View of frankpledge and court baron, 23 September 1640

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/1 (cont.)

Translated from Latin.

[f.9r] Winslow with members. View of Frank Pledge with Court Baron of the Rt Hon. Randell Earl of Antrim and the most illustrious Katherine, Duchess of Bucks, his wife, held there on 23 Sep 16 Charles 1640.

Essoins as in the rolls of tenants and residents.

Homage:
Shipton: William Glenester sr, Thomas Stevens, Ralph Phillippes, John Snow, Thomas Glenester, Thomas Kirby
Little Horwood: Thomas Adams, Henry Curtis, John Illinge, Thomas Illinge, John Barton, Emanuel Waters
Winslow: Hugh Seaton sr, Robert Shelton, Henry Pym, William Hogson, Edward Ploysted
Granborow: William Holland, Thomas Mountague, Benedict Holland, Roger Whyrrell, Thomas Stevens & John Thorpe

Default: Shipton: George Elliott 8d, Thomas Ingrum 4d, Thomas Webb 4d and Richard Jones 4d.
Little Harwood: Thomas Walker[?] 4d, Anthony Phillippes 4d, Robert Jeffes 4d and Richard Hawkins 4d.
Winslow: Christopher Mores 6d, Edward Wood 6d, John Mewes 6d, Robert Burrowes 6d and William Spooner 6d.

Ralph Phipps, William Miller, William Norman and Matthew Miller allowed their pigs to be unringed and without a keeper, against the orders. Each forfeited 12d. Total 4s.

Winslow

William Wiat dug up the king's highway, causing a nuisance to the inhabitants; amerced 10s.

Nicholas Michell committed the same offence; amerced 10s.

Nicholas Spooner allowed two colts to be untethered, against the court's orders. A penalty of 3s 4d for each colt is placed for it; he forfeited in total 6s 8d.

Hugh Seaton and Henry Pime committed the same offence. Each forfeited 6s 8d. Total 13s 4d.

William Lownds commited the same offence with one colt; therefore he forfeited 3s 4d.

William Udden impeded the common watercourse at Winslow Townes end and narrowed the king's highway there; amerced 1s 6d.

Humfrey Butcher 2s, Nicholas Michell 12d, Edward Keneston 12d and Peter Fige jr 12d overburdened the common with horses; therefore amerced.

Robert Illing and Christopher Bigges being aletasters performed the office badly and made no presentments. Therefore each amerced 5s. Total 10s.

Grandborow

Robert Boden overburdened the common with eighth [sic] sheep; amerced 8s.

Thomas Hall, Nicholas Walton and William Worall kept their beasts without a herdsman, against the orders of the court. Each forfeited 3s 4d. Total 10s.

Roger Worall kept his colt in the Beane feild after 1 August against the order of the court; amerced 12d.

Benedict Holland, Robert Boden and John Stevens committed the same offence. Each forfeited 12d. Total 3s.

Thomas Boden encroached on the king's highway; amerced 2s.

Robert Boton encroached on the common; amerced 10s.

A black cow came within the precincts of the court as a stray and remains in the bailiff's hands to the lord's use.

A horse worth £3 after the decease of Robert Benbow fell to the lord as a deodand by reason of the death and drowning.

Winslow: Nicholas Overing and Richard Hodgkin (sworn) were chosen constables.
Anthony Tomlin & Michael Walter [sic] were chosen tithingmen and sworn.
Thomas Bull and Robert Hatton were chosen aletasters and sworn.

Affearers: William Glenester, Thomas Stevens, Hugh Seaton and Robert Shelton sworn.

Shipton: William Norman was chosen constable and sworn.
Richard Glenester was chosen tithingman and sworn.

Grandborow: Thomas Mountague and William Holland were chosen constables and sworn.
The tithingman remains.

Little Horwood: Richard Webb (sworn) and Robert Turvey were chosen constables.
Oliver Pitchforke and William Pallady were chosen tithingmen and sworn.

Court Baron

William Snow died since the last court seised of a messuage and 12 acres of land in Winslow. Thomas Snow is his son and nearest heir. Fine 24s, heriot a mare worth 50s.
[The messuage was probably 7 Horn Street]

Edmund Browne died before this court seised of a cottage in Winslow now in the occupation of Richard Browne. Nicholas Browne is his son and nearest heir. Fine 5s, heriot 12d by composition and no more because he is poor.
[See further below.]

Richard Wilson now deceased lying on his deathbed surrendered by Peter Fige sr and John Shelton a cottage in Winslow in which he then lived. To the use of Richard Wilson his son and the heirs of his body, or for want of such issue to Agnes Daniell, daughter of Richard the father. Fine 5s, heriot 8s by composition.

Richard Stevens sr died since the last court seised of a messuage and 13½ acres in Granborow. William Stevens is his son and next heir.

Benedict Holland now deceased surrendered 3½ acres in Granborow to Nathaniel Holland. Heriot: a rood of wheat worth 6s 8d.

Robert Benbow died since the last court [see above] seised of a messuage and 19 acres of land in Winslow. Robert Benbow is his son and nearest heir. Fine 38s, heriot a horse worth 46s 8d.
[The messuage was in Sheep Street]

Walter Grant surrendered 1½ acres of arable land lying together over Westwell furlong in Winslow, William Udden on one side, William Lownes on the other. To the use of Daniel Seer. Rent 4½d, fine 3s.

Thomas Brashead and Mary his wife surrendered a cottage in Winslow and 1 acre of arable land in the fields of Shipton. To the use of Thomas Grasham. Rent 9d, fine 5s, heriot 6s by composition.

William Tomlin surrendered 4 acres of land in the fields of Winslow. To the use of Walter Tomlin his son, who sought admission by Peter Fige gent. his attorney. Rent 12d, fine 8s, heriot 5s by composition.

Walter Grant surrendered 2 acres of leys lying together over Westwell in Winslow, adjoining Walter's close on the east, the land of William Udden west. To the use of Thomas Grant his son, who sought admission by Daniel Seer his attorney. Rent 6d, fine 4s.

Joan Parker widow surrendered a cottage in Winslow. To the use of John Parker her son. Rent 14d, fine 5s, heriot 2s 6d by composition.

Richard Sturmy and Alice his wife surrendered 3½ acres in Granborow to John Pitkin.

[f.9v] Thomas Carter surrendered 2 half-acres in Little Horwood to John Hobs.

Robert Manwaring clerk and Denise his wife surrendered 6 acres of land in the fields of Winslow:

To the use of Henry Norman. Rent 18d, fine 12s.

Nicholas Browne surrendered a cottage in Winslow in the occupation of Richard Browne. To the use of Richard Browne and Margery his wife, on condition that the surrender will be void if they do not permit one Michael Browne, devoid of reason [rationis vacuum], to dwell in the same "home" during his life. Rent 4d, fine 5s, heriot 12d by composition.
[This probably refers to part of the site of 34-40 High Street]

Benedict Holland surrendered Nether Close in Granborow containing 1 acre, and 15 acres in Granborow, to John Holland.

William Curtis now deceased surrendered a messuage and Reads Close and a quarter-virgate in Little Horwood to William Curtis his son and the heirs of his body, or to Ann Curtis his wife for her life and then to John Curtis son of William's brother John.

Peter Fige jr gent. and Martha his wife surrendered a close of pasture in Winslow called Rose Close containing 5 acres. To the use of Henry Pym. Fine 10s. Thomas Kirbey and John Snow complained against Henry on a plea of land. Procedure of common recovery: they called Michael Walker; Peter Fige the bailiff delivered seisin. All surrendered to Peter Fige jr and his heirs. Peter and Martha then surrendered to Valentine Fige, on condition that the surrender will be void if Peter pays Valentine £10 annually for the 6 years following on 23 Sep, and £125 on 25 Sep 1646 at Valentine's now dwelling-house in Fleet street London. Valentine sought admission by Peter Fige his father and attorney. Fine 10s.

John Boughton, Robert Boughton and Elizabeth his wife surrendered 8 acres in Granborow to John Pitkin.
[f.10r] John Holland brought a procedure of common recovery. All surrendered to John Pitkin.

Thomas Tomlin and Etheldred his wife surrendered by the steward on 20 June last a messuage in Winslow in which he now lives and 15 acres of land in the fields of Winslow which he lately had on the surrender of William Tomlyn his father. To the use of Walter Tomlyn, on condition that the surrender will be void if Walter does not pay Thomas £80 within one year of the decease of William their father, in the south porch of the parish church of Winslow. Walter sought admission by Peter Fige his attorney. Rent 7s ½d, fine 30s, heriot in kind [no details].
[Thomas had already mortgaged his property to Walter in 1637. William Tomlin was buried in 1641, Thomas in 1654 and Etheldreda in 1660.]

Walter Grant and Daniel Seare surrendered by the steward on 20 June last 8 acres of land lying together over Orell hill and Orell Slade, 3 acres over Ry furlong near Westwell, and 2 acres over Bradford furlong. To the use of Alice Foxley widow, on condition that the surrender will be void if Walter pays her £4 on 1 Jan next, 1 July and 1 Jan 1641 and 1642, and £104 on 1 July 1643 at the now dwelling-house of Valentine Fige, citizen and apothecary of London, in Fleet street. Alice sought admission by Peter Fige gent. her attorney. Rent 4s 4d, fine 26s.
[Mrs Alice Foxley was buried at St Bride's, Fleet Street, in 1646.]

William Graunt and Daniel Seer on 30 Dec last surrendered by the steward 2 acres of arable land in the fields of Winslow:

To the use of John Shelton. Rent 6d, fine 8s [sic].

Robert Jones on 6 July last surrendered by the steward a cottage in Winslow. To the use of Elizabeth Willins wife of Christopher Willins for her life, then to Thomas Willins her son and his heirs forever. Rent 2d, fine 5s, heriot 2s 6d.
[Thomas Willins was baptised at Steeple Claydon in 1632. He must have died young as the reversion of the cottage seems to have gone to his father and then, in 1682, to his half-sisters.]

John Fell surrendered by the steward on 25 Feb 1639/40 a cottage in Winslow now or late in the tenure of Rowland Fell his father. To the use of Richard Hodgkin. Rent 1s, fine 5s, heriot 3s 4d by composition.

End of this court

Copyright 8 January, 2018