 4 selions in Winslow over Coldham.  To come to next court to reply.

William Lownds came to the next court and said that Nicholas Michel was not seised of the land.


Court baron, 24 April 1648

Jurors: William Lownes, John Henley, William Hogson
Thomas Kirbey, Daniel Seere, John Hogson
Robert Lownes, Thomas Mountagu, Roger Wirrall
William Glenister, William Norman, Thomas Grant

[f.4]
Robert Stevens & Hannah his wife surrendered 2a in fields of Shipton: 2 selions containing 1a over Shortblagrove furlong next to the land of William Townsend on west, two selions over  Brokwater furrowes land of William Townsend  north.  To Thomas Barton.  Rent 6d, fine 4s.

Hugh Stevens & Anne his wife [they also surrendered land in Granborough] surrendered a messuage in Shipton now in the occupation of Robert Stevens & Anne Stevens ?mother of Hugh + half of a Lammas close adjoining containing 1a.  To John Stevens.  If Hugh pays £3 on 1 Nov next, 1 May & 1 Nov 1649 & 1650, £83 on 1 May 1651 at John’s house in Granborough it will be void.

John Sheffeild & Mary his wife surrendered 4a in Shipton: 1 selion over Bewlesdeane furlong land of John Miller east, 1 selion over Beanhill furlong in Blackwell feild land of John Henly west.  In Redfeild 3 selions containing 1a over Copped Moore furlong land of Robert Elliott north. 2 ley yerds  in Old Milfeild [=Lice Hill Field] over Woodway furlong land of Anne Miller west, 1 selion in same furlong land of William Townsend west, 1 acre of leys in the Cowpasture, 1 ley in Slowfurlong land of William Townsend west, 1 ley over Trendlefurlong.  To Richard Dingley & Anne his wife & her heirs.  Rent 12d, fine 8s.

Thomas Glenister & Lucy his wife surrendered 9a in Shipton: in Old Milfeild ½a over Licehillfurlong land of Robert Elliott east, 6 ridgs containing 2½a together over Nowtfurlong land of William Norman south.  In Red broad field over Snowtfurlong ½a John Robson north, 3 half-acres over Stonydichfurlong land of Richard Glenister south, 2 yerds containing ½a at Slowfurlong land of Robert Elliott south.  In Blackgrove feild 1 selion being a hade-land  containing ½a over Bewles Deane furlong land of Robert Elliott east, 6 Butts in Short Blagrove containing 1a land of Thomas Miller east, ½a over Reeding furlong land of Robert Elliott east, 1a over Littledeane furlong land of Robert Elliott west, ½a in same furlong land of Robert Elliott east.  To William Townsend.  Fine 18s, rent 2s 3d.

John Sheffeild & Mary his wife surrendered a close of pasture in Shipton called Durtymead close containing 2a, and 1a in Shipton fields: ½a over Nowtfurlong land of William Glenister south, ½a over Rushmeadfurlong land of John Miller east.  To Robert Stevens.  Rent 9d, fine 6s.

[f.4v]
Peter Fige jr bailiff & Martha his wife surrendered [----] containing 6a & a close of pasture containing [---]. Mortgaged to Thomas Stevens & Elizabeth his wife.

Richard Hodgkins & Elizabeth his wife surrendered a cottage in Winslow with barns[?] [atriis], orchard, gardens, pightles, now in Richard’s occupation.  To William Chapman.  Rent 12d, fine 5s.

John Seaton surrendered a cottage in Winslow in his own occupation.  To John & Anne his wife and their heirs.  Fine 5s, heriot 20s.

Robert Benbow & Jane his wife surrendered 1a in the fields of Winslow at the Parsonage Planck way, the land called the Buryland to north and the highway to south.  To Robert Stevens.  Rent 3d, fine 2s.

Robert Stevens & Hannah/Anne his wife surrendered messuage in their own occupation& 38a in Shipton: a close adjoining the backside of the messuage being a Lammas close, three selions over Snowt furlong containing 1a the land of William Townsend west, 1a over Langland furlong the land of William Glenister east, 1a at Almead furlong the land of William Townsend west. In Blackgrove feild ½a over Hogson ford furlong the land of Sarah Snow east, 1a in the same furlong the land of William Townsend west, ½a over Newleane furlong the land of John Snow east, a selion called the Longhadland containing 1a the land of Anne Miller west, 1 ridges and 1r containing ½a over Newleane mead furlong the land of Richard Glenister east, ½a over Littleden furlong the land of Ralph Phipps east. In the Red feild over Upper Clayfurlong 4 selions containing 1a with 9½ perches of the Hedge the highway west, 3 ridges containing 1a over Upper Clayfurlong with 16 perches of the Hedge there the highway west, ½a over Northbrey furlong the land of John Snow south, ½a over Coppedmore furlong the land of Ralph Phips east, 1a over Snow furlong the land of John Miller south, 3 ridges in the Cowpasture over Nether Brach furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 ridge over Foxden furlong the land of Richard Glenister west. In Lice Hill feild 2 ridges over Nether Knowle furlong the land of John Robson east, half the plotts of meadow the land of John Sheffeild east, 1 selion over Almead furlong the land of Benjamin Leach west, 2r over Woodway furlong the land of William Townsend east, 2 ridges over Lice Hill furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 selion over Nowt furlong the land of John Sheffeild south, 2 selions over Drymead furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 ridge over Rushmead furlong the land of Ralph Phipps east, 1 ridge over West[?] Slade furlong the land of William Glenister east. In Blackgrove feild 3 ridges over Shard furlong the land of John Snow east, 2 ridges over Bewlesdeane furlong the land of William Townsend west, 2 ridges over Meadside furlong the land of William Townsend north, 1 ridge over the same furlong the land of Ralph Phipps south, 1 other rid(ge) in the same furlong the land of Ralph Phipps south, 1 ridges over Stirt furlong the land of Ralph Phipps south, 2 ridges in the same furlong the land of William Townsend north, 2r over Dirt furlong the land of Ralph Phips west, 2r over Newleane furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 ridge in the same furlong the land of John Snow east, 2 ridges in the same furlong the land of Thomas Miller east. In the Redd feild over Coppedmore furlong 2 ridges the land of John Miller east, 2r over Southbrey furlong the land of John Snow east, 1 ridge over Weed furlong the land of William Townsend north, 1 other ridge in the same furlong the land of Ralph Phipps north, 2 ridges over Blackpit furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 other ridge in the same furlong the land of Ralph Phipps east, 1 ridge over Keenhadland the land of Ralph Phipps east, 2 ridges over Redmore furlong the land of William Townsend north, 2 ridges over Oxacre furlong the land of William Townsend west, 1 ridge in the same furlong the land of Ralph Phips east with 15 perches of a hedge between Redfeild and Blackgrovefeild. In the Cowpasture 1 ridge over Broadmore furlong the Buri land west, 1 other ridge in the same furlong the land of William Glenister west, 1 ridge over Trendle furlong the land of John Miller west, another ridge in the same furlong the land of William Townsend east, 2 roods over Foxden furlong the land of William Townsend east, 1 ridge over Nether Slow furlong the land of William Townsend east. The southern half of the messuage and appurtenances the land of John Henley south and 2 bays of the barn next to the gate howse and 12 acres of land: half the Lammas Close containing 1a nearest the land of Thomas Barton west [above details repeated] ... Foxden furlong. To Hugh Stevens and Anne his wife and Hugh's heirs. The rest to Hugh Stevens and his heirs. Rent 8s, fine £3 16a.

Copyright 31 August, 2015