Rules for tenants, 9 April 1619

Centre for Bucks Studies D175/2 f.1

These rules were included in English in the otherwise Latin court rolls, presumably because they were meant to be read out to all the tenants of the manor. There are separate orders for Winslow, Little Horwood and Granborough, showing slightly different priorities, e.g. only Winslow mentions a herd of pigs.

Imprimis it is ordered that noe man shall keepe above iiij beasts and xx sheepe for every twentie acres of land in the com(m)on fields of Winslowe and for every man that hath land there ratably accordinge to that p(ro)protion uppon payne to forfeit for every beast or shepe kept there above that rate and p(ro)portin iij s iiij d

Item it is ordered that noe victualler shall keepe above one Sowe & two storers in the Com(m)on fields upon payne to forfeite for every hogg or storer kept above that rate - xij d

Item that noe man shall keepe any hoggs goeinge abroade but in p(re)sence of the hogheard and none shall keepe their hoggs unringed uppon payne to forfeite for every one kept otherwise goeinge abroad or unringed for every tyme - vj d

Item that noe sheepe shalbe kept in the wheatfield, untill one weeke after wheatharvest be in, nor in the Beanefield before St Luks day [18 Oct] uppon payne that the owner of such sheepe shall forfeite for every one soe offendinge for every tyme - iii s iiijd

Item that the streets be made cleane once every three monethes at least from all dunge heapes uppon payne to forfeite for every one that shall breake this order - iij s iiij d

Item that the owner of every Chymney whether Landlord or Tena(n)te shall every moneth where neede requireth see such Chymney beinge in decay sufficiently repayred uppon payne to forfeite for every offence for every moneth - iij s iiij d

Item that every one that shalbe found or knowne to cut or breake any hedges or bushes w(it)h entent to steale or carry away the same beinge not their owne shall forfeit for every such offence - xij d

Item that every one that shall buy or cause to be bought any such bushes or wood stollen shall forfeite for every burthen soe bought - xij d

Item that every one that shall keepe any goose or goslings in any of the feilds shalle forfeite for every goose or goslinge soe kept iiij d

Item that noe man shall tye or cause to be tyed any mare w(i)th a colt in the wheatfield after midso(m)mer day next upon payne to forfeite for every mare tyed there after that day - v s

Item that noe manner of beast shalbe kept untyed in the highways upon payne that the owner of such beast shall forfeite for e[very] beast soe untyed, for every tyme - xij d

Supervisores hor(um) ordinum
Petrus Fyge gen'
Will(iam)us Spooner &
Ric(ard)us Shelton
if they be negligent in Overseeinge and doe not p(re)sent these orders every one to forfeite - x s

[l. margin] In Litle Horwode

Imprimis it is ordered that all the wood mounds between Brownesfield corner & the pasture closes shalbe sufficiently made betweene this day and the twentieth of this instant moneth of Aprill upon payne to forfeite for every perch or gape not made - iij s iiij d

Item that noe man shall keepe any beasts but in the Com(m)on heard (except in his owne grounds) upon payne to forfeite for ev(e)ry beast so kept - iij s iiij d

Item that no mares that have colts shalbe tyed in the wheatfield after the colts are one moneth old upon payne that the owner of every such mare shall forfeite for every offence - iij s iiij d

Item that none shall lease or gleane any white corne untill the owner have quite carried his corne away uppon payne for every one that shalbe taken soe offendinge to forfeite - xij d

Item that none shall gather any peaze in any mans ground but his owne w(i)thout leave upon payne to forfeit for ev(e)ry offence - xij d

Item that none shall keepe any sheepe in the wheate stubble field before Mich(aelmas) day upon payne to forfeite for ev(e)ry sheepe soe kept - iij s iiij d

Item (tha)t none shall keepe any sheepe in the Beanefield before St Edwards day uppon payne to forfeite for ev(er)ie sheepe soe kept - iijs iiijd

Item that none shall keepe any sheepe in the township of Little Horwood except he doe fold them from May day next untill Symon and Judes day [28 Oct] (if the weather doe serve uppon payne to forfeite for ev(er)y sheepe soe kept unfolded - iij s iiij d

Supervisores horum ordinum
Georgius Williat &
Thomas Addams
If they be negligent in overseeinge and doe not p(re)sent these orders every of them to forfeite x s

[l. margin] In Granborowe

Imprimis it is ordered that none shall keepe above tenne beasts for one yard land and for every one that hath land p(ro)portionably after that rate upon payne to forfeite for every beast kept above that rate or p(ro)portion - v s

Item that noe man shall keepe above lxx sheepe for one yard land, and soe every one that hath land p(ro)portionably after that rate upon payne to forfeite for every sheepe kept above that rate - xij d

Item that noe man shall keepe any geese or goslings upon any of the Com(m)ons upon payne to forfeite for every goose or gosling soe kept - xij d

Item that noe man shall cut any bushes or furzes upon the Com(m)ons w(i)thout the generall consent of the ten(a)nts upon payne to forfeite for every burthen soe cut - xij d

Item that the wheate field from Bodens Lane end unto the Berry hedge Corner to be hayned by Candlemas day next [2 Feb] upon payne to forfeite for every one that shall refuse - v s

Item that none shall tye any mare and colte in the wheatfield after the colt is three weekes old upon payne to forfeite for any offence - 3s 4d [sic]

Item that all suckinge colts shalbe tyed & not goe loose after Lam(m)as day [1 Aug] uppon payne to forfeite by (th)e owner of ev(er)y such colte soe untied - iij s iiij d

Item that noe man shall keepe or tye any horses or mares in the fallowe field until Lam(m)as day upon payne to forfeite for every horse or mare soe kept or tied - vj s

Item that noe man shall keepe or tie any horses or mares in the Cowpasture untill Lam(m)as day upon payne to forfeite for ev(er)y horse or mare soe kept or tied - iij s iiij d

Item that noe man shall keepe any beasts in the Cowepasture before the heard goe afield and after the heard comes home uppon payne to forfeite for every beast - iij s iiij d

Item that none shall keepe any sheepe in the wheatestubble untill it be a fortnight after white harvest be home upon payne to forfeit for every sheepe for every tyme - iij s iiij d

Item that none shall keepe any sheepe in the Beanestubble before St Edwards day upon payne to forfeite for every sheepe soe kept for every tyme - v s

Item that every Coppiholder and such as are their ten(na)nts shall w(i)thin one moneth sufficiently repaire, and soe, sufficiently mainteyne their Chymneyes upon payne to forfeite for every chymney soe unrepaired for ev(er)y moneth - v s

Item that every man shall amend his parte of the Pounde according as it hath byn usuall before the first day of May next upon payne to forfeite every one that shall make default herein - v s

Supervisores hor(um) ordinum
Will(iam)us Stephens Sen.
Will(iam)us Stephens Jun.
Thomas Grace
if they be negligent in Overseeinge & doe not p(re)sent the forfeitures of these orders every one of them to forfeite - v s

It is ordered that all former orders for the towneshipp of Shipton to stand & be in force until the next Courte

Supervisores hor(um) ordinum
Ric(ard)us Snowe &
Will(iam)us Glenister
if they be negligent in overseeinge & doe not p(re)sent the forfeitures of these orders every one of them to forfeite - v s

Affur(atores)
Henricus Wendover
Ric(ard)us Cowper
Ric(ard)us Snowe &
Ric(ard)us Stephens
Jur(ati)


Notes

gape = gap, i.e. a breach in a wall or hedge (OED)

St Edwards day: probably 13 Oct, the Translation of St Edward the Confessor

hayned: enclosed with a fence or hedge (OED, s.v. hain)

white harvest: late harvest when there is frost on the ground (Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable)

Copyright 1 August, 2015